1. libsleipnir
  2. sleipnir


sleipnir / INSTALL

This file describes the dependencies, configuration and build options,
and other information specific to Sleipnir.

For more information specific to this package, please visit

Documentation about Sleipnir programs can be built (in doc/) with
Doxygen or, in most cases, viewed online at

Getting Started

You may wish to get started by checking how the software will be
configured based on your current system and the default options. To do
this, simply start by typing:

   % sh ./gen_auto
   % sh ./configure LDFLAGS=-static

First, this will generate the necessary autoconf (configure) and
automake files.

Second, configure will attempt to check your compiler and details
about the development environment on your system (looking for required
headers, libraries, the characteristics of specific functions in
those libraries, etc.). At the end, you will see a summary of the
primary package dependencies and information about what library
options and tools are supported.

Note that the LDFLAGS=-static will cause the library and all tools
to be built statically (not using dynamic or shared libraries). This
has been known to avoid certain run-time issues on some linux
platforms. Also, it allows the library and tools to be built using
libraries that are compiled but not installed. (For example, if you
have built a library within your home directory, you can just use the
build directory instead of fully installing the library (which may
require administrator status).)

If some dependencies are missing, check the Dependencies section.


Before reading further, you should know that there are a couple of
important facts that are buried elsewhere in this document that need
to be made more obvious. So I put them here as well.

log4cpp (optional)

Some systems do not have the static library installed. You may need to
download log4cpp and build it from source to get the static library.

SMILE (optional)

Smile is distibuted as binary (headers and library), all in one
directory.  In order for most compilers to find the headers and the
library, they typically need to be installed in separate
directories. Further, the headers are sometimes put in a smile/
directory (ie. /usr/include/smile/smile.h). The compiler may complain
that the headers are not found. The solution to this is to use
--with-smile=(dir), where (dir) may contain smile.h, smile/smile.h,
include/smile.h, or include/smile.h. and also either libsmile.a or

SVM Perf (optional)

When building this from source, the Makefile distributed with it does
not actually make the library (libsvmperf.a). You will need to make
this yourself. From within the svm_perf source code top level
directory, do:

   % ar rcs libsvmperf.a *.o */*.o

Use --with-svm-perf=(dir) to point configure to the source top level
directory and you should be fine.

LibSVM (optional)

When building this from source, the Makefile distributed with it does
not actually make the library (liblibsvm.a). You will need to make
this yourself. From the parent directory of the libsvm source code top level
directory, do:

   % ar rcs liblibsvm.a libsvm/*.o

Use --with-libsvm=(dir) to point configure to the source top level
directory and you should be fine.

Known compilation problems

Alpha OSF/1 4.0 cxx isn't up-to-date enough to build gengetopt, 
but gcc works fine on that system.

Compiler configuration

The `configure' shell script is responsible for choosing and configuring
the compiler(s). 

The following options allow you to specify whether you
want to enable or disable various debugging mechanisms:

      Make the compilers very picky about warnings. Try this whenever you
      write new code since it may catch a few bugs. This is not active by
      default because all too often warnings can be too picky and scare
      the end-user.

All programs are compiled with optimization level 2 by default (-O2).
Occasionally that confuses the debugger when code is inlined. To disable
optimization and enable debugging, set the shell environment variables
CFLAGS, CXXFLAGS, FFLAGS to `-g'. On the bash shell, you can do this
like this:
   $ export CFLAGS="-g"
   $ export CXXFLAGS="-g"
   $ export FFLAGS="-g"
On the tcsh shell, use the `setenv' command instead:
   % setenv CFLAGS "-g"
For other shell, please consult your shell's documentation.

Similarly, you can increase the optimization level by assigning these
variables to "-g -O3". 


Certain tools require specific optional libraries, and some features
of the Sleipnir library are enabled if certain optional libraries are

If these are installed in standard locations, there's a good chance
the build programs will find them. However, if they are not found, you
can specify their locations with "--with-*" arguments to configure
(see below). If you download and build them, you do not need to
actually install them. You can just point configure to the build
directories, so long as you use LDFLAGS=-static.

[ pthreads ]

This is required by everything. This is ubiquitous and available on most systems.
For Windows, you may need the pthreads-w32 library.

[ log4cpp ]
Requires pthreads.

This is available as binary or source, and in easily-installed
packages on some platforms.

Some installations do not have a static library. In this case, you may
choose to download it and build it yourself. There is also some code
included in Sleipnir (the log4cpp "stub") which attempts to provide
minimal functionality in the absence of this library. Better logging
is done with the actual library, so using that is recommended.

Recommended, required for Bayesian networks (and BN* tools, SpeciesConnector,
Contexter, Counter, Data2DB, DSLConverter, Dab2Dad, Edges2Posteriors,
and MEFIT)

This is available in binary only. It was last seen at http://genie.sis.pitt.edu/.

NOTE: Due to the way SMILE is distributed and typically installed,
gcc (or whatever) probably cannot find it on its own, so you most
likely will need to use --with-smile=(dir), even if it is only
--with-smile=/usr/local/ or even --with-smile=/usr/.

[ SVM Perf ]
Recommended, required for SVM support (and Data2Svm, SVMer, SVMperfer).

This was least seen at http://svmlight.joachims.org/.

[ LibSVM ]
Recommended, required for LibSVM

[ Vowpal Wabbit ]
Required for VWer, optional for library.
Requires pthreads, boost::program_options, and zlib.

[ GNU Gengetopt ]

This is only required for updating cmdline.[ch] files if those become
out of date.

[ readline ]
Required for OntoShell.
Requires ncurses.

