CodeIgniter Flickr Library / system / database / drivers / mysql / mysql_driver.php

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<?php  if ( ! defined('BASEPATH')) exit('No direct script access allowed');
/**
 * CodeIgniter
 *
 * An open source application development framework for PHP 4.3.2 or newer
 *
 * @package		CodeIgniter
 * @author		ExpressionEngine Dev Team
 * @copyright	Copyright (c) 2008 - 2010, EllisLab, Inc.
 * @license		http://codeigniter.com/user_guide/license.html
 * @link		http://codeigniter.com
 * @since		Version 1.0
 * @filesource
 */

// ------------------------------------------------------------------------

/**
 * MySQL Database Adapter Class
 *
 * Note: _DB is an extender class that the app controller
 * creates dynamically based on whether the active record
 * class is being used or not.
 *
 * @package		CodeIgniter
 * @subpackage	Drivers
 * @category	Database
 * @author		ExpressionEngine Dev Team
 * @link		http://codeigniter.com/user_guide/database/
 */
class CI_DB_mysql_driver extends CI_DB {

	var $dbdriver = 'mysql';

	// The character used for escaping
	var	$_escape_char = '`';

	// clause and character used for LIKE escape sequences - not used in MySQL
	var $_like_escape_str = '';
	var $_like_escape_chr = '';

	/**
	 * Whether to use the MySQL "delete hack" which allows the number
	 * of affected rows to be shown. Uses a preg_replace when enabled,
	 * adding a bit more processing to all queries.
	 */	
	var $delete_hack = TRUE;
	
	/**
	 * The syntax to count rows is slightly different across different
	 * database engines, so this string appears in each driver and is
	 * used for the count_all() and count_all_results() functions.
	 */
	var $_count_string = 'SELECT COUNT(*) AS ';
	var $_random_keyword = ' RAND()'; // database specific random keyword

	/**
	 * Non-persistent database connection
	 *
	 * @access	private called by the base class
	 * @return	resource
	 */	
	function db_connect()
	{
		if ($this->port != '')
		{
			$this->hostname .= ':'.$this->port;
		}
		
		return @mysql_connect($this->hostname, $this->username, $this->password, TRUE);
	}
	
	// --------------------------------------------------------------------

	/**
	 * Persistent database connection
	 *
	 * @access	private called by the base class
	 * @return	resource
	 */	
	function db_pconnect()
	{
		if ($this->port != '')
		{
			$this->hostname .= ':'.$this->port;
		}

		return @mysql_pconnect($this->hostname, $this->username, $this->password);
	}
	
	// --------------------------------------------------------------------

	/**
	 * Reconnect
	 *
	 * Keep / reestablish the db connection if no queries have been
	 * sent for a length of time exceeding the server's idle timeout
	 *
	 * @access	public
	 * @return	void
	 */
	function reconnect()
	{
		if (mysql_ping($this->conn_id) === FALSE)
		{
			$this->conn_id = FALSE;
		}
	}

	// --------------------------------------------------------------------
	
	/**
	 * Select the database
	 *
	 * @access	private called by the base class
	 * @return	resource
	 */	
	function db_select()
	{
		return @mysql_select_db($this->database, $this->conn_id);
	}

	// --------------------------------------------------------------------

	/**
	 * Set client character set
	 *
	 * @access	public
	 * @param	string
	 * @param	string
	 * @return	resource
	 */
	function db_set_charset($charset, $collation)
	{
		return @mysql_query("SET NAMES '".$this->escape_str($charset)."' COLLATE '".$this->escape_str($collation)."'", $this->conn_id);
	}

	// --------------------------------------------------------------------
	
	/**
	 * Version number query string
	 *
	 * @access	public
	 * @return	string
	 */
	function _version()
	{
		return "SELECT version() AS ver";
	}

	// --------------------------------------------------------------------

	/**
	 * Execute the query
	 *
	 * @access	private called by the base class
	 * @param	string	an SQL query
	 * @return	resource
	 */	
	function _execute($sql)
	{
		$sql = $this->_prep_query($sql);
		return @mysql_query($sql, $this->conn_id);
	}
	
