1. Miguel Ángel García
  2. CherryPy


CherryPy / tutorial / tut09_files.py


Tutorial: File upload and download


When a client uploads a file to a CherryPy application, it's placed
on disk immediately. CherryPy will pass it to your exposed method
as an argument (see "myFile" below); that arg will have a "file"
attribute, which is a handle to the temporary uploaded file.
If you wish to permanently save the file, you need to read()
from myFile.file and write() somewhere else.

Note the use of 'enctype="multipart/form-data"' and 'input type="file"'
in the HTML which the client uses to upload the file.


If you wish to send a file to the client, you have two options:
First, you can simply return a file-like object from your page handler.
CherryPy will read the file and serve it as the content (HTTP body)
of the response. However, that doesn't tell the client that
the response is a file to be saved, rather than displayed.
Use cherrypy.lib.static.serve_file for that; it takes four

serve_file(path, content_type=None, disposition=None, name=None)

Set "name" to the filename that you expect clients to use when they save
your file. Note that the "name" argument is ignored if you don't also
provide a "disposition" (usually "attachement"). You can manually set
"content_type", but be aware that if you also use the encoding tool, it
may choke if the file extension is not recognized as belonging to a known
Content-Type. Setting the content_type to "application/x-download" works
in most cases, and should prompt the user with an Open/Save dialog in
popular browsers.


import os
localDir = os.path.dirname(__file__)
absDir = os.path.join(os.getcwd(), localDir)

import cherrypy
from cherrypy.lib import static

class FileDemo(object):
    def index(self):
        return """
            <form action="upload" method="post" enctype="multipart/form-data">
            filename: <input type="file" name="myFile" /><br />
            <input type="submit" />
    index.exposed = True
    def upload(self, myFile):
        out = """<html>
            myFile length: %s<br />
            myFile filename: %s<br />
            myFile mime-type: %s
        # Although this just counts the file length, it demonstrates
        # how to read large files in chunks instead of all at once.
        # CherryPy uses Python's cgi module to read the uploaded file
        # into a temporary file; myFile.file.read reads from that.
        size = 0
        while True:
            data = myFile.file.read(8192)
            if not data:
            size += len(data)
        return out % (size, myFile.filename, myFile.type)
    upload.exposed = True
    def download(self):
        path = os.path.join(absDir, "pdf_file.pdf")
        return static.serve_file(path, "application/x-download",
                                 "attachment", os.path.basename(path))
    download.exposed = True


if __name__ == '__main__':
    import os.path
    # Start the CherryPy server.
    cherrypy.config.update(os.path.join(os.path.dirname(__file__), 'tutorial.conf'))