hotpy_2 / Modules / _ssl.c

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/* SSL socket module

   SSL support based on patches by Brian E Gallew and Laszlo Kovacs.
   Re-worked a bit by Bill Janssen to add server-side support and
   certificate decoding.  Chris Stawarz contributed some non-blocking
   patches.

   This module is imported by ssl.py. It should *not* be used
   directly.

   XXX should partial writes be enabled, SSL_MODE_ENABLE_PARTIAL_WRITE?

   XXX what about SSL_MODE_AUTO_RETRY?
*/

#include "Python.h"

#ifdef WITH_THREAD
#include "pythread.h"
#define PySSL_BEGIN_ALLOW_THREADS { \
			PyThreadState *_save = NULL;  \
			if (_ssl_locks_count>0) {_save = PyEval_SaveThread();}
#define PySSL_BLOCK_THREADS	if (_ssl_locks_count>0){PyEval_RestoreThread(_save)};
#define PySSL_UNBLOCK_THREADS	if (_ssl_locks_count>0){_save = PyEval_SaveThread()};
#define PySSL_END_ALLOW_THREADS	if (_ssl_locks_count>0){PyEval_RestoreThread(_save);} \
		 }

#else	/* no WITH_THREAD */

#define PySSL_BEGIN_ALLOW_THREADS
#define PySSL_BLOCK_THREADS
#define PySSL_UNBLOCK_THREADS
#define PySSL_END_ALLOW_THREADS

#endif

enum py_ssl_error {
	/* these mirror ssl.h */
	PY_SSL_ERROR_NONE,
	PY_SSL_ERROR_SSL,
	PY_SSL_ERROR_WANT_READ,
	PY_SSL_ERROR_WANT_WRITE,
	PY_SSL_ERROR_WANT_X509_LOOKUP,
	PY_SSL_ERROR_SYSCALL,     /* look at error stack/return value/errno */
	PY_SSL_ERROR_ZERO_RETURN,
	PY_SSL_ERROR_WANT_CONNECT,
	/* start of non ssl.h errorcodes */
	PY_SSL_ERROR_EOF,         /* special case of SSL_ERROR_SYSCALL */
        PY_SSL_ERROR_NO_SOCKET,   /* socket has been GC'd */
	PY_SSL_ERROR_INVALID_ERROR_CODE
};

enum py_ssl_server_or_client {
	PY_SSL_CLIENT,
	PY_SSL_SERVER
};

enum py_ssl_cert_requirements {
	PY_SSL_CERT_NONE,
	PY_SSL_CERT_OPTIONAL,
	PY_SSL_CERT_REQUIRED
};

enum py_ssl_version {
	PY_SSL_VERSION_SSL2,
	PY_SSL_VERSION_SSL3,
	PY_SSL_VERSION_SSL23,
	PY_SSL_VERSION_TLS1,
};

/* Include symbols from _socket module */
#include "socketmodule.h"

#if defined(HAVE_POLL_H)
#include <poll.h>
#elif defined(HAVE_SYS_POLL_H)
#include <sys/poll.h>
#endif

/* Include OpenSSL header files */
#include "openssl/rsa.h"
#include "openssl/crypto.h"
#include "openssl/x509.h"
#include "openssl/x509v3.h"
#include "openssl/pem.h"
#include "openssl/ssl.h"
#include "openssl/err.h"
#include "openssl/rand.h"

/* SSL error object */
static PyObject *PySSLErrorObject;

#ifdef WITH_THREAD

/* serves as a flag to see whether we've initialized the SSL thread support. */
/* 0 means no, greater than 0 means yes */

static unsigned int _ssl_locks_count = 0;

#endif /* def WITH_THREAD */

/* SSL socket object */

#define X509_NAME_MAXLEN 256

/* RAND_* APIs got added to OpenSSL in 0.9.5 */
#if OPENSSL_VERSION_NUMBER >= 0x0090500fL
# define HAVE_OPENSSL_RAND 1
#else
# undef HAVE_OPENSSL_RAND
#endif

typedef struct {
	PyObject_HEAD
	PyObject        *Socket;	/* weakref to socket on which we're layered */
	SSL_CTX*	ctx;
	SSL*		ssl;
	X509*		peer_cert;

} PySSLObject;

static PyTypeObject PySSL_Type;
static PyObject *PySSL_SSLwrite(PySSLObject *self, PyObject *args);
static PyObject *PySSL_SSLread(PySSLObject *self, PyObject *args);
static int check_socket_and_wait_for_timeout(PySocketSockObject *s,
					     int writing);
static PyObject *PySSL_peercert(PySSLObject *self, PyObject *args);
static PyObject *PySSL_cipher(PySSLObject *self);

#define PySSLObject_Check(v)	(Py_TYPE(v) == &PySSL_Type)

typedef enum {
	SOCKET_IS_NONBLOCKING,
	SOCKET_IS_BLOCKING,
	SOCKET_HAS_TIMED_OUT,
	SOCKET_HAS_BEEN_CLOSED,
	SOCKET_TOO_LARGE_FOR_SELECT,
	SOCKET_OPERATION_OK
} timeout_state;

/* Wrap error strings with filename and line # */
#define STRINGIFY1(x) #x
#define STRINGIFY2(x) STRINGIFY1(x)
#define ERRSTR1(x,y,z) (x ":" y ": " z)
#define ERRSTR(x) ERRSTR1("_ssl.c", STRINGIFY2(__LINE__), x)

/* XXX It might be helpful to augment the error message generated
   below with the name of the SSL function that generated the error.
   I expect it's obvious most of the time.
*/

static PyObject *
PySSL_SetError(PySSLObject *obj, int ret, char *filename, int lineno)
{
	PyObject *v;
	char buf[2048];
	char *errstr;
	int err;
	enum py_ssl_error p = PY_SSL_ERROR_NONE;

	assert(ret <= 0);

	if (obj->ssl != NULL) {
		err = SSL_get_error(obj->ssl, ret);