	// --------------------------------------------------------------------

	/**
	 * Prep the query
	 *
	 * If needed, each database adapter can prep the query string
	 *
	 * @access	private called by execute()
	 * @param	string	an SQL query
	 * @return	string
	 */	
	function _prep_query($sql)
	{
		// "DELETE FROM TABLE" returns 0 affected rows This hack modifies
		// the query so that it returns the number of affected rows
		if ($this->delete_hack === TRUE)
		{
			if (preg_match('/^\s*DELETE\s+FROM\s+(\S+)\s*$/i', $sql))
			{
				$sql = preg_replace("/^\s*DELETE\s+FROM\s+(\S+)\s*$/", "DELETE FROM \\1 WHERE 1=1", $sql);
			}
		}
		
		return $sql;
	}

	// --------------------------------------------------------------------

	/**
	 * Begin Transaction
	 *
	 * @access	public
	 * @return	bool		
	 */	
	function trans_begin($test_mode = FALSE)
	{
		if ( ! $this->trans_enabled)
		{
			return TRUE;
		}
		
		// When transactions are nested we only begin/commit/rollback the outermost ones
		if ($this->_trans_depth > 0)
		{
			return TRUE;
		}

		// Reset the transaction failure flag.
		// If the $test_mode flag is set to TRUE transactions will be rolled back
		// even if the queries produce a successful result.
		$this->_trans_failure = ($test_mode === TRUE) ? TRUE : FALSE;
		
		$this->simple_query('SET AUTOCOMMIT=0');
		$this->simple_query('START TRANSACTION'); // can also be BEGIN or BEGIN WORK
		return TRUE;
	}

	// --------------------------------------------------------------------

	/**
	 * Commit Transaction
	 *
	 * @access	public
	 * @return	bool		
	 */	
	function trans_commit()
	{
		if ( ! $this->trans_enabled)
		{
			return TRUE;
		}

		// When transactions are nested we only begin/commit/rollback the outermost ones
		if ($this->_trans_depth > 0)
		{
			return TRUE;
		}

		$this->simple_query('COMMIT');
		$this->simple_query('SET AUTOCOMMIT=1');
		return TRUE;
	}

	// --------------------------------------------------------------------

	/**
	 * Rollback Transaction
	 *
	 * @access	public
	 * @return	bool		
	 */	
	function trans_rollback()
	{
		if ( ! $this->trans_enabled)
		{
			return TRUE;
		}

		// When transactions are nested we only begin/commit/rollback the outermost ones
		if ($this->_trans_depth > 0)
		{
			return TRUE;
		}

		$this->simple_query('ROLLBACK');
		$this->simple_query('SET AUTOCOMMIT=1');
		return TRUE;
	}
	
	// --------------------------------------------------------------------

	/**
	 * Escape String
	 *
	 * @access	public
	 * @param	string
	 * @param	bool	whether or not the string will be used in a LIKE condition
	 * @return	string
	 */
	function escape_str($str, $like = FALSE)	
	{	
		if (is_array($str))
		{
			foreach($str as $key => $val)
	   		{
				$str[$key] = $this->escape_str($val, $like);
	   		}
   		
	   		return $str;
	   	}

		if (function_exists('mysql_real_escape_string') AND is_resource($this->conn_id))
		{
			$str = mysql_real_escape_string($str, $this->conn_id);
		}
		elseif (function_exists('mysql_escape_string'))
		{
			$str = mysql_escape_string($str);
		}
		else
		{
			$str = addslashes($str);
		}
		
		// escape LIKE condition wildcards
		if ($like === TRUE)
		{
			$str = str_replace(array('%', '_'), array('\\%', '\\_'), $str);
		}
		
		return $str;
	}
		
	// --------------------------------------------------------------------

	/**
	 * Affected Rows
	 *
	 * @access	public
	 * @return	integer
	 */
	function affected_rows()
	{
		return @mysql_affected_rows($this->conn_id);
	}
	
	// --------------------------------------------------------------------

	/**
	 * Insert ID
	 *
	 * @access	public
	 * @return	integer
	 */
	function insert_id()
	{
		return @mysql_insert_id($this->conn_id);
	}

	// --------------------------------------------------------------------

	/**
	 * "Count All" query
	 *
	 * Generates a platform-specific query string that counts all records in
	 * the specified database
	 *
	 * @access	public
	 * @param	string
	 * @return	string
	 */
	function count_all($table = '')
	{
		if ($table == '')
		{
			return 0;
		}
	
