sqlalchemy / test / sql / test_metadata.py

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from test.lib.testing import assert_raises
from test.lib.testing import assert_raises_message
from test.lib.testing import emits_warning

import pickle
from sqlalchemy import Integer, String, UniqueConstraint, \
    CheckConstraint, ForeignKey, MetaData, Sequence, \
    ForeignKeyConstraint, ColumnDefault, Index, event,\
    events, Unicode
from test.lib.schema import Table, Column
from sqlalchemy import schema, exc
import sqlalchemy as tsa
from test.lib import fixtures
from test.lib import testing
from test.lib import engines
from test.lib.testing import ComparesTables, AssertsCompiledSQL
from test.lib.testing import eq_

class MetaDataTest(fixtures.TestBase, ComparesTables):
    def test_metadata_connect(self):
        metadata = MetaData()
        t1 = Table('table1', metadata,
            Column('col1', Integer, primary_key=True),
            Column('col2', String(20)))
        metadata.bind = testing.db
        metadata.create_all()
        try:
            assert t1.count().scalar() == 0
        finally:
            metadata.drop_all()

    def test_metadata_contains(self):
        metadata = MetaData()
        t1 = Table('t1', metadata, Column('x', Integer))
        t2 = Table('t2', metadata, Column('x', Integer), schema='foo')
        t3 = Table('t2', MetaData(), Column('x', Integer))
        t4 = Table('t1', MetaData(), Column('x', Integer), schema='foo')

        assert "t1" in metadata
        assert "foo.t2" in metadata
        assert "t2" not in metadata
        assert "foo.t1" not in metadata
        assert t1 in metadata
        assert t2 in metadata
        assert t3 not in metadata
        assert t4 not in metadata

    def test_uninitialized_column_copy(self):
        for col in [
            Column('foo', String(), nullable=False),
            Column('baz', String(), unique=True),
            Column(Integer(), primary_key=True),
            Column('bar', Integer(), Sequence('foo_seq'), primary_key=True,
                                                            key='bar'),
            Column(Integer(), ForeignKey('bat.blah'), doc="this is a col"),
            Column('bar', Integer(), ForeignKey('bat.blah'), primary_key=True,
                                                            key='bar'),
            Column('bar', Integer(), info={'foo':'bar'}),
        ]:
            c2 = col.copy()
            for attr in ('name', 'type', 'nullable',
                        'primary_key', 'key', 'unique', 'info',
                        'doc'):
                eq_(getattr(col, attr), getattr(c2, attr))
            eq_(len(col.foreign_keys), len(c2.foreign_keys))
            if col.default:
                eq_(c2.default.name, 'foo_seq')
            for a1, a2 in zip(col.foreign_keys, c2.foreign_keys):
                assert a1 is not a2
                eq_(a2._colspec, 'bat.blah')

    def test_col_subclass_copy(self):
        class MyColumn(schema.Column):
            def __init__(self, *args, **kw):
                self.widget = kw.pop('widget', None)
                super(MyColumn, self).__init__(*args, **kw)

            def copy(self, *arg, **kw):
                c = super(MyColumn, self).copy(*arg, **kw)
                c.widget = self.widget
                return c
        c1 = MyColumn('foo', Integer, widget='x')
        c2 = c1.copy()
        assert isinstance(c2, MyColumn)
        eq_(c2.widget, 'x')

    def test_uninitialized_column_copy_events(self):
        msgs = []
        def write(c, t):
            msgs.append("attach %s.%s" % (t.name, c.name))
        c1 = Column('foo', String())
        m = MetaData()
        for i in xrange(3):
            cx = c1.copy()
            # as of 0.7, these events no longer copy.  its expected
            # that listeners will be re-established from the
            # natural construction of things.
            cx._on_table_attach(write)
            t = Table('foo%d' % i, m, cx)
        eq_(msgs, ['attach foo0.foo', 'attach foo1.foo', 'attach foo2.foo'])

    def test_schema_collection_add(self):
        metadata = MetaData()

        t1 = Table('t1', metadata, Column('x', Integer), schema='foo')
        t2 = Table('t2', metadata, Column('x', Integer), schema='bar')
        t3 = Table('t3', metadata, Column('x', Integer))

        eq_(metadata._schemas, set(['foo', 'bar']))
        eq_(len(metadata.tables), 3)

    def test_schema_collection_remove(self):
        metadata = MetaData()

