pil / decode.c

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/* 
 * The Python Imaging Library.
 *
 * standard decoder interfaces for the Imaging library
 *
 * history:
 * 1996-03-28 fl   Moved from _imagingmodule.c
 * 1996-04-15 fl   Support subregions in setimage
 * 1996-04-19 fl   Allocate decoder buffer (where appropriate)
 * 1996-05-02 fl   Added jpeg decoder
 * 1996-05-12 fl   Compile cleanly as C++
 * 1996-05-16 fl   Added hex decoder
 * 1996-05-26 fl   Added jpeg configuration parameters
 * 1996-12-14 fl   Added zip decoder
 * 1996-12-30 fl   Plugged potential memory leak for tiled images
 * 1997-01-03 fl   Added fli and msp decoders
 * 1997-01-04 fl   Added sun_rle and tga_rle decoders
 * 1997-05-31 fl   Added bitfield decoder
 * 1998-09-11 fl   Added orientation and pixelsize fields to tga_rle decoder
 * 1998-12-29 fl   Added mode/rawmode argument to decoders
 * 1998-12-30 fl   Added mode argument to *all* decoders
 * 2002-06-09 fl   Added stride argument to pcx decoder
 *
 * Copyright (c) 1997-2002 by Secret Labs AB.
 * Copyright (c) 1995-2002 by Fredrik Lundh.
 *
 * See the README file for information on usage and redistribution.
 */

/* FIXME: make these pluggable! */

#include "Python.h"
#include "compat.h"

#include "Imaging.h"

#include "Gif.h"
#include "Lzw.h"
#include "Raw.h"
#include "Bit.h"
#include "WebP.h"


/* -------------------------------------------------------------------- */
/* Common								*/
/* -------------------------------------------------------------------- */

typedef struct {
    PyObject_HEAD
    int (*decode)(Imaging im, ImagingCodecState state,
		  UINT8* buffer, int bytes);
    struct ImagingCodecStateInstance state;
    Imaging im;
    PyObject* lock;
} ImagingDecoderObject;

static PyTypeObject ImagingDecoderType;

int
PyImaging_DecoderInit(void)
{
#ifdef PY2
    ImagingDecoderType.ob_type = &PyType_Type;
#else
    if (PyType_Ready(&ImagingDecoderType) < 0)
        return 0;
#endif
    return 1;
}

static ImagingDecoderObject*
PyImaging_DecoderNew(int contextsize)
{
    ImagingDecoderObject *decoder;
    void *context;

    decoder = PyObject_New(ImagingDecoderObject, &ImagingDecoderType);
    if (decoder == NULL)
	return NULL;

    /* Clear the decoder state */
    memset(&decoder->state, 0, sizeof(decoder->state));

    /* Allocate decoder context */
    if (contextsize > 0) {
	context = (void*) calloc(1, contextsize);
	if (!context) {
	    Py_DECREF(decoder);
	    (void) PyErr_NoMemory();
	    return NULL;
	}
    } else
	context = 0;

    /* Initialize decoder context */
    decoder->state.context = context;

    /* Target image */
    decoder->lock = NULL;
    decoder->im = NULL;

    return decoder;
}

static void
_dealloc(ImagingDecoderObject* decoder)
{
    free(decoder->state.buffer);
    free(decoder->state.context);
    Py_XDECREF(decoder->lock);
    PyObject_Del(decoder);
}

static PyObject* 
_decode(ImagingDecoderObject* decoder, PyObject* args)
{
    UINT8* buffer;
    int bufsize, status;

    if (!PyArg_ParseTuple(args, "s#", &buffer, &bufsize))
	return NULL;

    status = decoder->decode(decoder->im, &decoder->state, buffer, bufsize);

    return Py_BuildValue("ii", status, decoder->state.errcode);
}

extern Imaging PyImaging_AsImaging(PyObject *op);

static PyObject*
_setimage(ImagingDecoderObject* decoder, PyObject* args)
{
    PyObject* op;
    Imaging im;
    ImagingCodecState state;
    int x0, y0, x1, y1;

    x0 = y0 = x1 = y1 = 0;

