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Eddie Hillenbrand committed dc07513

Added missing template utilities from Paste.

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Files changed (3)

 import copydir
 import command
 
-from paste.util.template import paste_script_template_renderer
+from ignite.util.template import ignite_script_template_renderer
 
 class Template(object):
 

ignite/util/looper.py

+"""
+Helper for looping over sequences, particular in templates.
+
+Often in a loop in a template it's handy to know what's next up,
+previously up, if this is the first or last item in the sequence, etc.
+These can be awkward to manage in a normal Python loop, but using the
+looper you can get a better sense of the context.  Use like::
+
+    >>> for loop, item in looper(['a', 'b', 'c']):
+    ...     print loop.number, item
+    ...     if not loop.last:
+    ...         print '---'
+    1 a
+    ---
+    2 b
+    ---
+    3 c
+
+"""
+
+__all__ = ['looper']
+
+class looper(object):
+    """
+    Helper for looping (particularly in templates)
+    
+    Use this like::
+    
+        for loop, item in looper(seq):
+            if loop.first:
+                ...
+    """
+
+    def __init__(self, seq):
+        self.seq = seq
+
+    def __iter__(self):
+        return looper_iter(self.seq)
+
+    def __repr__(self):
+        return '<%s for %r>' % (
+            self.__class__.__name__, self.seq)
+
+class looper_iter(object):
+
+    def __init__(self, seq):
+        self.seq = list(seq)
+        self.pos = 0
+
+    def __iter__(self):
+        return self
+
+    def next(self):
+        if self.pos >= len(self.seq):
+            raise StopIteration
+        result = loop_pos(self.seq, self.pos), self.seq[self.pos]
+        self.pos += 1
+        return result
+
+class loop_pos(object):
+
+    def __init__(self, seq, pos):
+        self.seq = seq
+        self.pos = pos
+
+    def __repr__(self):
+        return '<loop pos=%r at %r>' % (
+            self.seq[pos], pos)
+
+    def index(self):
+        return self.pos
+    index = property(index)
+
+    def number(self):
+        return self.pos + 1
+    number = property(number)
+
+    def item(self):
+        return self.seq[self.pos]
+    item = property(item)
+
+    def next(self):
+        try:
+            return self.seq[self.pos+1]
+        except IndexError:
+            return None
+    next = property(next)
+
+    def previous(self):
+        if self.pos == 0:
+            return None
+        return self.seq[self.pos-1]
+    previous = property(previous)
+
+    def odd(self):
+        return not self.pos % 2
+    odd = property(odd)
+
+    def even(self):
+        return self.pos % 2
+    even = property(even)
+
+    def first(self):
+        return self.pos == 0
+    first = property(first)
+
+    def last(self):
+        return self.pos == len(self.seq)-1
+    last = property(last)
+
+    def length(self):
+        return len(self.seq)
+    length = property(length)
+
+    def first_group(self, getter=None):
+        """
+        Returns true if this item is the start of a new group,
+        where groups mean that some attribute has changed.  The getter
+        can be None (the item itself changes), an attribute name like
+        ``'.attr'``, a function, or a dict key or list index.
+        """
+        if self.first:
+            return True
+        return self._compare_group(self.item, self.previous, getter)
+
+    def last_group(self, getter=None):
+        """
+        Returns true if this item is the end of a new group,
+        where groups mean that some attribute has changed.  The getter
+        can be None (the item itself changes), an attribute name like
+        ``'.attr'``, a function, or a dict key or list index.
+        """
+        if self.last:
+            return True
+        return self._compare_group(self.item, self.next, getter)
+
+    def _compare_group(self, item, other, getter):
+        if getter is None:
+            return item != other
+        elif (isinstance(getter, basestring)
+              and getter.startswith('.')):
+            getter = getter[1:]
+            if getter.endswith('()'):
+                getter = getter[:-2]
+                return getattr(item, getter)() != getattr(other, getter)()
+            else:
+                return getattr(item, getter) != getattr(other, getter)
+        elif callable(getter):
+            return getter(item) != getter(other)
+        else:
+            return item[getter] != other[getter]
+    

ignite/util/template.py

+"""
+A small templating language
+
+This implements a small templating language for use internally in
+Ignite.  This language implements if/elif/else, for/continue/break,
+expressions, and blocks of Python code.
