Source

python-clinic / Lib / ssl.py

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# Wrapper module for _ssl, providing some additional facilities
# implemented in Python.  Written by Bill Janssen.

"""This module provides some more Pythonic support for SSL.

Object types:

  SSLSocket -- subtype of socket.socket which does SSL over the socket

Exceptions:

  SSLError -- exception raised for I/O errors

Functions:

  cert_time_to_seconds -- convert time string used for certificate
                          notBefore and notAfter functions to integer
                          seconds past the Epoch (the time values
                          returned from time.time())

  fetch_server_certificate (HOST, PORT) -- fetch the certificate provided
                          by the server running on HOST at port PORT.  No
                          validation of the certificate is performed.

Integer constants:

SSL_ERROR_ZERO_RETURN
SSL_ERROR_WANT_READ
SSL_ERROR_WANT_WRITE
SSL_ERROR_WANT_X509_LOOKUP
SSL_ERROR_SYSCALL
SSL_ERROR_SSL
SSL_ERROR_WANT_CONNECT

SSL_ERROR_EOF
SSL_ERROR_INVALID_ERROR_CODE

The following group define certificate requirements that one side is
allowing/requiring from the other side:

CERT_NONE - no certificates from the other side are required (or will
            be looked at if provided)
CERT_OPTIONAL - certificates are not required, but if provided will be
                validated, and if validation fails, the connection will
                also fail
CERT_REQUIRED - certificates are required, and will be validated, and
                if validation fails, the connection will also fail

The following constants identify various SSL protocol variants:

PROTOCOL_SSLv2
PROTOCOL_SSLv3
PROTOCOL_SSLv23
PROTOCOL_TLSv1
PROTOCOL_TLSv1_1
PROTOCOL_TLSv1_2

The following constants identify various SSL alert message descriptions as per
http://www.iana.org/assignments/tls-parameters/tls-parameters.xml#tls-parameters-6

ALERT_DESCRIPTION_CLOSE_NOTIFY
ALERT_DESCRIPTION_UNEXPECTED_MESSAGE
ALERT_DESCRIPTION_BAD_RECORD_MAC
ALERT_DESCRIPTION_RECORD_OVERFLOW
ALERT_DESCRIPTION_DECOMPRESSION_FAILURE
ALERT_DESCRIPTION_HANDSHAKE_FAILURE
ALERT_DESCRIPTION_BAD_CERTIFICATE
ALERT_DESCRIPTION_UNSUPPORTED_CERTIFICATE
ALERT_DESCRIPTION_CERTIFICATE_REVOKED
ALERT_DESCRIPTION_CERTIFICATE_EXPIRED
ALERT_DESCRIPTION_CERTIFICATE_UNKNOWN
ALERT_DESCRIPTION_ILLEGAL_PARAMETER
ALERT_DESCRIPTION_UNKNOWN_CA
ALERT_DESCRIPTION_ACCESS_DENIED
ALERT_DESCRIPTION_DECODE_ERROR
ALERT_DESCRIPTION_DECRYPT_ERROR
ALERT_DESCRIPTION_PROTOCOL_VERSION
ALERT_DESCRIPTION_INSUFFICIENT_SECURITY
ALERT_DESCRIPTION_INTERNAL_ERROR
ALERT_DESCRIPTION_USER_CANCELLED
ALERT_DESCRIPTION_NO_RENEGOTIATION
ALERT_DESCRIPTION_UNSUPPORTED_EXTENSION
ALERT_DESCRIPTION_CERTIFICATE_UNOBTAINABLE
ALERT_DESCRIPTION_UNRECOGNIZED_NAME
ALERT_DESCRIPTION_BAD_CERTIFICATE_STATUS_RESPONSE
ALERT_DESCRIPTION_BAD_CERTIFICATE_HASH_VALUE
ALERT_DESCRIPTION_UNKNOWN_PSK_IDENTITY
"""

import textwrap
import re
import sys
import os
import collections

import _ssl             # if we can't import it, let the error propagate

from _ssl import OPENSSL_VERSION_NUMBER, OPENSSL_VERSION_INFO, OPENSSL_VERSION
from _ssl import _SSLContext
from _ssl import (
    SSLError, SSLZeroReturnError, SSLWantReadError, SSLWantWriteError,
    SSLSyscallError, SSLEOFError,
    )
from _ssl import CERT_NONE, CERT_OPTIONAL, CERT_REQUIRED
from _ssl import RAND_status, RAND_egd, RAND_add, RAND_bytes, RAND_pseudo_bytes

def _import_symbols(prefix):
    for n in dir(_ssl):
        if n.startswith(prefix):
            globals()[n] = getattr(_ssl, n)