		switch (err) {
		case SSL_ERROR_ZERO_RETURN:
			errstr = "TLS/SSL connection has been closed";
			p = PY_SSL_ERROR_ZERO_RETURN;
			break;
		case SSL_ERROR_WANT_READ:
			errstr = "The operation did not complete (read)";
			p = PY_SSL_ERROR_WANT_READ;
			break;
		case SSL_ERROR_WANT_WRITE:
			p = PY_SSL_ERROR_WANT_WRITE;
			errstr = "The operation did not complete (write)";
			break;
		case SSL_ERROR_WANT_X509_LOOKUP:
			p = PY_SSL_ERROR_WANT_X509_LOOKUP;
			errstr =
                            "The operation did not complete (X509 lookup)";
			break;
		case SSL_ERROR_WANT_CONNECT:
			p = PY_SSL_ERROR_WANT_CONNECT;
			errstr = "The operation did not complete (connect)";
			break;
		case SSL_ERROR_SYSCALL:
		{
			unsigned long e = ERR_get_error();
			if (e == 0) {
                                PySocketSockObject *s
                                  = (PySocketSockObject *) PyWeakref_GetObject(obj->Socket);
				if (ret == 0 || (((PyObject *)s) == Py_None)) {
				  p = PY_SSL_ERROR_EOF;
				  errstr =
                                      "EOF occurred in violation of protocol";
				} else if (ret == -1) {
				  /* underlying BIO reported an I/O error */
                                  return s->errorhandler();
				} else { /* possible? */
                                  p = PY_SSL_ERROR_SYSCALL;
                                  errstr = "Some I/O error occurred";
				}
			} else {
				p = PY_SSL_ERROR_SYSCALL;
				/* XXX Protected by global interpreter lock */
				errstr = ERR_error_string(e, NULL);
			}
			break;
		}
		case SSL_ERROR_SSL:
		{
			unsigned long e = ERR_get_error();
			p = PY_SSL_ERROR_SSL;
			if (e != 0)
				/* XXX Protected by global interpreter lock */
				errstr = ERR_error_string(e, NULL);
			else {	/* possible? */
				errstr =
                                    "A failure in the SSL library occurred";
			}
			break;
		}
		default:
			p = PY_SSL_ERROR_INVALID_ERROR_CODE;
			errstr = "Invalid error code";
		}
	} else {
		errstr = ERR_error_string(ERR_peek_last_error(), NULL);
	}
	PyOS_snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "_ssl.c:%d: %s", lineno, errstr);
	v = Py_BuildValue("(is)", p, buf);
	if (v != NULL) {
		PyErr_SetObject(PySSLErrorObject, v);
		Py_DECREF(v);
	}
	return NULL;
}

static PyObject *
_setSSLError (char *errstr, int errcode, char *filename, int lineno) {

	char buf[2048];
	PyObject *v;

	if (errstr == NULL) {
		errcode = ERR_peek_last_error();
		errstr = ERR_error_string(errcode, NULL);
	}
	PyOS_snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "_ssl.c:%d: %s", lineno, errstr);
	v = Py_BuildValue("(is)", errcode, buf);
	if (v != NULL) {
		PyErr_SetObject(PySSLErrorObject, v);
		Py_DECREF(v);
	}
	return NULL;
}

static PySSLObject *
newPySSLObject(PySocketSockObject *Sock, char *key_file, char *cert_file,
	       enum py_ssl_server_or_client socket_type,
	       enum py_ssl_cert_requirements certreq,
	       enum py_ssl_version proto_version,
	       char *cacerts_file)
{
	PySSLObject *self;
	char *errstr = NULL;
	int ret;
	int verification_mode;

	self = PyObject_New(PySSLObject, &PySSL_Type); /* Create new object */
	if (self == NULL)
		return NULL;
	self->peer_cert = NULL;
	self->ssl = NULL;
	self->ctx = NULL;
	self->Socket = NULL;

	/* Make sure the SSL error state is initialized */
	(void) ERR_get_state();
	ERR_clear_error();

	if ((key_file && !cert_file) || (!key_file && cert_file)) {
		errstr = ERRSTR("Both the key & certificate files "
                                "must be specified");
		goto fail;
	}

	if ((socket_type == PY_SSL_SERVER) &&
	    ((key_file == NULL) || (cert_file == NULL))) {
		errstr = ERRSTR("Both the key & certificate files "
                                "must be specified for server-side operation");
		goto fail;
	}

	PySSL_BEGIN_ALLOW_THREADS
	if (proto_version == PY_SSL_VERSION_TLS1)
		self->ctx = SSL_CTX_new(TLSv1_method()); /* Set up context */
	else if (proto_version == PY_SSL_VERSION_SSL3)
		self->ctx = SSL_CTX_new(SSLv3_method()); /* Set up context */
	else if (proto_version == PY_SSL_VERSION_SSL2)
		self->ctx = SSL_CTX_new(SSLv2_method()); /* Set up context */
	else if (proto_version == PY_SSL_VERSION_SSL23)
		self->ctx = SSL_CTX_new(SSLv23_method()); /* Set up context */
	PySSL_END_ALLOW_THREADS

	if (self->ctx == NULL) {
		errstr = ERRSTR("Invalid SSL protocol variant specified.");
		goto fail;
	}

	if (certreq != PY_SSL_CERT_NONE) {
		if (cacerts_file == NULL) {
			errstr = ERRSTR("No root certificates specified for "
                                  "verification of other-side certificates.");
			goto fail;
		} else {
			PySSL_BEGIN_ALLOW_THREADS
			ret = SSL_CTX_load_verify_locations(self->ctx,
							    cacerts_file,
                                                            NULL);
			PySSL_END_ALLOW_THREADS
			if (ret != 1) {
				_setSSLError(NULL, 0, __FILE__, __LINE__);
				goto fail;
			}
		}
	}
	if (key_file) {
		PySSL_BEGIN_ALLOW_THREADS
		ret = SSL_CTX_use_PrivateKey_file(self->ctx, key_file,
						  SSL_FILETYPE_PEM);
		PySSL_END_ALLOW_THREADS
		if (ret != 1) {
			_setSSLError(NULL, ret, __FILE__, __LINE__);
			goto fail;
		}

		PySSL_BEGIN_ALLOW_THREADS
		ret = SSL_CTX_use_certificate_chain_file(self->ctx,
							 cert_file);
		PySSL_END_ALLOW_THREADS
		if (ret != 1) {
			/*
			fprintf(stderr, "ret is %d, errcode is %lu, %lu, with file \"%s\"\n",
				ret, ERR_peek_error(), ERR_peek_last_error(), cert_file);
				*/
			if (ERR_peek_last_error() != 0) {
				_setSSLError(NULL, ret, __FILE__, __LINE__);
				goto fail;
			}
		}
	}

        /* ssl compatibility */
        SSL_CTX_set_options(self->ctx, SSL_OP_ALL);

	verification_mode = SSL_VERIFY_NONE;
	if (certreq == PY_SSL_CERT_OPTIONAL)
		verification_mode = SSL_VERIFY_PEER;
	else if (certreq == PY_SSL_CERT_REQUIRED)
		verification_mode = (SSL_VERIFY_PEER |
				     SSL_VERIFY_FAIL_IF_NO_PEER_CERT);
	SSL_CTX_set_verify(self->ctx, verification_mode,
			   NULL); /* set verify lvl */

	PySSL_BEGIN_ALLOW_THREADS
	self->ssl = SSL_new(self->ctx); /* New ssl struct */
	PySSL_END_ALLOW_THREADS
	SSL_set_fd(self->ssl, Sock->sock_fd);	/* Set the socket for SSL */

	/* If the socket is in non-blocking mode or timeout mode, set the BIO
	 * to non-blocking mode (blocking is the default)
	 */
	if (Sock->sock_timeout >= 0.0) {
		/* Set both the read and write BIO's to non-blocking mode */
		BIO_set_nbio(SSL_get_rbio(self->ssl), 1);
		BIO_set_nbio(SSL_get_wbio(self->ssl), 1);
	}

