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whoosh / tests / test_indexing.py

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from __future__ import with_statement
import random
from collections import defaultdict
from datetime import datetime

import pytest

from whoosh import analysis, fields, index, qparser, query
from whoosh.compat import b, u, xrange, text_type, PY3, permutations
from whoosh.filedb.filestore import RamStorage
from whoosh.writing import IndexingError
from whoosh.util.numeric import length_to_byte, byte_to_length
from whoosh.util.testing import TempIndex, TempStorage


def test_creation():
    s = fields.Schema(content=fields.TEXT(phrase=True),
                      title=fields.TEXT(stored=True),
                      path=fields.ID(stored=True),
                      tags=fields.KEYWORD(stored=True),
                      quick=fields.NGRAM,
                      note=fields.STORED)
    st = RamStorage()

    ix = st.create_index(s)
    w = ix.writer()
    w.add_document(title=u("First"), content=u("This is the first document"),
                   path=u("/a"), tags=u("first second third"),
                   quick=u("First document"),
                   note=u("This is the first document"))
    w.add_document(content=u("Let's try this again"), title=u("Second"),
                   path=u("/b"), tags=u("Uno Dos Tres"),
                   quick=u("Second document"),
                   note=u("This is the second document"))
    w.commit()


def test_empty_commit():
    s = fields.Schema(id=fields.ID(stored=True))
    with TempIndex(s, "emptycommit") as ix:
        w = ix.writer()
        w.add_document(id=u("1"))
        w.add_document(id=u("2"))
        w.add_document(id=u("3"))
        w.commit()

        w = ix.writer()
        w.commit()


def test_version_in():
    from whoosh import __version__
    from whoosh import index

    with TempStorage("versionin") as st:
        assert not index.exists(st)

        schema = fields.Schema(text=fields.TEXT)
        ix = st.create_index(schema)
        assert index.exists(st)
        assert ix.is_empty()

        v = index.version(st)
        assert v[0] == __version__
        assert v[1] == index._CURRENT_TOC_VERSION

        with ix.writer() as w:
            w.add_document(text=u("alfa"))

        assert not ix.is_empty()


def _check_writer(name, writer_fn):
    schema = fields.Schema(text=fields.TEXT, id=fields.STORED)
    domain = (u("alfa"), u("bravo"), u("charlie"), u("delta"), u("echo"),
              u("foxtrot"), u("golf"), u("hotel"), u("india"), u("juliet"),
              u("kilo"), u("lima"), u("mike"), u("november"))
    docs = defaultdict(list)
    with TempIndex(schema, name) as ix:
        w = writer_fn(ix)
        for i in xrange(1000):
            smp = random.sample(domain, 5)
            for word in smp:
                docs[word].append(i)
            w.add_document(text=u(" ").join(smp), id=i)
        w.commit()

        with ix.searcher() as s:
            for word in domain:
                rset = sorted([hit["id"] for hit
                               in s.search(query.Term("text", word),
                                           limit=None)])
                assert rset == docs[word]


def test_simple_indexing():
    _check_writer("simplew", lambda ix: ix.writer())


def test_integrity():
    s = fields.Schema(name=fields.TEXT, value=fields.TEXT)
    st = RamStorage()
    ix = st.create_index(s)

    w = ix.writer()
    w.add_document(name=u("Yellow brown"), value=u("Blue red green purple?"))
    w.add_document(name=u("Alpha beta"), value=u("Gamma delta epsilon omega."))
    w.commit()

    w = ix.writer()
    w.add_document(name=u("One two"), value=u("Three four five."))
    w.commit()

    tr = ix.reader()
    assert ix.doc_count_all() == 3
    assert " ".join(tr.field_terms("name")) == "alpha beta brown one two yellow"


def test_lengths():
    s = fields.Schema(f1=fields.KEYWORD(stored=True, scorable=True),
                      f2=fields.KEYWORD(stored=True, scorable=True))
    with TempIndex(s, "testlengths") as ix:
        w = ix.writer()
        items = u("ABCDEFG")
        from itertools import cycle, islice
        lengths = [10, 20, 2, 102, 45, 3, 420, 2]
        for length in lengths:
            w.add_document(f2=u(" ").join(islice(cycle(items), length)))
        w.commit()