		$query = $this->query($this->_count_string . $this->_protect_identifiers('numrows') . " FROM " . $this->_protect_identifiers($table, TRUE, NULL, FALSE));

		if ($query->num_rows() == 0)
		{
			return 0;
		}

		$row = $query->row();
		return (int) $row->numrows;
	}

	// --------------------------------------------------------------------

	/**
	 * List table query
	 *
	 * Generates a platform-specific query string so that the table names can be fetched
	 *
	 * @access	private
	 * @param	boolean
	 * @return	string
	 */
	function _list_tables($prefix_limit = FALSE)
	{
		$sql = "SHOW TABLES FROM ".$this->_escape_char.$this->database.$this->_escape_char;	

		if ($prefix_limit !== FALSE AND $this->dbprefix != '')
		{
			$sql .= " LIKE '".$this->escape_like_str($this->dbprefix)."%'";
		}

		return $sql;
	}
	
	// --------------------------------------------------------------------

	/**
	 * Show column query
	 *
	 * Generates a platform-specific query string so that the column names can be fetched
	 *
	 * @access	public
	 * @param	string	the table name
	 * @return	string
	 */
	function _list_columns($table = '')
	{
		return "SHOW COLUMNS FROM ".$this->_protect_identifiers($table, TRUE, NULL, FALSE);
	}

	// --------------------------------------------------------------------

	/**
	 * Field data query
	 *
	 * Generates a platform-specific query so that the column data can be retrieved
	 *
	 * @access	public
	 * @param	string	the table name
	 * @return	object
	 */
	function _field_data($table)
	{
		return "SELECT * FROM ".$table." LIMIT 1";
	}

	// --------------------------------------------------------------------

	/**
	 * The error message string
	 *
	 * @access	private
	 * @return	string
	 */
	function _error_message()
	{
		return mysql_error($this->conn_id);
	}
	
	// --------------------------------------------------------------------

	/**
	 * The error message number
	 *
	 * @access	private
	 * @return	integer
	 */
	function _error_number()
	{
		return mysql_errno($this->conn_id);
	}

	// --------------------------------------------------------------------

	/**
	 * Escape the SQL Identifiers
	 *
	 * This function escapes column and table names
	 *
	 * @access	private
	 * @param	string
	 * @return	string
	 */
	function _escape_identifiers($item)
	{
		if ($this->_escape_char == '')
		{
			return $item;
		}

		foreach ($this->_reserved_identifiers as $id)
		{
			if (strpos($item, '.'.$id) !== FALSE)
			{
				$str = $this->_escape_char. str_replace('.', $this->_escape_char.'.', $item);  
				
				// remove duplicates if the user already included the escape
				return preg_replace('/['.$this->_escape_char.']+/', $this->_escape_char, $str);
			}		
		}
		
		if (strpos($item, '.') !== FALSE)
		{
			$str = $this->_escape_char.str_replace('.', $this->_escape_char.'.'.$this->_escape_char, $item).$this->_escape_char;			
		}
		else
		{
			$str = $this->_escape_char.$item.$this->_escape_char;
		}
	
		// remove duplicates if the user already included the escape
		return preg_replace('/['.$this->_escape_char.']+/', $this->_escape_char, $str);
	}
			
	// --------------------------------------------------------------------

	/**
	 * From Tables
	 *
	 * This function implicitly groups FROM tables so there is no confusion
	 * about operator precedence in harmony with SQL standards
	 *
	 * @access	public
	 * @param	type
	 * @return	type
	 */
	function _from_tables($tables)
	{
		if ( ! is_array($tables))
		{
			$tables = array($tables);
		}
		
		return '('.implode(', ', $tables).')';
	}

	// --------------------------------------------------------------------
	
	/**
	 * Insert statement
	 *
	 * Generates a platform-specific insert string from the supplied data
	 *
	 * @access	public
	 * @param	string	the table name
	 * @param	array	the insert keys
	 * @param	array	the insert values
	 * @return	string
	 */
	function _insert($table, $keys, $values)
	{	
		return "INSERT INTO ".$table." (".implode(', ', $keys).") VALUES (".implode(', ', $values).")";
	}
	
	// --------------------------------------------------------------------

	
	/**
	 * Replace statement
	 *
	 * Generates a platform-specific replace string from the supplied data
	 *
	 * @access	public
	 * @param	string	the table name
	 * @param	array	the insert keys
	 * @param	array	the insert values
	 * @return	string
	 */
	function _replace($table, $keys, $values)
	{	
		return "REPLACE INTO ".$table." (".implode(', ', $keys).") VALUES (".implode(', ', $values).")";
	}
	
	// --------------------------------------------------------------------

	/**
	 * Insert_batch statement
	 *
	 * Generates a platform-specific insert string from the supplied data
	 *
	 * @access	public
	 * @param	string	the table name
	 * @param	array	the insert keys
	 * @param	array	the insert values
	 * @return	string
	 */
	function _insert_batch($table, $keys, $values)
	{	
		return "INSERT INTO ".$table." (".implode(', ', $keys).") VALUES ".implode(', ', $values);
	}
	