+
+The syntax is::
+
+  {{any expression (function calls etc)}}
+  {{any expression | filter}}
+  {{for x in y}}...{{endfor}}
+  {{if x}}x{{elif y}}y{{else}}z{{endif}}
+  {{py:x=1}}
+  {{py:
+  def foo(bar):
+      return 'baz'
+  }}
+  {{default var = default_value}}
+  {{# comment}}
+
+You use this with the ``Template`` class or the ``sub`` shortcut.
+The ``Template`` class takes the template string and the name of
+the template (for errors) and a default namespace.  Then (like
+``string.Template``) you can call the ``tmpl.substitute(**kw)``
+method to make a substitution (or ``tmpl.substitute(a_dict)``).
+
+``sub(content, **kw)`` substitutes the template immediately.  You
+can use ``__name='tmpl.html'`` to set the name of the template.
+
+If there are syntax errors ``TemplateError`` will be raised.
+"""
+
+import re
+import sys
+import cgi
+import urllib
+from ignite.util.looper import looper
+
+__all__ = ['TemplateError', 'Template', 'sub', 'HTMLTemplate',
+           'sub_html', 'html', 'bunch']
+
+token_re = re.compile(r'\{\{|\}\}')
+in_re = re.compile(r'\s+in\s+')
+var_re = re.compile(r'^[a-z_][a-z0-9_]*$', re.I)
+
+class TemplateError(Exception):
+    """Exception raised while parsing a template
+    """
+
+    def __init__(self, message, position, name=None):
+        self.message = message
+        self.position = position
+        self.name = name
+
+    def __str__(self):
+        msg = '%s at line %s column %s' % (
+            self.message, self.position[0], self.position[1])
+        if self.name:
+            msg += ' in %s' % self.name
+        return msg
+
+class _TemplateContinue(Exception):
+    pass
+
+class _TemplateBreak(Exception):
+    pass
+
+class Template(object):
+
+    default_namespace = {
+        'start_braces': '{{',
+        'end_braces': '}}',
+        'looper': looper,
+        }
+
+    default_encoding = 'utf8'
+
+    def __init__(self, content, name=None, namespace=None):
+        self.content = content
+        self._unicode = isinstance(content, unicode)
+        self.name = name
+        self._parsed = parse(content, name=name)
+        if namespace is None:
+            namespace = {}
+        self.namespace = namespace
+
+    def from_filename(cls, filename, namespace=None, encoding=None):
+        f = open(filename, 'rb')
+        c = f.read()
+        f.close()
+        if encoding:
+            c = c.decode(encoding)
+        return cls(content=c, name=filename, namespace=namespace)
+
+    from_filename = classmethod(from_filename)
+
+    def __repr__(self):
+        return '<%s %s name=%r>' % (
+            self.__class__.__name__,
+            hex(id(self))[2:], self.name)
+
+    def substitute(self, *args, **kw):
+        if args:
+            if kw:
+                raise TypeError(
+                    "You can only give positional *or* keyword arguments")
+            if len(args) > 1:
+                raise TypeError(
+                    "You can only give on positional argument")
+            kw = args[0]
+        ns = self.default_namespace.copy()
+        ns.update(self.namespace)
+        ns.update(kw)
+        result = self._interpret(ns)
+        return result
+
+    def _interpret(self, ns):
+        __traceback_hide__ = True
+        parts = []
+        self._interpret_codes(self._parsed, ns, out=parts)
+        return ''.join(parts)
+
+    def _interpret_codes(self, codes, ns, out):
+        __traceback_hide__ = True
+        for item in codes:
+            if isinstance(item, basestring):
+                out.append(item)
+            else:
+                self._interpret_code(item, ns, out)
+
+    def _interpret_code(self, code, ns, out):
+        __traceback_hide__ = True
+        name, pos = code[0], code[1]
+        if name == 'py':
+            self._exec(code[2], ns, pos)
+        elif name == 'continue':
+            raise _TemplateContinue()
+        elif name == 'break':
+            raise _TemplateBreak()
+        elif name == 'for':
+            vars, expr, content = code[2], code[3], code[4]