        t1 = Table('t1', metadata, Column('x', Integer), schema='foo')
        t2 = Table('t2', metadata, Column('x', Integer), schema='bar')
        t3 = Table('t3', metadata, Column('x', Integer), schema='bar')

        metadata.remove(t3)
        eq_(metadata._schemas, set(['foo', 'bar']))
        eq_(len(metadata.tables), 2)

        metadata.remove(t1)
        eq_(metadata._schemas, set(['bar']))
        eq_(len(metadata.tables), 1)

    def test_schema_collection_remove_all(self):
        metadata = MetaData()

        t1 = Table('t1', metadata, Column('x', Integer), schema='foo')
        t2 = Table('t2', metadata, Column('x', Integer), schema='bar')

        metadata.clear()
        eq_(metadata._schemas, set())
        eq_(len(metadata.tables), 0)

    def test_metadata_tables_immutable(self):
        metadata = MetaData()

        t1 = Table('t1', metadata, Column('x', Integer))
        assert 't1' in metadata.tables

        assert_raises(
            TypeError,
            lambda: metadata.tables.pop('t1')
        )

    @testing.provide_metadata
    def test_dupe_tables(self):
        metadata = self.metadata
        t1 = Table('table1', metadata,
            Column('col1', Integer, primary_key=True),
            Column('col2', String(20)))

        metadata.create_all()
        t1 = Table('table1', metadata, autoload=True)
        def go():
            t2 = Table('table1', metadata,
                Column('col1', Integer, primary_key=True),
                Column('col2', String(20)))
        assert_raises_message(
            tsa.exc.InvalidRequestError,
            "Table 'table1' is already defined for this "\
            "MetaData instance.  Specify 'extend_existing=True' "\
            "to redefine options and columns on an existing "\
            "Table object.",
            go
        )

    def test_fk_copy(self):
        c1 = Column('foo', Integer)
        c2 = Column('bar', Integer)
        m = MetaData()
        t1 = Table('t', m, c1, c2)

        kw = dict(onupdate="X",
                        ondelete="Y", use_alter=True, name='f1',
                        deferrable="Z", initially="Q", link_to_name=True)

        fk1 = ForeignKey(c1, **kw)
        fk2 = ForeignKeyConstraint((c1,), (c2,), **kw)

        t1.append_constraint(fk2)
        fk1c = fk1.copy()
        fk2c = fk2.copy()

        for k in kw:
            eq_(getattr(fk1c, k), kw[k])
            eq_(getattr(fk2c, k), kw[k])

    def test_check_constraint_copy(self):
        r = lambda x: x
        c = CheckConstraint("foo bar",
                            name='name',
                            initially=True,
                            deferrable=True,
                            _create_rule = r)
        c2 = c.copy()
        eq_(c2.name, 'name')
        eq_(str(c2.sqltext), "foo bar")
        eq_(c2.initially, True)
        eq_(c2.deferrable, True)
        assert c2._create_rule is r

    def test_col_replace_w_constraint(self):
        m = MetaData()
        a = Table('a', m, Column('id', Integer, primary_key=True))

        aid = Column('a_id', ForeignKey('a.id'))
        b = Table('b', m, aid)
        b.append_column(aid)

        assert b.c.a_id.references(a.c.id)
        eq_(len(b.constraints), 2)

    def test_fk_construct(self):
        c1 = Column('foo', Integer)
        c2 = Column('bar', Integer)
        m = MetaData()
        t1 = Table('t', m, c1, c2)
        fk1 = ForeignKeyConstraint(('foo', ), ('bar', ), table=t1)
        assert fk1 in t1.constraints

    def test_fk_no_such_parent_col_error(self):
        meta = MetaData()
        a = Table('a', meta, Column('a', Integer))
        b = Table('b', meta, Column('b', Integer))

        def go():
            a.append_constraint(
                ForeignKeyConstraint(['x'], ['b.b'])
            )
        assert_raises_message(
            exc.ArgumentError,
            "Can't create ForeignKeyConstraint on "
            "table 'a': no column named 'x' is present.",
            go
        )

    def test_fk_no_such_target_col_error(self):
        meta = MetaData()
        a = Table('a', meta, Column('a', Integer))
        b = Table('b', meta, Column('b', Integer))
        a.append_constraint(
            ForeignKeyConstraint(['a'], ['b.x'])
        )

        def go():
            list(a.c.a.foreign_keys)[0].column
        assert_raises_message(
            exc.NoReferencedColumnError,
            "Could not create ForeignKey 'b.x' on "
            "table 'a': table 'b' has no column named 'x'",
            go
        )