    /* FIXME: should publish the ImagingType descriptor */
    if (!PyArg_ParseTuple(args, "O|(iiii)", &op, &x0, &y0, &x1, &y1))
	return NULL;
    im = PyImaging_AsImaging(op);
    if (!im)
	return NULL;

    decoder->im = im;

    state = &decoder->state;

    /* Setup decoding tile extent */
    if (x0 == 0 && x1 == 0) {
	state->xsize = im->xsize;
	state->ysize = im->ysize;
    } else {
	state->xoff = x0;
	state->yoff = y0;
	state->xsize = x1 - x0;
	state->ysize = y1 - y0;
    }

    if (state->xsize <= 0 ||
	state->xsize + state->xoff > (int) im->xsize ||
	state->ysize <= 0 ||
	state->ysize + state->yoff > (int) im->ysize) {
	PyErr_SetString(PyExc_ValueError, "tile cannot extend outside image");
	return NULL;
    }

    /* Allocate memory buffer (if bits field is set) */
    if (state->bits > 0) {
        if (!state->bytes)
            state->bytes = (state->bits * state->xsize+7)/8;
	state->buffer = (UINT8*) malloc(state->bytes);
	if (!state->buffer)
	    return PyErr_NoMemory();
    }

    /* Keep a reference to the image object, to make sure it doesn't
       go away before we do */
    Py_INCREF(op);
    Py_XDECREF(decoder->lock);
    decoder->lock = op;

    Py_INCREF(Py_None);
    return Py_None;
}

static struct PyMethodDef methods[] = {
    {"decode", (PyCFunction)_decode, METH_VARARGS},
    {"setimage", (PyCFunction)_setimage, METH_VARARGS},
    {NULL, NULL} /* sentinel */
};

#ifdef PY2
static PyObject*  
_getattr(ImagingDecoderObject* self, char* name)
{
    return Py_FindMethod(methods, (PyObject*) self, name);
}
#endif

static PyTypeObject ImagingDecoderType = {
	PyObject_HEAD_INIT(NULL)
#ifdef PY2
	0,				/*ob_size*/
	"ImagingDecoder",		/*tp_name*/
	sizeof(ImagingDecoderObject),	/*tp_size*/
	0,				/*tp_itemsize*/
	/* methods */
	(destructor)_dealloc,		/*tp_dealloc*/
	0,				/*tp_print*/
	(getattrfunc)_getattr,		/*tp_getattr*/
	0,				/*tp_setattr*/
	0,				/*tp_compare*/
	0,				/*tp_repr*/
	0,                              /*tp_hash*/
#else
    "ImagingDecoder", sizeof(ImagingDecoderObject),	0,
    /* methods */
    (destructor) _dealloc, /* tp_dealloc */
    0, /* tp_print */
    0, /* tp_getattr */
    0, /* tp_setattr */
    0, /* tp_reserved */
    0, /* tp_repr */
    0, /* tp_as_number */
    0, /* tp_as_sequence */
    0, /* tp_as_mapping */
    0, /* tp_hash */
    0, /* tp_call */
    0, /* tp_str */
    0, /* tp_getattro */
    0, /* tp_setattro */
    0, /* tp_as_buffer */
    Py_TPFLAGS_DEFAULT, /* tp_flags */
    0, /* tp_doc */
    0, /* tp_traverse */
    0, /* tp_clear */
    0, /* tp_richcompare */
    0, /* tp_weaklistoffset */
    0, /* tp_iter */
    0, /* tp_iternext */
    methods, /* tp_methods */
    0, /* tp_members */
#endif
};

/* -------------------------------------------------------------------- */

int
get_unpacker(ImagingDecoderObject* decoder, const char* mode,
             const char* rawmode)
{
    int bits;
    ImagingShuffler unpack;

    unpack = ImagingFindUnpacker(mode, rawmode, &bits);
    if (!unpack) {
	Py_DECREF(decoder);
	PyErr_SetString(PyExc_ValueError, "unknown raw mode");
	return -1;
    }

    decoder->state.shuffle = unpack;
    decoder->state.bits = bits;

    return 0;
}


/* -------------------------------------------------------------------- */
/* BIT (packed fields)          					*/
/* -------------------------------------------------------------------- */