        with ix.reader() as dr:
            ls1 = [dr.doc_field_length(i, "f1")
                   for i in xrange(0, len(lengths))]
            assert ls1 == [0] * len(lengths)
            ls2 = [dr.doc_field_length(i, "f2")
                   for i in xrange(0, len(lengths))]
            assert ls2 == [byte_to_length(length_to_byte(l)) for l in lengths]


def test_many_lengths():
    domain = u("alfa bravo charlie delta echo").split()
    schema = fields.Schema(text=fields.TEXT)
    ix = RamStorage().create_index(schema)
    w = ix.writer()
    for i, word in enumerate(domain):
        length = (i + 1) ** 6
        w.add_document(text=" ".join(word for _ in xrange(length)))
    w.commit()

    s = ix.searcher()
    for i, word in enumerate(domain):
        target = byte_to_length(length_to_byte((i + 1) ** 6))
        ti = s.term_info("text", word)
        assert ti.min_length() == target
        assert ti.max_length() == target


def test_lengths_ram():
    s = fields.Schema(f1=fields.KEYWORD(stored=True, scorable=True),
                      f2=fields.KEYWORD(stored=True, scorable=True))
    st = RamStorage()
    ix = st.create_index(s)
    w = ix.writer()
    w.add_document(f1=u("A B C D E"), f2=u("X Y Z"))
    w.add_document(f1=u("B B B B C D D Q"), f2=u("Q R S T"))
    w.add_document(f1=u("D E F"), f2=u("U V A B C D E"))
    w.commit()

    dr = ix.reader()
    assert dr.stored_fields(0)["f1"] == "A B C D E"
    assert dr.doc_field_length(0, "f1") == 5
    assert dr.doc_field_length(1, "f1") == 8
    assert dr.doc_field_length(2, "f1") == 3
    assert dr.doc_field_length(0, "f2") == 3
    assert dr.doc_field_length(1, "f2") == 4
    assert dr.doc_field_length(2, "f2") == 7

    assert dr.field_length("f1") == 16
    assert dr.field_length("f2") == 14
    assert dr.max_field_length("f1") == 8
    assert dr.max_field_length("f2") == 7


def test_merged_lengths():
    s = fields.Schema(f1=fields.KEYWORD(stored=True, scorable=True),
                      f2=fields.KEYWORD(stored=True, scorable=True))
    with TempIndex(s, "mergedlengths") as ix:
        w = ix.writer()
        w.add_document(f1=u("A B C"), f2=u("X"))
        w.add_document(f1=u("B C D E"), f2=u("Y Z"))
        w.commit()

        w = ix.writer()
        w.add_document(f1=u("A"), f2=u("B C D E X Y"))
        w.add_document(f1=u("B C"), f2=u("X"))
        w.commit(merge=False)

        w = ix.writer()
        w.add_document(f1=u("A B X Y Z"), f2=u("B C"))
        w.add_document(f1=u("Y X"), f2=u("A B"))
        w.commit(merge=False)

        with ix.reader() as dr:
            assert dr.stored_fields(0)["f1"] == u("A B C")
            assert dr.doc_field_length(0, "f1") == 3
            assert dr.doc_field_length(2, "f2") == 6
            assert dr.doc_field_length(4, "f1") == 5


def test_frequency_keyword():
    s = fields.Schema(content=fields.KEYWORD)
    st = RamStorage()
    ix = st.create_index(s)

    w = ix.writer()
    w.add_document(content=u("A B C D E"))
    w.add_document(content=u("B B B B C D D"))
    w.add_document(content=u("D E F"))
    w.commit()

    with ix.reader() as tr:
        assert tr.doc_frequency("content", u("B")) == 2
        assert tr.frequency("content", u("B")) == 5
        assert tr.doc_frequency("content", u("E")) == 2
        assert tr.frequency("content", u("E")) == 2
        assert tr.doc_frequency("content", u("A")) == 1
        assert tr.frequency("content", u("A")) == 1
        assert tr.doc_frequency("content", u("D")) == 3
        assert tr.frequency("content", u("D")) == 4
        assert tr.doc_frequency("content", u("F")) == 1
        assert tr.frequency("content", u("F")) == 1
        assert tr.doc_frequency("content", u("Z")) == 0
        assert tr.frequency("content", u("Z")) == 0

