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  2. my-cookutils

Overview

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SliTaz Cookutils
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The SliTaz Cookutils provide tools and utils to build SliTaz packages.


Cook
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The cook tool should be used in a chroot environment: simply use the command
'tazdev gen-chroot' to build one. You can also build packages directly but
build deps will not be handled correctly since cook will install missing
packages to perform a build and then remove them only if they were not
installed before, this way we can keep a clean build environment.

We use standard SliTaz paths to work such as /home/slitaz/wok, if you work on
cooking from stable or want to keep a clean system: create a chroot.

Cook features:

    * Setup a build env
    * Check and install missing build deps
    * Compile and generate the package
    * Remove installed build deps
    * Provide a log for each cook
    * Clean one or all packages in the wok
    * Check for receipt and package quality
    * Clean chroot even on Ctrl-C

Cook does not:

    * Depend on Hg but can use it to manage a wok
    * Do complex work like compiling the whole system from source in
      one command (but it can rebuild the full system step by step).
    * Check build deps for you, use: BUILD_DEPENDS
    * The work of a Build Bot, unix philosophy: one tool for one task
    * Cook a package if your receipt is crappy :-)

Cook paths variables used in receipt:

    * $src     : Package source: wok/pkg/source
    * $stuff   : Package stuff: wok/pkg/stuff
    * $fs      : Package file system: wok/pkg/taz/*/fs
    * $install : All installed files by the package
                 Old style is $_pkg and cook is compatible

Cook internal paths variables:

    * $pkgdir  : Package directory in the wok: wok/pkg
    * $receipt : Package receipt in wok: wok/pkg/receipt
    * $taz     : The taz directory: wok/pkg/taz
    * $pack    : Package to compress: wok/taz/pkg-*

Cook also manages packages lists so they can be used for a personal packages
repository or sent to the official mirror. We create and use:

    * packages.list    Simple list of package-versions
    * packages.md5     MD5sum list of all packages
    * packages.txt     List of packages with version, desc and sizes
    * packages.desc    Packages with name, version, category, desc
    * packages.equiv   Equivalent packages list
    * files.list.lzma  A list of files provided by all packages


Cooker
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The Cooker is a Build Bot which automates the build process but doesn't make
the dinner for you! We need quality receipts to cook successfully and the goal
is not to have a bloated script so please Keep It Short and Simple.

Cmdline tool  : /usr/bin/cooker
Web interface : /var/www/cooker
Cache folder  : /home/slitaz/cache

The web interface consists of one CGI script and one CSS style. Cook logs can
be produced by cook and the cooker just acts as a fronted to check them in
a nice way. A web interface also highlights success and error and can show
receipts and the cooker logs such as the last ordered list or commits check.

Database files in the cache folder

    * activity   : Activity information for the web interface
    * blocked    : List of manually blocked packages
    * broken     : Broken packages list, when cook fails it is added here
    * commits    : List of packages of the last commit check
    * cooklist   : Cooklist for unbuilt packages or custom commands
    * cooknotes  : All the notes added with 'cooker -n "My note"
    * installed* : Lists used to compare installed packages before and after
		   a package is cooked so we can remove them

The Cooker web interface can by highly customized through the CSS style and via
an optional header.html file that must be in the same directory as the CGI
script, like for style.css and a custom favicon. You can find a header.html
example in the data/ directory or in /usr/share/cook if cookutils are installed.


Cookiso
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Cookiso is the official tool to automate the ISO build. The goal is to provide
a simple to use, rock solid tool with a web interface à la Cooker. It shares
configuration and templates with the Cooker but can be run on its own so it
can be used by contributors or customers to automate custom ISO building.
Cookiso must be run in a chroot which can be the same chroot as the Cooker.

Cookiso is also used to build rolling ISOs by tracking changes in a packages
list or Hg repository. The rolling command is designed to be run by cron
in a chroot environment. Here are some usage examples:

# cookiso setup
# cookiso gen --flavors="base justx"
# cookiso gen --flavors=base --version=cooking


Cross
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See    : doc/cross.txt
Install: make install-cross
Usage  : cross usage
Howto  : cross howto


Cross compiling
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Cookutils lets you cross compile a package for a specific architecture. Say you want
to build ARM binaries from a standard i486 machine. Cookutils provides helpers
for the ARM platform, but the first thing to do is compile a cross toolchain and
modify the main cook.conf variables to use a correct ARCH, CFLAGS and BUILD_SYSTEM

Cook handles HOST_ARCH and CROSS_* receipt variables. Some packages don't build or
are not packaged for an architecture and so cross compiling will fail if the
package receipt has not been reviewed and includes HOST_ARCH. Here is an example
and a list of cross variables:

HOST_ARCH="i486 arm"
CROSS_BUGS="Bugs description"

Before cross compiling, cook will automatically add cross-tools path to PATH, set
CC, AR, LD, etc and also export CROSS_COMPILE.


Toolchain
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To rebuild the full SliTaz toolchain at once - cook and the Cooker will use the
slitaz-toolchain package. No built-in code manages that since it is not a
common task. The toolchain package will build all needed packages in the correct
order, which is very important.


Coding style
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Here are the cookutils coding style notes, follow them if you want your code
included in the package.

    * In all cases: KISS
    * Use tab and not space to indent
    * Max 80 char by line (try to edit in a Xterm 80x24)
    * Use names rather than $1 $2 $3
    * Variables from config file are $UPPERCASE
    * Variables initialized by cook are $lowercase
    * Functions can be a single word or use_underline()
      my_function() {
          echo "Hello World"
      }
    * Use $(command) and not: `command`
    * Cook uses gettext for messages, not the cooker
    * If you add a feature, add also the doc to explain it
    * Use clean case with space before case end ;;
      case "$pkg" in
	    a) echo "Hello World" ;;
	    *) continue ;;
      esac
    * Make commands and options as short as possible
    * Think to log everything to help debug
    * Quote variables if used in a test: [ "$var" ]


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