Source

go / src / cmd / gofmt / rewrite.go

Full commit
// Copyright 2009 The Go Authors.  All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style
// license that can be found in the LICENSE file.

package main

import (
	"fmt"
	"go/ast"
	"go/parser"
	"go/token"
	"os"
	"reflect"
	"strings"
	"unicode"
	"unicode/utf8"
)

func initRewrite() {
	if *rewriteRule == "" {
		rewrite = nil // disable any previous rewrite
		return
	}
	f := strings.Split(*rewriteRule, "->")
	if len(f) != 2 {
		fmt.Fprintf(os.Stderr, "rewrite rule must be of the form 'pattern -> replacement'\n")
		os.Exit(2)
	}
	pattern := parseExpr(f[0], "pattern")
	replace := parseExpr(f[1], "replacement")
	rewrite = func(p *ast.File) *ast.File { return rewriteFile(pattern, replace, p) }
}

// parseExpr parses s as an expression.
// It might make sense to expand this to allow statement patterns,
// but there are problems with preserving formatting and also
// with what a wildcard for a statement looks like.
func parseExpr(s string, what string) ast.Expr {
	x, err := parser.ParseExpr(s)
	if err != nil {
		fmt.Fprintf(os.Stderr, "parsing %s %s: %s\n", what, s, err)
		os.Exit(2)
	}
	return x
}

// Keep this function for debugging.
/*
func dump(msg string, val reflect.Value) {
	fmt.Printf("%s:\n", msg)
	ast.Print(fset, val.Interface())
	fmt.Println()
}
*/

// rewriteFile applies the rewrite rule 'pattern -> replace' to an entire file.
func rewriteFile(pattern, replace ast.Expr, p *ast.File) *ast.File {
	cmap := ast.NewCommentMap(fileSet, p, p.Comments)
	m := make(map[string]reflect.Value)
	pat := reflect.ValueOf(pattern)
	repl := reflect.ValueOf(replace)
	var f func(val reflect.Value) reflect.Value // f is recursive
	f = func(val reflect.Value) reflect.Value {
		// don't bother if val is invalid to start with
		if !val.IsValid() {
			return reflect.Value{}
		}
		for k := range m {
			delete(m, k)
		}
		val = apply(f, val)
		if match(m, pat, val) {
			val = subst(m, repl, reflect.ValueOf(val.Interface().(ast.Node).Pos()))
		}
		return val
	}
	r := apply(f, reflect.ValueOf(p)).Interface().(*ast.File)
	r.Comments = cmap.Filter(r).Comments() // recreate comments list
	return r
}

// setValue is a wrapper for x.SetValue(y); it protects
// the caller from panics if x cannot be changed to y.
func setValue(x, y reflect.Value) {
	// don't bother if y is invalid to start with
	if !y.IsValid() {
		return
	}
	defer func() {
		if x := recover(); x != nil {
			if s, ok := x.(string); ok &&
				(strings.Contains(s, "type mismatch") || strings.Contains(s, "not assignable")) {
				// x cannot be set to y - ignore this rewrite
				return
			}
			panic(x)
		}
	}()
	x.Set(y)
}

// Values/types for special cases.
var (
	objectPtrNil = reflect.ValueOf((*ast.Object)(nil))
	scopePtrNil  = reflect.ValueOf((*ast.Scope)(nil))

	identType     = reflect.TypeOf((*ast.Ident)(nil))
	objectPtrType = reflect.TypeOf((*ast.Object)(nil))
	positionType  = reflect.TypeOf(token.NoPos)
	scopePtrType  = reflect.TypeOf((*ast.Scope)(nil))
)

// apply replaces each AST field x in val with f(x), returning val.
// To avoid extra conversions, f operates on the reflect.Value form.
func apply(f func(reflect.Value) reflect.Value, val reflect.Value) reflect.Value {
	if !val.IsValid() {
		return reflect.Value{}
	}

	// *ast.Objects introduce cycles and are likely incorrect after
	// rewrite; don't follow them but replace with nil instead
	if val.Type() == objectPtrType {
		return objectPtrNil
	}

	// similarly for scopes: they are likely incorrect after a rewrite;
	// replace them with nil
	if val.Type() == scopePtrType {
		return scopePtrNil
	}

	switch v := reflect.Indirect(val); v.Kind() {
	case reflect.Slice:
		for i := 0; i < v.Len(); i++ {
			e := v.Index(i)
			setValue(e, f(e))
		}
	case reflect.Struct:
		for i := 0; i < v.NumField(); i++ {
			e := v.Field(i)
			setValue(e, f(e))
		}
	case reflect.Interface:
		e := v.Elem()
		setValue(v, f(e))
	}
	return val
}

func isWildcard(s string) bool {
	rune, size := utf8.DecodeRuneInString(s)
	return size == len(s) && unicode.IsLower(rune)
}

