1. Diab Jerius
  2. String::Interpolate::RE

Overview

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NAME

String::Interpolate::RE - interpolate variables into strings using regular expressions

VERSION

version 0.07

SYNOPSIS

use String::Interpolate::RE qw( strinterp );

$str = strinterp( "${Var1} $Var2", $vars, \%opts );

DESCRIPTION

This module interpolates variables into strings using regular expression matching rather than Perl's built-in interpolation mechanism and thus hopefully does not suffer from the security problems inherent in using eval to interpolate into strings of suspect ancestry.

INTERFACE

  • strinterp

    $str = strinterp( $template );
    $str = strinterp( $template, $vars );
    $str = strinterp( $template, $vars, \%opts );
    

    Interpolate variables into a template string, returning the resultant string. The template string is scanned for tokens of the form

    $VAR
    ${VAR}
    

    where VAR is composed of one or more word characters (as defined by the \w Perl regular expression pattern). VAR is resolved using the optional $vars argument, which may either by a hashref (in which case VAR must be a key), or a function reference (which is passed VAR as its only argument and must return the value).

    If the value returned for VAR is defined, it will be interpolated into the string at that point. By default, variables which are not defined are by default left as is in the string.

    The %opts parameter may be used to modify the behavior of this function. The following (case insensitive) keys are recognized:

    • format boolean

      If this flag is true, the template string may provide a sprintf compatible format which will be used to generate the interpolated value. The format should be appended to the variable name with an intervening : character, e.g.

      ${VAR:fmt}
      

      For example,

      %var = ( foo => 3 );
      print strinterp( '${foo:%03d}', \%var, { format => 1 } );
      

      would result in

      003
      
    • raiseundef boolean

      If true, a variable which has not been defined will result in an exception being raised. This defaults to false.

    • emptyundef boolean

      If true, a variable which has not been defined will be replaced with the empty string. This defaults to false.

    • useENV boolean

      If true, the %ENV hash will be searched for variables which are not defined in the passed %var hash. This defaults to true.

    • recurse boolean

      If true, derived values are themselves scanned for variables to interpolate. To specify a limit to the number of levels of recursions to attempt, set the recurse_limit option. Circular dependencies are caught, but just to be safe there's a limit of recursion levels specified by recurse_fail_limit, beyond which an exception is thrown.

      For example,

      my %var = ( a => '$b', b => '$c', c => 'd' );
      strinterp( '$a', \%var ) => '$b'
      strinterp( '$a', \%var, { recurse => 1 } ) => 'd'
      strinterp( '$a', \%var, { recurse => 1, recurse_limit => 1 } ) => '$c'
      
      strinterp( '$a', { a => '$b', b => '$a' } , { recurse => 1 }
            recursive interpolation loop detected with repeated
            interpolation of $a
      
    • recurse_limit integer

      The number of recursion levels to descend when recursing into a variable's value before stopping. The default is 0, which means no limit.

    • recurse_fail_limit integer

      The number of recursion levels to descend when recursing into a variable's value before giving up and croaking. The default is 100. Setting this to 0 means no limit.

DIAGNOSTICS

  • undefined variable: %s

    This string is thrown if the RaiseUndef option is set and the variable %s is not defined.

  • recursive interpolation loop detected with repeated interpolation of <%s>

    When resolving nested interpolated values (with the recurse option true ) a circular loop was found.

  • recursion fail-safe limit (%d) reached at interpolation of <%s>

    The recursion fail safe limit (recurse_fail_limit) was reached while interpolating nested variable values (with the recurse option true ).

BUGS AND LIMITATIONS

You can make new bug reports, and view existing ones, through the web interface at https://rt.cpan.org/Public/Dist/Display.html?Name=String-Interpolate-RE.

AUTHOR

Diab Jerius djerius@cpan.org

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

This software is Copyright (c) 2017 by Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory.

This is free software, licensed under:

The GNU General Public License, Version 3, June 2007