gd-libgd / src / gd_gif_in.c

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#include <stdio.h>
#include <math.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include "gd.h"

/* Used only when debugging GIF compression code */
/* #define DEBUGGING_ENVARS */

#ifdef DEBUGGING_ENVARS

static int verbose_set = 0;
static int verbose;
#define VERBOSE (verbose_set?verbose:set_verbose())

static int set_verbose(void)
{
 verbose = !!getenv("GIF_VERBOSE");
 verbose_set = 1;
 return(verbose);
}

#else

#define VERBOSE 0

#endif


#define        MAXCOLORMAPSIZE         256

#define        TRUE    1
#define        FALSE   0

#define CM_RED         0
#define CM_GREEN       1
#define CM_BLUE                2

#define        MAX_LWZ_BITS            12

#define INTERLACE              0x40
#define LOCALCOLORMAP  0x80
#define BitSet(byte, bit)      (((byte) & (bit)) == (bit))

#define        ReadOK(file,buffer,len) (gdGetBuf(buffer, len, file) > 0)

#define LM_to_uint(a,b)                        (((b)<<8)|(a))

/* We may eventually want to use this information, but def it out for now */
#if 0
static struct {
       unsigned int    Width;
       unsigned int    Height;
       unsigned char   ColorMap[3][MAXCOLORMAPSIZE];
       unsigned int    BitPixel;
       unsigned int    ColorResolution;
       unsigned int    Background;
       unsigned int    AspectRatio;
} GifScreen;
#endif

#if 0
static struct {
       int     transparent;
       int     delayTime;
       int     inputFlag;
       int     disposal;
} Gif89 = { -1, -1, -1, 0 };
#endif

static int ReadColorMap (gdIOCtx *fd, int number, unsigned char (*buffer)[256]);
static int DoExtension (gdIOCtx *fd, int label, int *Transparent, int *ZeroDataBlockP);
static int GetDataBlock (gdIOCtx *fd, unsigned char *buf, int *ZeroDataBlockP);
static int GetCode (gdIOCtx *fd, int code_size, int flag, int *ZeroDataBlockP);
static int LWZReadByte (gdIOCtx *fd, int flag, int input_code_size, int *ZeroDataBlockP);

static void ReadImage (gdImagePtr im, gdIOCtx *fd, int len, int height, unsigned char (*cmap)[256], int interlace, int *ZeroDataBlockP); /*1.4//, int ignore); */

BGD_DECLARE(gdImagePtr) gdImageCreateFromGif(FILE *fdFile)
{
        gdIOCtx		*fd = gdNewFileCtx(fdFile);
        gdImagePtr    	im = 0;

        im = gdImageCreateFromGifCtx(fd);

        fd->gd_free(fd);

        return im;
}

BGD_DECLARE(gdImagePtr) gdImageCreateFromGifPtr (int size, void *data)
{
  gdImagePtr im;
  gdIOCtx *in = gdNewDynamicCtxEx (size, data, 0);
  im = gdImageCreateFromGifCtx (in);
  in->gd_free (in);
  return im;
}

BGD_DECLARE(gdImagePtr) gdImageCreateFromGifCtx(gdIOCtxPtr fd)
{
       int BitPixel;
#if 0
       int ColorResolution;
       int Background;
       int AspectRatio;
#endif
       int Transparent = (-1);
       unsigned char   buf[16];
       unsigned char   c;
       unsigned char   ColorMap[3][MAXCOLORMAPSIZE];
       unsigned char   localColorMap[3][MAXCOLORMAPSIZE];
       int             imw, imh;
       int             useGlobalColormap;
       int             bitPixel;
       int	       i;
       /*1.4//int             imageCount = 0; */
       /* 2.0.28: threadsafe storage */
       int ZeroDataBlock = FALSE;

       gdImagePtr im = 0;
       if (! ReadOK(fd,buf,6)) {
		return 0;
	}
       if (strncmp((char *)buf,"GIF",3) != 0) {
		return 0;
	}

       if ((strncmp((char *)buf+3, "87a", 3) != 0) && (strncmp((char *)buf+3, "89a", 3) != 0)) {
		return 0;
	}
       if (! ReadOK(fd,buf,7)) {
		return 0;
	}
       BitPixel        = 2<<(buf[4]&0x07);
#if 0
       ColorResolution = (int) (((buf[4]&0x70)>>3)+1);
       Background      = buf[5];
       AspectRatio     = buf[6];
#endif
	   imw = LM_to_uint(buf[0],buf[1]);
	   imh = LM_to_uint(buf[2],buf[3]);

