1. Mahlon E. Smith
  2. nim-tnetstring

Overview

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README

What's this?

This module implements a simple TNetstring parser and serializer. TNetString stands for "tagged netstring" and is a modification of Dan Bernstein's netstrings specification. TNetstrings allow for the same data structures as JSON but in a format that is resistant to buffer overflows and backward compatible with original netstrings. They make no assumptions about string contents, allowing for easy transmission of ascii and binary data mixed with strongly typed values.

See http://cr.yp.to/proto/netstrings.txt and http://tnetstrings.info/ for additional information.

Installation

The easiest way to install this module is via the nimble package manager, by simply running 'nimble install tnetstring'.

Alternatively, you can fetch the 'tnetstring.nim' file yourself, and put it in a place of your choosing.

Usage

import tnetstring

  let
      tnetstr = "52:4:test,3:1.3^4:key2,4:true!6:things,12:1:1#1:2#1:3#]}"
      tnetobj = parse_tnetstring( tnetstr )

  # tnetobj is now equivalent to the structure:
  # @[(key: test, val: 1.3), (key: key2, val: true), (key: things, val: @[1, 2, 3])]

  assert( tnetobj.kind == TNetstringObject )
  echo tnetobj[ "test" ]
  echo tnetobj[ "key2" ]
  for item in tnetobj[ "things" ]:
      echo item

Results in:

  1.3
  true
  1
  2
  3

This module can also be used to reasonably create a serialized TNetstring, suitable for network transmission:

   let
       number  = 1000
       list    = @[ "thing1", "thing2" ]
       tnettop = newTNetstringArray() # top-level array
       tnetsub = newTNetstringArray() # sub array

   tnettop.add( newTNetstringInt(number) )
   for item in list:
       tnetsub.add( newTNetstringString(item) )
   tnettop.add( tnetsub )

   # Equivalent to: @[1000, @[thing1, thing2]]
   echo dump_tnetstring( tnettop )

Results in:

   29:4:1000#18:6:thing1,6:thing2,]]