poliqarp-core /

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Poliqarp 1.3.1

1. What is Poliqarp?

2. Installation from the sources

    2.1. Prerequisities

    2.2. Installation

    2.3. After installation

3. Basic usage

    3.1. The concordancer

    3.2. The corpus builder

    3.3. The corpus indexer

4. For developers

1. What is Poliqarp?

Poliqarp is a universal suite of tools for large corpora processing, consisting
of a concordancer and some useful tools.  The concordancer supports corpora 
morphosyntactically tagged with positional tagsets, deals with ambiguities in 
annotation, has a rich query language, is independent of the tagset and can
process corpora of several hundred million words.  It has mostly been used
within the IPI PAN Corpus project (see, but can be used with
other corpora.

2. Installation from the sources

2.1. Prerequisities

To compile and run Poliqarp, you will need:

* A Unix system running on a little-endian architecture.  GNU/Linux works
  fine, but Poliqarp should also compile on {Free|Net|Open}BSD and most
* GNU make, preferably version 3.80.  Other versions of make will most likely
  *not* work.
* A decent C compiler.  GCC is fine (versions 2.95.x, 3.x and 4.x 
  have been tested).
* GNU flex (at least 2.5.9) and GNU bison.
* The Expat library to build the corpus builder.
* Sun's Java JDK 5.0 or newer to build the GUI.

It is also possible to build most of the suite (except the corpus builder) on
Windows, using the MinGW toolchain that can be found at

2.2. Installation

The installation is standard.  Just extract the sources somewhere and do::

   $ ./configure
   $ make         # or gmake, if that's what GNU make is called on your system
   $ make install # ditto

This will figure out which tools can be compiled, then build and install them in
``/usr/local``.  To select the installation directory, pass the ``--prefix``
option to ``configure``.  See configure ``--help`` for details.

Another option to consider for configure is ``--with-tcl-regex``. This makes 
Poliqarp use the bundled regex library, which always supports UTF-8 regardless
of the ``LC_COLLATE`` environment setting.  In addition, passing the option
``CFLAGS='-O2 -DNDEBUG'`` to configure will cause the resulting Poliqarp to run
a little bit faster.

2.3. After installation

The concordancer is split into two programs (client and server) that communicate
over local TCP sockets.  By default, they use port 4567 for communication, but
this can be overridden by creating a server configuration file named
``$HOME/.poliqarpd/poliqarpd.conf``. If this file contains the line::
   port = <insert port number here>

then the specified port number will be used for connections.  Also, make sure
that your firewall allows local connections on the specified port.

3. Usage

3.1. The concordancer

Proper documentation for Poliqarp is not yet written.  However, there is
a description of the query language (see ``gui/help/english/`` in this tarball)
that should be enough to get started.  Just run it by typing::

   $ poliqarp

in a shell, then open a corpus and enter your query in the text field.

3.2. The corpus builder

This tool (called ``bp``, for *build Poliqarp*) is useful when you want to 
build your own corpora searchable with Poliqarp from XCES files.  
An example corpus in XCES format (the corpus of "Frequency Dictionary 
of Contemporary Polish") can be found at

A source corpus consists of:

* a set of ``morph.xml`` and ``header.xml`` files, each pair in its own
* a configuration file (``yourcorpus.cfg``), which, inter alia, specifies
  the tagset used by the corpus, in the top-level directory;
* a metadata lookup file (``yourcorpus.meta.lisp``), specifying which parts
  of the header files should be scanned for metadata;
* a metadata configuration file (``yourcorpus.meta.cfg``) in the top-level
  directory, which will be used to find out what types of metadata are 
  possible; it consists of a series of lines of the form ``TYPE NAME``, 
  where ``TYPE`` can be ``S`` for string or ``D`` for date, and ``NAME`` is the
  name of metadata.

For examples of these files, see the corpus of "Frequency Dictionary...".

Please note that: 

* the names of ``.cfg``, ``.meta.cfg``, and ``.meta.lisp`` files must start
  with a common prefix -- this will be the name of the resulting corpus
* the format and name of ``.meta.lisp`` file is subject to change and probably
  will change in the near future
* the ``.meta.cfg`` file is not (yet) generated automatically from .meta.lisp;
  you must prepare it by hand (this also will be changed)

To build the corpus, type::
   $ bp yourcorpus

in your corpus' toplevel directory.  This will create a bunch of
``*.poliqarp.*`` files, which along with .cfg and .meta.cfg constitute the
resulting binary corpus.  bp respects the value of the LC_COLLATE environment
variable, so, e.g., a typical way of building a Polish corpus from UTF-8
sources is::

   $ LC_COLLATE=pl_PL.utf8 bp yourcorpus

3.3. The corpus indexer

The indexer produces corpora that are readily available for use with
Poliqarp, but the searching will be inefficient.  This utility performs
a second (optional) stage of corpus building: it creates inverted indices
that will help in speeding up most queries.  It is highly recommended
to build the indices unless your corpus is (say) 1 million segments or less --
the difference will then be negligible.

The indexer by default produces indices that provide an acceptable trade-off 
between size and speed, so in most cases you should be fine with just doing::

   $ bpindexer yourcorpus

but feel free to experiment (as always, the -h option to indexer will show you
a list of available options).

4. For developers

Please feel free to play around with the sources, modify them and send patches
to <>!  There is (as yet) no document providing an 
introduction to the source code, but in the TODO file you can find several
dozen ideas for things that should be done.