.TH nosetests 1 "2009-04-23" "0.11" "User Commands"
nosetests \- nicer testing for python
.\" Man page generated from reStructeredText.
nosetests [options] [names]
nose collects tests automatically from python source files,
directories and packages found in its working directory (which
defaults to the current working directory). Any python source file,
directory or package that matches the testMatch regular expression
(by default: \fI(?:^|[b_.\-])[Tt]est)\fP will be collected as a test (or
source for collection of tests). In addition, all other packages
found in the working directory will be examined for python source files
or directories that match testMatch. Package discovery descends all
the way down the tree, so package.tests and package.sub.tests and
package.sub.sub2.tests will all be collected.
Within a test directory or package, any python source file matching
testMatch will be examined for test cases. Within a test module,
functions and classes whose names match testMatch and TestCase
subclasses with any name will be loaded and executed as tests. Tests
may use the assert keyword or raise AssertionErrors to indicate test
failure. TestCase subclasses may do the same or use the various
TestCase methods available.
.SS Selecting Tests
To specify which tests to run, pass test names on the command line:
Test names specified may be file or module names, and may optionally
indicate the test case to run by separating the module or file name
from the test case name with a colon. Filenames may be relative or
You may also change the working directory where nose looks for tests
by using the \-w switch:
nosetests \-w /path/to/tests
Note, however, that support for multiple \-w arguments is now deprecated
and will be removed in a future release. As of nose 0.10, you can get
the same behavior by specifying the target directories \fIwithout\fP
the \-w switch:
nosetests /path/to/tests /another/path/to/tests
Further customization of test selection and loading is possible
through the use of plugins.
Test result output is identical to that of unittest, except for
the additional features (error classes, and plugin\-supplied
features such as output capture and assert introspection) detailed
in the options below.
In addition to passing command\-line options, you may also put
configuration options in your project\'s \fIsetup.cfg\fP file, or a .noserc
or nose.cfg file in your home directory. In any of these standard
.ini\-style config files, you put your nosetests configuration in a
\fB[nosetests]\fP section. Options are the same as on the command line,
with the \-\- prefix removed. For options that are simple switches, you
must supply a value:
All configuration files that are found will be loaded and their
options combined. You can override the standard config file loading
with the \fB\-c\fP option.
.SS Using Plugins
There are numerous nose plugins available via easy_install and
elsewhere. To use a plugin, just install it. The plugin will add
command line options to nosetests. To verify that the plugin is installed,
You can add \-v or \-vv to that command to show more information
about each plugin.
If you are running nose.main() or nose.run() from a script, you
can specify a list of plugins to use by passing a list of plugins
with the plugins keyword argument.
.SS 0.9 plugins
nose 0.11 can use SOME plugins that were written for nose 0.9. The
default plugin manager inserts a compatibility wrapper around 0.9
plugins that adapts the changed plugin api calls. However, plugins
that access nose internals are likely to fail, especially if they
attempt to access test case or test suite classes. For example,
plugins that try to determine if a test passed to startTest is an
individual test or a suite will fail, partly because suites are no
longer passed to startTest and partly because it\'s likely that the
plugin is trying to find out if the test is an instance of a class
that no longer exists.
.SS 0.10 plugins
All plugins written for nose 0.10 should work with nose 0.11.
Output nose version and exit
Output list of available plugins and exit. Combine with higher verbosity for greater detail
Be more verbose. [NOSE_VERBOSE]
Set verbosity; \-\-verbosity=2 is the same as \-v
Be less verbose
Load configuration from config file(s). May be specified multiple times; in that case, all config files will be loaded and combined
Look for tests in this directory. May be specified multiple times. The first directory passed will be used as the working directory, in place of the current working directory, which is the default. Others will be added to the list of tests to execute. [NOSE_WHERE]
\fB\-m\fR\fR=REGEX\fR, \fB\-\-match\fR\fR=REGEX\fR, \fB\-\-testmatch\fR\fR=REGEX
Files, directories, function names, and class names that match this regular expression are considered tests. Default: (?:^|[b_./\-])[Tt]est [NOSE_TESTMATCH]
Run these tests (comma\-separated list). This argument is useful mainly from configuration files; on the command line, just pass the tests to run as additional arguments with no switch.
Activate debug logging for one or more systems. Available debug loggers: nose, nose.importer, nose.inspector, nose.plugins, nose.result and nose.selector. Separate multiple names with a comma.
Log debug messages to this file (default: sys.stderr)
Load logging config from this file \-\- bypasses all other logging config settings.