PyObject*
PyImaging_BitDecoderNew(PyObject* self, PyObject* args)
{
    ImagingDecoderObject* decoder;

    char* mode;
    int bits  = 8;
    int pad   = 8;
    int fill  = 0;
    int sign  = 0;
    int ystep = 1;
    if (!PyArg_ParseTuple(args, "s|iiiii", &mode, &bits, &pad, &fill,
                          &sign, &ystep))
	return NULL;

    if (strcmp(mode, "F") != 0) {
	PyErr_SetString(PyExc_ValueError, "bad image mode");
        return NULL;
    }

    decoder = PyImaging_DecoderNew(sizeof(BITSTATE));
    if (decoder == NULL)
	return NULL;

    decoder->decode = ImagingBitDecode;

    decoder->state.ystep = ystep;

    ((BITSTATE*)decoder->state.context)->bits = bits;
    ((BITSTATE*)decoder->state.context)->pad  = pad;
    ((BITSTATE*)decoder->state.context)->fill = fill;
    ((BITSTATE*)decoder->state.context)->sign = sign;

    return (PyObject*) decoder;
}


/* -------------------------------------------------------------------- */
/* FLI									*/
/* -------------------------------------------------------------------- */

PyObject*
PyImaging_FliDecoderNew(PyObject* self, PyObject* args)
{
    ImagingDecoderObject* decoder;

    decoder = PyImaging_DecoderNew(0);
    if (decoder == NULL)
	return NULL;

    decoder->decode = ImagingFliDecode;

    return (PyObject*) decoder;
}


/* -------------------------------------------------------------------- */
/* GIF									*/
/* -------------------------------------------------------------------- */

PyObject*
PyImaging_GifDecoderNew(PyObject* self, PyObject* args)
{
    ImagingDecoderObject* decoder;

    char* mode;
    int bits = 8;
    int interlace = 0;
    if (!PyArg_ParseTuple(args, "s|ii", &mode, &bits, &interlace))
	return NULL;

    if (strcmp(mode, "L") != 0 && strcmp(mode, "P") != 0) {
	PyErr_SetString(PyExc_ValueError, "bad image mode");
        return NULL;
    }

    decoder = PyImaging_DecoderNew(sizeof(GIFDECODERSTATE));
    if (decoder == NULL)
	return NULL;

    decoder->decode = ImagingGifDecode;

    ((GIFDECODERSTATE*)decoder->state.context)->bits = bits;
    ((GIFDECODERSTATE*)decoder->state.context)->interlace = interlace;

    return (PyObject*) decoder;
}


/* -------------------------------------------------------------------- */
/* HEX									*/
/* -------------------------------------------------------------------- */

PyObject*
PyImaging_HexDecoderNew(PyObject* self, PyObject* args)
{
    ImagingDecoderObject* decoder;

    char* mode;
    char* rawmode;
    if (!PyArg_ParseTuple(args, "ss", &mode, &rawmode))
	return NULL;

    decoder = PyImaging_DecoderNew(0);
    if (decoder == NULL)
	return NULL;

    if (get_unpacker(decoder, mode, rawmode) < 0)
	return NULL;

    decoder->decode = ImagingHexDecode;

    return (PyObject*) decoder;
}


/* -------------------------------------------------------------------- */
/* LZW									*/
/* -------------------------------------------------------------------- */

PyObject*
PyImaging_TiffLzwDecoderNew(PyObject* self, PyObject* args)
{
    ImagingDecoderObject* decoder;

    char* mode;
    char* rawmode;
    int filter = 0;
    if (!PyArg_ParseTuple(args, "ss|i", &mode, &rawmode, &filter))
	return NULL;

    decoder = PyImaging_DecoderNew(sizeof(LZWSTATE));
    if (decoder == NULL)
	return NULL;

    if (get_unpacker(decoder, mode, rawmode) < 0)
	return NULL;

    decoder->decode = ImagingLzwDecode;

    ((LZWSTATE*)decoder->state.context)->filter = filter;

    return (PyObject*) decoder;
}


/* -------------------------------------------------------------------- */
/* MSP									*/
/* -------------------------------------------------------------------- */