+            expr = self._eval(expr, ns, pos)
+            self._interpret_for(vars, expr, content, ns, out)
+        elif name == 'cond':
+            parts = code[2:]
+            self._interpret_if(parts, ns, out)
+        elif name == 'expr':
+            parts = code[2].split('|')
+            base = self._eval(parts[0], ns, pos)
+            for part in parts[1:]:
+                func = self._eval(part, ns, pos)
+                base = func(base)
+            out.append(self._repr(base, pos))
+        elif name == 'default':
+            var, expr = code[2], code[3]
+            if var not in ns:
+                result = self._eval(expr, ns, pos)
+                ns[var] = result
+        elif name == 'comment':
+            return
+        else:
+            assert 0, "Unknown code: %r" % name
+
+    def _interpret_for(self, vars, expr, content, ns, out):
+        __traceback_hide__ = True
+        for item in expr:
+            if len(vars) == 1:
+                ns[vars[0]] = item
+            else:
+                if len(vars) != len(item):
+                    raise ValueError(
+                        'Need %i items to unpack (got %i items)'
+                        % (len(vars), len(item)))
+                for name, value in zip(vars, item):
+                    ns[name] = value
+            try:
+                self._interpret_codes(content, ns, out)
+            except _TemplateContinue:
+                continue
+            except _TemplateBreak:
+                break
+
+    def _interpret_if(self, parts, ns, out):
+        __traceback_hide__ = True
+        # @@: if/else/else gets through
+        for part in parts:
+            assert not isinstance(part, basestring)
+            name, pos = part[0], part[1]
+            if name == 'else':
+                result = True
+            else:
+                result = self._eval(part[2], ns, pos)
+            if result:
+                self._interpret_codes(part[3], ns, out)
+                break
+
+    def _eval(self, code, ns, pos):
+        __traceback_hide__ = True
+        try:
+            value = eval(code, ns)
+            return value
+        except:
+            exc_info = sys.exc_info()
+            e = exc_info[1]
+            if getattr(e, 'args'):
+                arg0 = e.args[0]
+            else:
+                arg0 = str(e)
+            e.args = (self._add_line_info(arg0, pos),)
+            raise exc_info[0], e, exc_info[2]
+
+    def _exec(self, code, ns, pos):
+        __traceback_hide__ = True
+        try:
+            exec code in ns
+        except:
+            exc_info = sys.exc_info()
+            e = exc_info[1]
+            e.args = (self._add_line_info(e.args[0], pos),)
+            raise exc_info[0], e, exc_info[2]
+
+    def _repr(self, value, pos):
+        __traceback_hide__ = True
+        try:
+            if value is None:
+                return ''
+            if self._unicode:
+                try:
+                    value = unicode(value)
+                except UnicodeDecodeError:
+                    value = str(value)
+            else:
+                value = str(value)
+        except:
+            exc_info = sys.exc_info()
+            e = exc_info[1]
+            e.args = (self._add_line_info(e.args[0], pos),)
+            raise exc_info[0], e, exc_info[2]
+        else:
+            if self._unicode and isinstance(value, str):
+                if not self.decode_encoding:
+                    raise UnicodeDecodeError(
+                        'Cannot decode str value %r into unicode '
+                        '(no default_encoding provided)' % value)
+                value = value.decode(self.default_encoding)
+            elif not self._unicode and isinstance(value, unicode):
+                if not self.decode_encoding:
+                    raise UnicodeEncodeError(
+                        'Cannot encode unicode value %r into str '
+                        '(no default_encoding provided)' % value)
+                value = value.encode(self.default_encoding)