[ ncurses ]
Required for OntoShell.

[ Boost ]
The graph and regex libraries are required for BNServer.


A. Run "./gen-auto" to create autoconf (eg. configure) and automake files

B. Options for configure

To see all available options, do

   % sh configure --help

Any of the '--with-*' options may instead be set to "no", which will
force them to be excluded.


The default installation prefix is /usr/local. If you specify a
directory, the files will be installed in "include", "bin", and "lib"
within that directory.


If this is needed and not already found in your PATH, you can tell
configure the path using this. For example:


If not already found, use this to point to the installation prefix or
the build directory. Configure will look within this directory for
include/log4cpp/Category.hh and either lib/liblog4cpp.a or
src/.libs/liblog4cpp.a (depending on whether this is the install
prefix or build directory).


Specify the installation prefix for SMILE (which is only distributed
as binary). Configure will look within this directory for smile.h,
smile/smile.h, include/smile.h, or include/smile/smile.h,
and libsmile.a or lib/libsmile.a. (SMILE follows its own installation


Specify the installation or build directory for SVM Perf. Configure
will look for svm_struct_api.h and libsvmperf.a either in this
directory or within include and lib directories (respectively).


Specify the installation or build directory for LibSVM. Configure
will look for svm.h and liblibsvm.a either in this
directory or within include and lib directories (respectively).


Help configure find the vw.h and libvw.a files for this library. This
can be the installation prefix or the build directory. Configure will
look in this directory and within include and lib subdirectories


Use this to tell configure where to look for the boost/graph/graphviz.hpp,
libboost_graph.a, and libboost_regex.a files. The exact paths may vary.

C. Run "make"

This may generate some warnings. That is probably ok, as long as the
build actually succeeds. It may take a while...

D. Run "make install"

This will copy the programs, libraries, and headers to the bin, lib,
and include installation directories under that specified by --prefix
(/usr/local by default).

Example build

# The following assumes the dependencies are in a single
# directory, $HOME/extlib, and that you have privileges to
# write in /usr/local/sleipnir

% hg clone https://bitbucket.org/libsleipnir/sleipnir
% cd sleipnir
% sh ./gen_auto
% extlib=$HOME/extlib
% sh ./configure LDFLAGS=-static --prefix=/usr/local/sleipnir/2.1 \
   --with-smile=$extlib/smile_1_1_linux_gcc_4_1_1 \
   --with-svm-perf=$extlib/svm_perf \
   --with-vowpal-wabbit=$extlib/vowpal_wabbit+v4.1 \


Used for library and tools:
  log4cpp                 = /home/mark/extlib/log4cpp-1.0
  SMILE                   = /home/mark/extlib/smile_1_1_linux_gcc_4_1_1
  SVM Perf                = /home/mark/extlib/svm_perf
  Vowpal Wabbit           = /home/mark/extlib/vowpal_wabbit_v4.1
  pthread                 = found installed
Used for tools:
  boost graph, regex      = found installed
  readline                = found installed
  gengetopt               = /usr/local/bin/gengetopt

Installation prefix = /usr/local/sleipnir/2.1

Now run make.

% make


% make install


% ls /usr/local/sleipnir/2.1/bin
Answerer      Combiner          Explainer      Overlapper
BNConverter   Contexter         Filterer       PCL2Bin
BNCreator     Counter           Funcaeologist  PCLPlotter
BNEvaluator   Dab2Dad           Funcifier      Randomizer
BNFunc        Dat2Dab           Funcographer   Seqs2Ngrams
BNs2Txt       Dat2Graph         Hubber         SMRF
BNServer      Data2Bnt          KNNImputer     SpeciesConnector
BNTester      Data2DB           Mat2Txt        SVDer
BNTruster     Data2Features     Matcher        SVMer
BNUnraveler   Data2Sql          MCluster       SVMperfer
BNWeaver      Data2Svm          MEFIT          Synthesizer
Clinician     DataDumper        MIed           Txt2Bin
Cliquer       DChecker          MIer           VWer
Clusterer     Distancer         Normalizer
Clusters2Dab  DSLConverter      OntoShell
COALESCE      Edges2Posteriors  Orthologer
% ls /usr/local/sleipnir/2.1/lib
% ls /usr/local/sleipnir/2.1/include
annotation.h          databasei.h    orthology.h
annotationi.h         datapair.h     orthologyi.h
bayesnetfni.h         datapairi.h    pcl.h
bayesnet.h            dataset.h      pcli.h
bayesneti.h           dataseti.h     pclset.h
bayesnetint.h         dat.h          pclseti.h
clusthierarchical.h   dati.h         pst.h
clusthierarchicali.h  examplei.h     psti.h
clustkmeans.h         fasta.h        serverclient.h
clustpivot.h          fastai.h       serverclienti.h
clustqtc.h            file.h         server.h
clustqtci.h           filei.h        serveri.h
coalescebasei.h       fullmatrix.h   sparsematrix.h
coalescecluster.h     genome.h       statistics.h
coalesceclusteri.h    genomei.h      statisticsi.h
coalesce.h            halfmatrix.h   stdafx.h
coalescei.h           halfmatrixi.h  svm.h
coalescemotifs.h      hmm.h          svmi.h
coalescemotifsi.h     hmmi.h         svmperf.h
coalescestructsi.h    mathb.h        trie.h
color.h               mathbi.h       triei.h
colori.h              measure.h      typesi.h
compactmatrix.h       measurei.h     vwb.h
compactmatrixi.h      meta.h         vwbi.h
database.h            metai.h