PyObject*
PyImaging_MspDecoderNew(PyObject* self, PyObject* args)
{
    ImagingDecoderObject* decoder;

    decoder = PyImaging_DecoderNew(0);
    if (decoder == NULL)
	return NULL;

    if (get_unpacker(decoder, "1", "1") < 0)
	return NULL;

    decoder->decode = ImagingMspDecode;

    return (PyObject*) decoder;
}


/* -------------------------------------------------------------------- */
/* PackBits								*/
/* -------------------------------------------------------------------- */

PyObject*
PyImaging_PackbitsDecoderNew(PyObject* self, PyObject* args)
{
    ImagingDecoderObject* decoder;

    char* mode;
    char* rawmode;
    if (!PyArg_ParseTuple(args, "ss", &mode, &rawmode))
	return NULL;

    decoder = PyImaging_DecoderNew(0);
    if (decoder == NULL)
	return NULL;

    if (get_unpacker(decoder, mode, rawmode) < 0)
	return NULL;

    decoder->decode = ImagingPackbitsDecode;

    return (PyObject*) decoder;
}


/* -------------------------------------------------------------------- */
/* PCD									*/
/* -------------------------------------------------------------------- */

PyObject*
PyImaging_PcdDecoderNew(PyObject* self, PyObject* args)
{
    ImagingDecoderObject* decoder;

    decoder = PyImaging_DecoderNew(0);
    if (decoder == NULL)
	return NULL;

    /* Unpack from PhotoYCC to RGB */
    if (get_unpacker(decoder, "RGB", "YCC;P") < 0)
	return NULL;

    decoder->decode = ImagingPcdDecode;

    return (PyObject*) decoder;
}


/* -------------------------------------------------------------------- */
/* PCX									*/
/* -------------------------------------------------------------------- */

PyObject*
PyImaging_PcxDecoderNew(PyObject* self, PyObject* args)
{
    ImagingDecoderObject* decoder;

    char* mode;
    char* rawmode;
    int stride;
    if (!PyArg_ParseTuple(args, "ssi", &mode, &rawmode, &stride))
	return NULL;

    decoder = PyImaging_DecoderNew(0);
    if (decoder == NULL)
	return NULL;

    if (get_unpacker(decoder, mode, rawmode) < 0)
	return NULL;

    decoder->state.bytes = stride;

    decoder->decode = ImagingPcxDecode;

    return (PyObject*) decoder;
}


/* -------------------------------------------------------------------- */
/* RAW									*/
/* -------------------------------------------------------------------- */

PyObject*
PyImaging_RawDecoderNew(PyObject* self, PyObject* args)
{
    ImagingDecoderObject* decoder;

    char* mode;
    char* rawmode;
    int stride = 0;
    int ystep  = 1;
    if (!PyArg_ParseTuple(args, "ss|ii", &mode, &rawmode, &stride, &ystep))
	return NULL;

    decoder = PyImaging_DecoderNew(sizeof(RAWSTATE));
    if (decoder == NULL)
	return NULL;

    if (get_unpacker(decoder, mode, rawmode) < 0)
	return NULL;

    decoder->decode = ImagingRawDecode;

    decoder->state.ystep = ystep;

    ((RAWSTATE*)decoder->state.context)->stride = stride;

    return (PyObject*) decoder;
}


/* -------------------------------------------------------------------- */
/* SUN RLE								*/
/* -------------------------------------------------------------------- */

PyObject*
PyImaging_SunRleDecoderNew(PyObject* self, PyObject* args)
{
    ImagingDecoderObject* decoder;

    char* mode;
    char* rawmode;
    if (!PyArg_ParseTuple(args, "ss", &mode, &rawmode))
	return NULL;

    decoder = PyImaging_DecoderNew(0);
    if (decoder == NULL)
	return NULL;

    if (get_unpacker(decoder, mode, rawmode) < 0)
	return NULL;

    decoder->decode = ImagingSunRleDecode;

    return (PyObject*) decoder;
}


/* -------------------------------------------------------------------- */
/* TGA RLE								*/
/* -------------------------------------------------------------------- */