+            return value
+
+
+    def _add_line_info(self, msg, pos):
+        msg = "%s at line %s column %s" % (
+            msg, pos[0], pos[1])
+        if self.name:
+            msg += " in file %s" % self.name
+        return msg
+
+def sub(content, **kw):
+    name = kw.get('__name')
+    tmpl = Template(content, name=name)
+    return tmpl.substitute(kw)
+    return result
+
+def ignite_script_template_renderer(content, vars, filename=None):
+    tmpl = Template(content, name=filename)
+    return tmpl.substitute(vars)
+
+class bunch(dict):
+
+    def __init__(self, **kw):
+        for name, value in kw.items():
+            setattr(self, name, value)
+
+    def __setattr__(self, name, value):
+        self[name] = value
+
+    def __getattr__(self, name):
+        try:
+            return self[name]
+        except KeyError:
+            raise AttributeError(name)
+
+    def __getitem__(self, key):
+        if 'default' in self:
+            try:
+                return dict.__getitem__(self, key)
+            except KeyError:
+                return dict.__getitem__(self, 'default')
+        else:
+            return dict.__getitem__(self, key)
+
+    def __repr__(self):
+        items = [
+            (k, v) for k, v in self.items()]
+        items.sort()
+        return '<%s %s>' % (
+            self.__class__.__name__,
+            ' '.join(['%s=%r' % (k, v) for k, v in items]))
+
+############################################################
+## HTML Templating
+############################################################
+
+class html(object):
+    def __init__(self, value):
+        self.value = value
+    def __str__(self):
+        return self.value
+    def __repr__(self):
+        return '<%s %r>' % (
+            self.__class__.__name__, self.value)
+
+def html_quote(value):
+    if value is None:
+        return ''
+    if not isinstance(value, basestring):
+        if hasattr(value, '__unicode__'):
+            value = unicode(value)
+        else:
+            value = str(value)
+    value = cgi.escape(value, 1)
+    if isinstance(value, unicode):
+        value = value.encode('ascii', 'xmlcharrefreplace')
+    return value
+
+def url(v):
+    if not isinstance(v, basestring):
+        if hasattr(v, '__unicode__'):
+            v = unicode(v)
+        else:
+            v = str(v)
+    if isinstance(v, unicode):
+        v = v.encode('utf8')
+    return urllib.quote(v)
+
+def attr(**kw):
+    kw = kw.items()
+    kw.sort()
+    parts = []
+    for name, value in kw:
+        if value is None:
+            continue
+        if name.endswith('_'):
+            name = name[:-1]
+        parts.append('%s="%s"' % (html_quote(name), html_quote(value)))
+    return html(' '.join(parts))
+
+class HTMLTemplate(Template):
+
+    default_namespace = Template.default_namespace.copy()
+    default_namespace.update(dict(
+        html=html,
+        attr=attr,
+        url=url,
+        ))
+
+    def _repr(self, value, pos):
+        plain = Template._repr(self, value, pos)
+        if isinstance(value, html):
+            return plain
+        else:
+            return html_quote(plain)
+
+def sub_html(content, **kw):
+    name = kw.get('__name')
+    tmpl = HTMLTemplate(content, name=name)
+    return tmpl.substitute(kw)
+    return result
+
+
+############################################################
+## Lexing and Parsing
+############################################################
+
+def lex(s, name=None, trim_whitespace=True):
+    """
+    Lex a string into chunks:
+
+        >>> lex('hey')
+        ['hey']
+        >>> lex('hey {{you}}')
+        ['hey ', ('you', (1, 7))]
+        >>> lex('hey {{')
+        Traceback (most recent call last):
+            ...
+        TemplateError: No }} to finish last expression at line 1 column 7
+        >>> lex('hey }}')
+        Traceback (most recent call last):
+            ...
+        TemplateError: }} outside expression at line 1 column 7
+        >>> lex('hey {{ {{')
+        Traceback (most recent call last):
+            ...
