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Comparing two html documents.
import re
from HTMLParser import HTMLParseError
from django.utils.encoding import force_unicode
from django.utils.html_parser import HTMLParser

WHITESPACE = re.compile('\s+')

def normalize_whitespace(string):
    return WHITESPACE.sub(' ', string)

class Element(object):
    def __init__(self, name, attributes): = name
        self.attributes = sorted(attributes)
        self.children = []

    def append(self, element):
        if isinstance(element, basestring):
            element = force_unicode(element)
            element = normalize_whitespace(element)
            if self.children:
                if isinstance(self.children[-1], basestring):
                    self.children[-1] += element
                    self.children[-1] = normalize_whitespace(self.children[-1])
        elif self.children:
            # removing last children if it is only whitespace
            # this can result in incorrect dom representations since
            # whitespace between inline tags like <span> is significant
            if isinstance(self.children[-1], basestring):
                if self.children[-1].isspace():
        if element:

    def finalize(self):
        def rstrip_last_element(children):
            if children:
                if isinstance(children[-1], basestring):
                    children[-1] = children[-1].rstrip()
                    if not children[-1]:
                        children = rstrip_last_element(children)
            return children

        for i, child in enumerate(self.children):
            if isinstance(child, basestring):
                self.children[i] = child.strip()
            elif hasattr(child, 'finalize'):

    def __eq__(self, element):
        if not hasattr(element, 'name'):
            return False
        if hasattr(element, 'name') and !=
            return False
        if len(self.attributes) != len(element.attributes):
            return False
        if self.attributes != element.attributes:
            # attributes without a value is same as attribute with value that
            # equals the attributes name:
            # <input checked> == <input checked="checked">
            for i in range(len(self.attributes)):
                attr, value = self.attributes[i]
                other_attr, other_value = element.attributes[i]
                if value is None:
                    value = attr
                if other_value is None:
                    other_value = other_attr
                if attr != other_attr or value != other_value:
                    return False
        if self.children != element.children:
            return False
        return True

    def __ne__(self, element):
        return not self.__eq__(element)

    def _count(self, element, count=True):
        if not isinstance(element, basestring):
            if self == element:
                return 1
        i = 0
        for child in self.children:
            # child is text content and element is also text content, then
            # make a simple "text" in "text"
            if isinstance(child, basestring):
                if isinstance(element, basestring):
                    if count:
                        i += child.count(element)
                    elif element in child:
                        return 1
                i += child._count(element, count=count)
                if not count and i:
                    return i
        return i

    def __contains__(self, element):
        return self._count(element, count=False) > 0

    def count(self, element):
        return self._count(element, count=True)

    def __getitem__(self, key):
        return self.children[key]

    def __unicode__(self):
        output = u'<%s' %
        for key, value in self.attributes:
            if value:
                output += u' %s="%s"' % (key, value)
                output += u' %s' % key
        if self.children:
            output += u'>\n'
            output += u''.join(unicode(c) for c in self.children)
            output += u'\n</%s>' %
            output += u' />'
        return output

    def __repr__(self):
        return unicode(self)

class RootElement(Element):
    def __init__(self):
        super(RootElement, self).__init__(None, ())

    def __unicode__(self):
        return u''.join(unicode(c) for c in self.children)

class Parser(HTMLParser):
    SELF_CLOSING_TAGS = ('br' , 'hr', 'input', 'img', 'meta', 'spacer',
        'link', 'frame', 'base', 'col')

    def __init__(self):
        self.root = RootElement()
        self.open_tags = []
        self.element_positions = {}

    def error(self, msg):
        raise HTMLParseError(msg, self.getpos())

    def format_position(self, position=None, element=None):
        if not position and element:
            position = self.element_positions[element]
        if position is None:
            position = self.getpos()
        if hasattr(position, 'lineno'):
            position = position.lineno, position.offset
        return 'Line %d, Column %d' % position

    def current(self):
        if self.open_tags:
            return self.open_tags[-1]
            return self.root

    def handle_startendtag(self, tag, attrs):
        self.handle_starttag(tag, attrs)
        if tag not in self.SELF_CLOSING_TAGS:

    def handle_starttag(self, tag, attrs):
        element = Element(tag, attrs)
        if tag not in self.SELF_CLOSING_TAGS:
        self.element_positions[element] = self.getpos()

    def handle_endtag(self, tag):
        if not self.open_tags:
            self.error("Unexpected end tag `%s` (%s)" % (
                tag, self.format_position()))
        element = self.open_tags.pop()
        while != tag:
            if not self.open_tags:
                self.error("Unexpected end tag `%s` (%s)" % (
                    tag, self.format_position()))
            element = self.open_tags.pop()

    def handle_data(self, data):

    def handle_charref(self, name):
        self.current.append('&%s;' % name)

    def handle_entityref(self, name):
        self.current.append('&%s;' % name)

def parse_html(html):
    Takes a string that contains *valid* HTML and turns it into a Python object
    structure that can be easily compared against other HTML on semantic
    equivilance. Syntactical differences like which quotation is used on
    arguments will be ignored.

    parser = Parser()
    document = parser.root
    # Removing ROOT element if it's not necessary
    if len(document.children) == 1:
        if not isinstance(document.children[0], basestring):
            document = document.children[0]
    return document