        stats = [(fname, text, ti.doc_frequency(), ti.weight())
                 for (fname, text), ti in tr]

        assert stats == [("content", b("A"), 1, 1), ("content", b("B"), 2, 5),
                         ("content", b("C"), 2, 2), ("content", b("D"), 3, 4),
                         ("content", b("E"), 2, 2), ("content", b("F"), 1, 1)]


def test_frequency_text():
    s = fields.Schema(content=fields.KEYWORD)
    st = RamStorage()
    ix = st.create_index(s)

    w = ix.writer()
    w.add_document(content=u("alfa bravo charlie delta echo"))
    w.add_document(content=u("bravo bravo bravo bravo charlie delta delta"))
    w.add_document(content=u("delta echo foxtrot"))
    w.commit()

    with ix.reader() as tr:
        assert tr.doc_frequency("content", u("bravo")) == 2
        assert tr.frequency("content", u("bravo")) == 5
        assert tr.doc_frequency("content", u("echo")) == 2
        assert tr.frequency("content", u("echo")) == 2
        assert tr.doc_frequency("content", u("alfa")) == 1
        assert tr.frequency("content", u("alfa")) == 1
        assert tr.doc_frequency("content", u("delta")) == 3
        assert tr.frequency("content", u("delta")) == 4
        assert tr.doc_frequency("content", u("foxtrot")) == 1
        assert tr.frequency("content", u("foxtrot")) == 1
        assert tr.doc_frequency("content", u("zulu")) == 0
        assert tr.frequency("content", u("zulu")) == 0

        stats = [(fname, text, ti.doc_frequency(), ti.weight())
                 for (fname, text), ti in tr]

        assert stats == [("content", b("alfa"), 1, 1),
                         ("content", b("bravo"), 2, 5),
                         ("content", b("charlie"), 2, 2),
                         ("content", b("delta"), 3, 4),
                         ("content", b("echo"), 2, 2),
                         ("content", b("foxtrot"), 1, 1)]


def test_deletion():
    s = fields.Schema(key=fields.ID, name=fields.TEXT, value=fields.TEXT)
    with TempIndex(s, "deletion") as ix:
        w = ix.writer()
        w.add_document(key=u("A"), name=u("Yellow brown"),
                       value=u("Blue red green purple?"))
        w.add_document(key=u("B"), name=u("Alpha beta"),
                       value=u("Gamma delta epsilon omega."))
        w.add_document(key=u("C"), name=u("One two"),
                       value=u("Three four five."))
        w.commit()

        w = ix.writer()
        assert w.delete_by_term("key", u("B")) == 1
        w.commit(merge=False)

        assert ix.doc_count_all() == 3
        assert ix.doc_count() == 2

        w = ix.writer()
        w.add_document(key=u("A"), name=u("Yellow brown"),
                       value=u("Blue red green purple?"))
        w.add_document(key=u("B"), name=u("Alpha beta"),
                       value=u("Gamma delta epsilon omega."))
        w.add_document(key=u("C"), name=u("One two"),
                       value=u("Three four five."))
        w.commit()

        # This will match both documents with key == B, one of which is already
        # deleted. This should not raise an error.
        w = ix.writer()
        assert w.delete_by_term("key", u("B")) == 1
        w.commit()

        ix.optimize()
        assert ix.doc_count_all() == 4
        assert ix.doc_count() == 4

        with ix.reader() as tr:
            assert " ".join(tr.field_terms("name")) == "brown one two yellow"


def test_writer_reuse():
    s = fields.Schema(key=fields.ID)
    ix = RamStorage().create_index(s)

    w = ix.writer()
    w.add_document(key=u("A"))
    w.add_document(key=u("B"))
    w.add_document(key=u("C"))
    w.commit()