       if (BitSet(buf[4], LOCALCOLORMAP)) {    /* Global Colormap */
               if (ReadColorMap(fd, BitPixel, ColorMap)) {
			return 0;
		}
       }
       for (;;) {
               if (! ReadOK(fd,&c,1)) {
                       return 0;
               }
               if (c == ';') {         /* GIF terminator */
			goto terminated;
	       }

               if (c == '!') {         /* Extension */
                       if (! ReadOK(fd,&c,1)) {
                               return 0;
                       }
                       DoExtension(fd, c, &Transparent, &ZeroDataBlock);
                       continue;
               }

               if (c != ',') {         /* Not a valid start character */
                       continue;
               }

               /*1.4//++imageCount; */

               if (! ReadOK(fd,buf,9)) {
	               return 0;
               }

               useGlobalColormap = ! BitSet(buf[8], LOCALCOLORMAP);

               bitPixel = 1<<((buf[8]&0x07)+1);


			   if (!useGlobalColormap) {
				   if (ReadColorMap(fd, bitPixel, localColorMap)) {
					   return 0;
				   }
			   }

			   if (!(im = gdImageCreate(imw, imh))) {
				   return 0;
			   }
			   im->interlace = BitSet(buf[8], INTERLACE);
               if (! useGlobalColormap) {
                       if (ReadColorMap(fd, bitPixel, localColorMap)) { 
                                 return 0;
                       }
                       ReadImage(im, fd, imw, imh, localColorMap, 
                                 BitSet(buf[8], INTERLACE), &ZeroDataBlock); 
               } else {
                       ReadImage(im, fd, imw, imh,
                                 ColorMap, 
                                 BitSet(buf[8], INTERLACE), &ZeroDataBlock);
               }
               if (Transparent != (-1)) {
                       gdImageColorTransparent(im, Transparent);
               }	   
	       goto terminated;
       }

terminated:
       /* Terminator before any image was declared! */
       if (!im) {
		return 0;
       }
	   if (!im->colorsTotal) {
		   gdImageDestroy(im);
		   return 0;
	   }
       /* Check for open colors at the end, so
          we can reduce colorsTotal and ultimately
          BitsPerPixel */
       for (i=((im->colorsTotal-1)); (i>=0); i--) {
		if (im->open[i]) {
                	im->colorsTotal--;
                } else {
                	break;
                }
       } 
       return im;
}

static int
ReadColorMap(gdIOCtx *fd, int number, unsigned char (*buffer)[256])
{
       int             i;
       unsigned char   rgb[3];


       for (i = 0; i < number; ++i) {
               if (! ReadOK(fd, rgb, sizeof(rgb))) {
                       return TRUE;
               }
               buffer[CM_RED][i] = rgb[0] ;
               buffer[CM_GREEN][i] = rgb[1] ;
               buffer[CM_BLUE][i] = rgb[2] ;
       }


       return FALSE;
}

static int
DoExtension(gdIOCtx *fd, int label, int *Transparent, int *ZeroDataBlockP)
{
       static unsigned char     buf[256];

       switch (label) {
       case 0xf9:              /* Graphic Control Extension */
               (void) GetDataBlock(fd, (unsigned char*) buf, ZeroDataBlockP);
#if 0
               Gif89.disposal    = (buf[0] >> 2) & 0x7;
               Gif89.inputFlag   = (buf[0] >> 1) & 0x1;
               Gif89.delayTime   = LM_to_uint(buf[1],buf[2]);
#endif
               if ((buf[0] & 0x1) != 0)
                       *Transparent = buf[3];

               while (GetDataBlock(fd, (unsigned char*) buf, ZeroDataBlockP) > 0)
                       ;
               return FALSE;
       default:
               break;
       }
       while (GetDataBlock(fd, (unsigned char*) buf, ZeroDataBlockP) > 0)
               ;

       return FALSE;
}

static int
GetDataBlock_(gdIOCtx *fd, unsigned char *buf, int *ZeroDataBlockP)
{
       unsigned char   count;