_import_symbols('OP_')
_import_symbols('ALERT_DESCRIPTION_')
_import_symbols('SSL_ERROR_')

from _ssl import HAS_SNI, HAS_ECDH, HAS_NPN

from _ssl import PROTOCOL_SSLv3, PROTOCOL_SSLv23, PROTOCOL_TLSv1
from _ssl import _OPENSSL_API_VERSION


_PROTOCOL_NAMES = {
    PROTOCOL_TLSv1: "TLSv1",
    PROTOCOL_SSLv23: "SSLv23",
    PROTOCOL_SSLv3: "SSLv3",
}
try:
    from _ssl import PROTOCOL_SSLv2
    _SSLv2_IF_EXISTS = PROTOCOL_SSLv2
except ImportError:
    _SSLv2_IF_EXISTS = None
else:
    _PROTOCOL_NAMES[PROTOCOL_SSLv2] = "SSLv2"

try:
    from _ssl import PROTOCOL_TLSv1_1, PROTOCOL_TLSv1_2
except ImportError:
    pass
else:
    _PROTOCOL_NAMES[PROTOCOL_TLSv1_1] = "TLSv1.1"
    _PROTOCOL_NAMES[PROTOCOL_TLSv1_2] = "TLSv1.2"

if sys.platform == "win32":
    from _ssl import enum_cert_store, X509_ASN_ENCODING, PKCS_7_ASN_ENCODING

from socket import getnameinfo as _getnameinfo
from socket import socket, AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, create_connection
import base64        # for DER-to-PEM translation
import traceback
import errno


socket_error = OSError  # keep that public name in module namespace

if _ssl.HAS_TLS_UNIQUE:
    CHANNEL_BINDING_TYPES = ['tls-unique']
else:
    CHANNEL_BINDING_TYPES = []

# Disable weak or insecure ciphers by default
# (OpenSSL's default setting is 'DEFAULT:!aNULL:!eNULL')
_DEFAULT_CIPHERS = 'DEFAULT:!aNULL:!eNULL:!LOW:!EXPORT:!SSLv2'


class CertificateError(ValueError):
    pass


def _dnsname_to_pat(dn, max_wildcards=1):
    pats = []
    for frag in dn.split(r'.'):
        if frag.count('*') > max_wildcards:
            # Issue #17980: avoid denials of service by refusing more
            # than one wildcard per fragment.  A survery of established
            # policy among SSL implementations showed it to be a
            # reasonable choice.
            raise CertificateError(
                "too many wildcards in certificate DNS name: " + repr(dn))
        if frag == '*':
            # When '*' is a fragment by itself, it matches a non-empty dotless
            # fragment.
            pats.append('[^.]+')
        else:
            # Otherwise, '*' matches any dotless fragment.
            frag = re.escape(frag)
            pats.append(frag.replace(r'\*', '[^.]*'))
    return re.compile(r'\A' + r'\.'.join(pats) + r'\Z', re.IGNORECASE)


def match_hostname(cert, hostname):
    """Verify that *cert* (in decoded format as returned by
    SSLSocket.getpeercert()) matches the *hostname*.  RFC 2818 rules
    are mostly followed, but IP addresses are not accepted for *hostname*.

