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# Apache configuration file
# httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2/mod/quickreference.html

# Techniques in here adapted from all over, including:
#   Kroc Camen: camendesign.com/.htaccess
#   perishablepress.com/press/2006/01/10/stupid-htaccess-tricks/


# Force the latest IE version, in various cases when it may fall back to IE7 mode
#  github.com/rails/rails/commit/123eb25#commitcomment-118920
# Use ChromeFrame if it's installed for a better experience for the poor IE folk
<IfModule mod_setenvif.c>
  <IfModule mod_headers.c>
    BrowserMatch MSIE ie
    Header set X-UA-Compatible "IE=Edge,chrome=1" env=ie
  </IfModule>
</IfModule>

<IfModule mod_headers.c>
# Because X-UA-Compatible isn't sent to non-IE (to save header bytes),
#   We need to inform proxies that content changes based on UA
  Header append Vary User-Agent
# Cache control is set only if mod_headers is enabled, so that's unncessary to declare
</IfModule>

# hacks.mozilla.org/2009/07/cross-site-xmlhttprequest-with-cors/
# Disabled. Uncomment to serve cross-domain ajax requests
#<IfModule mod_headers.c>
#  Header set Access-Control-Allow-Origin "*"
#</IfModule>




# allow access from all domains for webfonts
# alternatively you could only whitelist
#   your subdomains like "sub.domain.com"

<FilesMatch "\.(ttf|otf|eot|woff|font.css)$">
  <IfModule mod_headers.c>
    Header set Access-Control-Allow-Origin "*"
  </IfModule>
</FilesMatch>


# video
AddType video/ogg                      ogg ogv
AddType video/mp4                      mp4
AddType video/webm                     webm

# Proper svg serving. Required for svg webfonts on iPad
#   twitter.com/FontSquirrel/status/14855840545
AddType     image/svg+xml              svg svgz 
AddEncoding gzip                       svgz
                                       
# webfonts                             
AddType application/vnd.ms-fontobject  eot
AddType font/truetype                  ttf
AddType font/opentype                  otf
AddType font/woff                      woff

# assorted types                                      
AddType image/vnd.microsoft.icon       ico
AddType image/webp                     webp
AddType text/cache-manifest            manifest
AddType text/x-component               htc
AddType application/x-chrome-extension crx




# allow concatenation from within specific js and css files 

# e.g. Inside of script.combined.js you could have
#   <!--#include file="jquery-1.4.2.js" -->
#   <!--#include file="jquery.idletimer.js" -->
# and they would be included into this single file

# this is not in use in the boilerplate as it stands. you may
#   choose to name your files in this way for this advantage
#   or concatenate and minify them manually.
# Disabled by default.

# <FilesMatch "\.combined\.(js|css)$">
#         Options +Includes
#         SetOutputFilter INCLUDES
# </FilesMatch>





# gzip compression.
<IfModule mod_deflate.c>

# html, txt, css, js, json, xml, htc:
  AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE text/html text/plain text/css application/json
  AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE text/javascript application/javascript application/x-javascript 
  AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE text/xml application/xml text/x-component

# webfonts and svg:
  <FilesMatch "\.(ttf|otf|eot|svg)$" >
    SetOutputFilter DEFLATE
  </FilesMatch>
</IfModule>



# these are pretty far-future expires headers
# they assume you control versioning with cachebusting query params like
#   <script src="application.js?20100608">
# additionally, consider that outdated proxies may miscache 
#   www.stevesouders.com/blog/2008/08/23/revving-filenames-dont-use-querystring/

# if you don't use filenames to version, lower the css and js to something like
#   "access plus 1 week" or so

<IfModule mod_expires.c>
  Header set Cache-Control "public"
  ExpiresActive on

# Perhaps better to whitelist expires rules? Perhaps.
  ExpiresDefault                          "access plus 1 month"

# cache.manifest needs re-requests in FF 3.6 (thx Remy ~Introducing HTML5)
  ExpiresByType text/cache-manifest       "access plus 0 seconds"

# your document html 
  ExpiresByType text/html                 "access plus 0 seconds"
  
# data
  ExpiresByType text/xml                  "access plus 0 seconds"
  ExpiresByType application/xml           "access plus 0 seconds"
  ExpiresByType application/json          "access plus 0 seconds"


# rss feed
  ExpiresByType application/rss+xml       "access plus 1 hour"

# favicon (cannot be renamed)
  ExpiresByType image/vnd.microsoft.icon  "access plus 1 week" 

# media: images, video, audio
  ExpiresByType image/gif                 "access plus 1 month"
  ExpiresByType image/png                 "access plus 1 month"
  ExpiresByType image/jpg                 "access plus 1 month"
  ExpiresByType image/jpeg                "access plus 1 month"
  ExpiresByType video/ogg                 "access plus 1 month"
  ExpiresByType audio/ogg                 "access plus 1 month"
  ExpiresByType video/mp4                 "access plus 1 month"
  ExpiresByType video/webm                "access plus 1 month"
  
# webfonts
  ExpiresByType font/truetype             "access plus 1 month"
  ExpiresByType font/opentype             "access plus 1 month"
  ExpiresByType font/woff                 "access plus 1 month"
  ExpiresByType image/svg+xml             "access plus 1 month"
  ExpiresByType application/vnd.ms-fontobject "access plus 1 month"
    
# css and javascript
  ExpiresByType text/css                  "access plus 1 month"
  ExpiresByType application/javascript    "access plus 1 month"
  ExpiresByType text/javascript           "access plus 1 month"
</IfModule>




# Since we're sending far-future expires, we don't need ETags for
# static content.
#   developer.yahoo.com/performance/rules.html#etags
FileETag None




# Allow cookies to be set from iframes (for IE only)
# If needed, uncomment and specify a path or regex in the Location directive

# <IfModule mod_headers.c>
#   <Location />
#     Header set P3P "policyref=\"/w3c/p3p.xml\", CP=\"IDC DSP COR ADM DEVi TAIi PSA PSD IVAi IVDi CONi HIS OUR IND CNT\""
#   </Location>
# </IfModule>


# you probably want www.example.com to forward to example.com -- shorter URLs are sexier.
#   no-www.org/faq.php?q=class_b
<IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
  RewriteEngine On
  RewriteCond %{HTTPS} !=on
  RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} ^www\.(.+)$ [NC]
  RewriteRule ^(.*)$ http://%1/$1 [R=301,L]
</IfModule>

# without -MultiViews, Apache will give a 404 for a rewrite if a folder of the same name does not exist 
#   e.g. /blog/hello : webmasterworld.com/apache/3808792.htm
Options -MultiViews 
# -Indexes will have Apache block users from browsing folders without a default document
# Options -Indexes



# custom 404 page
ErrorDocument 404 /404.html



# use utf-8 encoding for anything served text/plain or text/html
AddDefaultCharset utf-8
# force utf-8 for a number of file formats
AddCharset utf-8 .html .css .js .xml .json .rss



# We don't need to tell everyone we're apache.
ServerSignature Off