org-drill / spanish.org

# -*- mode: org; coding: utf-8 -*-
#+STARTUP: showall

# examples of card definitions for use with org-drill.
# Cards, AKA topics, have the 'drill' tag. Note that the higher-level headings
# in the file do NOT have this tag.

* Spanish questions

** Greetings

# Simple cards. When each card is presented, all subheadings are collapsed, but
# the text under the topic's main heading remains visible.

*** Greeting 1                                       :drill:

Translate into Spanish:
What is your name? (formal)

**** Answer

¿Cómo se llama usted?

**** Notes

llamar = to be named

*** Greeting 2                                       :drill:

Translate into Spanish:
What is your name? (informal)

**** Answer

¿Cómo te llamas?

**** Notes

llamar = to be named


** Grammar rules 1

# More simple cards -- here the question and answer are produced purely using
# cloze deletion of test in [square brackets], without the need to hide any
# subtopics (though they WILL still be hidden if present).

# If the text between the brackets contains a `|' character, everything after
# that character is considered to be a `hint', and will remain visible when the
# rest of the clozed text is hidden.

# Set the variable `org-drill-use-visible-cloze-face-p' to `t' if you want 
# cloze-deleted text to be shown in a special face when you are editing org
# mode buffers.

*** Grammar Rule                                     :drill:

To form the plural of a noun ending in a consonant, add [-es] to the end.

*** Grammar Rule                                     :drill:

To make the plural of an adjective ending in [a stressed vowel or a consonant 
other than -z], add /-es/.

** Grammar rules 2

# An example of a 'multicloze' card. One of the areas marked with square
# brackets will be hidden (chosen at random), the others will remain visible.

*** Grammar Rule                                     :drill:
    :PROPERTIES:
    :DRILL_CARD_TYPE: multicloze
    :END:

To form [an adverb] from an adjective, add [-mente] to the [feminine|gender] 
form of the adjective.

** Vocabulary

# Examples of 'twosided' cards. These are 'flip cards' where one of the
# first 2 'sides' (subheadings) is presented at random, while all others stay
# hidden. 

# There is another builtin card type called 'multisided'. These are like
# 'twosided' cards, but can have any number of sides. So we could extend the
# examples below by changing their type to multisided and adding a third
# subheading which contains an inline image.


*** Noun                                             :drill:
    :PROPERTIES:
    :DRILL_CARD_TYPE: twosided
    :END:

Translate this word.

**** Spanish

el gato

**** English

the cat

**** Example sentence

*El gato* se sentó en la estera.
*The cat* sat on the mat.


*** Noun                                             :drill:
    :PROPERTIES:
    :DRILL_CARD_TYPE: twosided
    :END:

Translate this word.

**** Spanish

el perro

**** English

the dog

**** Example sentence

Cuidado con *el perro*. 
Beware of *the dog*.


*** Noun                                             :drill:
    :PROPERTIES:
    :DRILL_CARD_TYPE: multisided
    :END:

**** Spanish

la manzana

**** English

the apple

**** Picture

The Spanish word for...

[[file:apple.jpg][Picture]]


*** Adjective                                        :drill:
    :PROPERTIES:
    :DRILL_CARD_TYPE: twosided
    :END:

Translate this word.

**** Spanish

caliente

**** English 

hot

**** Example sentence

El agua está muy caliente.
The water is very hot.


** Verbs

# An example of a special card type. The information in "spanish_verb" topics
# can be presented in any of several different ways -- see the function
# `org-drill-present-spanish-verb'.

*** Verb                                             :drill:
    :PROPERTIES:
    :DRILL_CARD_TYPE: spanish_verb
    :END:

**** Infinitive

cantar

**** English

to sing

**** Present Tense

| yo canto  | nosotros cantamos |
| tú cantas | vosotros cantáis  |
| él canta  | ellos cantan      |

**** Past Tense

| yo canté    | nosotros cantamos   |
| tú cantaste | vosotros cantasteis |
| él cantó    | ellos cantaron      |

**** Future Perfect Tense

| yo cantaré  | nosotros cantaremos |
| tú cantarás | vosotros cantaréis  |
| él cantarán | ellos cantarán      |


**** Notes

Regular verb.
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