    # You can't re-use a commited/canceled writer
    pytest.raises(IndexingError, w.add_document, key=u("D"))
    pytest.raises(IndexingError, w.update_document, key=u("B"))
    pytest.raises(IndexingError, w.delete_document, 0)
    pytest.raises(IndexingError, w.add_reader, None)
    pytest.raises(IndexingError, w.add_field, "name", fields.ID)
    pytest.raises(IndexingError, w.remove_field, "key")
    pytest.raises(IndexingError, w.searcher)


def test_update():
    # Test update with multiple unique keys
    SAMPLE_DOCS = [{"id": u("test1"), "path": u("/test/1"),
                    "text": u("Hello")},
                   {"id": u("test2"), "path": u("/test/2"),
                    "text": u("There")},
                   {"id": u("test3"), "path": u("/test/3"),
                    "text": u("Reader")},
                   ]

    schema = fields.Schema(id=fields.ID(unique=True, stored=True),
                           path=fields.ID(unique=True, stored=True),
                           text=fields.TEXT)

    with TempIndex(schema, "update") as ix:
        with ix.writer() as w:
            for doc in SAMPLE_DOCS:
                w.add_document(**doc)

        with ix.writer() as w:
            w.update_document(id=u("test2"), path=u("test/1"),
                              text=u("Replacement"))


def test_update2():
    schema = fields.Schema(key=fields.ID(unique=True, stored=True),
                           p=fields.ID(stored=True))
    with TempIndex(schema, "update2") as ix:
        nums = list(range(21))
        random.shuffle(nums)
        for i, n in enumerate(nums):
            w = ix.writer()
            w.update_document(key=text_type(n % 10), p=text_type(i))
            w.commit()

        with ix.searcher() as s:
            results = [d["key"] for _, d in s.iter_docs()]
            results = " ".join(sorted(results))
            assert results == "0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9"


def test_update_numeric():
    schema = fields.Schema(num=fields.NUMERIC(unique=True, stored=True),
                           text=fields.ID(stored=True))
    with TempIndex(schema, "updatenum") as ix:
        nums = list(range(10)) * 3
        random.shuffle(nums)
        for num in nums:
            with ix.writer() as w:
                w.update_document(num=num, text=text_type(num))

        with ix.searcher() as s:
            results = [d["text"] for _, d in s.iter_docs()]
            results = " ".join(sorted(results))
            assert results == "0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9"


def test_reindex():
    SAMPLE_DOCS = [
        {'id': u('test1'),
         'text': u('This is a document. Awesome, is it not?')},
        {'id': u('test2'), 'text': u('Another document. Astounding!')},
        {'id': u('test3'),
         'text': u('A fascinating article on the behavior of domestic '
                   'steak knives.')},
    ]

    schema = fields.Schema(text=fields.TEXT(stored=True),
                           id=fields.ID(unique=True, stored=True))
    with TempIndex(schema, "reindex") as ix:
        def reindex():
            writer = ix.writer()
            for doc in SAMPLE_DOCS:
                writer.update_document(**doc)
            writer.commit()

        reindex()
        assert ix.doc_count_all() == 3
        reindex()
        assert ix.doc_count_all() == 3


def test_noscorables1():
    values = [u("alfa"), u("bravo"), u("charlie"), u("delta"), u("echo"),
              u("foxtrot"), u("golf"), u("hotel"), u("india"), u("juliet"),
              u("kilo"), u("lima")]
    from random import choice, sample, randint

    times = 1000

    schema = fields.Schema(id=fields.ID, tags=fields.KEYWORD)
    with TempIndex(schema, "noscorables1") as ix:
        w = ix.writer()
        for _ in xrange(times):
            w.add_document(id=choice(values),
                           tags=u(" ").join(sample(values, randint(2, 7))))
        w.commit()

        with ix.searcher() as s:
            s.search(query.Term("id", "bravo"))


def test_noscorables2():
    schema = fields.Schema(field=fields.ID)
    with TempIndex(schema, "noscorables2") as ix:
        writer = ix.writer()
        writer.add_document(field=u('foo'))
        writer.commit()


