Source

z3-haskell /

Filename Size Date modified Message
examples
src/Z3
test
104 B
Ignore *.md~ files
336 B
Added tag v4.0.0 for changeset 5e2c4f73abbc
3.4 KB
Minor edits in README.md and CHANGES.md
732 B
Update README and split some content into HACKING.md
1.5 KB
Update copyright year
2.7 KB
README: Fix link
46 B
Created .cabal, LICENSE and Setup.hs.
3.3 KB
z3.cabal: Fix test-suite dependency on the z3 package

Haskell bindings for Microsoft's Z3 (unofficial)

These are Haskell bindings for the Z3 theorem prover. We don't provide any high-level interface (e.g. in the form of a Haskell eDSL) here, these bindings are targeted to those who want to build verification tools on top of Z3 in Haskell.

Changelog here.

Examples here.

Do you want to contribute?

Installation

Preferably use the z3 package.

  • Install a Z3 4.x release. (Support for Z3 3.x is provided by the 0.3.2 version of these bindings.)
  • Just type cabal install z3 if you used the standard locations for dynamic libraries (/usr/lib) and header files (/usr/include).

    • Otherwise use the --extra-lib-dirs and --extra-include-dirs Cabal flags when installing.

Example

Most people uses the Z3.Monad interface. Here is an example script that solves the 4-queen puzzle:

import Control.Applicative
import Control.Monad ( join )
import Data.Maybe
import qualified Data.Traversable as T

import Z3.Monad

script :: Z3 (Maybe [Integer])
script = do
  q1 <- mkFreshIntVar "q1"
  q2 <- mkFreshIntVar "q2"
  q3 <- mkFreshIntVar "q3"
  q4 <- mkFreshIntVar "q4"
  _1 <- mkInteger 1
  _4 <- mkInteger 4
  -- the ith-queen is in the ith-row.
  -- qi is the column of the ith-queen
  assert =<< mkAnd =<< T.sequence
    [ mkLe _1 q1, mkLe q1 _4  -- 1 <= q1 <= 4
    , mkLe _1 q2, mkLe q2 _4
    , mkLe _1 q3, mkLe q3 _4
    , mkLe _1 q4, mkLe q4 _4
    ]
  -- different columns
  assert =<< mkDistinct [q1,q2,q3,q4]
  -- avoid diagonal attacks
  assert =<< mkNot =<< mkOr =<< T.sequence
    [ diagonal 1 q1 q2  -- diagonal line of attack between q1 and q2
    , diagonal 2 q1 q3
    , diagonal 3 q1 q4
    , diagonal 1 q2 q3
    , diagonal 2 q2 q4
    , diagonal 1 q3 q4
    ]
  -- check and get solution
  fmap snd $ withModel $ \m ->
    catMaybes <$> mapM (evalInt m) [q1,q2,q3,q4]
  where mkAbs x = do
          _0 <- mkInteger 0
          join $ mkIte <$> mkLe _0 x <*> pure x <*> mkUnaryMinus x
        diagonal d c c' =
          join $ mkEq <$> (mkAbs =<< mkSub [c',c]) <*> (mkInteger d)

In order to run this SMT script:

main :: IO ()
main = evalZ3With Nothing opts script >>= \mbSol ->
        case mbSol of
             Nothing  -> error "No solution found."
             Just sol -> putStr "Solution: " >> print sol
  where opts = opt "MODEL" True +? opt "MODEL_COMPLETION" True