    @testing.exclude('mysql', '<', (4, 1, 1), 'early types are squirrely')
    def test_to_metadata(self):
        meta = MetaData()

        table = Table('mytable', meta,
            Column('myid', Integer, Sequence('foo_id_seq'), primary_key=True),
            Column('name', String(40), nullable=True),
            Column('foo', String(40), nullable=False, server_default='x',
                                                        server_onupdate='q'),
            Column('bar', String(40), nullable=False, default='y',
                                                        onupdate='z'),
            Column('description', String(30),
                                    CheckConstraint("description='hi'")),
            UniqueConstraint('name'),
            test_needs_fk=True,
        )

        table2 = Table('othertable', meta,
            Column('id', Integer, Sequence('foo_seq'), primary_key=True),
            Column('myid', Integer,
                        ForeignKey('mytable.myid'),
                    ),
            test_needs_fk=True,
            )

        def test_to_metadata():
            meta2 = MetaData()
            table_c = table.tometadata(meta2)
            table2_c = table2.tometadata(meta2)
            return (table_c, table2_c)

        def test_pickle():
            meta.bind = testing.db
            meta2 = pickle.loads(pickle.dumps(meta))
            assert meta2.bind is None
            meta3 = pickle.loads(pickle.dumps(meta2))
            return (meta2.tables['mytable'], meta2.tables['othertable'])

        def test_pickle_via_reflect():
            # this is the most common use case, pickling the results of a
            # database reflection
            meta2 = MetaData(bind=testing.db)
            t1 = Table('mytable', meta2, autoload=True)
            t2 = Table('othertable', meta2, autoload=True)
            meta3 = pickle.loads(pickle.dumps(meta2))
            assert meta3.bind is None
            assert meta3.tables['mytable'] is not t1

            return (meta3.tables['mytable'], meta3.tables['othertable'])

        meta.create_all(testing.db)
        try:
            for test, has_constraints, reflect in \
                    (test_to_metadata, True, False), \
                    (test_pickle, True, False), \
                    (test_pickle_via_reflect, False, True):
                table_c, table2_c = test()
                self.assert_tables_equal(table, table_c)
                self.assert_tables_equal(table2, table2_c)
                assert table is not table_c
                assert table.primary_key is not table_c.primary_key
                assert list(table2_c.c.myid.foreign_keys)[0].column \
                    is table_c.c.myid
                assert list(table2_c.c.myid.foreign_keys)[0].column \
                    is not table.c.myid
                assert 'x' in str(table_c.c.foo.server_default.arg)
                if not reflect:
                    assert isinstance(table_c.c.myid.default, Sequence)
                    assert str(table_c.c.foo.server_onupdate.arg) == 'q'
                    assert str(table_c.c.bar.default.arg) == 'y'
                    assert getattr(table_c.c.bar.onupdate.arg, 'arg',
                                   table_c.c.bar.onupdate.arg) == 'z'
                    assert isinstance(table2_c.c.id.default, Sequence)

                # constraints dont get reflected for any dialect right
                # now

                if has_constraints:
                    for c in table_c.c.description.constraints:
                        if isinstance(c, CheckConstraint):
                            break
                    else:
                        assert False
                    assert str(c.sqltext) == "description='hi'"
                    for c in table_c.constraints:
                        if isinstance(c, UniqueConstraint):
                            break
                    else:
                        assert False
                    assert c.columns.contains_column(table_c.c.name)
                    assert not c.columns.contains_column(table.c.name)


        finally:
            meta.drop_all(testing.db)

    def test_pickle_metadata_sequence_restated(self):
        m1 = MetaData()
        Table('a',m1,
             Column('id',Integer,primary_key=True),
             Column('x', Integer, Sequence("x_seq")))

        m2 = pickle.loads(pickle.dumps(m1))

        s2 = Sequence("x_seq")
        t2 = Table('a', m2,
             Column('id',Integer,primary_key=True),
             Column('x', Integer, s2),
             extend_existing=True)

        assert m2._sequences['x_seq'] is t2.c.x.default
        assert m2._sequences['x_seq'] is s2


    def test_sequence_restated_replaced(self):
        """Test restatement of Sequence replaces."""

