Source

New LiquidCrystal / examples / i2cLCDextraIO / i2cLCDextraIO.pde

The default branch has multiple heads

#include <Arduino.h>
#include <Wire.h>
#include <LCD.h>

#define _LCD_I2C_

#ifdef _LCD_I2C_
#include <LiquidCrystal_I2C.h>
#endif

#ifdef _LCD_4BIT_
#include <LiquidCrystal.h>
#endif


// ???:fmalpartida:20110821 

/*!
    @defined    CHAR_WIDTH
    @abstract   Character witdth of the display, expressed in pixeles per character.
*/
#define CHAR_WIDTH  5

/*!
    @defined    LDR_PIN
    @abstract   Light Detection Resistor Analog pin.
    @discussion Define the Analog channel that will be used to read a LDR.
*/
#define LDR_PIN          7

/*!
    @defined    TEMP_CAL_OFFSET
    @abstract   Temperature calibration offset.
    @discussion This is the offset value that has to be modified to get a
                correct temperature reading from the internal temperature sensor
                of your AVR.
*/
#define TEMP_CAL_OFFSET 334

/*!
    @defined    FILTER_ALP
    @abstract   Low pass filter alpha value
    @discussion This value defines how much does the current reading, influences
                the over all value. The smaller, the less influence the current
                reading has over the overall result.
*/
#define FILTER_ALP 0.1

extern unsigned int __bss_end;
extern unsigned int __heap_start;
extern void *__brkval;

#ifdef _LCD_I2C_
LiquidCrystal_I2C lcd(0x38);  // set the LCD address to 0x20 for a 16 chars and 2 line display
#endif

#ifdef _LCD_4BIT_
LiquidCrystal lcd(12, 11, 5, 4, 3, 2);
const int    CONTRAST_PIN  = 9;
const int    BACKLIGHT_PIN = 7;
const int    CONTRAST      = 130;
#endif


LCD *myLCD = &lcd;

static double tempFilter;


/*!
    @const      charBitmap 
    @abstract   Define Character bitmap for the bargraph.
    @discussion Defines a character bitmap to represent a bargraph on a text
    display. The bitmap goes from a blank character to full black.
*/
const uint8_t charBitmap[][8] = {
   { 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0 },
   { 0x10, 0x10, 0x10, 0x10, 0x10, 0x10, 0x10, 0x0 },
   { 0x18, 0x18, 0x18, 0x18, 0x18, 0x18, 0x18, 0x0 },
   { 0x1C, 0x1C, 0x1C, 0x1C, 0x1C, 0x1C, 0x1C, 0x0 },
   { 0x1E, 0x1E, 0x1E, 0x1E, 0x1E, 0x1E, 0x1E, 0x0 },
   { 0x1F, 0x1F, 0x1F, 0x1F, 0x1F, 0x1F, 0x1F, 0x0 },
   { 0xe, 0x11, 0x11, 0x11, 0xe, 0, 0, 0 },
   { 0x6, 0x9, 0x9, 0x6, 0x0, 0, 0, 0}
};

/*!
    @function
    @abstract   Return available RAM memory
    @discussion This routine returns the ammount of RAM memory available after
                initialising the C runtime.
    @param      
    @result     Free RAM available.
*/

static int freeMemory() 
{
  int free_memory;

  if((int)__brkval == 0)
     free_memory = ((int)&free_memory) - ((int)&__bss_end);
  else
    free_memory = ((int)&free_memory) - ((int)__brkval);

  return free_memory;
}

/*!
    @function
    @abstract   Returns AVR328p internal temperature
    @discussion Configures the ADC MUX for the temperature ADC channel and
                waits for conversion and returns the value of the ADC module
    @result     The internal temperature reading - in degrees C 
*/

static int readTemperature()
{
   ADMUX = 0xC8;                          // activate interal temperature sensor, 
                                          // using 1.1V ref. voltage
   ADCSRA |= _BV(ADSC);                   // start the conversion
   while (bit_is_set(ADCSRA, ADSC));      // ADSC is cleared when the conversion 
                                          // finishes
                                          
   // combine bytes & correct for temperature offset (approximate)
   return ( (ADCL | (ADCH << 8)) - TEMP_CAL_OFFSET);  
}

/*!
    @function
    @abstract   Braws a bargraph onto the display representing the value passed.
    @discussion Draws a bargraph on the specified row using barLength characters. 
    @param      value[in] Value to represent in the bargraph
    @param      row[in] Row of the LCD where to display the bargraph. Range (0, 1)
                for this display.
    @param      barlength[in] Length of the bar, expressed in display characters.
    @param      start[in]     Start bar character
    @param      end [in]      End bar character

    @result     None
*/
static void drawBars ( int value, uint8_t row, uint8_t barLength, char start, 
                       char end )
{
   int numBars;

   // Set initial titles on the display
   myLCD->setCursor (0, row);
   myLCD->print (start);

   // Calculate the size of the bar
   value = map ( value, -30, 50, 0, ( barLength ) * CHAR_WIDTH );
   numBars = value / CHAR_WIDTH;
   
   // Limit the size of the bargraph to barLength
   if ( numBars > barLength )
   {
     numBars = barLength;
   }
   myLCD->setCursor ( 1, row );
   
   // Draw the bars
   while ( numBars-- )
   {
      myLCD->print ( char( 5 ) );
   }
   
   // Draw the fractions
   numBars = value % CHAR_WIDTH;
   myLCD->print ( char(numBars) );
   myLCD->setCursor (barLength + 1, row);
   myLCD->print (end);

}

void setup ()
{
   int i; 
   int charBitmapSize = (sizeof(charBitmap ) / sizeof (charBitmap[0]));
   
   Serial.begin ( 57600 );
   analogReference ( INTERNAL );
   pinMode ( LDR_PIN, INPUT );
   
#ifdef _LCD_4BIT_
  pinMode(CONTRAST_PIN, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(BACKLIGHT_PIN, OUTPUT);

  digitalWrite(BACKLIGHT_PIN, HIGH);
  analogWrite (CONTRAST_PIN, CONTRAST);
#endif

#ifdef _LCD_I2C_
   pinMode ( 13, OUTPUT );
   digitalWrite (13, HIGH);
#endif

   myLCD->begin ( 16, 2 );
  
   // Load custom character set into CGRAM
   for ( i = 0; i < charBitmapSize; i++ )
   {
      myLCD->createChar ( i, (uint8_t *)charBitmap[i] );
   }
   Serial.println ( freeMemory () );

   myLCD->clear ();
   myLCD->print ("Temp:");

   tempFilter = readTemperature (); // Initialise the temperature Filter

}


void loop ()
{
  int temp;
  
  temp = readTemperature();
  tempFilter = ( FILTER_ALP * temp) + (( 1.0 - FILTER_ALP ) * tempFilter);

  myLCD->setCursor ( 8, 0 );
  myLCD->print ("     ");
  myLCD->setCursor ( 8, 0 );
  myLCD->print ( tempFilter, 1 );
  myLCD->setCursor ( 12, 0 );
  myLCD->print ( "\x07" );
  myLCD->print ("C");  
  drawBars ( tempFilter, 1, 14, '-', '+' );
  
  delay (200);
}