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selove / src / modules / graphics / opengl / VertexBuffer.h

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/**
* Copyright (c) 2006-2012 LOVE Development Team
*
* This software is provided 'as-is', without any express or implied
* warranty.  In no event will the authors be held liable for any damages
* arising from the use of this software.
*
* Permission is granted to anyone to use this software for any purpose,
* including commercial applications, and to alter it and redistribute it
* freely, subject to the following restrictions:
*
* 1. The origin of this software must not be misrepresented; you must not
*    claim that you wrote the original software. If you use this software
*    in a product, an acknowledgment in the product documentation would be
*    appreciated but is not required.
* 2. Altered source versions must be plainly marked as such, and must not be
*    misrepresented as being the original software.
* 3. This notice may not be removed or altered from any source distribution.
**/


#ifndef LOVE_GRAPHICS_OPENGL_VERTEX_BUFFER_H
#define LOVE_GRAPHICS_OPENGL_VERTEX_BUFFER_H

// LOVE
#include <graphics/Volatile.h>

// OpenGL
#include "GLee.h"

namespace love
{
namespace graphics
{
namespace opengl
{
	/**
	 * VertexBuffer is an abstraction over VBOs (Vertex Buffer Objecys), which
	 * falls back to regular vertex arrays if VBOs are not supported.
	 *
	 * This allows code to take advantage of VBOs where available, but still
	 * work on older systems where it's *not* available. Everyone's happy.
	 *
	 * The class is (for now) meant for internal use.
	 */
	class VertexBuffer
	{
	public:

		/**
		 * Create a new VertexBuffer (either a plain vertex array, or a VBO),
		 * based on what's supported on the system.
		 *
		 * If VBOs are not supported, a plain vertex array will automatically
		 * be created and returned instead.
		 *
		 * @param size The size of the VertexBuffer (in bytes).
		 * @param target GL_ARRAY_BUFFER, GL_ELEMENT_ARRAY_BUFFER.
		 * @param usage GL_DYNAMIC_DRAW, etc.
		 * @return A new VertexBuffer.
		 */
		static VertexBuffer *Create(size_t size, GLenum target, GLenum usage);

		/**
		 * Constructor.
		 *
		 * @param size The size of the VertexBuffer in bytes.
		 * @param target The target VertexBuffer object, e.g. GL_ARRAY_BUFFER.
		 * @param usage Usage hint, e.g. GL_DYNAMIC_DRAW.
		 */
		VertexBuffer(size_t size, GLenum target, GLenum usage);

		/**
		 * Destructor. Does nothing, but must be declared virtual.
		 */
		virtual ~VertexBuffer();

		/**
		 * Get the size of the VertexBuffer, in bytes.
		 *
		 * @return The size of the VertexBuffer.
		 */
		size_t getSize() const { return size; }

		/**
		 * Get the target buffer object.
		 *
		 * @return The target buffer object, e.g. GL_ARRAY_BUFFER.
		 */
		GLenum getTarget() const { return target; }

		/**
		 * Get the usage hint for this VertexBuffer.
		 *
		 * @return The usage hint, e.g. GL_DYNAMIC_DRAW.
		 */
		GLenum getUsage() const { return usage; }

		/**
		 * Map the VertexBuffer to client memory.
		 *
		 * This can be faster for large changes to the buffer. For smaller
		 * changes, see fill().
		 *
		 * The VertexBuffer must be bound to use this function.
		 *
		 * @return A pointer to memory which represents the buffer.
		 */
		virtual void *map() = 0;

		/**
		 * Unmap a previously mapped VertexBuffer. The buffer must be unmapped
		 * when used to draw elements.
		 *
		 * The VertexBuffer must be bound to use this function.
		 */
		virtual void unmap() = 0;

		/**
		 * Bind the VertexBuffer to the specified target.
		 * (GL_ARRAY_BUFFER, GL_ELEMENT_ARRAY_BUFFER).
		 *
		 * @param target GL_ARRAY_BUFFER or GL_ELEMENT_ARRAY_BUFFER.
		 */
		virtual void bind() = 0;

		/**
		 * Unbind a prevously bound VertexBuffer.
		 */
		virtual void unbind() = 0;

		/**
		 * Fill a portion of the buffer with data.
		 *
		 * The VertexBuffer must be bound to use this function.
		 *
		 * @param offset The offset in the VertexBuffer to store the data.
		 * @param size The size of the incoming data.
		 * @param data Pointer to memory to copy data from.
		 */
		virtual void fill(size_t offset, size_t size, const void *data) = 0;

