uchardet-enhanced / testdata / en / WINDOWS-1252 / wikitop_en_WINDOWS-1252.txt

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   Henry Wood (1869–1944) was an English conductor best known for his
   association with London's annual series of promenade concerts, known as
   the Proms. Wood started his career as an organist. During his studies
   at the Royal Academy of Music, he came under the influence of the voice
   teacher Manuel Garcia and became his accompanist. After similar work
   for Richard D'Oyly Carte's opera companies on the works of Arthur
   Sullivan and others, Wood became the conductor of a small operatic
   touring company. From the mid-1890s until his death, Wood focused on
   concert conducting. He was engaged by the impresario Robert Newman to
   conduct a series of promenade concerts at the Queen's Hall, offering a
   mixture of classical and popular music at low prices. By the 1920s,
   Wood had steered the repertoire entirely to classical music. In
   addition to the Proms, he conducted concerts and festivals throughout
   the country and also trained the student orchestra at the Royal Academy
   of Music. He had an enormous influence on the musical life of Britain
   over his long career: he and Newman greatly improved access to
   classical music, and Wood raised the standard of orchestral playing and
   nurtured the taste of the public, presenting a vast repertoire of music
   spanning four centuries. (more...)

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   Alexandre Banza
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   Did you know...

   From Wikipedia's newest content:

   Black Kite, known in military slang as the 'shite-hawk'
     * ... that, contrary to claims of a medieval origin for the term
       shite-hawk, it originated as British military slang for the Black
       Kite (pictured)?
     * ... that Major League Baseball umpire Paul Sentell collapsed on the
       field during a game and died a few days later?
     * ... that Captain Thomas Fortescue Kennedy was first-lieutenant of
       HMS Temeraire at Trafalgar in 1805, and her last commander at
       Sheerness in 1838?
     * ... that Bach finished the opening chorus of his cantata Wer sich
       selbst erhöhet, der soll erniedriget werden, BWV 47, with a repeat
       of the ritornello, adding the complete text of Luke 14:11?
     * ... that poet Antonio Machado was born at the Palacio de las Dueńas
       in Seville?
     * ... that triathletes Chrissie Wellington and Emma Snowsill are
       among the World and Olympic champions who have been coached by
       Brett Sutton?
     * ... that despite leaving school at age 14, Thomas Kirkman became
       one of 19th-century England's leading mathematicians and helped
       found combinatorial design theory?
       Archive – Start a new article – Nominate an article


                                  In the news

   Muammar Gaddafi
     * Ousted Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi (pictured) is killed in Sirte,
       with National Transitional Council forces taking control of the
       city.
     * After five years in captivity, Israeli soldier Gilad Shalit is
       freed in exchange for the release of 1,027 Palestinian prisoners.
     * British writer Julian Barnes wins the Man Booker Prize for his
       novel The Sense of an Ending.
     * British IndyCar driver Dan Wheldon dies after a crash at the
       IndyCar World Championship at Las Vegas Motor Speedway.
     * The United States sends 100 military advisers to help defeat the
       Lord's Resistance Army in central Africa.
       Wikinews – Recent deaths – More current events...

                                On this day...

   October 21: Trafalgar Day in various Commonwealth countries

   Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum
     * 1096 – The Seljuk forces of Kilij Arslan destroyed the army of the
       People's Crusade as it marched toward Nicaea.
     * 1520 – The islands of Saint Pierre and Miquelon were discovered by
       Portuguese explorer Joăo Álvares Fagundes, who named them "Islands
       of the 11,000 Virgins".
     * 1805 – Napoleonic Wars: Lord Nelson signalled "England expects that
       every man will do his duty" to the rest of his Royal Navy forces
       before they defeated Pierre-Charles Villeneuve and his combined
       French and Spanish navy at the Battle of Trafalgar off the coast of
       Spain's Cape Trafalgar.
     * 1959 – The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum (pictured), designed by
       American architect Frank Lloyd Wright, opened in New York City.
     * 1978 – After reporting contact with an unidentified aircraft,
       Frederick Valentich disappeared in unexplained circumstances while
       piloting a Cessna 182L light aircraft over the Bass Strait to King
       Island, Australia.

   More anniversaries: October 20 – October 21 – October 22
   Archive – By email – List of historical anniversaries
   It is now October 21, 2011 (UTC) – Refresh this page

   Today's featured picture


   Mount Tarawera rift crater

   Crumbling scoria cliffs surround the rift at the summit of Mount
   Tarawera, a volcano near Rotorua in New Zealand's North Island. This
   500 m (1,600 ft) wide rift was created in 1886 in the country's largest
   historical eruption. The famed Pink and White Terraces were lost during
   the eruption, and over one hundred people were killed.
   Photo: Avenue

   Recently featured: Big wave surfing – Heathland in Tasmania –
   Plectroctena sp. ants
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