	// --------------------------------------------------------------------


	/**
	 * Update statement
	 *
	 * Generates a platform-specific update string from the supplied data
	 *
	 * @access	public
	 * @param	string	the table name
	 * @param	array	the update data
	 * @param	array	the where clause
	 * @param	array	the orderby clause
	 * @param	array	the limit clause
	 * @return	string
	 */
	function _update($table, $values, $where, $orderby = array(), $limit = FALSE)
	{
		foreach($values as $key => $val)
		{
			$valstr[] = $key." = ".$val;
		}
		
		$limit = ( ! $limit) ? '' : ' LIMIT '.$limit;
		
		$orderby = (count($orderby) >= 1)?' ORDER BY '.implode(", ", $orderby):'';
	
		$sql = "UPDATE ".$table." SET ".implode(', ', $valstr);

		$sql .= ($where != '' AND count($where) >=1) ? " WHERE ".implode(" ", $where) : '';

		$sql .= $orderby.$limit;
		
		return $sql;
	}

	// --------------------------------------------------------------------


	/**
	 * Update_Batch statement
	 *
	 * Generates a platform-specific batch update string from the supplied data
	 *
	 * @access	public
	 * @param	string	the table name
	 * @param	array	the update data
	 * @param	array	the where clause
	 * @return	string
	 */
	function _update_batch($table, $values, $index, $where = NULL)
	{
		$ids = array();
		$where = ($where != '' AND count($where) >=1) ? implode(" ", $where).' AND ' : '';

		foreach($values as $key => $val)
		{
			$ids[] = $val[$index];
			
			foreach(array_keys($val) as $field)
			{	
				if ($field != $index)
				{
					$final[$field][] =  'WHEN '.$index.' = '.$val[$index].' THEN '.$val[$field];
				}
			}
		}
		
		$sql = "UPDATE ".$table." SET ";
		$cases = '';

		foreach($final as $k => $v)
		{
			$cases .= $k.' = CASE '."\n";
			foreach ($v as $row)
			{
				$cases .= $row."\n";
			}
			
			$cases .= 'ELSE '.$k.' END, ';
		}
		
		$sql .= substr($cases, 0, -2);
		
		$sql .= ' WHERE '.$where.$index.' IN ('.implode(',', $ids).')';
		
		return $sql;
	}

	// --------------------------------------------------------------------


	/**
	 * Truncate statement
	 *
	 * Generates a platform-specific truncate string from the supplied data
	 * If the database does not support the truncate() command
	 * This function maps to "DELETE FROM table"
	 *
	 * @access	public
	 * @param	string	the table name
	 * @return	string
	 */	
	function _truncate($table)
	{
		return "TRUNCATE ".$table;
	}
	
	// --------------------------------------------------------------------

	/**
	 * Delete statement
	 *
	 * Generates a platform-specific delete string from the supplied data
	 *
	 * @access	public
	 * @param	string	the table name
	 * @param	array	the where clause
	 * @param	string	the limit clause
	 * @return	string
	 */	
	function _delete($table, $where = array(), $like = array(), $limit = FALSE)
	{
		$conditions = '';

		if (count($where) > 0 OR count($like) > 0)
		{
			$conditions = "\nWHERE ";
			$conditions .= implode("\n", $this->ar_where);

			if (count($where) > 0 && count($like) > 0)
			{
				$conditions .= " AND ";
			}
			$conditions .= implode("\n", $like);
		}

		$limit = ( ! $limit) ? '' : ' LIMIT '.$limit;
	
		return "DELETE FROM ".$table.$conditions.$limit;
	}

	// --------------------------------------------------------------------

	/**
	 * Limit string
	 *
	 * Generates a platform-specific LIMIT clause
	 *
	 * @access	public
	 * @param	string	the sql query string
	 * @param	integer	the number of rows to limit the query to
	 * @param	integer	the offset value
	 * @return	string
	 */
	function _limit($sql, $limit, $offset)
	{	
		if ($offset == 0)
		{
			$offset = '';
		}
		else
		{
			$offset .= ", ";
		}
		
		return $sql."LIMIT ".$offset.$limit;
	}

	// --------------------------------------------------------------------

	/**
	 * Close DB Connection
	 *
	 * @access	public
	 * @param	resource
	 * @return	void
	 */
	function _close($conn_id)
	{
		@mysql_close($conn_id);
	}
	
}


/* End of file mysql_driver.php */
/* Location: ./system/database/drivers/mysql/mysql_driver.php */
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