		/**
		 * Get a pointer which represents the specified byte offset.
		 *
		 * @param offset The byte offset. (0 is first byte).
		 * @return A pointer which represents the offset.
		 */
		virtual const void *getPointer(size_t offset) const = 0;

		/**
		 * This helper class can bind a VertexArray temporarily, and
		 * automatically un-bind when it's destroyed.
		 */
		class Bind
		{
		public:

			/**
			 * Bind a VertexBuffer.
			 */
			Bind(VertexBuffer &buf)
				: buf(buf)
			{ buf.bind(); }

			/**
			 * Unbinds a VertexBuffer.
			 */
			~Bind()
			{ buf.unbind(); }

		private:

			// VertexBuffer to work on.
			VertexBuffer &buf;
		};

		class Mapper
		{
		public:
			/**
			 * Memory-maps a VertexBuffer.
			 */
			Mapper(VertexBuffer& buffer)
				: buf(buffer)
			{ elems = buf.map(); }

			/**
			 * unmaps the buffer
			 */
			~Mapper()
			{ buf.unmap(); }

			/**
			 * Get pointer to memory mapped region
			 */
			void* get()
			{ return elems; }

		private:
			VertexBuffer &buf;
			void* elems;
		};

	private:

		// The size of the buffer, in bytes.
		size_t size;

		// The target buffer object. (GL_ARRAY_BUFFER, GL_ELEMENT_ARRAY_BUFFER).
		GLenum target;

		// Usage hint. GL_[DYNAMIC, STATIC, STREAM]_DRAW.
		GLenum usage;
	};

	/**
	 * Implementation of VertexBuffer which uses plain arrays to store the data.
	 *
	 * This implementation should be supported everywhere, and acts as a fallback
	 * on systems which do not support VBOs.
	 */
	class VertexArray : public VertexBuffer
	{
	public:

		/**
		 * @copydoc VertexBuffer(int, GLenum, GLenum)
		 */
		VertexArray(size_t size, GLenum target, GLenum usage);

		/**
		 * Frees the data we've allocated.
		 */
		virtual ~VertexArray();

		// Implements VertexBuffer.
		virtual void *map();
		virtual void unmap();
		virtual void bind();
		virtual void unbind();
		virtual void fill(size_t offset, size_t size, const void *data);
		virtual const void *getPointer(size_t offset) const ;

	private:
		// Holds the data.
		char *buf;
	};

	/**
	 * Vertex Buffer Object (VBO) implementation of VertexBuffer.
	 *
	 * This will be used on all systems that support it. It's in general
	 * faster than vertex arrays, but especially in use-cases where there
	 * is no need to update the data every frame.
	 */
	class VBO : public VertexBuffer, public Volatile
	{
	public:

		/**
		 * @copydoc VertexBuffer(size_t, GLenum, GLenum)
		 */
		VBO(size_t size, GLenum target, GLenum usage);

		/**
		 * Deletes the VBOs from OpenGL.
		 */
		virtual ~VBO();

		// Implements VertexBuffer.
		virtual void *map();
		virtual void unmap();
		virtual void bind();
		virtual void unbind();
		virtual void fill(size_t offset, size_t size, const void *data);
		virtual const void *getPointer(size_t offset) const ;

		// Implements Volatile.
		bool loadVolatile();
		void unloadVolatile();

	private:

		/**
		 * Creates the VBO, and optionally restores data we saved earlier.
		 *
		 * @param restore True to restore data previously saved with 'unload'.
		 * @return True on success, false otherwise.
		 */
		bool load(bool restore);

		/**
		 * Optionally save the data in the VBO, then delete it.
		 *
		 * @param save True to save the data before deleting.
		 */
		void unload(bool save);

		// The VBO identifier. Assigned by OpenGL.
		GLuint vbo;

		// *May* contain data saved by 'unload'.
		char *buffer_copy;

		// A pointer to mapped memory. Zero if memory is currently
		// not mapped.
		void *mapped;

		// Usage hint for map()/unmap() pair. Same as `access' parameter in
		// glBufferData or 0 if not mapped.
		GLenum mapped_access;
	};

} // opengl
} // graphics
} // love

#endif // LOVE_GRAPHICS_OPENGL_SPRITE_BATCH_H