    CertificateError is raised on failure. On success, the function
    returns nothing.
    """
    if not cert:
        raise ValueError("empty or no certificate")
    dnsnames = []
    san = cert.get('subjectAltName', ())
    for key, value in san:
        if key == 'DNS':
            if _dnsname_to_pat(value).match(hostname):
                return
            dnsnames.append(value)
    if not dnsnames:
        # The subject is only checked when there is no dNSName entry
        # in subjectAltName
        for sub in cert.get('subject', ()):
            for key, value in sub:
                # XXX according to RFC 2818, the most specific Common Name
                # must be used.
                if key == 'commonName':
                    if _dnsname_to_pat(value).match(hostname):
                        return
                    dnsnames.append(value)
    if len(dnsnames) > 1:
        raise CertificateError("hostname %r "
            "doesn't match either of %s"
            % (hostname, ', '.join(map(repr, dnsnames))))
    elif len(dnsnames) == 1:
        raise CertificateError("hostname %r "
            "doesn't match %r"
            % (hostname, dnsnames[0]))
    else:
        raise CertificateError("no appropriate commonName or "
            "subjectAltName fields were found")


DefaultVerifyPaths = collections.namedtuple("DefaultVerifyPaths",
    "cafile capath openssl_cafile_env openssl_cafile openssl_capath_env "
    "openssl_capath")

def get_default_verify_paths():
    """Return paths to default cafile and capath.
    """
    parts = _ssl.get_default_verify_paths()

    # environment vars shadow paths
    cafile = os.environ.get(parts[0], parts[1])
    capath = os.environ.get(parts[2], parts[3])

    return DefaultVerifyPaths(cafile if os.path.isfile(cafile) else None,
                              capath if os.path.isdir(capath) else None,
                              *parts)


class SSLContext(_SSLContext):
    """An SSLContext holds various SSL-related configuration options and
    data, such as certificates and possibly a private key."""

    __slots__ = ('protocol', '__weakref__')

    def __new__(cls, protocol, *args, **kwargs):
        self = _SSLContext.__new__(cls, protocol)
        if protocol != _SSLv2_IF_EXISTS:
            self.set_ciphers(_DEFAULT_CIPHERS)
        return self

    def __init__(self, protocol):
        self.protocol = protocol

    def wrap_socket(self, sock, server_side=False,
                    do_handshake_on_connect=True,
                    suppress_ragged_eofs=True,
                    server_hostname=None):
        return SSLSocket(sock=sock, server_side=server_side,
                         do_handshake_on_connect=do_handshake_on_connect,
                         suppress_ragged_eofs=suppress_ragged_eofs,
                         server_hostname=server_hostname,
                         _context=self)

    def set_npn_protocols(self, npn_protocols):
        protos = bytearray()
        for protocol in npn_protocols:
            b = bytes(protocol, 'ascii')
            if len(b) == 0 or len(b) > 255:
                raise SSLError('NPN protocols must be 1 to 255 in length')
            protos.append(len(b))
            protos.extend(b)

        self._set_npn_protocols(protos)


class SSLSocket(socket):
    """This class implements a subtype of socket.socket that wraps
    the underlying OS socket in an SSL context when necessary, and
    provides read and write methods over that channel."""

    def __init__(self, sock=None, keyfile=None, certfile=None,
                 server_side=False, cert_reqs=CERT_NONE,
                 ssl_version=PROTOCOL_SSLv23, ca_certs=None,
                 do_handshake_on_connect=True,
                 family=AF_INET, type=SOCK_STREAM, proto=0, fileno=None,
                 suppress_ragged_eofs=True, npn_protocols=None, ciphers=None,
                 server_hostname=None,
                 _context=None):

        if _context:
            self._context = _context
        else:
            if server_side and not certfile:
                raise ValueError("certfile must be specified for server-side "
                                 "operations")
            if keyfile and not certfile:
                raise ValueError("certfile must be specified")
            if certfile and not keyfile:
                keyfile = certfile
            self._context = SSLContext(ssl_version)
            self._context.verify_mode = cert_reqs
            if ca_certs:
                self._context.load_verify_locations(ca_certs)
            if certfile:
                self._context.load_cert_chain(certfile, keyfile)
            if npn_protocols:
                self._context.set_npn_protocols(npn_protocols)
            if ciphers:
                self._context.set_ciphers(ciphers)
            self.keyfile = keyfile
            self.certfile = certfile
            self.cert_reqs = cert_reqs
            self.ssl_version = ssl_version
            self.ca_certs = ca_certs
            self.ciphers = ciphers
        if server_side and server_hostname:
            raise ValueError("server_hostname can only be specified "
                             "in client mode")
        self.server_side = server_side
        self.server_hostname = server_hostname
        self.do_handshake_on_connect = do_handshake_on_connect
        self.suppress_ragged_eofs = suppress_ragged_eofs
        if sock is not None:
            socket.__init__(self,
                            family=sock.family,
                            type=sock.type,
                            proto=sock.proto,
                            fileno=sock.fileno())
            self.settimeout(sock.gettimeout())
            sock.detach()
        elif fileno is not None:
            socket.__init__(self, fileno=fileno)
        else:
            socket.__init__(self, family=family, type=type, proto=proto)