+        TemplateError: {{ inside expression at line 1 column 10
+
+    """
+    in_expr = False
+    chunks = []
+    last = 0
+    last_pos = (1, 1)
+    for match in token_re.finditer(s):
+        expr = match.group(0)
+        pos = find_position(s, match.end())
+        if expr == '{{' and in_expr:
+            raise TemplateError('{{ inside expression', position=pos,
+                                name=name)
+        elif expr == '}}' and not in_expr:
+            raise TemplateError('}} outside expression', position=pos,
+                                name=name)
+        if expr == '{{':
+            part = s[last:match.start()]
+            if part:
+                chunks.append(part)
+            in_expr = True
+        else:
+            chunks.append((s[last:match.start()], last_pos))
+            in_expr = False
+        last = match.end()
+        last_pos = pos
+    if in_expr:
+        raise TemplateError('No }} to finish last expression',
+                            name=name, position=last_pos)
+    part = s[last:]
+    if part:
+        chunks.append(part)
+    if trim_whitespace:
+        chunks = trim_lex(chunks)
+    return chunks
+
+statement_re = re.compile(r'^(?:if |elif |else |for |py:)')
+single_statements = ['endif', 'endfor', 'continue', 'break']
+trail_whitespace_re = re.compile(r'\n[\t ]*$')
+lead_whitespace_re = re.compile(r'^[\t ]*\n')
+
+def trim_lex(tokens):
+    r"""
+    Takes a lexed set of tokens, and removes whitespace when there is
+    a directive on a line by itself:
+
+       >>> tokens = lex('{{if x}}\nx\n{{endif}}\ny', trim_whitespace=False)
+       >>> tokens
+       [('if x', (1, 3)), '\nx\n', ('endif', (3, 3)), '\ny']
+       >>> trim_lex(tokens)
+       [('if x', (1, 3)), 'x\n', ('endif', (3, 3)), 'y']
+    """
+    for i in range(len(tokens)):
+        current = tokens[i]
+        if isinstance(tokens[i], basestring):
+            # we don't trim this
+            continue
+        item = current[0]
+        if not statement_re.search(item) and item not in single_statements:
+            continue
+        if not i:
+            prev = ''
+        else:
+            prev = tokens[i-1]
+        if i+1 >= len(tokens):
+            next = ''
+        else:
+            next = tokens[i+1]
+        if (not isinstance(next, basestring)
+            or not isinstance(prev, basestring)):
+            continue
+        if ((not prev or trail_whitespace_re.search(prev))
+            and (not next or lead_whitespace_re.search(next))):
+            if prev:
+                m = trail_whitespace_re.search(prev)
+                # +1 to leave the leading \n on:
+                prev = prev[:m.start()+1]
+                tokens[i-1] = prev
+            if next:
+                m = lead_whitespace_re.search(next)
+                next = next[m.end():]
+                tokens[i+1] = next
+    return tokens
+
+
+def find_position(string, index):
+    """Given a string and index, return (line, column)"""
+    leading = string[:index].splitlines()
+    return (len(leading), len(leading[-1])+1)
+
+def parse(s, name=None):
+    r"""
+    Parses a string into a kind of AST
+
+        >>> parse('{{x}}')
+        [('expr', (1, 3), 'x')]
+        >>> parse('foo')
+        ['foo']
+        >>> parse('{{if x}}test{{endif}}')
+        [('cond', (1, 3), ('if', (1, 3), 'x', ['test']))]
+        >>> parse('series->{{for x in y}}x={{x}}{{endfor}}')
+        ['series->', ('for', (1, 11), ('x',), 'y', ['x=', ('expr', (1, 27), 'x')])]
+        >>> parse('{{for x, y in z:}}{{continue}}{{endfor}}')
+        [('for', (1, 3), ('x', 'y'), 'z', [('continue', (1, 21))])]
+        >>> parse('{{py:x=1}}')
+        [('py', (1, 3), 'x=1')]
+        >>> parse('{{if x}}a{{elif y}}b{{else}}c{{endif}}')
+        [('cond', (1, 3), ('if', (1, 3), 'x', ['a']), ('elif', (1, 12), 'y', ['b']), ('else', (1, 23), None, ['c']))]
+
+    Some exceptions::
+
+        >>> parse('{{continue}}')
+        Traceback (most recent call last):
+            ...
+        TemplateError: continue outside of for loop at line 1 column 3
+        >>> parse('{{if x}}foo')
+        Traceback (most recent call last):
+            ...
+        TemplateError: No {{endif}} at line 1 column 3
+        >>> parse('{{else}}')
+        Traceback (most recent call last):
+            ...
