Henry Wood (18691944) was an English conductor best known for his
association with London's annual series of promenade concerts, known as
the Proms. Wood started his career as an organist. During his studies
at the Royal Academy of Music, he came under the influence of the voice
teacher Manuel Garcia and became his accompanist. After similar work
for Richard D'Oyly Carte's opera companies on the works of Arthur
Sullivan and others, Wood became the conductor of a small operatic
touring company. From the mid-1890s until his death, Wood focused on
concert conducting. He was engaged by the impresario Robert Newman to
conduct a series of promenade concerts at the Queen's Hall, offering a
mixture of classical and popular music at low prices. By the 1920s,
Wood had steered the repertoire entirely to classical music. In
addition to the Proms, he conducted concerts and festivals throughout
the country and also trained the student orchestra at the Royal Academy
of Music. He had an enormous influence on the musical life of Britain
over his long career: he and Newman greatly improved access to
classical music, and Wood raised the standard of orchestral playing and
nurtured the taste of the public, presenting a vast repertoire of music
spanning four centuries. (more...)
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October 21: Trafalgar Day in various Commonwealth countries
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum
* 1096 The Seljuk forces of Kilij Arslan destroyed the army of the
People's Crusade as it marched toward Nicaea.
* 1520 The islands of Saint Pierre and Miquelon were discovered by
Portuguese explorer Joăo Álvares Fagundes, who named them "Islands
of the 11,000 Virgins".
* 1805 Napoleonic Wars: Lord Nelson signalled "England expects that
every man will do his duty" to the rest of his Royal Navy forces
before they defeated Pierre-Charles Villeneuve and his combined
French and Spanish navy at the Battle of Trafalgar off the coast of
Spain's Cape Trafalgar.
* 1959 The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum (pictured), designed by
American architect Frank Lloyd Wright, opened in New York City.
* 1978 After reporting contact with an unidentified aircraft,
Frederick Valentich disappeared in unexplained circumstances while
piloting a Cessna 182L light aircraft over the Bass Strait to King
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Mount Tarawera rift crater
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500 m (1,600 ft) wide rift was created in 1886 in the country's largest
historical eruption. The famed Pink and White Terraces were lost during
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