        # See if we are connected
        try:
            self.getpeername()
        except OSError as e:
            if e.errno != errno.ENOTCONN:
                raise
            connected = False
        else:
            connected = True

        self._closed = False
        self._sslobj = None
        self._connected = connected
        if connected:
            # create the SSL object
            try:
                self._sslobj = self._context._wrap_socket(self, server_side,
                                                         server_hostname)
                if do_handshake_on_connect:
                    timeout = self.gettimeout()
                    if timeout == 0.0:
                        # non-blocking
                        raise ValueError("do_handshake_on_connect should not be specified for non-blocking sockets")
                    self.do_handshake()

            except OSError as x:
                self.close()
                raise x

    @property
    def context(self):
        return self._context

    @context.setter
    def context(self, ctx):
        self._context = ctx
        self._sslobj.context = ctx

    def dup(self):
        raise NotImplemented("Can't dup() %s instances" %
                             self.__class__.__name__)

    def _checkClosed(self, msg=None):
        # raise an exception here if you wish to check for spurious closes
        pass

    def _check_connected(self):
        if not self._connected:
            # getpeername() will raise ENOTCONN if the socket is really
            # not connected; note that we can be connected even without
            # _connected being set, e.g. if connect() first returned
            # EAGAIN.
            self.getpeername()

    def read(self, len=0, buffer=None):
        """Read up to LEN bytes and return them.
        Return zero-length string on EOF."""

        self._checkClosed()
        if not self._sslobj:
            raise ValueError("Read on closed or unwrapped SSL socket.")
        try:
            if buffer is not None:
                v = self._sslobj.read(len, buffer)
            else:
                v = self._sslobj.read(len or 1024)
            return v
        except SSLError as x:
            if x.args[0] == SSL_ERROR_EOF and self.suppress_ragged_eofs:
                if buffer is not None:
                    return 0
                else:
                    return b''
            else:
                raise

    def write(self, data):
        """Write DATA to the underlying SSL channel.  Returns
        number of bytes of DATA actually transmitted."""

        self._checkClosed()
        if not self._sslobj:
            raise ValueError("Write on closed or unwrapped SSL socket.")
        return self._sslobj.write(data)

    def getpeercert(self, binary_form=False):
        """Returns a formatted version of the data in the
        certificate provided by the other end of the SSL channel.
        Return None if no certificate was provided, {} if a
        certificate was provided, but not validated."""

        self._checkClosed()
        self._check_connected()
        return self._sslobj.peer_certificate(binary_form)

    def selected_npn_protocol(self):
        self._checkClosed()
        if not self._sslobj or not _ssl.HAS_NPN:
            return None
        else:
            return self._sslobj.selected_npn_protocol()

    def cipher(self):
        self._checkClosed()
        if not self._sslobj:
            return None
        else:
            return self._sslobj.cipher()

    def compression(self):
        self._checkClosed()
        if not self._sslobj:
            return None
        else:
            return self._sslobj.compression()

    def send(self, data, flags=0):
        self._checkClosed()
        if self._sslobj:
            if flags != 0:
                raise ValueError(
                    "non-zero flags not allowed in calls to send() on %s" %
                    self.__class__)
            try:
                v = self._sslobj.write(data)
            except SSLError as x:
                if x.args[0] == SSL_ERROR_WANT_READ:
                    return 0
                elif x.args[0] == SSL_ERROR_WANT_WRITE:
                    return 0
                else:
                    raise
            else:
                return v
        else:
            return socket.send(self, data, flags)

    def sendto(self, data, flags_or_addr, addr=None):
        self._checkClosed()
        if self._sslobj:
            raise ValueError("sendto not allowed on instances of %s" %
                             self.__class__)
        elif addr is None:
            return socket.sendto(self, data, flags_or_addr)
        else:
            return socket.sendto(self, data, flags_or_addr, addr)

