Squealer is a jython library for unit testing Apache Pig scripts.


Starting with v0.8 Pig comes with a library known as PigUnit that can be used for unit testing pig scripts from java (or any other JVM compatible language). This served as an inspiration and starting point for Squealer but is suboptimal in several aspects which this library hopes to solve:

1) All equality comparisons are done by converting data to strings and checking for string equality. This makes testing scripts doing floating point arithmetic nearly impossible. It also requires you to know the ordering of records in a relation, in practice this can be somewhat difficult for a number of operations in Pig.

2) PigUnit keeps a static reference to the Pig run time which prevents the implementation of isolated tests. This can result in passing tests that should be failing and vice versa. This could also result in the non-deterministic failing of tests that should be deterministically failing, as the ordering of test execution changes.

3) PigUnit currently only works with Pig 0.8+ (though anyone is free to back port it). However, due to the dynamic nature of python it is trivial to write a single library which supports multiple versions of Pig.

4) A general language preference of Python over java. Also, this yak isn't going to shave itself.


Currently Squealer is tested against Pig 0.8.1 and Jython 2.5.2, as well as Pig 0.9.3 and Jython 2.5.3. Though if you can confirm/deny it's feasibility on other versions this information would be highly appreciated. A version matrix is planned for the future to documented what combinations of these libraries are supported. Of note is that these versions are what is available in the Ubuntu 10.04 and Cloudera apt repositories.

Option 1: Once the dependencies are installed, installation of Squealer is as simple as dropping it into $JYTHONHOME/Lib

Option 2: Install JIP (http://pypi.python.org/pypi/jip Run: jython setup.py install


In tests/test_examples.py is a test case that illustrates how to define a unit test with Squealer and some common tasks you may want to perform in one.


1) After performing parameter subsitition and alias overriding, Squealer writes out a temp file containing the actual pig code to be executed. In the event of a test failure or error, the path to this temp file is printed with the error report to provide an ease in debugging the actual script that was executed.

2) The majority of output from the Pig runtime which is useful in debugging your scripts is provided via apache logging mechnisims. Unfortunately, the majority of information providied via logging is quite unuseful. For this reason, all logging is turned off by default. However, if you see a failure message you do not understand you can use the '-v' option when running the python file with your tests (assuming you are using Squealer's main() function).

Common issues

1) You see the following error message: ImportError: no module named squealer

This indicates that the Jython run time can not find your copy of the Squealer library. A common mistake with jython is to set the PYTHONPATH environment variable and expect this to be used as is with CPython. To specify the path to jython use the -Dpython.path=... command line argument, alternatively a common practice is to use a bash alias so that the PYTHONPATH variable is used like it is in CPython: alias jython="jython -Dpython.path=$PYTHONPATH"

2) You see any of the following error messages: ImportError: no module named org ImportError: no module named apache ImportError: no module named hadoop

The Jython run time can not find the jars containing the required Pig/Hoop dependencies. You will need to set your class path so that they can be found. On a system with Ubuntu/Cloudera packages installed the following should get you going: export CLASSPATH=/usr/lib/pig/:/usr/share/java/:/usr/lib/hadoop/*


Thanks to the following people: Ning Sun: for configuring setup.py