       if (! ReadOK(fd,&count,1)) {
               return -1;
       }

       *ZeroDataBlockP = count == 0;

       if ((count != 0) && (! ReadOK(fd, buf, count))) {
               return -1;
       }

       return count;
}

static int
GetDataBlock(gdIOCtx *fd, unsigned char *buf, int *ZeroDataBlockP)
{
 int rv;
 int i;

 rv = GetDataBlock_(fd,buf, ZeroDataBlockP);
 if (VERBOSE)
  { printf("[GetDataBlock returning %d",rv);
    if (rv > 0)
     { printf(":");
       for (i=0;i<rv;i++) printf(" %02x",buf[i]);
     }
    printf("]\n");
  }
 return(rv);
}

static int
GetCode_(gdIOCtx *fd, int code_size, int flag, int *ZeroDataBlockP)
{
       static unsigned char    buf[280];
       static int              curbit, lastbit, done, last_byte;
       int                     i, j, ret;
       unsigned char           count;

       if (flag) {
               curbit = 0;
               lastbit = 0;
               done = FALSE;
               return 0;
       }

       if ( (curbit+code_size) >= lastbit) {
               if (done) {
                       if (curbit >= lastbit) {
                                /* Oh well */
                       }                        
                       return -1;
               }
               buf[0] = buf[last_byte-2];
               buf[1] = buf[last_byte-1];

               if ((count = GetDataBlock(fd, &buf[2], ZeroDataBlockP)) <= 0)
                       done = TRUE;

               last_byte = 2 + count;
               curbit = (curbit - lastbit) + 16;
               lastbit = (2+count)*8 ;
       }

       ret = 0;
       for (i = curbit, j = 0; j < code_size; ++i, ++j)
               ret |= ((buf[ i / 8 ] & (1 << (i % 8))) != 0) << j;

       curbit += code_size;
       return ret;
}

static int
GetCode(gdIOCtx *fd, int code_size, int flag, int *ZeroDataBlockP)
{
 int rv;

 rv = GetCode_(fd,code_size,flag, ZeroDataBlockP);
 if (VERBOSE) printf("[GetCode(,%d,%d) returning %d]\n",code_size,flag,rv);
 return(rv);
}

#define STACK_SIZE ((1<<(MAX_LWZ_BITS))*2)
static int
LWZReadByte_(gdIOCtx *fd, int flag, int input_code_size, int *ZeroDataBlockP)
{
       static int      fresh = FALSE;
       int             code, incode;
       static int      code_size, set_code_size;
       static int      max_code, max_code_size;
       static int      firstcode, oldcode;
       static int      clear_code, end_code;
       static int      table[2][(1<< MAX_LWZ_BITS)];
       static int      stack[STACK_SIZE], *sp;
       register int    i;

       if (flag) {
               set_code_size = input_code_size;
               code_size = set_code_size+1;
               clear_code = 1 << set_code_size ;
               end_code = clear_code + 1;
               max_code_size = 2*clear_code;
               max_code = clear_code+2;

               GetCode(fd, 0, TRUE, ZeroDataBlockP);
               
               fresh = TRUE;

               for (i = 0; i < clear_code; ++i) {
                       table[0][i] = 0;
                       table[1][i] = i;
               }
               for (; i < (1<<MAX_LWZ_BITS); ++i)
                       table[0][i] = table[1][0] = 0;

               sp = stack;

               return 0;
       } else if (fresh) {
               fresh = FALSE;
               do {
                       firstcode = oldcode =
                               GetCode(fd, code_size, FALSE, ZeroDataBlockP);
               } while (firstcode == clear_code);
               return firstcode;
       }

       if (sp > stack)
               return *--sp;

       while ((code = GetCode(fd, code_size, FALSE, ZeroDataBlockP)) >= 0) {
               if (code == clear_code) {
                       for (i = 0; i < clear_code; ++i) {
                               table[0][i] = 0;
                               table[1][i] = i;
                       }
                       for (; i < (1<<MAX_LWZ_BITS); ++i)
                               table[0][i] = table[1][i] = 0;
                       code_size = set_code_size+1;
                       max_code_size = 2*clear_code;
                       max_code = clear_code+2;
                       sp = stack;
                       firstcode = oldcode =
                                       GetCode(fd, code_size, FALSE, ZeroDataBlockP);
                       return firstcode;
               } else if (code == end_code) {
                       int             count;
                       unsigned char   buf[260];