	PySSL_BEGIN_ALLOW_THREADS
	if (socket_type == PY_SSL_CLIENT)
		SSL_set_connect_state(self->ssl);
	else
		SSL_set_accept_state(self->ssl);
	PySSL_END_ALLOW_THREADS

	self->Socket = PyWeakref_NewRef((PyObject *) Sock, Py_None);
	return self;
 fail:
	if (errstr)
		PyErr_SetString(PySSLErrorObject, errstr);
	Py_DECREF(self);
	return NULL;
}

static PyObject *
PySSL_sslwrap(PyObject *self, PyObject *args)
{
	PySocketSockObject *Sock;
	int server_side = 0;
	int verification_mode = PY_SSL_CERT_NONE;
	int protocol = PY_SSL_VERSION_SSL23;
	char *key_file = NULL;
	char *cert_file = NULL;
	char *cacerts_file = NULL;

	if (!PyArg_ParseTuple(args, "O!i|zziiz:sslwrap",
			      PySocketModule.Sock_Type,
			      &Sock,
			      &server_side,
			      &key_file, &cert_file,
			      &verification_mode, &protocol,
			      &cacerts_file))
		return NULL;

	/*
	fprintf(stderr,
		"server_side is %d, keyfile %p, certfile %p, verify_mode %d, "
		"protocol %d, certs %p\n",
		server_side, key_file, cert_file, verification_mode,
		protocol, cacerts_file);
	 */

	return (PyObject *) newPySSLObject(Sock, key_file, cert_file,
					   server_side, verification_mode,
					   protocol, cacerts_file);
}

PyDoc_STRVAR(ssl_doc,
"sslwrap(socket, server_side, [keyfile, certfile, certs_mode, protocol,\n"
"                              cacertsfile]) -> sslobject");

/* SSL object methods */

static PyObject *PySSL_SSLdo_handshake(PySSLObject *self)
{
	int ret;
	int err;
	int sockstate;

	/* Actually negotiate SSL connection */
	/* XXX If SSL_do_handshake() returns 0, it's also a failure. */
	sockstate = 0;
	do {
                PySocketSockObject *sock
                  = (PySocketSockObject *) PyWeakref_GetObject(self->Socket);
                if (((PyObject*)sock) == Py_None) {
                        _setSSLError("Underlying socket connection gone",
                                     PY_SSL_ERROR_NO_SOCKET, __FILE__, __LINE__);
                        return NULL;
                }

		PySSL_BEGIN_ALLOW_THREADS
		ret = SSL_do_handshake(self->ssl);
		err = SSL_get_error(self->ssl, ret);
		PySSL_END_ALLOW_THREADS
		if(PyErr_CheckSignals()) {
			return NULL;
		}
		if (err == SSL_ERROR_WANT_READ) {
			sockstate = check_socket_and_wait_for_timeout(sock, 0);
		} else if (err == SSL_ERROR_WANT_WRITE) {
			sockstate = check_socket_and_wait_for_timeout(sock, 1);
		} else {
			sockstate = SOCKET_OPERATION_OK;
		}
		if (sockstate == SOCKET_HAS_TIMED_OUT) {
			PyErr_SetString(PySSLErrorObject,
				ERRSTR("The handshake operation timed out"));
			return NULL;
		} else if (sockstate == SOCKET_HAS_BEEN_CLOSED) {
			PyErr_SetString(PySSLErrorObject,
				ERRSTR("Underlying socket has been closed."));
			return NULL;
		} else if (sockstate == SOCKET_TOO_LARGE_FOR_SELECT) {
			PyErr_SetString(PySSLErrorObject,
			  ERRSTR("Underlying socket too large for select()."));
			return NULL;
		} else if (sockstate == SOCKET_IS_NONBLOCKING) {
			break;
		}
	} while (err == SSL_ERROR_WANT_READ || err == SSL_ERROR_WANT_WRITE);
	if (ret < 1)
		return PySSL_SetError(self, ret, __FILE__, __LINE__);
	self->ssl->debug = 1;

	if (self->peer_cert)
		X509_free (self->peer_cert);
        PySSL_BEGIN_ALLOW_THREADS
	self->peer_cert = SSL_get_peer_certificate(self->ssl);
	PySSL_END_ALLOW_THREADS

	Py_INCREF(Py_None);
	return Py_None;
}

static PyObject *
_create_tuple_for_attribute (ASN1_OBJECT *name, ASN1_STRING *value) {

	char namebuf[X509_NAME_MAXLEN];
	int buflen;
	PyObject *name_obj;
	PyObject *value_obj;
	PyObject *attr;
	unsigned char *valuebuf = NULL;

	buflen = OBJ_obj2txt(namebuf, sizeof(namebuf), name, 0);
	if (buflen < 0) {
		_setSSLError(NULL, 0, __FILE__, __LINE__);
		goto fail;
	}
	name_obj = PyUnicode_FromStringAndSize(namebuf, buflen);
	if (name_obj == NULL)
		goto fail;

	buflen = ASN1_STRING_to_UTF8(&valuebuf, value);
	if (buflen < 0) {
		_setSSLError(NULL, 0, __FILE__, __LINE__);
		Py_DECREF(name_obj);
		goto fail;
	}
	value_obj = PyUnicode_DecodeUTF8((char *) valuebuf,
						 buflen, "strict");
	OPENSSL_free(valuebuf);
	if (value_obj == NULL) {
		Py_DECREF(name_obj);
		goto fail;
	}
	attr = PyTuple_New(2);
	if (attr == NULL) {
		Py_DECREF(name_obj);
		Py_DECREF(value_obj);
		goto fail;
	}
	PyTuple_SET_ITEM(attr, 0, name_obj);
	PyTuple_SET_ITEM(attr, 1, value_obj);
	return attr;

  fail:
	return NULL;
}

static PyObject *
_create_tuple_for_X509_NAME (X509_NAME *xname)
{
	PyObject *dn = NULL;    /* tuple which represents the "distinguished name" */
        PyObject *rdn = NULL;   /* tuple to hold a "relative distinguished name" */
	PyObject *rdnt;
        PyObject *attr = NULL;   /* tuple to hold an attribute */
        int entry_count = X509_NAME_entry_count(xname);
	X509_NAME_ENTRY *entry;
	ASN1_OBJECT *name;
	ASN1_STRING *value;
	int index_counter;
	int rdn_level = -1;
	int retcode;

        dn = PyList_New(0);
	if (dn == NULL)
		return NULL;
        /* now create another tuple to hold the top-level RDN */
        rdn = PyList_New(0);
	if (rdn == NULL)
		goto fail0;

	for (index_counter = 0;
	     index_counter < entry_count;
	     index_counter++)
	{
		entry = X509_NAME_get_entry(xname, index_counter);

		/* check to see if we've gotten to a new RDN */
		if (rdn_level >= 0) {
			if (rdn_level != entry->set) {
				/* yes, new RDN */
				/* add old RDN to DN */
				rdnt = PyList_AsTuple(rdn);
				Py_DECREF(rdn);
				if (rdnt == NULL)
					goto fail0;
				retcode = PyList_Append(dn, rdnt);
				Py_DECREF(rdnt);
				if (retcode < 0)
					goto fail0;
				/* create new RDN */
				rdn = PyList_New(0);
				if (rdn == NULL)
					goto fail0;
			}
		}
		rdn_level = entry->set;

