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wakan / Dictionary

Dictionary

This window serves as a Japanese-English / English-Japanese dictionary in Japanese mode and as a Chinese-English / English-Chinese dictionary in Chinese mode.

images/dict.png

How to access: Dictionary button on the main control panel. (Also appears in part of the main window when Translator button on the main control panel is pressed.)

To search, just enter any expression (English or Japanese in romaji or kanji/kana) in the text field. Results of the search are displayed immediately. Note: The number of displayed results may be limited by the window size. To display all results press the "All" button.

By default search goes both ways: by Japanese/Chinese expression and by English definition. You can switch to one of the specialized modes:

  • Japanese (Chinese) -> English - Search by romanized Japanese (Chinese) readings.
  • English -> Japanese (Chinese) - All Japanese (Chinese) words whose English definitions contain that word or that exact phrase are displayed.

Dictionary supports searching for words containing specified characters, or words starting or ending with specified syllables (for example, words ending with kata).

In Japanese mode you can enter inflected forms (like hatarakimashita) which are automatically converted to plain form (hataraku).

In Chinese mode you do not need to enter tones; for example, you can type just zhongwen. Entering tones (e.g. zhong1wen2) may be helpful in narrowing results. Only Mandarin Chinese is supported at this moment.

Several romanization systems are supported for each language (Hepburn, Kunreisiki and Czech for Japanese; PinYin, Wade/Giles and Yale for Chinese); see Romanization settings.

Warning: Only active dictionaries are searched. You can specify which dictionaries are active in the dictionary manager.

Results

Results can be displayed in Roman letters, or in the appropriate phonetic symbols (kana for Japanese, bopomofo for Chinese). This choice can be made in Romanization settings. Definitions of Japanese words from EDICT may contain various markers indicating parts of speech, usage, etc.

Popup menu is available for each of the results which lets you copy it in a number of formats, or quickly jump to a number of online dictionaries and search sites (see Custom links):

images/dict-popup-menu.png

One of formats can be selected as default; if you press Ctrl-C the result is copied in that format — click Copy As > Configure... to choose it. Multiple records can be selected and copied at the same time.

If the word is in vocabulary, then its learned state of each word is shown by different color (unlearned are blue, learned yellow, mastered green and problematic red). You can change learned state in vocabulary word details.

Window controls

  • "A" button - Searches only for exact matches for the word or phrase entered (for example if you type mizu it does not find mizukara or nomimizu; if you type just about it does not find just about everything).
  • "A+" button - Searches for words beginning with the syllables or phrase entered (for example if you type mizu it does find mizukara but not nomimizu; if you type just about in English -> Japanese mode it does find a Japanese word meaning just about everything).
  • "+A" button - Searches for words ending with the syllables entered (for example if you type mizu it does find nomimizu but not mizukara). This feature is not supported in English -> Japanese (Chinese) mode.
  • Search by clipboard - Searches for words by the characters stored in clipboard.
  • images/btn_clipadd.png - Inserts word at the end of the clipboard.
  • images/btn_dicthand.png - Displays all results (if all results are already displayed then this button is disabled).

Secondary windows

  • Selected word - Details of selected word.
  • Chars in word - Displays information (radical & meaning) about characters contained in word.
  • Word information - If the word is in user vocabulary, displays additional information.
  • Add to vocabulary - Enables to add word to user vocabulary.

You can alter many your preferences in settings.

Markers

Some dictionaries contain grammatical information about words, these are called markers and are displayed in small italic font before and after the meaning.

Markers can be divided into these groups:

  • Grammatical (G) (displayed in blue before meaning) - Denote grammatical categories (verbs, nouns, adjectives, ...).
  • Usage (S) (displayed in red after meaning) - Information about how and where to use the words.
  • Special (1) (displayed in violet before meaning) - Special group categories (like martial arts terms, female speech, ...).
  • Dictionary (D) (displayed in grey after meaning) - Dictionary from which the word was taken.
  • Lesson (L) (displayed in green after meaning) - If the word is in vocabulary, it denotes its lesson category it belongs to.

Wakan marker list is derived from EDICT/JMdict one, actual version of which is provided in EDICT documentation. Markers in wakan sometimes have slightly different names and all the v* markers are shown simply as v (verb) at this time.

Marker names can be localized in which case refer to the localized documentation for the description of their new names.

Word kanji

images/dictkanji.png

This window lists characters in the currently selected word, displaying their meaning and radicals.

Colors used for characters

  • Grey characters are uncommon and should not be generally used.
  • Black characters are commonly used.
  • Green characters are used only in names.
  • Blue characters are marked as learned (you can change this status on the Details subwindow).

Adding words to vocabulary

images/dictadd.png

You can quickly add selected word into your user vocabulary from this window.

  • Meaning - Allows you to change the meaning of the word before entering it into the vocabulary.
  • Category - Into which vocabulary category will be the word added.
  • Add into vocabulary - Adds the word into vocabulary. If you entered a new category, then a new category dialog will be shown.

Updated