+        TemplateError: else outside of an if block at line 1 column 3
+        >>> parse('{{if x}}{{for x in y}}{{endif}}{{endfor}}')
+        Traceback (most recent call last):
+            ...
+        TemplateError: Unexpected endif at line 1 column 25
+        >>> parse('{{if}}{{endif}}')
+        Traceback (most recent call last):
+            ...
+        TemplateError: if with no expression at line 1 column 3
+        >>> parse('{{for x y}}{{endfor}}')
+        Traceback (most recent call last):
+            ...
+        TemplateError: Bad for (no "in") in 'x y' at line 1 column 3
+        >>> parse('{{py:x=1\ny=2}}')
+        Traceback (most recent call last):
+            ...
+        TemplateError: Multi-line py blocks must start with a newline at line 1 column 3
+    """
+    tokens = lex(s, name=name)
+    result = []
+    while tokens:
+        next, tokens = parse_expr(tokens, name)
+        result.append(next)
+    return result
+
+def parse_expr(tokens, name, context=()):
+    if isinstance(tokens[0], basestring):
+        return tokens[0], tokens[1:]
+    expr, pos = tokens[0]
+    expr = expr.strip()
+    if expr.startswith('py:'):
+        expr = expr[3:].lstrip(' \t')
+        if expr.startswith('\n'):
+            expr = expr[1:]
+        else:
+            if '\n' in expr:
+                raise TemplateError(
+                    'Multi-line py blocks must start with a newline',
+                    position=pos, name=name)
+        return ('py', pos, expr), tokens[1:]
+    elif expr in ('continue', 'break'):
+        if 'for' not in context:
+            raise TemplateError(
+                'continue outside of for loop',
+                position=pos, name=name)
+        return (expr, pos), tokens[1:]
+    elif expr.startswith('if '):
+        return parse_cond(tokens, name, context)
+    elif (expr.startswith('elif ')
+          or expr == 'else'):
+        raise TemplateError(
+            '%s outside of an if block' % expr.split()[0],
+            position=pos, name=name)
+    elif expr in ('if', 'elif', 'for'):
+        raise TemplateError(
+            '%s with no expression' % expr,
+            position=pos, name=name)
+    elif expr in ('endif', 'endfor'):
+        raise TemplateError(
+            'Unexpected %s' % expr,
+            position=pos, name=name)
+    elif expr.startswith('for '):
+        return parse_for(tokens, name, context)
+    elif expr.startswith('default '):
+        return parse_default(tokens, name, context)
+    elif expr.startswith('#'):
+        return ('comment', pos, tokens[0][0]), tokens[1:]
+    return ('expr', pos, tokens[0][0]), tokens[1:]
+
+def parse_cond(tokens, name, context):
+    start = tokens[0][1]
+    pieces = []
+    context = context + ('if',)
+    while 1:
+        if not tokens:
+            raise TemplateError(
+                'Missing {{endif}}',
+                position=start, name=name)
+        if (isinstance(tokens[0], tuple)
+            and tokens[0][0] == 'endif'):
+            return ('cond', start) + tuple(pieces), tokens[1:]
+        next, tokens = parse_one_cond(tokens, name, context)
+        pieces.append(next)
+
+def parse_one_cond(tokens, name, context):
+    (first, pos), tokens = tokens[0], tokens[1:]
+    content = []
+    if first.endswith(':'):
+        first = first[:-1]
+    if first.startswith('if '):
+        part = ('if', pos, first[3:].lstrip(), content)
+    elif first.startswith('elif '):
+        part = ('elif', pos, first[5:].lstrip(), content)
+    elif first == 'else':
+        part = ('else', pos, None, content)
+    else:
+        assert 0, "Unexpected token %r at %s" % (first, pos)
+    while 1:
+        if not tokens:
+            raise TemplateError(
+                'No {{endif}}',
+                position=pos, name=name)
+        if (isinstance(tokens[0], tuple)
+            and (tokens[0][0] == 'endif'
+                 or tokens[0][0].startswith('elif ')
+                 or tokens[0][0] == 'else')):
+            return part, tokens
+        next, tokens = parse_expr(tokens, name, context)
+        content.append(next)
+
