1. gelliravi
  2. django-datatables-view



What is it?

django-datatables-view is a base view for handling server side processing for the awesome datatables (http://datatables.net).

django-datatables-view simplifies handling of sorting, filtering and creating JSON output, as defined at: http://datatables.net/usage/server-side


  1. pip install django-datatables-view

  2. views.py:

django_datatables_view uses GenericViews, so your view should just inherit from base class: BaseDatatableView, and override few things. These are:

  • order_columns - list of column names used for sorting (eg. if user sorts by second column then second column name from this list will be used in order by).
  • get_initial_queryset - method that should return queryset used to populate datatable
  • filter_queryset - if you want to filter your datatable then override this method
  • prepare_results - this method should return list of lists (rows with columns) as needed by datatables

See example below:

    from django_datatables_view.base_datatable_view import BaseDatatableView

    class OrderListJson(BaseDatatableView):
        # define column names that will be used in sorting
        # order is important and should be same as order of columns
        # displayed by datatables. For non sortable columns use empty
        # value like ''
        order_columns = ['number', 'user', 'state']

        def get_initial_queryset(self):
            # return queryset used as base for futher sorting/filtering
            # these are simply objects displayed in datatable
            return MyModel.objects.all()

        def filter_queryset(self, qs):
            # use request parameters to filter queryset

            # simple example:
            sSearch = self.request.POST.get('sSearch', None)
            if sSearch:
                qs = qs.filter(name__istartswith=sSearch)

            # more advanced example
            filter_customer = self.request.POST.get('customer', None)

            if filter_customer:
                customer_parts = filter_customer.split(' ')
                qs_params = None
                for part in customer_parts:
                    q = Q(customer_firstname__istartswith=part)|Q(customer_lastname__istartswith=part)
                    qs_params = qs_params | q if qs_params else q
                qs = qs.filter(qs_params)
            return qs

        def prepare_results(self, qs):
            # prepare list with output column data
            # queryset is already paginated here
            json_data = []
            for item in qs:
                    "%s %s" % (item.customer_firstname, item.customer_lastname),
                    item.created.strftime("%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S"),
                    item.modified.strftime("%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S")
            return json_data
  1. urls.py

Add typical django's clause:

::: python

    # ...
    url(r'^my/datatable/data/$', login_required(OrderListJson.as_view()), name='order_list_json'),
    # ....
  1. Define HTML + JavaScript part as usual, eg:

Example JS:

::: javascript

  $(document).ready(function() {
      var oTable = $('.datatable').dataTable({
          // ...
          "bProcessing": true,
          "bServerSide": true,
          "sAjaxSource": "{% url order_list_json %}"
      // ...