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hotpy_2 / Misc / PURIFY.README

Purify (tm) and Quantify (tm) are commercial software quality
assurance tools available from Pure Atria Corporation
<http://www.pureatria.com/>.  Purify is essentially a memory access
verifier and leak detector; Quantify is a C level profiler.  The rest
of this file assumes you generally know how to use Purify and
Quantify, and that you have installed valid licenses for these
products.  If you don't have them installed, you can ignore the
following since it won't help you a bit!

You can easily build a Purify or Quantify instrumented version of the
Python interpreter by passing the LINKCC variable to the make command
at the top of the Python tree:

    make LINKCC='purify gcc'

This assumes that the `purify' program is on your $PATH, and that you
are using gcc as your C compiler.  Note that you can't Purify and
Quantify the interpreter (or any program) at the same time.

Now, just run the interpreter as you normally would.  If you're
running it in place (i.e. not installed), you may find it helpful to
set your PYTHONPATH environment variable.  E.g., in Bourne Shell, on a
Solaris 2.x machine:

    % PYTHONPATH=./Lib:./Lib/sunos5:./Lib/tkinter:./Modules ./python

When running the regression test (make test), I have found it useful
to set my PURIFYOPTIONS environment variable using the following shell
function.  Check out the Purify documentation for details:

p() {
  chainlen='-chain-length=12'
  ignoresigs='-ignore-signals="SIGHUP,SIGINT,SIGQUIT,SIGILL,SIGTRAP,SIGAVRT,SIGEMT,SIGFPE,SIGKILL,SIGBUS,SIGSEGV,SIGPIPE,SIGTERM,SIGUSR1,SIGUSR2,SIGPOLL,SIGXCPU,SIGXFSZ,SIGFREEZE,SIGTHAW,SIGRTMIN,SIGRTMAX"'
  followchild='-follow-child-processes=yes'
  threads='-max-threads=50'
  export PURIFYOPTIONS="$chainlen $ignoresigs $followchild $threads"
  echo $PURIFYOPTIONS
}

Note that you may want to crank -chain-length up even further.  A
value of 20 should get you the entire stack up into the Python C code
in all situations.

With the regression test, you'll probably get a gabillion UMR errors,
and a few MLK errors.  I think most of these can be safely suppressed
by putting the following in your .purify file:

    suppress umr ...; "socketmodule.c"
    suppress umr ...; time_strftime
    suppress umr ...; "dbmmodule.c"
    suppress umr ...; "gdbmmodule.c"
    suppress umr ...; "grpmodule.c"
    suppress umr ...; "nismodule.c"
    suppress umr ...; "pwdmodule.c"

This will still leave you (currently) with a few UMR and MLK reports.
For now, don't worry about them.  We'll be evaluating these as time
goes on, and correcting them as appropriate.

Using Purify or Quantify in this way will give you coarse grained
reports on the whole Python interpreter.  You can actually get more
fine grained control over both by linking with the optional `pure'
module, which exports (most of) the Purify and Quantify C API's into
Python.  To link in this module (it must be statically linked), edit
your Modules/Setup file for your site, and rebuild the interpreter.
You might want to check out the comments in the Modules/puremodule.c
file for some idiosyncrasies.

Using this module, you can actually profile or leak test a small
section of code, instead of the whole interpreter.  Using this in
conjuction with pdb.py, dbx, or the profiler.py module really gives
you quite a bit of introspective power.