		/* now add this attribute to the current RDN */
		name = X509_NAME_ENTRY_get_object(entry);
		value = X509_NAME_ENTRY_get_data(entry);
		attr = _create_tuple_for_attribute(name, value);
                /*
                fprintf(stderr, "RDN level %d, attribute %s: %s\n",
                        entry->set,
                        PyString_AS_STRING(PyTuple_GET_ITEM(attr, 0)),
                        PyString_AS_STRING(PyTuple_GET_ITEM(attr, 1)));
                */
		if (attr == NULL)
			goto fail1;
                retcode = PyList_Append(rdn, attr);
		Py_DECREF(attr);
		if (retcode < 0)
			goto fail1;
	}
	/* now, there's typically a dangling RDN */
	if ((rdn != NULL) && (PyList_Size(rdn) > 0)) {
		rdnt = PyList_AsTuple(rdn);
		Py_DECREF(rdn);
		if (rdnt == NULL)
			goto fail0;
		retcode = PyList_Append(dn, rdnt);
		Py_DECREF(rdnt);
		if (retcode < 0)
			goto fail0;
	}

	/* convert list to tuple */
	rdnt = PyList_AsTuple(dn);
	Py_DECREF(dn);
	if (rdnt == NULL)
		return NULL;
	return rdnt;

  fail1:
	Py_XDECREF(rdn);

  fail0:
	Py_XDECREF(dn);
	return NULL;
}

static PyObject *
_get_peer_alt_names (X509 *certificate) {

	/* this code follows the procedure outlined in
	   OpenSSL's crypto/x509v3/v3_prn.c:X509v3_EXT_print()
	   function to extract the STACK_OF(GENERAL_NAME),
	   then iterates through the stack to add the
	   names. */

	int i, j;
	PyObject *peer_alt_names = Py_None;
	PyObject *v, *t;
	X509_EXTENSION *ext = NULL;
	GENERAL_NAMES *names = NULL;
	GENERAL_NAME *name;
	X509V3_EXT_METHOD *method;
	BIO *biobuf = NULL;
	char buf[2048];
	char *vptr;
	int len;
	const unsigned char *p;

	if (certificate == NULL)
		return peer_alt_names;

	/* get a memory buffer */
	biobuf = BIO_new(BIO_s_mem());

	i = 0;
	while ((i = X509_get_ext_by_NID(
			certificate, NID_subject_alt_name, i)) >= 0) {

		if (peer_alt_names == Py_None) {
                        peer_alt_names = PyList_New(0);
                        if (peer_alt_names == NULL)
				goto fail;
		}

		/* now decode the altName */
		ext = X509_get_ext(certificate, i);
		if(!(method = X509V3_EXT_get(ext))) {
			PyErr_SetString
                          (PySSLErrorObject,
                           ERRSTR("No method for internalizing subjectAltName!"));
			goto fail;
		}

		p = ext->value->data;
		if (method->it)
			names = (GENERAL_NAMES*)
                          (ASN1_item_d2i(NULL,
                                         &p,
                                         ext->value->length,
                                         ASN1_ITEM_ptr(method->it)));
		else
			names = (GENERAL_NAMES*)
                          (method->d2i(NULL,
                                       &p,
                                       ext->value->length));

		for(j = 0; j < sk_GENERAL_NAME_num(names); j++) {

			/* get a rendering of each name in the set of names */

			name = sk_GENERAL_NAME_value(names, j);
			if (name->type == GEN_DIRNAME) {

				/* we special-case DirName as a tuple of
                                   tuples of attributes */

				t = PyTuple_New(2);
				if (t == NULL) {
					goto fail;
				}

				v = PyUnicode_FromString("DirName");
				if (v == NULL) {
					Py_DECREF(t);
					goto fail;
				}
				PyTuple_SET_ITEM(t, 0, v);

				v = _create_tuple_for_X509_NAME (name->d.dirn);
				if (v == NULL) {
					Py_DECREF(t);
					goto fail;
				}
				PyTuple_SET_ITEM(t, 1, v);

			} else {

				/* for everything else, we use the OpenSSL print form */

				(void) BIO_reset(biobuf);
				GENERAL_NAME_print(biobuf, name);
				len = BIO_gets(biobuf, buf, sizeof(buf)-1);
				if (len < 0) {
					_setSSLError(NULL, 0, __FILE__, __LINE__);
					goto fail;
				}
				vptr = strchr(buf, ':');
				if (vptr == NULL)
					goto fail;
				t = PyTuple_New(2);
				if (t == NULL)
					goto fail;
				v = PyUnicode_FromStringAndSize(buf, (vptr - buf));
				if (v == NULL) {
					Py_DECREF(t);
					goto fail;
				}
				PyTuple_SET_ITEM(t, 0, v);
				v = PyUnicode_FromStringAndSize((vptr + 1),
                                                                (len - (vptr - buf + 1)));
				if (v == NULL) {
					Py_DECREF(t);
					goto fail;
				}
				PyTuple_SET_ITEM(t, 1, v);
			}

			/* and add that rendering to the list */

			if (PyList_Append(peer_alt_names, t) < 0) {
				Py_DECREF(t);
				goto fail;
			}
			Py_DECREF(t);
		}
	}
	BIO_free(biobuf);
	if (peer_alt_names != Py_None) {
		v = PyList_AsTuple(peer_alt_names);
		Py_DECREF(peer_alt_names);
		return v;
	} else {
		return peer_alt_names;
	}


  fail:
	if (biobuf != NULL)
		BIO_free(biobuf);

	if (peer_alt_names != Py_None) {
		Py_XDECREF(peer_alt_names);
	}

	return NULL;
}

static PyObject *
_decode_certificate (X509 *certificate, int verbose) {

	PyObject *retval = NULL;
	BIO *biobuf = NULL;
	PyObject *peer;
	PyObject *peer_alt_names = NULL;
	PyObject *issuer;
	PyObject *version;
	PyObject *sn_obj;
	ASN1_INTEGER *serialNumber;
	char buf[2048];
	int len;
	ASN1_TIME *notBefore, *notAfter;
	PyObject *pnotBefore, *pnotAfter;

	retval = PyDict_New();
	if (retval == NULL)
		return NULL;

	peer = _create_tuple_for_X509_NAME(
		X509_get_subject_name(certificate));
	if (peer == NULL)
		goto fail0;
	if (PyDict_SetItemString(retval, (const char *) "subject", peer) < 0) {
		Py_DECREF(peer);
		goto fail0;
	}
	Py_DECREF(peer);

	if (verbose) {
		issuer = _create_tuple_for_X509_NAME(
			X509_get_issuer_name(certificate));
		if (issuer == NULL)
			goto fail0;
		if (PyDict_SetItemString(retval, (const char *)"issuer", issuer) < 0) {
			Py_DECREF(issuer);
			goto fail0;
		}
		Py_DECREF(issuer);

		version = PyLong_FromLong(X509_get_version(certificate) + 1);
		if (PyDict_SetItemString(retval, "version", version) < 0) {
			Py_DECREF(version);
			goto fail0;
		}
		Py_DECREF(version);
	}

