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from django.db import models
from django.db.models.sql.constants import LOOKUP_SEP
from django.db.models.deletion import Collector
from django.db.models.related import RelatedObject
from django.forms.forms import pretty_name
from django.utils import formats
from django.utils.html import escape
from django.utils.safestring import mark_safe
from django.utils.text import capfirst
from django.utils.encoding import force_unicode, smart_unicode, smart_str
from django.utils.translation import ungettext
from django.core.urlresolvers import reverse, NoReverseMatch
from django.utils.datastructures import SortedDict

def quote(s):
    Ensure that primary key values do not confuse the admin URLs by escaping
    any '/', '_' and ':' characters. Similar to urllib.quote, except that the
    quoting is slightly different so that it doesn't get automatically
    unquoted by the Web browser.
    if not isinstance(s, basestring):
        return s
    res = list(s)
    for i in range(len(res)):
        c = res[i]
        if c in """:/_#?;@&=+$,"<>%\\""":
            res[i] = '_%02X' % ord(c)
    return ''.join(res)

def unquote(s):
    Undo the effects of quote(). Based heavily on urllib.unquote().
    mychr = chr
    myatoi = int
    list = s.split('_')
    res = [list[0]]
    myappend = res.append
    del list[0]
    for item in list:
        if item[1:2]:
                myappend(mychr(myatoi(item[:2], 16)) + item[2:])
            except ValueError:
                myappend('_' + item)
            myappend('_' + item)
    return "".join(res)

def flatten_fieldsets(fieldsets):
    """Returns a list of field names from an admin fieldsets structure."""
    field_names = []
    for name, opts in fieldsets:
        for field in opts['fields']:
            # type checking feels dirty, but it seems like the best way here
            if type(field) == tuple:
    return field_names

def get_deleted_objects(objs, opts, user, admin_site, using):
    Find all objects related to ``objs`` that should also be deleted. ``objs``
    must be a homogenous iterable of objects (e.g. a QuerySet).

    Returns a nested list of strings suitable for display in the
    template with the ``unordered_list`` filter.

    collector = NestedObjects(using=using)
    perms_needed = set()

    def format_callback(obj):
        has_admin = obj.__class__ in admin_site._registry
        opts = obj._meta

        if has_admin:
            admin_url = reverse('%s:%s_%s_change'
                                % (,
                                None, (quote(obj._get_pk_val()),))
            p = '%s.%s' % (opts.app_label,
            if not user.has_perm(p):
            # Display a link to the admin page.
            return mark_safe(u'%s: <a href="%s">%s</a>' %
            # Don't display link to edit, because it either has no
            # admin or is edited inline.
            return u'%s: %s' % (capfirst(opts.verbose_name),

    to_delete = collector.nested(format_callback)

    return to_delete, perms_needed

class NestedObjects(Collector):
    def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs):
        super(NestedObjects, self).__init__(*args, **kwargs)
        self.edges = {} # {from_instance: [to_instances]}

    def add_edge(self, source, target):
        self.edges.setdefault(source, []).append(target)

    def collect(self, objs, source_attr=None, **kwargs):
        for obj in objs:
            if source_attr:
                self.add_edge(getattr(obj, source_attr), obj)
                self.add_edge(None, obj)
        return super(NestedObjects, self).collect(objs, source_attr=source_attr, **kwargs)

    def related_objects(self, related, objs):
        qs = super(NestedObjects, self).related_objects(related, objs)
        return qs.select_related(

    def _nested(self, obj, seen, format_callback):
        if obj in seen:
            return []
        children = []
        for child in self.edges.get(obj, ()):
            children.extend(self._nested(child, seen, format_callback))
        if format_callback:
            ret = [format_callback(obj)]
            ret = [obj]
        if children:
        return ret

    def nested(self, format_callback=None):
        Return the graph as a nested list.

        seen = set()
        roots = []
        for root in self.edges.get(None, ()):
            roots.extend(self._nested(root, seen, format_callback))
        return roots

def model_format_dict(obj):
    Return a `dict` with keys 'verbose_name' and 'verbose_name_plural',
    typically for use with string formatting.

    `obj` may be a `Model` instance, `Model` subclass, or `QuerySet` instance.

    if isinstance(obj, (models.Model, models.base.ModelBase)):
        opts = obj._meta
    elif isinstance(obj, models.query.QuerySet):
        opts = obj.model._meta
        opts = obj
    return {
        'verbose_name': force_unicode(opts.verbose_name),
        'verbose_name_plural': force_unicode(opts.verbose_name_plural)

def model_ngettext(obj, n=None):
    Return the appropriate `verbose_name` or `verbose_name_plural` value for
    `obj` depending on the count `n`.

