HTTPS SSH

Introduction

ArchInstaller is a bash script to automate the installation and initial configuration of Arch Linux. arch-install.sh should be run from the Arch Linux install ISO.

Features

  • It works for me.
  • Automated installation of base Arch Linux.
  • Extensive filesystem support. Auto detects and configure SSDs and TRIM:
    • bfs
    • btrfs
    • ext{2,3,4}
    • f2fs
    • jfs
    • nilfs2
    • ntfs
    • reiserfs
    • xfs
  • Works on PCs (x86 and x86_64) and ARM (armv6h and armv7h).
  • On x86_64 desktops the multi-lib repository is automatically enabled and multilib-devel automatically installed.
  • Automated installation of your preferred desktop environment, or none at all.
    • Cinnamon
    • Enlightenment
    • GNOME
    • KDE
    • LXDE
    • MATE
    • XFCE
  • Automated hardware detection and driver installation. See below.
  • Installations can be sped up via the use of an NFS cache. See below.
  • Power management "out of the box".
  • Swap is provided via ZSWAP only.
  • Adheres to the Arch principle of K.I.S.S.

Limitations

  • Heavily biased toward my own preferences and may not suit your needs.
  • Does not support UEFI. I don't have any UEFI hardware to test on.
  • Only simple partition recipes are available.

Install Arch Linux

Boot the Arch Linux install ISO and clone ArchInstaller.

loadkeys uk
wifi-menu
dhcpcd
pacman -Syy --noconfirm git
git clone https://flexiondotorg@bitbucket.org/flexiondotorg/archinstaller.git
cd ArchInstaller

Edit the users.csv file to suite your requirements, see users.example for reference. Run the install script, for example.

PC

./arch-install.sh -d sda -p bsrh -w pA55w0rd -n myhost.example.org

Raspberry Pi

The Raspberry Pi mode doesn't do any disk partitioning so the partition options are redundant on the Pi.

./arch-install.sh -w pA55w0rd -n myhost.example.org

You can get help with the following.

./arch-install.sh -h

Hardware Detection

arch-install.sh will probe the PCI and USB bus for vendor and device codes and then automatically execute the corresponding scripts in hardware/{pci,usb}.

arch-install.sh will also use dmidecode to probe your computer for the fields below and automatically execute the corresponding scripts in hardware/system.

  • Product Name
  • Version
  • Serial Number
  • UUID
  • SKU Number

The facilities to customise the install any given hardware requirements, right down to a specific tweak for a unique computer. See the scripts I've already created, they are good references to get you started.

NFS Cache

arch-install.sh can use an existing pacman cache on an existing host to speed up the installation time. If you already have a host running Arch Linux this is how you can share your pacman cache via NFS.

sudo pacman -S nfs-utils

Add the following to /etc/exports.

/var/cache/pacman/pkg   *(rw,no_root_squash)

To start the NFS server, use:

systemctl start nfs-config rpcbind rpc-statd nfs-server

To start NFS automatically on every boot, use:

systemctl enable nfs-config rpcbind rpc-statd nfs-server

When you execute arch-install.sh pass in the -c argument, for example:

./arch-install.sh -d sda -p bsrh -w pA55w0rd -n myhost.example.org -c myexistinghost:/var/cache/pacman/pkg

If you provide arch-install.sh an NFS cache it will add that cache to /etc/fstab on the installed system.

Power Management

Power management is fairly complete right now, although SATA ALPM is disabled due to the risk of data corruption.

* <https://bugs.launchpad.net/ubuntu/+source/linux/+bug/539467>
* <https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Kernel/PowerManagementALPM>

I've opted to use cpupower and TLP for CPU frequency and power management.

The following are useful sources of reference.

FONT and FONT_MAP

Read the following to understand how to tweak the FONT and FONT_MAP settings in arch-install.sh.

TODO

Power Management TODO

The following still needs attention.

  • Suspend hook for /dev/mmcblk0

Video drivers TODO