	/* get a memory buffer */
	biobuf = BIO_new(BIO_s_mem());

	if (verbose) {

		(void) BIO_reset(biobuf);
		serialNumber = X509_get_serialNumber(certificate);
		/* should not exceed 20 octets, 160 bits, so buf is big enough */
		i2a_ASN1_INTEGER(biobuf, serialNumber);
		len = BIO_gets(biobuf, buf, sizeof(buf)-1);
		if (len < 0) {
			_setSSLError(NULL, 0, __FILE__, __LINE__);
			goto fail1;
		}
		sn_obj = PyUnicode_FromStringAndSize(buf, len);
		if (sn_obj == NULL)
			goto fail1;
		if (PyDict_SetItemString(retval, "serialNumber", sn_obj) < 0) {
			Py_DECREF(sn_obj);
			goto fail1;
		}
		Py_DECREF(sn_obj);

		(void) BIO_reset(biobuf);
		notBefore = X509_get_notBefore(certificate);
		ASN1_TIME_print(biobuf, notBefore);
		len = BIO_gets(biobuf, buf, sizeof(buf)-1);
		if (len < 0) {
			_setSSLError(NULL, 0, __FILE__, __LINE__);
			goto fail1;
		}
		pnotBefore = PyUnicode_FromStringAndSize(buf, len);
		if (pnotBefore == NULL)
			goto fail1;
		if (PyDict_SetItemString(retval, "notBefore", pnotBefore) < 0) {
			Py_DECREF(pnotBefore);
			goto fail1;
		}
		Py_DECREF(pnotBefore);
	}

	(void) BIO_reset(biobuf);
	notAfter = X509_get_notAfter(certificate);
	ASN1_TIME_print(biobuf, notAfter);
	len = BIO_gets(biobuf, buf, sizeof(buf)-1);
	if (len < 0) {
		_setSSLError(NULL, 0, __FILE__, __LINE__);
		goto fail1;
	}
	pnotAfter = PyUnicode_FromStringAndSize(buf, len);
	if (pnotAfter == NULL)
		goto fail1;
	if (PyDict_SetItemString(retval, "notAfter", pnotAfter) < 0) {
		Py_DECREF(pnotAfter);
		goto fail1;
	}
	Py_DECREF(pnotAfter);

	/* Now look for subjectAltName */

	peer_alt_names = _get_peer_alt_names(certificate);
	if (peer_alt_names == NULL)
		goto fail1;
	else if (peer_alt_names != Py_None) {
		if (PyDict_SetItemString(retval, "subjectAltName",
					 peer_alt_names) < 0) {
			Py_DECREF(peer_alt_names);
			goto fail1;
		}
		Py_DECREF(peer_alt_names);
	}

	BIO_free(biobuf);
	return retval;

  fail1:
	if (biobuf != NULL)
		BIO_free(biobuf);
  fail0:
	Py_XDECREF(retval);
	return NULL;
}


static PyObject *
PySSL_test_decode_certificate (PyObject *mod, PyObject *args) {

	PyObject *retval = NULL;
	char *filename = NULL;
	X509 *x=NULL;
	BIO *cert;
	int verbose = 1;

	if (!PyArg_ParseTuple(args, "s|i:test_decode_certificate",
                              &filename, &verbose))
		return NULL;

	if ((cert=BIO_new(BIO_s_file())) == NULL) {
		PyErr_SetString(PySSLErrorObject,
                                "Can't malloc memory to read file");
		goto fail0;
	}

	if (BIO_read_filename(cert,filename) <= 0) {
		PyErr_SetString(PySSLErrorObject,
                                "Can't open file");
		goto fail0;
	}

	x = PEM_read_bio_X509_AUX(cert,NULL, NULL, NULL);
	if (x == NULL) {
		PyErr_SetString(PySSLErrorObject,
                                "Error decoding PEM-encoded file");
		goto fail0;
	}

	retval = _decode_certificate(x, verbose);

  fail0:

	if (cert != NULL) BIO_free(cert);
	return retval;
}


static PyObject *
PySSL_peercert(PySSLObject *self, PyObject *args)
{
	PyObject *retval = NULL;
	int len;
	int verification;
	PyObject *binary_mode = Py_None;

	if (!PyArg_ParseTuple(args, "|O:peer_certificate", &binary_mode))
		return NULL;

	if (!self->peer_cert)
		Py_RETURN_NONE;

	if (PyObject_IsTrue(binary_mode)) {
		/* return cert in DER-encoded format */

		unsigned char *bytes_buf = NULL;

		bytes_buf = NULL;
		len = i2d_X509(self->peer_cert, &bytes_buf);
		if (len < 0) {
			PySSL_SetError(self, len, __FILE__, __LINE__);
			return NULL;
		}
                /* this is actually an immutable bytes sequence */
		retval = PyString_FromStringAndSize
                  ((const char *) bytes_buf, len);
		OPENSSL_free(bytes_buf);
		return retval;

	} else {

		verification = SSL_CTX_get_verify_mode(self->ctx);
		if ((verification & SSL_VERIFY_PEER) == 0)
			return PyDict_New();
		else
			return _decode_certificate (self->peer_cert, 0);
	}
}

PyDoc_STRVAR(PySSL_peercert_doc,
"peer_certificate([der=False]) -> certificate\n\
\n\
Returns the certificate for the peer.  If no certificate was provided,\n\
returns None.  If a certificate was provided, but not validated, returns\n\
an empty dictionary.  Otherwise returns a dict containing information\n\
about the peer certificate.\n\
\n\
If the optional argument is True, returns a DER-encoded copy of the\n\
peer certificate, or None if no certificate was provided.  This will\n\
return the certificate even if it wasn't validated.");

static PyObject *PySSL_cipher (PySSLObject *self) {

	PyObject *retval, *v;
	SSL_CIPHER *current;
	char *cipher_name;
	char *cipher_protocol;

	if (self->ssl == NULL)
		return Py_None;
	current = SSL_get_current_cipher(self->ssl);
	if (current == NULL)
		return Py_None;

	retval = PyTuple_New(3);
	if (retval == NULL)
		return NULL;

	cipher_name = (char *) SSL_CIPHER_get_name(current);
	if (cipher_name == NULL) {
		PyTuple_SET_ITEM(retval, 0, Py_None);
	} else {
		v = PyUnicode_FromString(cipher_name);
		if (v == NULL)
			goto fail0;
		PyTuple_SET_ITEM(retval, 0, v);
	}
	cipher_protocol = SSL_CIPHER_get_version(current);
	if (cipher_protocol == NULL) {
		PyTuple_SET_ITEM(retval, 1, Py_None);
	} else {
		v = PyUnicode_FromString(cipher_protocol);
		if (v == NULL)
			goto fail0;
		PyTuple_SET_ITEM(retval, 1, v);
	}
	v = PyLong_FromLong(SSL_CIPHER_get_bits(current, NULL));
	if (v == NULL)
		goto fail0;
	PyTuple_SET_ITEM(retval, 2, v);
	return retval;

  fail0:
	Py_DECREF(retval);
	return NULL;
}

static void PySSL_dealloc(PySSLObject *self)
{
	if (self->peer_cert)	/* Possible not to have one? */
		X509_free (self->peer_cert);
	if (self->ssl)
		SSL_free(self->ssl);
	if (self->ctx)
		SSL_CTX_free(self->ctx);
	Py_XDECREF(self->Socket);
	PyObject_Del(self);
}