def test_multi():
    schema = fields.Schema(id=fields.ID(stored=True),
                           content=fields.KEYWORD(stored=True))
    with TempIndex(schema, "multi") as ix:
        writer = ix.writer()
        # Deleted 1
        writer.add_document(id=u("1"), content=u("alfa bravo charlie"))
        # Deleted 1
        writer.add_document(id=u("2"), content=u("bravo charlie delta echo"))
        # Deleted 2
        writer.add_document(id=u("3"), content=u("charlie delta echo foxtrot"))
        writer.commit()

        writer = ix.writer()
        writer.delete_by_term("id", "1")
        writer.delete_by_term("id", "2")
        writer.add_document(id=u("4"), content=u("apple bear cherry donut"))
        writer.add_document(id=u("5"), content=u("bear cherry donut eggs"))
        # Deleted 2
        writer.add_document(id=u("6"), content=u("delta echo foxtrot golf"))
        # no d
        writer.add_document(id=u("7"), content=u("echo foxtrot golf hotel"))
        writer.commit(merge=False)

        writer = ix.writer()
        writer.delete_by_term("id", "3")
        writer.delete_by_term("id", "6")
        writer.add_document(id=u("8"), content=u("cherry donut eggs falafel"))
        writer.add_document(id=u("9"), content=u("donut eggs falafel grape"))
        writer.add_document(id=u("A"), content=u(" foxtrot golf hotel india"))
        writer.commit(merge=False)

        assert ix.doc_count() == 6

        with ix.searcher() as s:
            r = s.search(query.Prefix("content", u("d")), optimize=False)
            assert sorted([d["id"] for d in r]) == ["4", "5", "8", "9"]

            r = s.search(query.Prefix("content", u("d")))
            assert sorted([d["id"] for d in r]) == ["4", "5", "8", "9"]

            r = s.search(query.Prefix("content", u("d")), limit=None)
            assert sorted([d["id"] for d in r]) == ["4", "5", "8", "9"]


def test_deleteall():
    schema = fields.Schema(text=fields.TEXT)
    with TempIndex(schema, "deleteall") as ix:
        w = ix.writer()
        domain = u("alfa bravo charlie delta echo").split()
        for i, ls in enumerate(permutations(domain)):
            w.add_document(text=u(" ").join(ls))
            if not i % 10:
                w.commit()
                w = ix.writer()
        w.commit()

        # This is just a test, don't use this method to delete all docs IRL!
        doccount = ix.doc_count_all()
        w = ix.writer()
        for docnum in xrange(doccount):
            w.delete_document(docnum)
        w.commit()

        with ix.searcher() as s:
            r = s.search(query.Or([query.Term("text", u("alfa")),
                                   query.Term("text", u("bravo"))]))
            assert len(r) == 0

        ix.optimize()
        assert ix.doc_count_all() == 0

        with ix.reader() as r:
            assert list(r) == []


def test_simple_stored():
    schema = fields.Schema(a=fields.ID(stored=True), b=fields.ID(stored=False))
    ix = RamStorage().create_index(schema)
    with ix.writer() as w:
        w.add_document(a=u("alfa"), b=u("bravo"))
    with ix.searcher() as s:
        sf = s.stored_fields(0)
        assert sf == {"a": "alfa"}


def test_single():
    schema = fields.Schema(id=fields.ID(stored=True), text=fields.TEXT)
    with TempIndex(schema, "single") as ix:
        w = ix.writer()
        w.add_document(id=u("1"), text=u("alfa"))
        w.commit()

        with ix.searcher() as s:
            assert ("text", u("alfa")) in s.reader()
            assert list(s.documents(id="1")) == [{"id": "1"}]
            assert list(s.documents(text="alfa")) == [{"id": "1"}]
            assert list(s.all_stored_fields()) == [{"id": "1"}]


def test_indentical_fields():
    schema = fields.Schema(id=fields.STORED,
                           f1=fields.TEXT, f2=fields.TEXT, f3=fields.TEXT)
    with TempIndex(schema, "identifields") as ix:
        w = ix.writer()
        w.add_document(id=1, f1=u("alfa"), f2=u("alfa"), f3=u("alfa"))
        w.commit()

