1. Jason R. Coombs
  2. gcc-xml

Source

gcc-xml / GCC / libiberty / bsearch.c

/*
 * Copyright (c) 1990 Regents of the University of California.
 * All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 * 3. [rescinded 22 July 1999]
 * 4. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors
 *    may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
 *    without specific prior written permission.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
 * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
 * ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
 * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
 * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
 * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
 * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
 * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
 * SUCH DAMAGE.
 */

/*

@deftypefn Supplemental void* bsearch (const void *@var{key}, const void *@var{base}, size_t @var{nmemb}, size_t @var{size}, int (*@var{compar})(const void *, const void *))

Performs a search over an array of @var{nmemb} elements pointed to by
@var{base} for a member that matches the object pointed to by @var{key}.
The size of each member is specified by @var{size}.  The array contents
should be sorted in ascending order according to the @var{compar}
comparison function.  This routine should take two arguments pointing to
the @var{key} and to an array member, in that order, and should return an
integer less than, equal to, or greater than zero if the @var{key} object
is respectively less than, matching, or greater than the array member.

@end deftypefn

*/

#include "config.h"
#include "ansidecl.h"
#include <sys/types.h>		/* size_t */
#include <stdio.h>

/*
 * Perform a binary search.
 *
 * The code below is a bit sneaky.  After a comparison fails, we
 * divide the work in half by moving either left or right. If lim
 * is odd, moving left simply involves halving lim: e.g., when lim
 * is 5 we look at item 2, so we change lim to 2 so that we will
 * look at items 0 & 1.  If lim is even, the same applies.  If lim
 * is odd, moving right again involes halving lim, this time moving
 * the base up one item past p: e.g., when lim is 5 we change base
 * to item 3 and make lim 2 so that we will look at items 3 and 4.
 * If lim is even, however, we have to shrink it by one before
 * halving: e.g., when lim is 4, we still looked at item 2, so we
 * have to make lim 3, then halve, obtaining 1, so that we will only
 * look at item 3.
 */
void *
bsearch(key, base0, nmemb, size, compar)
	register void *key;
	void *base0;
	size_t nmemb;
	register size_t size;
	register int (*compar)();
{
	register char *base = base0;
	register int lim, cmp;
	register void *p;

	for (lim = nmemb; lim != 0; lim >>= 1) {
		p = base + (lim >> 1) * size;
		cmp = (*compar)(key, p);
		if (cmp == 0)
			return (p);
		if (cmp > 0) {	/* key > p: move right */
			base = (char *)p + size;
			lim--;
		} /* else move left */
	}
	return (NULL);
}