/* If the socket has a timeout, do a select()/poll() on the socket.
   The argument writing indicates the direction.
   Returns one of the possibilities in the timeout_state enum (above).
 */

static int
check_socket_and_wait_for_timeout(PySocketSockObject *s, int writing)
{
	fd_set fds;
	struct timeval tv;
	int rc;

	/* Nothing to do unless we're in timeout mode (not non-blocking) */
	if (s->sock_timeout < 0.0)
		return SOCKET_IS_BLOCKING;
	else if (s->sock_timeout == 0.0)
		return SOCKET_IS_NONBLOCKING;

	/* Guard against closed socket */
	if (s->sock_fd < 0)
		return SOCKET_HAS_BEEN_CLOSED;

	/* Prefer poll, if available, since you can poll() any fd
	 * which can't be done with select(). */
#ifdef HAVE_POLL
	{
		struct pollfd pollfd;
		int timeout;

		pollfd.fd = s->sock_fd;
		pollfd.events = writing ? POLLOUT : POLLIN;

		/* s->sock_timeout is in seconds, timeout in ms */
		timeout = (int)(s->sock_timeout * 1000 + 0.5);
		PySSL_BEGIN_ALLOW_THREADS
		rc = poll(&pollfd, 1, timeout);
		PySSL_END_ALLOW_THREADS

		goto normal_return;
	}
#endif

	/* Guard against socket too large for select*/
#ifndef Py_SOCKET_FD_CAN_BE_GE_FD_SETSIZE
	if (s->sock_fd >= FD_SETSIZE)
		return SOCKET_TOO_LARGE_FOR_SELECT;
#endif

	/* Construct the arguments to select */
	tv.tv_sec = (int)s->sock_timeout;
	tv.tv_usec = (int)((s->sock_timeout - tv.tv_sec) * 1e6);
	FD_ZERO(&fds);
	FD_SET(s->sock_fd, &fds);

	/* See if the socket is ready */
	PySSL_BEGIN_ALLOW_THREADS
	if (writing)
		rc = select(s->sock_fd+1, NULL, &fds, NULL, &tv);
	else
		rc = select(s->sock_fd+1, &fds, NULL, NULL, &tv);
	PySSL_END_ALLOW_THREADS

#ifdef HAVE_POLL
normal_return:
#endif
	/* Return SOCKET_TIMED_OUT on timeout, SOCKET_OPERATION_OK otherwise
	   (when we are able to write or when there's something to read) */
	return rc == 0 ? SOCKET_HAS_TIMED_OUT : SOCKET_OPERATION_OK;
}

static PyObject *PySSL_SSLwrite(PySSLObject *self, PyObject *args)
{
	char *data;
	int len;
	int count;
	int sockstate;
	int err;
        int nonblocking;
        PySocketSockObject *sock
          = (PySocketSockObject *) PyWeakref_GetObject(self->Socket);

        if (((PyObject*)sock) == Py_None) {
                _setSSLError("Underlying socket connection gone",
                             PY_SSL_ERROR_NO_SOCKET, __FILE__, __LINE__);
                return NULL;
        }

	if (!PyArg_ParseTuple(args, "y#:write", &data, &count))
		return NULL;

        /* just in case the blocking state of the socket has been changed */
	nonblocking = (sock->sock_timeout >= 0.0);
        BIO_set_nbio(SSL_get_rbio(self->ssl), nonblocking);
        BIO_set_nbio(SSL_get_wbio(self->ssl), nonblocking);

	sockstate = check_socket_and_wait_for_timeout(sock, 1);
	if (sockstate == SOCKET_HAS_TIMED_OUT) {
		PyErr_SetString(PySSLErrorObject,
                                "The write operation timed out");
		return NULL;
	} else if (sockstate == SOCKET_HAS_BEEN_CLOSED) {
		PyErr_SetString(PySSLErrorObject,
                                "Underlying socket has been closed.");
		return NULL;
	} else if (sockstate == SOCKET_TOO_LARGE_FOR_SELECT) {
		PyErr_SetString(PySSLErrorObject,
                                "Underlying socket too large for select().");
		return NULL;
	}
	do {
		err = 0;
		PySSL_BEGIN_ALLOW_THREADS
		len = SSL_write(self->ssl, data, count);
		err = SSL_get_error(self->ssl, len);
		PySSL_END_ALLOW_THREADS
		if(PyErr_CheckSignals()) {
			return NULL;
		}
		if (err == SSL_ERROR_WANT_READ) {
			sockstate =
                            check_socket_and_wait_for_timeout(sock, 0);
		} else if (err == SSL_ERROR_WANT_WRITE) {
			sockstate =
                            check_socket_and_wait_for_timeout(sock, 1);
		} else {
			sockstate = SOCKET_OPERATION_OK;
		}
		if (sockstate == SOCKET_HAS_TIMED_OUT) {
			PyErr_SetString(PySSLErrorObject,
                                        "The write operation timed out");
			return NULL;
		} else if (sockstate == SOCKET_HAS_BEEN_CLOSED) {
			PyErr_SetString(PySSLErrorObject,
                                        "Underlying socket has been closed.");
			return NULL;
		} else if (sockstate == SOCKET_IS_NONBLOCKING) {
			break;
		}
	} while (err == SSL_ERROR_WANT_READ || err == SSL_ERROR_WANT_WRITE);
	if (len > 0)
		return PyLong_FromLong(len);
	else
		return PySSL_SetError(self, len, __FILE__, __LINE__);
}

PyDoc_STRVAR(PySSL_SSLwrite_doc,
"write(s) -> len\n\
\n\
Writes the string s into the SSL object.  Returns the number\n\
of bytes written.");

static PyObject *PySSL_SSLpending(PySSLObject *self)
{
	int count = 0;

	PySSL_BEGIN_ALLOW_THREADS
	count = SSL_pending(self->ssl);
	PySSL_END_ALLOW_THREADS
	if (count < 0)
		return PySSL_SetError(self, count, __FILE__, __LINE__);
	else
		return PyLong_FromLong(count);
}

PyDoc_STRVAR(PySSL_SSLpending_doc,
"pending() -> count\n\
\n\
Returns the number of already decrypted bytes available for read,\n\
pending on the connection.\n");

static PyObject *PySSL_SSLread(PySSLObject *self, PyObject *args)
{
	PyObject *buf = NULL;
	int buf_passed = 0;
	int count = -1;
	int len = 1024;
	int sockstate;
	int err;
        int nonblocking;
        PySocketSockObject *sock
          = (PySocketSockObject *) PyWeakref_GetObject(self->Socket);

        if (((PyObject*)sock) == Py_None) {
                _setSSLError("Underlying socket connection gone",
                             PY_SSL_ERROR_NO_SOCKET, __FILE__, __LINE__);
                return NULL;
        }

	if (!PyArg_ParseTuple(args, "|Oi:read", &buf, &count))
		return NULL;
        if ((buf == NULL) || (buf == Py_None)) {
		if (!(buf = PyBytes_FromStringAndSize((char *) 0, len)))
			return NULL;
        } else if (PyLong_Check(buf)) {
		len = PyLong_AS_LONG(buf);
		if (!(buf = PyBytes_FromStringAndSize((char *) 0, len)))
			return NULL;
	} else {
		if (!PyBytes_Check(buf))
			return NULL;
		len = PyBytes_Size(buf);
		if ((count > 0) && (count <= len))
			len = count;
		buf_passed = 1;
	}