    def sendmsg(self, *args, **kwargs):
        # Ensure programs don't send data unencrypted if they try to
        # use this method.
        raise NotImplementedError("sendmsg not allowed on instances of %s" %
                                  self.__class__)

    def sendall(self, data, flags=0):
        self._checkClosed()
        if self._sslobj:
            if flags != 0:
                raise ValueError(
                    "non-zero flags not allowed in calls to sendall() on %s" %
                    self.__class__)
            amount = len(data)
            count = 0
            while (count < amount):
                v = self.send(data[count:])
                count += v
            return amount
        else:
            return socket.sendall(self, data, flags)

    def recv(self, buflen=1024, flags=0):
        self._checkClosed()
        if self._sslobj:
            if flags != 0:
                raise ValueError(
                    "non-zero flags not allowed in calls to recv() on %s" %
                    self.__class__)
            return self.read(buflen)
        else:
            return socket.recv(self, buflen, flags)

    def recv_into(self, buffer, nbytes=None, flags=0):
        self._checkClosed()
        if buffer and (nbytes is None):
            nbytes = len(buffer)
        elif nbytes is None:
            nbytes = 1024
        if self._sslobj:
            if flags != 0:
                raise ValueError(
                  "non-zero flags not allowed in calls to recv_into() on %s" %
                  self.__class__)
            return self.read(nbytes, buffer)
        else:
            return socket.recv_into(self, buffer, nbytes, flags)

    def recvfrom(self, buflen=1024, flags=0):
        self._checkClosed()
        if self._sslobj:
            raise ValueError("recvfrom not allowed on instances of %s" %
                             self.__class__)
        else:
            return socket.recvfrom(self, buflen, flags)

    def recvfrom_into(self, buffer, nbytes=None, flags=0):
        self._checkClosed()
        if self._sslobj:
            raise ValueError("recvfrom_into not allowed on instances of %s" %
                             self.__class__)
        else:
            return socket.recvfrom_into(self, buffer, nbytes, flags)

    def recvmsg(self, *args, **kwargs):
        raise NotImplementedError("recvmsg not allowed on instances of %s" %
                                  self.__class__)

    def recvmsg_into(self, *args, **kwargs):
        raise NotImplementedError("recvmsg_into not allowed on instances of "
                                  "%s" % self.__class__)

    def pending(self):
        self._checkClosed()
        if self._sslobj:
            return self._sslobj.pending()
        else:
            return 0

    def shutdown(self, how):
        self._checkClosed()
        self._sslobj = None
        socket.shutdown(self, how)

    def unwrap(self):
        if self._sslobj:
            s = self._sslobj.shutdown()
            self._sslobj = None
            return s
        else:
            raise ValueError("No SSL wrapper around " + str(self))

    def _real_close(self):
        self._sslobj = None
        socket._real_close(self)

    def do_handshake(self, block=False):
        """Perform a TLS/SSL handshake."""
        self._check_connected()
        timeout = self.gettimeout()
        try:
            if timeout == 0.0 and block:
                self.settimeout(None)
            self._sslobj.do_handshake()
        finally:
            self.settimeout(timeout)

    def _real_connect(self, addr, connect_ex):
        if self.server_side:
            raise ValueError("can't connect in server-side mode")
        # Here we assume that the socket is client-side, and not
        # connected at the time of the call.  We connect it, then wrap it.
        if self._connected:
            raise ValueError("attempt to connect already-connected SSLSocket!")
        self._sslobj = self.context._wrap_socket(self, False, self.server_hostname)
        try:
            if connect_ex:
                rc = socket.connect_ex(self, addr)
            else:
                rc = None
                socket.connect(self, addr)
            if not rc:
                self._connected = True
                if self.do_handshake_on_connect:
                    self.do_handshake()
            return rc
        except OSError:
            self._sslobj = None
            raise

    def connect(self, addr):
        """Connects to remote ADDR, and then wraps the connection in
        an SSL channel."""
        self._real_connect(addr, False)

    def connect_ex(self, addr):
        """Connects to remote ADDR, and then wraps the connection in
        an SSL channel."""
        return self._real_connect(addr, True)

    def accept(self):
        """Accepts a new connection from a remote client, and returns
        a tuple containing that new connection wrapped with a server-side
        SSL channel, and the address of the remote client."""