        with ix.searcher() as s:
            assert list(s.lexicon("f1")) == [b("alfa")]
            assert list(s.lexicon("f2")) == [b("alfa")]
            assert list(s.lexicon("f3")) == [b("alfa")]
            assert list(s.documents(f1="alfa")) == [{"id": 1}]
            assert list(s.documents(f2="alfa")) == [{"id": 1}]
            assert list(s.documents(f3="alfa")) == [{"id": 1}]


def test_multivalue():
    ana = analysis.StemmingAnalyzer()
    schema = fields.Schema(id=fields.STORED, date=fields.DATETIME,
                           num=fields.NUMERIC,
                           txt=fields.TEXT(analyzer=ana))
    ix = RamStorage().create_index(schema)
    with ix.writer() as w:
        w.add_document(id=1, date=datetime(2001, 1, 1), num=5)
        w.add_document(id=2, date=[datetime(2002, 2, 2), datetime(2003, 3, 3)],
                       num=[1, 2, 3, 12])
        w.add_document(txt=u("a b c").split())

    with ix.reader() as r:
        assert ("num", 3) in r
        assert ("date", datetime(2003, 3, 3)) in r
        assert " ".join(r.field_terms("txt")) == "a b c"


def test_multi_language():
    # Analyzer for English
    ana_eng = analysis.StemmingAnalyzer()

    # analyzer for Pig Latin
    def stem_piglatin(w):
        if w.endswith("ay"):
            w = w[:-2]
        return w
    ana_pig = analysis.StemmingAnalyzer(stoplist=["nday", "roay"],
                                        stemfn=stem_piglatin)

    # Dictionary mapping languages to analyzers
    analyzers = {"eng": ana_eng, "pig": ana_pig}

    # Fake documents
    corpus = [(u("eng"), u("Such stuff as dreams are made on")),
              (u("pig"), u("Otay ebay, roay otnay otay ebay"))]

    schema = fields.Schema(content=fields.TEXT(stored=True),
                           lang=fields.ID(stored=True))
    ix = RamStorage().create_index(schema)

    with ix.writer() as w:
        for doclang, content in corpus:
            ana = analyzers[doclang]
            # "Pre-analyze" the field into token strings
            words = [token.text for token in ana(content)]
            # Note we store the original value but index the pre-analyzed words
            w.add_document(lang=doclang, content=words,
                           _stored_content=content)

    with ix.searcher() as s:
        schema = s.schema

        # Modify the schema to fake the correct analyzer for the language
        # we're searching in
        schema["content"].analyzer = analyzers["eng"]

        qp = qparser.QueryParser("content", schema)
        q = qp.parse("dreaming")
        r = s.search(q)
        assert len(r) == 1
        assert r[0]["content"] == "Such stuff as dreams are made on"

        schema["content"].analyzer = analyzers["pig"]
        qp = qparser.QueryParser("content", schema)
        q = qp.parse("otnay")
        r = s.search(q)
        assert len(r) == 1
        assert r[0]["content"] == "Otay ebay, roay otnay otay ebay"


def test_doc_boost():
    schema = fields.Schema(id=fields.STORED, a=fields.TEXT, b=fields.TEXT)
    ix = RamStorage().create_index(schema)
    w = ix.writer()
    w.add_document(id=0, a=u("alfa alfa alfa"), b=u("bravo"))
    w.add_document(id=1, a=u("alfa"), b=u("bear"), _a_boost=5.0)
    w.add_document(id=2, a=u("alfa alfa alfa alfa"), _boost=0.5)
    w.commit()

    with ix.searcher() as s:
        r = s.search(query.Term("a", "alfa"))
        assert [hit["id"] for hit in r] == [1, 0, 2]

    w = ix.writer()
    w.add_document(id=3, a=u("alfa"), b=u("bottle"))
    w.add_document(id=4, b=u("bravo"), _b_boost=2.0)
    w.commit(merge=False)

    with ix.searcher() as s:
        r = s.search(query.Term("a", "alfa"))
        assert [hit["id"] for hit in r] == [1, 0, 3, 2]