SSH Exec Maven Plugin

The plugin provides a compatible Exec Maven Plugin goal for remote execution of a Java process on a remote host via SSH (Secure Socket Shell).

The plugin supports attaching a debugger to the remote hosts Java process allowing debug integration for variouse IDE's

Goals Overview

The ssh exec plugin has a single goal

  • exec executes a Java program in a seperate process on a remote host after uploading the required artifacts from the maven build. Optionally the goal is able to attach a debugger.


Instructions on how to use the SSH Exec Maven Plugin can be found in the exec goal section.

If you feel like the plugin is missing a feature or has a defect, you can fill a feature request or bug report using the projects issue tracker.

When creating a new issue, please provide a comprehensive description of your concern. For fixing bugs it is crucial that the developers can reproduce your problem. For this reason please provide entire debug logs, POMs or most preferably a small demo project attached to assist in reproducing the issue.

System Requirements

Minimum requirements to run this Maven plugin:

Maven: 2.2.1

JDK / JRE: 1.7

Memory: No minimum requirement.

Disk Space: No minimum requirement.

Configuring a Remote Host

Linux Host

Configuring a Linux host, including a Raspberry Pi, can be achieved in a few easy steps:

  • Install the ssh daemon (sshd) on the remote host
  • Configure a user on the host to allow remote password based ssh access

Key exchange authentication will be supported in a future release Test ssh access using the username and password from the command line Install a version of the Java Runtime >= 1.7 on the remote host * Optionally add the java executable to the PATH of the remote user

You may need to execute the remote Java process using sudo if wanting to use hardware devices such as the I2C bus on the Raspberry Pi

Exec Goal

Using a standard Maven POM, add the SSH Exec plugin



The plugin can be invoked by running the exec goal

mvn org.rogueware.mojo:ssh-exec-maven-plugin:1.2:exec

Plugin Configuration: SSH

sshHost     String
                        Hostname or IP address of the remote host
sshPort     Integer     exec.remote.ssh.port
                        Port to connect to remote ssh daemon on host 
                        Default: 22
sshUsername String      exec.remote.ssh.username
                        Username to connect to remote host
sshPassword String      exec.remote.ssh.password
                        Password to authenticate user on remote host

Plugin Configuration: Sudo

sudo         Boolean    exec.remote.ssh.sudo
                        Set to true to enable executing as sudo on remote host
sudoPassword String     Password to use for sudo
                        If left out, sshPassword will be used               

Plugin Configuration: Execution Environment

execArgs            String  exec.args
                            Exec compatible arguments separated by spaces for the executed Java process. 
                            %classpath will be subsituted with classpath from project dependencies 
                            Example: -j 20 -Dprop=val -classpath %classpath 

classpathScope      String  exec.classpathScope
                            Defines the scope of the classpath for uploaded dependencies
                            One of Maven defined compile, test, runtime, system 
                            Default: runtime
workingDirectory    String  exec.workingdir
                            The remote working directory. 
                            Can be relative to user home directory using .
                            Default: ./ssh-exec/{project dir name}
remoteExecutable    String  exec.remote.executable
                            Specifies the remote executable to execute the Java process
                            Default: java


The plugin will substitute the %classpath in the exec.args with the correct dependencies that have been uploaded to the remote host derived from the maven project dependencies in the specified classpath scope.

The default maven classpath scope is runtime.


The plugin will automatically detect the -Xrunjdwp parameter if defined in the execArgs config / exec.args property when setting up debugging for the executed Java process.

Example: -Xdebug -Xrunjdwp:transport=dt_socket,server=n,address=

The plugin establishes port forward / reverse tunneling based on the server=[y/n] for the debugger to attach to the Java process on the remote host.

The plugin only works with the transport=dt_socket and understands both ip/host and port in the address format address=[name:port]


Run Maven project

Run the Maven project artifact on remote host using runtime dependencies

mvn "-Dexec.args=-classpath %classpath org.rogueware.prototype.usemojo.Main" org.rogueware.mojo:ssh-exec-maven-plugin:1.2:exec

Run Maven project local debugger

Run the Maven project artifact on remote host using runtime dependencies with remote processes connecting back to local debugger

mvn "-Dexec.args=-Xdebug -Xrunjdwp:transport=dt_socket,server=n,address=61118 -classpath %classpath org.rogueware.prototype.usemojo.Main" -Djpda.listen=true -Djpda.address=61118 org.rogueware.mojo:ssh-exec-maven-plugin:1.2:exec

Run Maven project remote debugger

Run the Maven project artifact on remote host using runtime dependencies with remote processes

mvn "-Dexec.args=-Xdebug -Xrunjdwp:transport=dt_socket,server=y,address=20345 -classpath %classpath org.rogueware.prototype.usemojo.Main" org.rogueware.mojo:ssh-exec-maven-plugin:1.2:exec

IDE Integration


To allow Netbeans to execute and or remote debug a standard Maven project on a remote host via SSH:

  1. Open the Maven project in Netbeans
  2. Configure the project POM by adding the SSH Exec plugin and configuration under the \<plugins> section
  3. Change the "Run project" and "Debug project" actions in Netbeans
  • Right click on the Maven project in the Projects tab
  • Select Properties
  • Click on Actions
  • Select "Run project" in the actions list
  • Replace "org.codehaus.mojo:exec-maven-plugin:1.2.1:exec" with "org.rogueware.mojo:ssh-exec-maven-plugin:1.2:exec" in the Execute Goals
  • Select "Debug project" in the actions list
  • Replace "org.codehaus.mojo:exec-maven-plugin:1.2.1:exec" with "org.rogueware.mojo:ssh-exec-maven-plugin:1.2:exec" in the Execute Goals

Note: Versions of org.codehaus.mojo:exec-maven-plugin and org.rogueware.mojo:ssh-exec-maven-plugin may differ

You will now be able to run and remote debug you Maven project as a remote Java process on the host defined in the plugin configuration of your POM file.