// match returns true if pattern matches val,
// recording wildcard submatches in m.
// If m == nil, match checks whether pattern == val.
func match(m map[string]reflect.Value, pattern, val reflect.Value) bool {
	// Wildcard matches any expression.  If it appears multiple
	// times in the pattern, it must match the same expression
	// each time.
	if m != nil && pattern.IsValid() && pattern.Type() == identType {
		name := pattern.Interface().(*ast.Ident).Name
		if isWildcard(name) && val.IsValid() {
			// wildcards only match valid (non-nil) expressions.
			if _, ok := val.Interface().(ast.Expr); ok && !val.IsNil() {
				if old, ok := m[name]; ok {
					return match(nil, old, val)
				}
				m[name] = val
				return true
			}
		}
	}

	// Otherwise, pattern and val must match recursively.
	if !pattern.IsValid() || !val.IsValid() {
		return !pattern.IsValid() && !val.IsValid()
	}
	if pattern.Type() != val.Type() {
		return false
	}

	// Special cases.
	switch pattern.Type() {
	case identType:
		// For identifiers, only the names need to match
		// (and none of the other *ast.Object information).
		// This is a common case, handle it all here instead
		// of recursing down any further via reflection.
		p := pattern.Interface().(*ast.Ident)
		v := val.Interface().(*ast.Ident)
		return p == nil && v == nil || p != nil && v != nil && p.Name == v.Name
	case objectPtrType, positionType:
		// object pointers and token positions don't need to match
		return true
	}

	p := reflect.Indirect(pattern)
	v := reflect.Indirect(val)
	if !p.IsValid() || !v.IsValid() {
		return !p.IsValid() && !v.IsValid()
	}

	switch p.Kind() {
	case reflect.Slice:
		if p.Len() != v.Len() {
			return false
		}
		for i := 0; i < p.Len(); i++ {
			if !match(m, p.Index(i), v.Index(i)) {
				return false
			}
		}
		return true

	case reflect.Struct:
		if p.NumField() != v.NumField() {
			return false
		}
		for i := 0; i < p.NumField(); i++ {
			if !match(m, p.Field(i), v.Field(i)) {
				return false
			}
		}
		return true

	case reflect.Interface:
		return match(m, p.Elem(), v.Elem())
	}

	// Handle token integers, etc.
	return p.Interface() == v.Interface()
}

// subst returns a copy of pattern with values from m substituted in place
// of wildcards and pos used as the position of tokens from the pattern.
// if m == nil, subst returns a copy of pattern and doesn't change the line
// number information.
func subst(m map[string]reflect.Value, pattern reflect.Value, pos reflect.Value) reflect.Value {
	if !pattern.IsValid() {
		return reflect.Value{}
	}

	// Wildcard gets replaced with map value.
	if m != nil && pattern.Type() == identType {
		name := pattern.Interface().(*ast.Ident).Name
		if isWildcard(name) {
			if old, ok := m[name]; ok {
				return subst(nil, old, reflect.Value{})
			}
		}
	}

	if pos.IsValid() && pattern.Type() == positionType {
		// use new position only if old position was valid in the first place
		if old := pattern.Interface().(token.Pos); !old.IsValid() {
			return pattern
		}
		return pos
	}

	// Otherwise copy.
	switch p := pattern; p.Kind() {
	case reflect.Slice:
		v := reflect.MakeSlice(p.Type(), p.Len(), p.Len())
		for i := 0; i < p.Len(); i++ {
			v.Index(i).Set(subst(m, p.Index(i), pos))
		}
		return v

	case reflect.Struct:
		v := reflect.New(p.Type()).Elem()
		for i := 0; i < p.NumField(); i++ {
			v.Field(i).Set(subst(m, p.Field(i), pos))
		}
		return v

	case reflect.Ptr:
		v := reflect.New(p.Type()).Elem()
		if elem := p.Elem(); elem.IsValid() {
			v.Set(subst(m, elem, pos).Addr())
		}
		return v

	case reflect.Interface:
		v := reflect.New(p.Type()).Elem()
		if elem := p.Elem(); elem.IsValid() {
			v.Set(subst(m, elem, pos))
		}
		return v
	}

	return pattern
}