        /* just in case the blocking state of the socket has been changed */
	nonblocking = (sock->sock_timeout >= 0.0);
        BIO_set_nbio(SSL_get_rbio(self->ssl), nonblocking);
        BIO_set_nbio(SSL_get_wbio(self->ssl), nonblocking);

	/* first check if there are bytes ready to be read */
	PySSL_BEGIN_ALLOW_THREADS
	count = SSL_pending(self->ssl);
	PySSL_END_ALLOW_THREADS

	if (!count) {
		sockstate = check_socket_and_wait_for_timeout(sock, 0);
		if (sockstate == SOCKET_HAS_TIMED_OUT) {
			PyErr_SetString(PySSLErrorObject,
					"The read operation timed out");
			if (!buf_passed) {
				Py_DECREF(buf);
			}
			return NULL;
		} else if (sockstate == SOCKET_TOO_LARGE_FOR_SELECT) {
			PyErr_SetString(PySSLErrorObject,
				"Underlying socket too large for select().");
			if (!buf_passed) {
				Py_DECREF(buf);
			}
			Py_DECREF(buf);
			return NULL;
		} else if (sockstate == SOCKET_HAS_BEEN_CLOSED) {
			count = 0;
			goto done;
		}
	}
	do {
		err = 0;
		PySSL_BEGIN_ALLOW_THREADS
		count = SSL_read(self->ssl, PyBytes_AsString(buf), len);
		err = SSL_get_error(self->ssl, count);
		PySSL_END_ALLOW_THREADS
		if(PyErr_CheckSignals()) {
			if (!buf_passed) {
				Py_DECREF(buf);
			}
			return NULL;
		}
		if (err == SSL_ERROR_WANT_READ) {
			sockstate =
			  check_socket_and_wait_for_timeout(sock, 0);
		} else if (err == SSL_ERROR_WANT_WRITE) {
			sockstate =
			  check_socket_and_wait_for_timeout(sock, 1);
		} else if ((err == SSL_ERROR_ZERO_RETURN) &&
			   (SSL_get_shutdown(self->ssl) ==
			    SSL_RECEIVED_SHUTDOWN))
		{
			count = 0;
			goto done;
		} else {
			sockstate = SOCKET_OPERATION_OK;
		}
		if (sockstate == SOCKET_HAS_TIMED_OUT) {
			PyErr_SetString(PySSLErrorObject,
					"The read operation timed out");
			if (!buf_passed) {
				Py_DECREF(buf);
			}
			return NULL;
		} else if (sockstate == SOCKET_IS_NONBLOCKING) {
			break;
		}
	} while (err == SSL_ERROR_WANT_READ || err == SSL_ERROR_WANT_WRITE);
	if (count <= 0) {
		if (!buf_passed) {
			Py_DECREF(buf);
		}
		return PySSL_SetError(self, count, __FILE__, __LINE__);
	}
  done:
	if (!buf_passed) {
		PyObject *res = PyString_FromStringAndSize(
			PyBytes_AS_STRING(buf), count);
		Py_DECREF(buf);
		return res;
	} else {
		return PyLong_FromLong(count);
	}
}

PyDoc_STRVAR(PySSL_SSLread_doc,
"read([len]) -> string\n\
\n\
Read up to len bytes from the SSL socket.");

static PyMethodDef PySSLMethods[] = {
	{"do_handshake", (PyCFunction)PySSL_SSLdo_handshake, METH_NOARGS},
	{"write", (PyCFunction)PySSL_SSLwrite, METH_VARARGS,
	 PySSL_SSLwrite_doc},
	{"read", (PyCFunction)PySSL_SSLread, METH_VARARGS,
	 PySSL_SSLread_doc},
	{"pending", (PyCFunction)PySSL_SSLpending, METH_NOARGS,
	 PySSL_SSLpending_doc},
	{"peer_certificate", (PyCFunction)PySSL_peercert, METH_VARARGS,
	 PySSL_peercert_doc},
	{"cipher", (PyCFunction)PySSL_cipher, METH_NOARGS},
	{NULL, NULL}
};

static PyObject *PySSL_getattr(PySSLObject *self, char *name)
{
	return Py_FindMethod(PySSLMethods, (PyObject *)self, name);
}

static PyTypeObject PySSL_Type = {
	PyVarObject_HEAD_INIT(NULL, 0)
	"ssl.SSLContext",		/*tp_name*/
	sizeof(PySSLObject),		/*tp_basicsize*/
	0,				/*tp_itemsize*/
	/* methods */
	(destructor)PySSL_dealloc,	/*tp_dealloc*/
	0,				/*tp_print*/
	(getattrfunc)PySSL_getattr,	/*tp_getattr*/
	0,				/*tp_setattr*/
	0,				/*tp_compare*/
	0,				/*tp_repr*/
	0,				/*tp_as_number*/
	0,				/*tp_as_sequence*/
	0,				/*tp_as_mapping*/
	0,				/*tp_hash*/
};

#ifdef HAVE_OPENSSL_RAND

/* helper routines for seeding the SSL PRNG */
static PyObject *
PySSL_RAND_add(PyObject *self, PyObject *args)
{
    char *buf;
    int len;
    double entropy;

    if (!PyArg_ParseTuple(args, "s#d:RAND_add", &buf, &len, &entropy))
	return NULL;
    RAND_add(buf, len, entropy);
    Py_INCREF(Py_None);
    return Py_None;
}

PyDoc_STRVAR(PySSL_RAND_add_doc,
"RAND_add(string, entropy)\n\
\n\
Mix string into the OpenSSL PRNG state.  entropy (a float) is a lower\n\
bound on the entropy contained in string.  See RFC 1750.");

static PyObject *
PySSL_RAND_status(PyObject *self)
{
    return PyLong_FromLong(RAND_status());
}

PyDoc_STRVAR(PySSL_RAND_status_doc,
"RAND_status() -> 0 or 1\n\
\n\
Returns 1 if the OpenSSL PRNG has been seeded with enough data and 0 if not.\n\
It is necessary to seed the PRNG with RAND_add() on some platforms before\n\
using the ssl() function.");

static PyObject *
PySSL_RAND_egd(PyObject *self, PyObject *arg)
{
    int bytes;

    if (!PyUnicode_Check(arg))
	return PyErr_Format(PyExc_TypeError,
			    "RAND_egd() expected string, found %s",
			    Py_TYPE(arg)->tp_name);
    bytes = RAND_egd(PyUnicode_AsString(arg));
    if (bytes == -1) {
	PyErr_SetString(PySSLErrorObject,
			"EGD connection failed or EGD did not return "
			"enough data to seed the PRNG");
	return NULL;
    }
    return PyLong_FromLong(bytes);
}