                       if (*ZeroDataBlockP)
                               return -2;

                       while ((count = GetDataBlock(fd, buf, ZeroDataBlockP)) > 0)
                               ;

                       if (count != 0)
                       return -2;
               }

               incode = code;

	       if (sp == (stack + STACK_SIZE)) {
		       /* Bad compressed data stream */
		       return -1;
	       }

               if (code >= max_code) {
                       *sp++ = firstcode;
                       code = oldcode;
               }

               while (code >= clear_code) {
		       if (sp == (stack + STACK_SIZE)) {
			       /* Bad compressed data stream */
			       return -1;
		       }
                       *sp++ = table[1][code];
                       if (code == table[0][code]) {
                               /* Oh well */
                       }
                       code = table[0][code];
               }

               *sp++ = firstcode = table[1][code];

               if ((code = max_code) <(1<<MAX_LWZ_BITS)) {
                       table[0][code] = oldcode;
                       table[1][code] = firstcode;
                       ++max_code;
                       if ((max_code >= max_code_size) &&
                               (max_code_size < (1<<MAX_LWZ_BITS))) {
                               max_code_size *= 2;
                               ++code_size;
                       }
               }

               oldcode = incode;

               if (sp > stack)
                       return *--sp;
       }
       return code;
}

static int
LWZReadByte(gdIOCtx *fd, int flag, int input_code_size, int *ZeroDataBlockP)
{
 int rv;

 rv = LWZReadByte_(fd,flag,input_code_size, ZeroDataBlockP);
 if (VERBOSE) printf("[LWZReadByte(,%d,%d) returning %d]\n",flag,input_code_size,rv);
 return(rv);
}

static void
ReadImage(gdImagePtr im, gdIOCtx *fd, int len, int height, unsigned char (*cmap)[256], int interlace, int *ZeroDataBlockP) /*1.4//, int ignore) */
{
       unsigned char   c;      
       int             v;
       int             xpos = 0, ypos = 0, pass = 0;
       int i;

       /*
       **  Initialize the Compression routines
       */
       if (! ReadOK(fd,&c,1)) {
               return; 
       }

		if (c > MAX_LWZ_BITS) {
			return;	
		}

       /* Stash the color map into the image */
       for (i=0; (i<gdMaxColors); i++) {
               im->red[i] = cmap[CM_RED][i];	
               im->green[i] = cmap[CM_GREEN][i];	
               im->blue[i] = cmap[CM_BLUE][i];	
               im->open[i] = 1;
       }
       /* Many (perhaps most) of these colors will remain marked open. */
       im->colorsTotal = gdMaxColors;
       if (LWZReadByte(fd, TRUE, c, ZeroDataBlockP) < 0) {
               return;
       }

       /*
       **  If this is an "uninteresting picture" ignore it.
       **  REMOVED For 1.4
       */
       /*if (ignore) { */
       /*        while (LWZReadByte(fd, FALSE, c) >= 0) */
       /*                ; */
       /*        return; */
       /*} */

       while ((v = LWZReadByte(fd,FALSE,c, ZeroDataBlockP)) >= 0 ) {
               /* This how we recognize which colors are actually used. */
               if (im->open[v]) {
                       im->open[v] = 0;
               }
               gdImageSetPixel(im, xpos, ypos, v);
               ++xpos;
               if (xpos == len) {
                       xpos = 0;
                       if (interlace) {
                               switch (pass) {
                               case 0:
                               case 1:
                                       ypos += 8; break;
                               case 2:
                                       ypos += 4; break;
                               case 3:
                                       ypos += 2; break;
                               }

                               if (ypos >= height) {
                                       ++pass;
                                       switch (pass) {
                                       case 1:
                                               ypos = 4; break;
                                       case 2:
                                               ypos = 2; break;
                                       case 3:
                                               ypos = 1; break;
                                       default:
                                               goto fini;
                                       }
                               }
                       } else {
                               ++ypos;
                       }
               }
               if (ypos >= height)
                       break;
       }

fini:
       if (LWZReadByte(fd,FALSE,c, ZeroDataBlockP)>=0) {
               /* Ignore extra */
       }
}
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