:mod:`glob` --- Unix style pathname pattern expansion
Source code: :source:`Lib/glob.py`
The :mod:`glob` module finds all the pathnames matching a specified pattern according to the rules used by the Unix shell. No tilde expansion is done, but *, ?, and character ranges expressed with  will be correctly matched. This is done by using the :func:`os.listdir` and :func:`fnmatch.fnmatch` functions in concert, and not by actually invoking a subshell. Note that unlike :func:`fnmatch.fnmatch`, :mod:`glob` treats filenames beginning with a dot (.) as special cases. (For tilde and shell variable expansion, use :func:`os.path.expanduser` and :func:`os.path.expandvars`.)
For a literal match, wrap the meta-characters in brackets. For example, '[?]' matches the character '?'.
For example, consider a directory containing only the following files: :file:`1.gif`, :file:`2.txt`, and :file:`card.gif`. :func:`glob` will produce the following results. Notice how any leading components of the path are preserved.
>>> import glob >>> glob.glob('./[0-9].*') ['./1.gif', './2.txt'] >>> glob.glob('*.gif') ['1.gif', 'card.gif'] >>> glob.glob('?.gif') ['1.gif']
>>> import glob >>> glob.glob('*.gif') ['card.gif'] >>> glob.glob('.c*') ['.card.gif']