XlsXcessive provides a Python API for writing Excel/OOXML compatible .xlsx spreadsheets. It generates the XML so you don't have to and uses the openpack library by YouGov to wrap it up into an OOXML compatible ZIP file.
Creating a Workbook
The starting point for generating an .xlsx file is a workbook:
from xlsxcessive.xlsx import Workbook workbook = Workbook()
The workbook alone isn't very useful. Multiple worksheets can be added to the workbook and contain the cells with data, formulas, etc. Worksheets are created from the workbook and require a name:
sheet1 = workbook.new_sheet('Sheet 1')
Working With Cells
Once you have a worksheet you can add some cells to it.:
sheet1.cell('A1', value='Hello, world') sheet1.cell('B1', value=7) sheet1.cell('C1', value=3.14) sheet1.cell('D1', value=decimal.Decimal("19.99"))
Strings, integers, floats and decimals are supported.
You can also add cells via row index and column index.:
sheet1.cell(coords=(0, 4), value="Added via row/col index")
This is useful when iterating over data structures to populate a sheet with cells.
Calculations With Formulas
Cells can also contain formulas. Formulas are created with a string representing the formula code. You can optionally supply a precalcuated value and a shared boolean flag if you wish to share the formula across a number of cells. The first cell to reference a shared formula as its value is the master cell for the formula. Other cells may also reference the formula.:
formula = sheet1.formula('B1 + C1', shared=True) sheet1.cell('C2', formula) # master sheet1.cell('D2', formula) # shared, references the master formula
Cells With Style
The library contains basic support for styling cells. The first thing you do is create a style format. Style formats are shared on a stylesheet on the workbook.:
bigfont = workbook.stylesheet.new_format() bigfont.font(size=24, bold=True)
Once you have a style format you can apply it to cells.:
sheet1.cell('A2', 'HI', format=bigfont)
Other supported style transformations include cell alignment and borders.:
col_header = workbook.stylesheet.new_format() col_header.align('center') col_header.border(bottom='medium')
Adjusting Column Width
It is possible to adjust column widths on a sheet. The column width is specified by either number or index.:
# these are the same column sheet1.col(index=0, width=10) sheet1.col(number=1, width=10)
TODO: Referencing columns by letters.
Cells can be merged together. The left-most cell in the merge range should contain the data.:
from xlsxcessive.worksheet import Cell a3 = sheet1.cell('A3', 'This is a lot of text to fit in a tiny cell') a3.merge(Cell('D3'))
It's Time To Save Your Work
You can save the generated OOXML data to a local file or to an output file stream.:
# local file save(workbook, 'financials.xlsx') # stream save(workbook, 'financials.xlsx', stream=sys.stdout)
This is certainly a work in progress. The focus is going to be on improving the features that can be written out in the .xlsx file. That means more data types, styles, metadata, etc. I also want to improve the validation of data before it is written in an incorrect manner and Excel complains about it. I don't think this library will ever be crafted to read .xlsx files. That's a job for another library that can hate its life.