        newsock, addr = socket.accept(self)
        newsock = self.context.wrap_socket(newsock,
                    do_handshake_on_connect=self.do_handshake_on_connect,
                    suppress_ragged_eofs=self.suppress_ragged_eofs,
                    server_side=True)
        return newsock, addr

    def get_channel_binding(self, cb_type="tls-unique"):
        """Get channel binding data for current connection.  Raise ValueError
        if the requested `cb_type` is not supported.  Return bytes of the data
        or None if the data is not available (e.g. before the handshake).
        """
        if cb_type not in CHANNEL_BINDING_TYPES:
            raise ValueError("Unsupported channel binding type")
        if cb_type != "tls-unique":
            raise NotImplementedError(
                            "{0} channel binding type not implemented"
                            .format(cb_type))
        if self._sslobj is None:
            return None
        return self._sslobj.tls_unique_cb()


def wrap_socket(sock, keyfile=None, certfile=None,
                server_side=False, cert_reqs=CERT_NONE,
                ssl_version=PROTOCOL_SSLv23, ca_certs=None,
                do_handshake_on_connect=True,
                suppress_ragged_eofs=True,
                ciphers=None):

    return SSLSocket(sock=sock, keyfile=keyfile, certfile=certfile,
                     server_side=server_side, cert_reqs=cert_reqs,
                     ssl_version=ssl_version, ca_certs=ca_certs,
                     do_handshake_on_connect=do_handshake_on_connect,
                     suppress_ragged_eofs=suppress_ragged_eofs,
                     ciphers=ciphers)

# some utility functions

def cert_time_to_seconds(cert_time):
    """Takes a date-time string in standard ASN1_print form
    ("MON DAY 24HOUR:MINUTE:SEC YEAR TIMEZONE") and return
    a Python time value in seconds past the epoch."""

    import time
    return time.mktime(time.strptime(cert_time, "%b %d %H:%M:%S %Y GMT"))

PEM_HEADER = "-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----"
PEM_FOOTER = "-----END CERTIFICATE-----"

def DER_cert_to_PEM_cert(der_cert_bytes):
    """Takes a certificate in binary DER format and returns the
    PEM version of it as a string."""

    f = str(base64.standard_b64encode(der_cert_bytes), 'ASCII', 'strict')
    return (PEM_HEADER + '\n' +
            textwrap.fill(f, 64) + '\n' +
            PEM_FOOTER + '\n')

def PEM_cert_to_DER_cert(pem_cert_string):
    """Takes a certificate in ASCII PEM format and returns the
    DER-encoded version of it as a byte sequence"""

    if not pem_cert_string.startswith(PEM_HEADER):
        raise ValueError("Invalid PEM encoding; must start with %s"
                         % PEM_HEADER)
    if not pem_cert_string.strip().endswith(PEM_FOOTER):
        raise ValueError("Invalid PEM encoding; must end with %s"
                         % PEM_FOOTER)
    d = pem_cert_string.strip()[len(PEM_HEADER):-len(PEM_FOOTER)]
    return base64.decodebytes(d.encode('ASCII', 'strict'))

def get_server_certificate(addr, ssl_version=PROTOCOL_SSLv3, ca_certs=None):
    """Retrieve the certificate from the server at the specified address,
    and return it as a PEM-encoded string.
    If 'ca_certs' is specified, validate the server cert against it.
    If 'ssl_version' is specified, use it in the connection attempt."""

    host, port = addr
    if (ca_certs is not None):
        cert_reqs = CERT_REQUIRED
    else:
        cert_reqs = CERT_NONE
    s = create_connection(addr)
    s = wrap_socket(s, ssl_version=ssl_version,
                    cert_reqs=cert_reqs, ca_certs=ca_certs)
    dercert = s.getpeercert(True)
    s.close()
    return DER_cert_to_PEM_cert(dercert)

def get_protocol_name(protocol_code):
    return _PROTOCOL_NAMES.get(protocol_code, '<unknown>')
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