1. lac
  2. pytest


pytest / doc / goodpractices.txt

.. highlightlang:: python
.. _`goodpractices`:

Good Integration Practices

Work with virtual environments

We recommend the you work with virtualenv_ environments and use easy_install_
(or pip_) for installing your application dependencies as well as
the ``pytest`` package itself.  This way you will get a much more reproducible

XYZZY is 'reprocducible' what you meant to say?  I would have thought 

             A good tool to help you automate test runs against multiple
dependency configurations or Python interpreters is `tox`_,
independently created by py.test's primary author.  `tox`_
is also useful for integration with the continuous integration
server Hudson_.

.. _`virtualenv`: http://pypi.python.org/pypi/virtualenv
.. _`buildout`: http://www.buildout.org/
.. _pip: http://pypi.python.org/pypi/pip

Use tox and Continuous Integration servers

If you frequently release code to the public you
may want to look into `tox`_, the virtualenv test automation
tool and its `pytest support <http://codespeak.net/tox/example/pytest.html>`_.
The basic idea is to generate a JUnitXML file through the ``--junitxml=PATH`` option and have a continuous integration server like Hudson_ pick it up.

.. _standalone:
.. _`genscript method`:

Create a py.test standalone Script

If you are a maintainer or application developer and want others
to easily run tests you can generate a completely standalone "py.test"

    py.test --genscript=runtests.py

generates a ``runtests.py`` script which is a fully functional basic
``py.test`` script, running unchanged under Python2 and Python3.
You can tell people to download the script and then e.g.  run it like this::

    python runtests.py

.. _`Distribute for installation`: http://pypi.python.org/pypi/distribute#installation-instructions
.. _`distribute installation`: http://pypi.python.org/pypi/distribute

Integrating with distutils / ``python setup.py test``

You can easily integrate test runs into your distutils or
setuptools based project.  Use the `genscript method`_
to generate a standalone py.test script::

    py.test --genscript=runtests.py

and make this script part of your distribution and then add
this to your ``setup.py`` file::

    from distutils.core import setup, Command
    # you can also import from setuptools

    class PyTest(Command):
        user_options = []
        def initialize_options(self):
        def finalize_options(self):
        def run(self):
            import sys,subprocess
            errno = subprocess.call([sys.executable, 'runtest.py'])
            raise SystemExit(errno)
        cmdclass = {'test': PyTest},

If you now type::

    python setup.py test

this will execute your tests using ``runtest.py``. As this is a
standalone version of ``py.test`` no prior installation whatsoever is
required for calling the test command. You can also pass additional
arguments to the subprocess-calls such as your test directory or other

XYZZY Maybe an example of doing this?

.. _`test discovery`:
.. _`Python test discovery`:

Conventions for Python test discovery

``py.test`` implements the following standard test discovery:

* collection starts from the initial command line arguments
  which may be directories, filenames or test ids.
* It then recurses into directories, unless they match :confval:`norecursedirs`
looking for:
* ``test_*.py`` or ``*_test.py`` files, imported by their `package name`_.
* ``Test`` prefixed test classes (without an ``__init__`` method)
* ``test_`` prefixed test functions or methods are test items

For and example of how to modify and customize your test discovery
see :doc:`example/pythoncollection`.

py.test additionally discovers tests using the standard
:ref:`unittest.TestCase <unittest.TestCase>` subclassing technique.

Choosing a test layout / import rules

py.test supports common test layouts:

* inlining test directories into your application package, useful if you want to
  keep (unit) tests and actually tested code close together::


* putting tests into an extra directory outside your actual application
  code, useful if you have many functional tests or want to keep
  tests separate from actual application code::


You can always run your tests by pointing to it::

    py.test tests/test_app.py       # for external test dirs
    py.test mypkg/test/test_app.py  # for inlined test dirs
    py.test mypkg                   # run tests in all below test directories
    py.test                         # run all tests below current dir

.. _`package name`:

.. note::

    Test modules are imported under their fully qualified name as follows:

    * find ``basedir`` -- this is the first "upward" (towards the root)
      directory not containing an ``__init__.py``

XYZZY it's odd that in csc, up in a tree is towards its root, not its

    * perform ``sys.path.insert(0, basedir)`` to make the fully
      qualified test module path importable.

    * ``import path.to.test_module`` where the path is determined
      by converting path separators into "." files.  This means
      you must follow the convention of having directory and file
      names map to the import names.

.. include:: links.inc