+def parse_for(tokens, name, context):
+    first, pos = tokens[0]
+    tokens = tokens[1:]
+    context = ('for',) + context
+    content = []
+    assert first.startswith('for ')
+    if first.endswith(':'):
+        first = first[:-1]
+    first = first[3:].strip()
+    match = in_re.search(first)
+    if not match:
+        raise TemplateError(
+            'Bad for (no "in") in %r' % first,
+            position=pos, name=name)
+    vars = first[:match.start()]
+    if '(' in vars:
+        raise TemplateError(
+            'You cannot have () in the variable section of a for loop (%r)'
+            % vars, position=pos, name=name)
+    vars = tuple([
+        v.strip() for v in first[:match.start()].split(',')
+        if v.strip()])
+    expr = first[match.end():]
+    while 1:
+        if not tokens:
+            raise TemplateError(
+                'No {{endfor}}',
+                position=pos, name=name)
+        if (isinstance(tokens[0], tuple)
+            and tokens[0][0] == 'endfor'):
+            return ('for', pos, vars, expr, content), tokens[1:]
+        next, tokens = parse_expr(tokens, name, context)
+        content.append(next)
+
+def parse_default(tokens, name, context):
+    first, pos = tokens[0]
+    assert first.startswith('default ')
+    first = first.split(None, 1)[1]
+    parts = first.split('=', 1)
+    if len(parts) == 1:
+        raise TemplateError(
+            "Expression must be {{default var=value}}; no = found in %r" % first,
+            position=pos, name=name)
+    var = parts[0].strip()
+    if ',' in var:
+        raise TemplateError(
+            "{{default x, y = ...}} is not supported",
+            position=pos, name=name)
+    if not var_re.search(var):
+        raise TemplateError(
+            "Not a valid variable name for {{default}}: %r"
+            % var, position=pos, name=name)
+    expr = parts[1].strip()
+    return ('default', pos, var, expr), tokens[1:]
+
+_fill_command_usage = """\
+%prog [OPTIONS] TEMPLATE arg=value
+
+Use py:arg=value to set a Python value; otherwise all values are
+strings.
+"""
+
+def fill_command(args=None):
+    import sys, optparse, pkg_resources, os
+    if args is None:
+        args = sys.argv[1:]
+    dist = pkg_resources.get_distribution('Ignite')
+    parser = optparse.OptionParser(
+        version=str(dist),
+        usage=_fill_command_usage)
+    parser.add_option(
+        '-o', '--output',
+        dest='output',
+        metavar="FILENAME",
+        help="File to write output to (default stdout)")
+    parser.add_option(
+        '--html',
+        dest='use_html',
+        action='store_true',
+        help="Use HTML style filling (including automatic HTML quoting)")
+    parser.add_option(
+        '--env',
+        dest='use_env',
+        action='store_true',
+        help="Put the environment in as top-level variables")
+    options, args = parser.parse_args(args)
+    if len(args) < 1:
+        print 'You must give a template filename'
+        print dir(parser)
+        assert 0
+    template_name = args[0]
+    args = args[1:]
+    vars = {}
+    if options.use_env:
+        vars.update(os.environ)
+    for value in args:
+        if '=' not in value:
+            print 'Bad argument: %r' % value
+            sys.exit(2)
+        name, value = value.split('=', 1)
+        if name.startswith('py:'):
+            name = name[:3]
+            value = eval(value)
+        vars[name] = value
+    if template_name == '-':
+        template_content = sys.stdin.read()
+        template_name = '<stdin>'
+    else:
+        f = open(template_name, 'rb')
+        template_content = f.read()
+        f.close()
+    if options.use_html:
+        TemplateClass = HTMLTemplate
+    else:
+        TemplateClass = Template
+    template = TemplateClass(template_content, name=template_name)
+    result = template.substitute(vars)
+    if options.output:
+        f = open(options.output, 'wb')
+        f.write(result)
+        f.close()
+    else:
+        sys.stdout.write(result)
+
+if __name__ == '__main__':
+    from ignite.util.template import fill_command
+    fill_command()
+
+