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  2. django-model-utils


django-model-utils /

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Django model mixins and utilities.


This abstract base class can be inherited by the root (parent) model in a model-inheritance tree. It allows each model in the tree to "know" what type it is (via an automatically-set foreign key to ContentType), allowing for automatic casting of a parent instance to its proper leaf (child) type.

For instance, if you have a Place model with subclasses Restaurant and Bar, you may want to query all Places:

nearby_places = Place.objects.filter(location='here')

But when you iterate over nearby_places, you'll get only Place instances back, even for objects that are "really" Restaurant or Bar. If you have Place inherit from InheritanceCastModel, you can just call the cast() method on each Place and it will return an instance of the proper subtype, Restaurant or Bar:

from model_utils.models import InheritanceCastModel

class Place(InheritanceCastModel):

class Restaurant(Place):

nearby_places = Place.objects.filter(location='here')
for place in nearby_places:
    restaurant_or_bar = place.cast()


This is inefficient for large querysets, as it results in n queries to the subtype tables. It would be possible to write a QuerySet subclass that could reduce this to k queries, where there are k subtypes in the inheritance tree.


This abstract base class just provides self-updating created and modified fields on any model that inherits it.


Many custom model managers do nothing more than return a QuerySet that is filtered in some way. QueryManager allows you to express this pattern with a minimum of boilerplate:

from django.db import models
from model_utils.managers import QueryManager

class Post(models.Model):
    published = models.BooleanField()
    pub_date = models.DateField()

    objects = models.Manager()
    public = QueryManager(published=True).order_by('-pub_date')

The kwargs passed to QueryManager will be passed as-is to the QuerySet.filter() method. You can also pass a Q object to QueryManager to express more complex conditions. Note that you can set the ordering of the QuerySet returned by the QueryManager by chaining a call to .order_by() on the QueryManager (this is not required).