django / django / views / defaults.py

from django import http
from django.template import (Context, RequestContext,
                             loader, TemplateDoesNotExist)
from django.views.decorators.csrf import requires_csrf_token


# This can be called when CsrfViewMiddleware.process_view has not run,
# therefore need @requires_csrf_token in case the template needs
# {% csrf_token %}.
@requires_csrf_token
def page_not_found(request, template_name='404.html'):
    """
    Default 404 handler.

    Templates: `404.html`
    Context:
        request_path
            The path of the requested URL (e.g., '/app/pages/bad_page/')
    """
    t = loader.get_template(template_name) # You need to create a 404.html template.
    return http.HttpResponseNotFound(t.render(RequestContext(request, {'request_path': request.path})))


@requires_csrf_token
def server_error(request, template_name='500.html'):
    """
    500 error handler.

    Templates: `500.html`
    Context: None
    """
    t = loader.get_template(template_name) # You need to create a 500.html template.
    return http.HttpResponseServerError(t.render(Context({})))


# This can be called when CsrfViewMiddleware.process_view has not run,
# therefore need @requires_csrf_token in case the template needs
# {% csrf_token %}.
@requires_csrf_token
def permission_denied(request, template_name='403.html'):
    """
    Permission denied (403) handler.

    Templates: `403.html`
    Context: None

    If the template does not exist, an Http403 response containing the text
    "403 Forbidden" (as per RFC 2616) will be returned.
    """
    try:
        template = loader.get_template(template_name)
    except TemplateDoesNotExist:
        return http.HttpResponseForbidden('<h1>403 Forbidden</h1>')
    return http.HttpResponseForbidden(template.render(RequestContext(request)))


def shortcut(request, content_type_id, object_id):
    # TODO: Remove this in Django 2.0.
    # This is a legacy view that depends on the contenttypes framework.
    # The core logic was moved to django.contrib.contenttypes.views after
    # Django 1.0, but this remains here for backwards compatibility.
    # Note that the import is *within* this function, rather than being at
    # module level, because we don't want to assume people have contenttypes
    # installed.
    from django.contrib.contenttypes.views import shortcut as real_shortcut
    return real_shortcut(request, content_type_id, object_id)
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