    `obj` may be a `Model` instance, `Model` subclass, or `QuerySet` instance.
    If `obj` is a `QuerySet` instance, `n` is optional and the length of the
    `QuerySet` is used.

    if isinstance(obj, models.query.QuerySet):
        if n is None:
            n = obj.count()
        obj = obj.model
    d = model_format_dict(obj)
    singular, plural = d["verbose_name"], d["verbose_name_plural"]
    return ungettext(singular, plural, n or 0)

def lookup_field(name, obj, model_admin=None):
    opts = obj._meta
        f = opts.get_field(name)
    except models.FieldDoesNotExist:
        # For non-field values, the value is either a method, property or
        # returned via a callable.
        if callable(name):
            attr = name
            value = attr(obj)
        elif (model_admin is not None and hasattr(model_admin, name) and
          not name == '__str__' and not name == '__unicode__'):
            attr = getattr(model_admin, name)
            value = attr(obj)
            attr = getattr(obj, name)
            if callable(attr):
                value = attr()
                value = attr
        f = None
        attr = None
        value = getattr(obj, name)
    return f, attr, value

def label_for_field(name, model, model_admin=None, return_attr=False):
    attr = None
        field = model._meta.get_field_by_name(name)[0]
        if isinstance(field, RelatedObject):
            label = field.opts.verbose_name
            label = field.verbose_name
    except models.FieldDoesNotExist:
        if name == "__unicode__":
            label = force_unicode(model._meta.verbose_name)
        elif name == "__str__":
            label = smart_str(model._meta.verbose_name)
            if callable(name):
                attr = name
            elif model_admin is not None and hasattr(model_admin, name):
                attr = getattr(model_admin, name)
            elif hasattr(model, name):
                attr = getattr(model, name)
                message = "Unable to lookup '%s' on %s" % (name, model._meta.object_name)
                if model_admin:
                    message += " or %s" % (model_admin.__name__,)
                raise AttributeError(message)

            if hasattr(attr, "short_description"):
                label = attr.short_description
            elif callable(attr):
                if attr.__name__ == "<lambda>":
                    label = "--"
                    label = pretty_name(attr.__name__)
                label = pretty_name(name)
    if return_attr:
        return (label, attr)
        return label

def display_for_field(value, field):
    from django.contrib.admin.templatetags.admin_list import _boolean_icon
    from django.contrib.admin.views.main import EMPTY_CHANGELIST_VALUE

    if field.flatchoices:
        return dict(field.flatchoices).get(value, EMPTY_CHANGELIST_VALUE)
    # NullBooleanField needs special-case null-handling, so it comes
    # before the general null test.
    elif isinstance(field, models.BooleanField) or isinstance(field, models.NullBooleanField):
        return _boolean_icon(value)
    elif value is None:
    elif isinstance(field, models.DateField) or isinstance(field, models.TimeField):
        return formats.localize(value)
    elif isinstance(field, models.DecimalField):
        return formats.number_format(value, field.decimal_places)
    elif isinstance(field, models.FloatField):
        return formats.number_format(value)
    elif isinstance(field, models.fields.related.ManyToManyField):
        return mark_safe(u'<ul class="m2m-changelist">%s</ul>' % 
                         "".join([u'<li>%s</li>' % smart_unicode(o) 
                                  for o in value.select_related()]))
        return smart_unicode(value)

class NotRelationField(Exception):

def get_model_from_relation(field):
    if isinstance(field, models.related.RelatedObject):
        return field.model
    elif getattr(field, 'rel'): # or isinstance?
        raise NotRelationField

def reverse_field_path(model, path):
    """ Create a reversed field path.

    E.g. Given (Order, "user__groups"),
    return (Group, "user__order").

    Final field must be a related model, not a data field.

    reversed_path = []
    parent = model
    pieces = path.split(LOOKUP_SEP)
    for piece in pieces:
        field, model, direct, m2m = parent._meta.get_field_by_name(piece)
        # skip trailing data field if extant:
        if len(reversed_path) == len(pieces)-1: # final iteration
            except NotRelationField:
        if direct:
            related_name = field.related_query_name()
            parent =
            related_name =
            parent = field.model
        reversed_path.insert(0, related_name)
    return (parent, LOOKUP_SEP.join(reversed_path))

def get_fields_from_path(model, path):
    """ Return list of Fields given path relative to model.

    e.g. (ModelX, "user__groups__name") -> [
        <django.db.models.fields.related.ForeignKey object at 0x...>,
        <django.db.models.fields.related.ManyToManyField object at 0x...>,
        <django.db.models.fields.CharField object at 0x...>,
    pieces = path.split(LOOKUP_SEP)
    fields = []
    for piece in pieces:
        if fields:
            parent = get_model_from_relation(fields[-1])
            parent = model
    return fields

def remove_trailing_data_field(fields):
    """ Discard trailing non-relation field if extant. """
    except NotRelationField:
        fields = fields[:-1]
    return fields

def get_limit_choices_to_from_path(model, path):
    """ Return Q object for limiting choices if applicable.

    If final model in path is linked via a ForeignKey or ManyToManyField which
    has a `limit_choices_to` attribute, return it as a Q object.

    fields = get_fields_from_path(model, path)
    fields = remove_trailing_data_field(fields)
    limit_choices_to = (
        fields and hasattr(fields[-1], 'rel') and
        getattr(fields[-1].rel, 'limit_choices_to', None))
    if not limit_choices_to:
        return models.Q() # empty Q
    elif isinstance(limit_choices_to, models.Q):
        return limit_choices_to # already a Q
        return models.Q(**limit_choices_to) # convert dict to Q