1. Jonathan Eunice
  2. lpoll

Overview

HTTPS SSH

This is an example of using the Flask web framework along with long-polling (aka Comet, aka reverse AJAX) techniques to update client state quasi-asynchronously without the benefit of direct WebSockets support. The server-side code runs in Python; the front-end Web page client runs in the browser (in JavaScript).

This is a "poor man's" form of interactivity. It's suitable if

  • refreshes are occasional,
  • the delays between updates many seconds long,
  • and updates are unidirectional server -> client (though bidirectionality can be kludged).

I've successfully used the technique in production apps, but it will become more-or-less obsolete as soon as quality support for WebSockets becomes simple and reliable.

As of Summer 2013, WebSockets with Python and Flask became reliable enough. flask-ws-example is an updated example that uses WebSockets and Flask.

Even as of mid-2017, Python's multi-threading support remains piecemeal. Projects like Jupyter show that WebSockets is fully feasible for sophisticated project teams. It remains slightly outside the grasp of a single, simple library and set of support modules that works across both Python 2.7 and Python 3.