Don\'t run tests that match regular expression [NOSE_EXCLUDE]
This regular expression will be applied to files, directories, function names, and class names for a chance to include additional tests that do not match TESTMATCH. Specify this option multiple times to add more regular expressions [NOSE_INCLUDE]
Stop running tests after the first error or failure
Don\'t make any changes to sys.path when loading tests [NOSE_NOPATH]
Look for tests in python modules that are executable. Normal behavior is to exclude executable modules, since they may not be import\-safe [NOSE_INCLUDE_EXE]
DO NOT look for tests in python modules that are executable. (The default on the windows platform is to do so.)
Traverse through all path entries of a namespace package
\fB\-\-first\-package\-wins\fR\fR=DEFAULT\fR, \fB\-\-first\-pkg\-wins\fR\fR=DEFAULT\fR, \fB\-\-1st\-pkg\-wins\fR\fR=DEFAULT
nose\'s importer will normally evict a package from sys.modules if it sees a package with the same name in a different location. Set this option to disable that behavior.
Run only tests that have attributes specified by ATTR [NOSE_ATTR]
Run only tests for whose attributes the Python expression EXPR evaluates to True [NOSE_EVAL_ATTR]
Don\'t capture stdout (any stdout output will be printed immediately) [NOSE_NOCAPTURE]
Disable logging capture plugin. Logging configurtion will be left intact. [NOSE_NOLOGCAPTURE]
Specify custom format to print statements. Uses the same format as used by standard logging handlers. [NOSE_LOGFORMAT]
Specify custom date/time format to print statements. Uses the same format as used by standard logging handlers. [NOSE_LOGDATEFMT]
Specify which statements to filter in/out. By default, everything is captured. If the output is too verbose,
use this option to filter out needless output.
Example: filter=foo will capture statements issued ONLY to
foo or foo.what.ever.sub but not foobar or other logger.
Specify multiple loggers with comma: filter=foo,bar,baz.
If any logger name is prefixed with a minus, eg filter=\-foo,
it will be excluded rather than included. Default: exclude logging messages from nose itself (\-nose). [NOSE_LOGFILTER]
Clear all other logging handlers
Enable plugin Coverage:
Activate a coverage report using Ned Batchelder\'s coverage module.
Restrict coverage output to selected packages [NOSE_COVER_PACKAGE]
Erase previously collected coverage statistics before run
Include test modules in coverage report [NOSE_COVER_TESTS]
Include all python files under working directory in coverage report. Useful for discovering holes in test coverage if not all files are imported by the test suite. [NOSE_COVER_INCLUSIVE]
Produce HTML coverage information
Produce HTML coverage information in dir
Drop into debugger on errors
Drop into debugger on failures
Disable special handling of DeprecatedTest exceptions.
Enable plugin Doctest:
Activate doctest plugin to find and run doctests in non\-test modules.
Also look for doctests in test modules. Note that classes, methods and functions should have either doctests or non\-doctest tests, not both. [NOSE_DOCTEST_TESTS]
Also look for doctests in files with this extension [NOSE_DOCTEST_EXTENSION]
Change the variable name set to the result of the last interpreter command from the default \'_\'. Can be used to avoid conflicts with the _() function used for text translation. [NOSE_DOCTEST_RESULT_VAR]
Find fixtures for a doctest file in module with this name appended to the base name of the doctest file
Enable plugin IsolationPlugin:
Activate the isolation plugin to isolate changes to external
modules to a single test module or package. The isolation plugin
resets the contents of sys.modules after each test module or
package runs to its state before the test. PLEASE NOTE that this
plugin should not be used with the coverage plugin, or in any other case
where module reloading may produce undesirable side\-effects.
\fB\-d\fR\fR\fR, \fB\-\-detailed\-errors\fR\fR\fR, \fB\-\-failure\-detail\fR\fR
Add detail to error output by attempting to evaluate failed asserts [NOSE_DETAILED_ERRORS]
Enable plugin Profile:
Use this plugin to run tests using the hotshot profiler.
Set sort order for profiler output
Profiler stats file; default is a new temp file on each run
Restrict profiler output. See help for pstats.Stats for details
Disable special handling of SkipTest exceptions.
Enable plugin TestId:
Activate to add a test id (like #1) to each test name output. Activate
with \-\-failed to rerun failing tests only.
Store test ids found in test runs in this file. Default is the file .noseids in the working directory.
Run the tests that failed in the last test run.
Spread test run among this many processes. Set a number equal to the number of processors or cores in your machine for best results. [NOSE_PROCESSES]
Set timeout for return of results from each test runner process. [NOSE_PROCESS_TIMEOUT]
Enable plugin Xunit: This plugin provides test results in the standard XUnit XML format. [NOSE_WITH_XUNIT]
Path to xml file to store the xunit report in. Default is nosetests.xml in the working directory [NOSE_XUNIT_FILE]
Enable plugin AllModules: Collect tests from all python modules.
Collect and output test names only, don\'t run any tests.
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