# :mod:glob --- Unix style pathname pattern expansion

Source code: :source:Lib/glob.py

The :mod:glob module finds all the pathnames matching a specified pattern according to the rules used by the Unix shell. No tilde expansion is done, but *, ?, and character ranges expressed with [] will be correctly matched. This is done by using the :func:os.listdir and :func:fnmatch.fnmatch functions in concert, and not by actually invoking a subshell. Note that unlike :func:fnmatch.fnmatch, :mod:glob treats filenames beginning with a dot (.) as special cases. (For tilde and shell variable expansion, use :func:os.path.expanduser and :func:os.path.expandvars.)

For a literal match, wrap the meta-characters in brackets. For example, '[?]' matches the character '?'.

For example, consider a directory containing only the following files: :file:1.gif, :file:2.txt, and :file:card.gif. :func:glob will produce the following results. Notice how any leading components of the path are preserved.

>>> import glob
>>> glob.glob('./[0-9].*')
['./1.gif', './2.txt']
>>> glob.glob('*.gif')
['1.gif', 'card.gif']
>>> glob.glob('?.gif')
['1.gif']


If the directory contains files starting with . they won't be matched by default. For example, consider a directory containing :file:card.gif and :file:.card.gif:

>>> import glob
>>> glob.glob('*.gif')
['card.gif']
>>> glob.glob('.c*')
['.card.gif']