# URLs

Fetch text data from internet locations.

## Signals

Inputs: none

Outputs:

• Text data

Segmentation covering the content of selected URL(s)

## Description

This widget is designed to import the contents of one or several internet locations (URLs) in Orange Canvas. It outputs a segmentation containing a potentially annotated) segment for the content of each selected URL. The imported textual content is systematically converted in Unicode (from the encoding defined by the user) and subjected to the canonical Unicode decomposition-recomposition technique: Unicode sequences such as LATIN SMALL LETTER C (U+0063) + COMBINING CEDILLA (U+0327) are systematically replaced by the combined equivalent, e.g. LATIN SMALL LETTER C WITH CEDILLA (U+00C7).

The interface of URLs is available in two versions, according to whether or not the Advanced Settings checkbox is selected.

### Basic interface

In its basic version (see :ref:figure 1 <URLs_fig1> below), the URLs widget is limited to the import of a single URL's content. The interface contains a Source section enabling the user to type the input URL and to select the encoding of its content.

Figure 1: Basic interface of the URLs widget.

The Options section allows the user to define the label of the output segmentation (Output segmentation label), here url_content.

The Info section indicates the the number of characters in the single segment contained in the output segmentation, or the reasons why no segmentation is emitted (inability to retrieve the data, encoding issue, etc.).

The Send button triggers data emission, as it happens a segmentation, to the output connection(s). When it is selected, the Send automatically checkbox deactivates the button and the widget attempts to automatically emit a segmentation at every modification of its interface.

The advanced version of URLs allows the user to import the content of several URLs in a determined order; each URL can moreover be associated to a distinct encoding and specific annotations. The emitted segmentation contains a segment for the content of each imported URL.

Figure 2: Advanced interface of the URLs widget.

The Sources section of the advanced interface (see :ref:figure 2 <URLs_fig2> above) allows the user to specify the imported URL(s) as well as their content's encoding, to determine the order in which they appear in the output segmentation, and optionally to assign an annotation. The list of imported URLs appears at the top of the window; the columns of this list indicate (a) the URL, (b) the corresponding annotation (if any), and (c) the encoding with which the content of each is associated.

In :ref:figure 2 <URLs_fig2>, we can see that two URLs are imported (only the end of each URL is visible on the figure) and that each is provided with an annotation whose key is author. The first URL associates value Dickens with this key and is encoded in utf-8; the second one has value Fitzgerald and is encoded in iso-8859-1.

The first buttons on the right of the imported URLs' list enable the user to modify the order in which they appear in the output segmentation (Move Up and Move Down), to delete an URL from the list (Remove) or to completely empty it (Clear All). Except for Clear All, all these buttons require the user to previously select an entry from the list. Import list enables the user to import a list of URLs in JSON format (see :doc:JSON im-/export format <json_format>) and to add it to the previously selected sources. In the opposite Export list enables the user to export the source list in a JSON file.

The remainder of the Sources section allows the user to add new URLs to the list. these must first be inputted in the field with the same name before they can be added to the list by clicking on the Add button. In order for several URLs to be simultaneously added, they must be separated by the string " / " (space + slash + space).

Before adding one or more URLs to the list by clicking on Add, it is possible to select their encoding (Encoding), and to assign an annotation by specifying its key in the Annotation key field and the corresponding value in the Annotation value field. These three parameters (encoding, key, value) will be applied to each URL appearing in the URLs field at the moment of their addition to the list with Add.

The Options section allows the user to specify the label affected to the output segmentation (Output segmentation label). The Import URLs with key checkbox enables the program to create for each imported URL an annotation whose value is the URL (as displayed in the list) and whose key is specified by the user in the text field on the right of the checkbox. Similarly the button Auto-number with key enables the program to automatically number the imported URLs and to associate the number to the annotation key specified in the text field on the right.

In :ref:figure 2 <URLs_fig2>, it was thus decided to assign the label novels to the output segmentation, and to associate the name of each URL to the annotation key url. On the other hand, the auto-numbering option has not been activated.

The Info section indicates the length of the output segmentation in characters, or the reasons why no segmentation is emitted (inability to retrieve the data, encoding issue, etc.). In the example, the two segments corresponding to the imported URLs' content thus total up to 1'300'344 characters.