PyDoc_STRVAR(PySSL_RAND_egd_doc,
"RAND_egd(path) -> bytes\n\
\n\
Queries the entropy gather daemon (EGD) on the socket named by 'path'.\n\
Returns number of bytes read.  Raises SSLError if connection to EGD\n\
fails or if it does provide enough data to seed PRNG.");

#endif

/* List of functions exported by this module. */

static PyMethodDef PySSL_methods[] = {
	{"sslwrap",             PySSL_sslwrap,
         METH_VARARGS, ssl_doc},
	{"_test_decode_cert",	PySSL_test_decode_certificate,
	 METH_VARARGS},
#ifdef HAVE_OPENSSL_RAND
	{"RAND_add",            PySSL_RAND_add, METH_VARARGS,
	 PySSL_RAND_add_doc},
	{"RAND_egd",            PySSL_RAND_egd, METH_O,
	 PySSL_RAND_egd_doc},
	{"RAND_status",         (PyCFunction)PySSL_RAND_status, METH_NOARGS,
	 PySSL_RAND_status_doc},
#endif
	{NULL,                  NULL}            /* Sentinel */
};


#ifdef WITH_THREAD

/* an implementation of OpenSSL threading operations in terms
   of the Python C thread library */

static PyThread_type_lock *_ssl_locks = NULL;

static unsigned long _ssl_thread_id_function (void) {
	return PyThread_get_thread_ident();
}

static void _ssl_thread_locking_function
        (int mode, int n, const char *file, int line) {
	/* this function is needed to perform locking on shared data
	   structures. (Note that OpenSSL uses a number of global data
	   structures that will be implicitly shared whenever multiple
	   threads use OpenSSL.) Multi-threaded applications will
	   crash at random if it is not set.

	   locking_function() must be able to handle up to
	   CRYPTO_num_locks() different mutex locks. It sets the n-th
	   lock if mode & CRYPTO_LOCK, and releases it otherwise.

	   file and line are the file number of the function setting the
	   lock. They can be useful for debugging.
	*/

	if ((_ssl_locks == NULL) ||
	    (n < 0) || ((unsigned)n >= _ssl_locks_count))
		return;

	if (mode & CRYPTO_LOCK) {
		PyThread_acquire_lock(_ssl_locks[n], 1);
	} else {
		PyThread_release_lock(_ssl_locks[n]);
	}
}

static int _setup_ssl_threads(void) {

	unsigned int i;

	if (_ssl_locks == NULL) {
		_ssl_locks_count = CRYPTO_num_locks();
		_ssl_locks = (PyThread_type_lock *)
			malloc(sizeof(PyThread_type_lock) * _ssl_locks_count);
		if (_ssl_locks == NULL)
			return 0;
		memset(_ssl_locks, 0,
                       sizeof(PyThread_type_lock) * _ssl_locks_count);
		for (i = 0;  i < _ssl_locks_count;  i++) {
			_ssl_locks[i] = PyThread_allocate_lock();
			if (_ssl_locks[i] == NULL) {
				int j;
				for (j = 0;  j < i;  j++) {
					PyThread_free_lock(_ssl_locks[j]);
				}
				free(_ssl_locks);
				return 0;
			}
		}
		CRYPTO_set_locking_callback(_ssl_thread_locking_function);
		CRYPTO_set_id_callback(_ssl_thread_id_function);
	}
	return 1;
}

#endif	/* def HAVE_THREAD */

PyDoc_STRVAR(module_doc,
"Implementation module for SSL socket operations.  See the socket module\n\
for documentation.");

PyMODINIT_FUNC
init_ssl(void)
{
	PyObject *m, *d;

	Py_TYPE(&PySSL_Type) = &PyType_Type;

	m = Py_InitModule3("_ssl", PySSL_methods, module_doc);
	if (m == NULL)
		return;
	d = PyModule_GetDict(m);

	/* Load _socket module and its C API */
	if (PySocketModule_ImportModuleAndAPI())
		return;

	/* Init OpenSSL */
	SSL_load_error_strings();
#ifdef WITH_THREAD
	/* note that this will start threading if not already started */
	if (!_setup_ssl_threads()) {
		return;
	}
#endif
	SSLeay_add_ssl_algorithms();

	/* Add symbols to module dict */
	PySSLErrorObject = PyErr_NewException("ssl.SSLError",
					      PySocketModule.error,
					      NULL);
	if (PySSLErrorObject == NULL)
		return;
	if (PyDict_SetItemString(d, "SSLError", PySSLErrorObject) != 0)
		return;
	if (PyDict_SetItemString(d, "SSLType",
				 (PyObject *)&PySSL_Type) != 0)
		return;
	PyModule_AddIntConstant(m, "SSL_ERROR_ZERO_RETURN",
				PY_SSL_ERROR_ZERO_RETURN);
	PyModule_AddIntConstant(m, "SSL_ERROR_WANT_READ",
				PY_SSL_ERROR_WANT_READ);
	PyModule_AddIntConstant(m, "SSL_ERROR_WANT_WRITE",
				PY_SSL_ERROR_WANT_WRITE);
	PyModule_AddIntConstant(m, "SSL_ERROR_WANT_X509_LOOKUP",
				PY_SSL_ERROR_WANT_X509_LOOKUP);
	PyModule_AddIntConstant(m, "SSL_ERROR_SYSCALL",
				PY_SSL_ERROR_SYSCALL);
	PyModule_AddIntConstant(m, "SSL_ERROR_SSL",
				PY_SSL_ERROR_SSL);
	PyModule_AddIntConstant(m, "SSL_ERROR_WANT_CONNECT",
				PY_SSL_ERROR_WANT_CONNECT);
	/* non ssl.h errorcodes */
	PyModule_AddIntConstant(m, "SSL_ERROR_EOF",
				PY_SSL_ERROR_EOF);
	PyModule_AddIntConstant(m, "SSL_ERROR_INVALID_ERROR_CODE",
				PY_SSL_ERROR_INVALID_ERROR_CODE);
	/* cert requirements */
	PyModule_AddIntConstant(m, "CERT_NONE",
				PY_SSL_CERT_NONE);
	PyModule_AddIntConstant(m, "CERT_OPTIONAL",
				PY_SSL_CERT_OPTIONAL);
	PyModule_AddIntConstant(m, "CERT_REQUIRED",
				PY_SSL_CERT_REQUIRED);

	/* protocol versions */
	PyModule_AddIntConstant(m, "PROTOCOL_SSLv2",
				PY_SSL_VERSION_SSL2);
	PyModule_AddIntConstant(m, "PROTOCOL_SSLv3",
				PY_SSL_VERSION_SSL3);
	PyModule_AddIntConstant(m, "PROTOCOL_SSLv23",
				PY_SSL_VERSION_SSL23);
	PyModule_AddIntConstant(m, "PROTOCOL_TLSv1",
				PY_SSL_VERSION_TLS1);
}
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