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scikits_index / code / net.py

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"""
Network Utilities
(from web.py)
"""

__all__ = [
  "validipaddr", "validipport", "validip", "validaddr", 
  "urlquote",
  "httpdate", "parsehttpdate", 
  "htmlquote", "htmlunquote", "websafe",
]

import urllib, time
try: import datetime
except ImportError: pass

def validipaddr(address):
    """returns True if `address` is a valid IPv4 address"""
    try:
        octets = address.split('.')
        assert len(octets) == 4
        for x in octets:
            assert 0 <= int(x) <= 255
    except (AssertionError, ValueError):
        return False
    return True

def validipport(port):
    """returns True if `port` is a valid IPv4 port"""
    try:
        assert 0 <= int(port) <= 65535
    except (AssertionError, ValueError):
        return False
    return True

def validip(ip, defaultaddr="0.0.0.0", defaultport=8080):
    """returns `(ip_address, port)` from string `ip_addr_port`"""
    addr = defaultaddr
    port = defaultport
    
    ip = ip.split(":", 1)
    if len(ip) == 1:
        if not ip[0]:
            pass
        elif validipaddr(ip[0]):
            addr = ip[0]
        elif validipport(ip[0]):
            port = int(ip[0])
        else:
            raise ValueError, ':'.join(ip) + ' is not a valid IP address/port'
    elif len(ip) == 2:
        addr, port = ip
        if not validipaddr(addr) and validipport(port):
            raise ValueError, ':'.join(ip) + ' is not a valid IP address/port'
        port = int(port)
    else:
        raise ValueError, ':'.join(ip) + ' is not a valid IP address/port'
    return (addr, port)

def validaddr(string_):
    """
    returns either (ip_address, port) or "/path/to/socket" from string_
    
        >>> validaddr('/path/to/socket')
        '/path/to/socket'
        >>> validaddr('8000')
        ('0.0.0.0', 8000)
        >>> validaddr('127.0.0.1')
        ('127.0.0.1', 8080)
        >>> validaddr('127.0.0.1:8000')
        ('127.0.0.1', 8000)
        >>> validaddr('fff')
        Traceback (most recent call last):
            ...
        ValueError: fff is not a valid IP address/port
    """
    if '/' in string_:
        return string_
    else:
        return validip(string_)

def urlquote(val):
    """
    Quotes a string for use in a URL.
    
        >>> urlquote('://?f=1&j=1')
        '%3A//%3Ff%3D1%26j%3D1'
        >>> urlquote(None)
        ''
        >>> urlquote(u'\u203d')
        '%E2%80%BD'
    """
    if val is None: return ''
    if not isinstance(val, unicode): val = str(val)
    else: val = val.encode('utf-8')
    return urllib.quote(val)

def httpdate(date_obj):
    """
    Formats a datetime object for use in HTTP headers.
    
        >>> import datetime
        >>> httpdate(datetime.datetime(1970, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1))
        'Thu, 01 Jan 1970 01:01:01 GMT'
    """
    return date_obj.strftime("%a, %d %b %Y %H:%M:%S GMT")

def parsehttpdate(string_):
    """
    Parses an HTTP date into a datetime object.

        >>> parsehttpdate('Thu, 01 Jan 1970 01:01:01 GMT')
        datetime.datetime(1970, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1)
    """
    try:
        t = time.strptime(string_, "%a, %d %b %Y %H:%M:%S %Z")
    except ValueError:
        return None
    return datetime.datetime(*t[:6])

def htmlquote(text):
    """
    Encodes `text` for raw use in HTML.
    
        >>> htmlquote("<'&\\">")
        '&lt;&#39;&amp;&quot;&gt;'
    """
    text = text.replace("&", "&amp;") # Must be done first!
    text = text.replace("<", "&lt;")
    text = text.replace(">", "&gt;")
    text = text.replace("'", "&#39;")
    text = text.replace('"', "&quot;")
    return text

def htmlunquote(text):
    """
    Decodes `text` that's HTML quoted.

        >>> htmlunquote('&lt;&#39;&amp;&quot;&gt;')
        '<\\'&">'
    """
    text = text.replace("&quot;", '"')
    text = text.replace("&#39;", "'")
    text = text.replace("&gt;", ">")
    text = text.replace("&lt;", "<")
    text = text.replace("&amp;", "&") # Must be done last!
    return text

def websafe(val):
    """
    Converts `val` so that it's safe for use in UTF-8 HTML.
    
        >>> websafe("<'&\\">")
        '&lt;&#39;&amp;&quot;&gt;'
        >>> websafe(None)
        ''
        >>> websafe(u'\u203d')
        '\\xe2\\x80\\xbd'
    """
    if val is None:
        return ''
    if isinstance(val, unicode):
        val = val.encode('utf-8')
    val = str(val)
    return htmlquote(val)

if __name__ == "__main__":
    import doctest
    doctest.testmod()