PyObject*
PyImaging_TgaRleDecoderNew(PyObject* self, PyObject* args)
{
    ImagingDecoderObject* decoder;

    char* mode;
    char* rawmode;
    int ystep = 1;
    int depth = 8;
    if (!PyArg_ParseTuple(args, "ss|ii", &mode, &rawmode, &ystep, &depth))
	return NULL;

    decoder = PyImaging_DecoderNew(0);
    if (decoder == NULL)
	return NULL;

    if (get_unpacker(decoder, mode, rawmode) < 0)
	return NULL;

    decoder->decode = ImagingTgaRleDecode;

    decoder->state.ystep = ystep;
    decoder->state.count = depth / 8;

    return (PyObject*) decoder;
}


/* -------------------------------------------------------------------- */
/* XBM									*/
/* -------------------------------------------------------------------- */

PyObject*
PyImaging_XbmDecoderNew(PyObject* self, PyObject* args)
{
    ImagingDecoderObject* decoder;

    decoder = PyImaging_DecoderNew(0);
    if (decoder == NULL)
	return NULL;

    if (get_unpacker(decoder, "1", "1;R") < 0)
	return NULL;

    decoder->decode = ImagingXbmDecode;

    return (PyObject*) decoder;
}


/* -------------------------------------------------------------------- */
/* ZIP									*/
/* -------------------------------------------------------------------- */

#ifdef HAVE_LIBZ

#include "Zip.h"

PyObject*
PyImaging_ZipDecoderNew(PyObject* self, PyObject* args)
{
    ImagingDecoderObject* decoder;

    char* mode;
    char* rawmode;
    int interlaced = 0;
    if (!PyArg_ParseTuple(args, "ss|i", &mode, &rawmode, &interlaced))
	return NULL;

    decoder = PyImaging_DecoderNew(sizeof(ZIPSTATE));
    if (decoder == NULL)
	return NULL;

    if (get_unpacker(decoder, mode, rawmode) < 0)
	return NULL;

    decoder->decode = ImagingZipDecode;

    ((ZIPSTATE*)decoder->state.context)->interlaced = interlaced;

    return (PyObject*) decoder;
}
#endif


/* -------------------------------------------------------------------- */
/* WebP                                                                 */
/* -------------------------------------------------------------------- */

PyObject*
PyImaging_WebPDecoderNew(PyObject* self, PyObject* args)
{
    ImagingDecoderObject* decoder;

    char* mode;
    char* rawmode;
    if (!PyArg_ParseTuple(args, "ss", &mode, &rawmode))
	return NULL;

    decoder = PyImaging_DecoderNew(0);
    if (decoder == NULL)
	return NULL;

    if (get_unpacker(decoder, mode, rawmode) < 0)
	return NULL;

    decoder->decode = ImagingWebPDecode;

    return (PyObject*) decoder;
}

/* -------------------------------------------------------------------- */
/* JPEG									*/
/* -------------------------------------------------------------------- */

#ifdef HAVE_LIBJPEG

/* We better define this decoder last in this file, so the following
   undef's won't mess things up for the Imaging library proper. */

#undef	HAVE_PROTOTYPES
#undef	HAVE_STDDEF_H
#undef	HAVE_STDLIB_H
#undef	UINT8
#undef	UINT16
#undef	UINT32
#undef	INT8
#undef	INT16
#undef	INT32

#include "Jpeg.h"

PyObject*
PyImaging_JpegDecoderNew(PyObject* self, PyObject* args)
{
    ImagingDecoderObject* decoder;

    char* mode;
    char* rawmode; /* what we wan't from the decoder */
    char* jpegmode; /* what's in the file */
    int scale = 1;
    int draft = 0;
    if (!PyArg_ParseTuple(args, "ssz|ii", &mode, &rawmode, &jpegmode,
                          &scale, &draft))
	return NULL;

    if (!jpegmode)
	jpegmode = "";

    decoder = PyImaging_DecoderNew(sizeof(JPEGSTATE));
    if (decoder == NULL)
	return NULL;

    if (get_unpacker(decoder, mode, rawmode) < 0)
	return NULL;

    decoder->decode = ImagingJpegDecode;

    strncpy(((JPEGSTATE*)decoder->state.context)->rawmode, rawmode, 8);
    strncpy(((JPEGSTATE*)decoder->state.context)->jpegmode, jpegmode, 8);

    ((JPEGSTATE*)decoder->state.context)->scale = scale;
    ((JPEGSTATE*)decoder->state.context)->draft = draft;

    return (PyObject*) decoder;
}
#endif
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