        m1 = MetaData()
        s1 = Sequence("x_seq")
        t = Table('a', m1,
             Column('x', Integer, s1)
        )
        assert m1._sequences['x_seq'] is s1

        s2 = Sequence('x_seq')
        t2 = Table('a', m1,
             Column('x', Integer, s2),
             extend_existing=True
        )
        assert t.c.x.default is s2
        assert m1._sequences['x_seq'] is s2


    def test_pickle_metadata_sequence_implicit(self):
        m1 = MetaData()
        Table('a',m1,
             Column('id',Integer,primary_key=True),
             Column('x', Integer, Sequence("x_seq")))

        m2 = pickle.loads(pickle.dumps(m1))

        t2 = Table('a', m2, extend_existing=True)

        eq_(m2._sequences, {'x_seq':t2.c.x.default})

    def test_pickle_metadata_schema(self):
        m1 = MetaData()
        Table('a',m1,
             Column('id',Integer,primary_key=True),
             Column('x', Integer, Sequence("x_seq")),
             schema='y')

        m2 = pickle.loads(pickle.dumps(m1))

        t2 = Table('a', m2, schema='y',
             extend_existing=True)

        eq_(m2._schemas, m1._schemas)

    def test_tometadata_with_schema(self):
        meta = MetaData()

        table = Table('mytable', meta,
            Column('myid', Integer, primary_key=True),
            Column('name', String(40), nullable=True),
            Column('description', String(30),
                            CheckConstraint("description='hi'")),
            UniqueConstraint('name'),
            test_needs_fk=True,
        )

        table2 = Table('othertable', meta,
            Column('id', Integer, primary_key=True),
            Column('myid', Integer, ForeignKey('mytable.myid')),
            test_needs_fk=True,
            )

        meta2 = MetaData()
        table_c = table.tometadata(meta2, schema='someschema')
        table2_c = table2.tometadata(meta2, schema='someschema')

        eq_(str(table_c.join(table2_c).onclause), str(table_c.c.myid
            == table2_c.c.myid))
        eq_(str(table_c.join(table2_c).onclause),
            'someschema.mytable.myid = someschema.othertable.myid')

    def test_tometadata_with_default_schema(self):
        meta = MetaData()

        table = Table('mytable', meta,
            Column('myid', Integer, primary_key=True),
            Column('name', String(40), nullable=True),
            Column('description', String(30),
                        CheckConstraint("description='hi'")),
            UniqueConstraint('name'),
            test_needs_fk=True,
            schema='myschema',
        )

        table2 = Table('othertable', meta,
            Column('id', Integer, primary_key=True),
            Column('myid', Integer, ForeignKey('myschema.mytable.myid')),
            test_needs_fk=True,
            schema='myschema',
            )

        meta2 = MetaData()
        table_c = table.tometadata(meta2)
        table2_c = table2.tometadata(meta2)

        eq_(str(table_c.join(table2_c).onclause), str(table_c.c.myid
            == table2_c.c.myid))
        eq_(str(table_c.join(table2_c).onclause),
            'myschema.mytable.myid = myschema.othertable.myid')


    def test_tometadata_kwargs(self):
        meta = MetaData()

        table = Table('mytable', meta,
            Column('myid', Integer, primary_key=True),
            mysql_engine='InnoDB',
        )

        meta2 = MetaData()
        table_c = table.tometadata(meta2)

        eq_(table.kwargs,table_c.kwargs)

    def test_tometadata_indexes(self):
        meta = MetaData()

        table = Table('mytable', meta,
            Column('id', Integer, primary_key=True),
            Column('data1', Integer, index=True),
            Column('data2', Integer),
        )
        Index('multi',table.c.data1,table.c.data2),

        meta2 = MetaData()
        table_c = table.tometadata(meta2)

        def _get_key(i):
            return [i.name,i.unique] + \
                    sorted(i.kwargs.items()) + \
                    i.columns.keys()

        eq_(
            sorted([_get_key(i) for i in table.indexes]),
            sorted([_get_key(i) for i in table_c.indexes])
        )

    @emits_warning("Table '.+' already exists within the given MetaData")
    def test_tometadata_already_there(self):

        meta1 = MetaData()
        table1 = Table('mytable', meta1,
            Column('myid', Integer, primary_key=True),
        )
        meta2 = MetaData()
        table2 = Table('mytable', meta2,
            Column('yourid', Integer, primary_key=True),
        )

        meta3 = MetaData()

        table_c = table1.tometadata(meta2)
        table_d = table2.tometadata(meta2)

        # d'oh!
        assert table_c is table_d

    def test_metadata_schema_arg(self):
        m1 = MetaData(schema='sch1')
        m2 = MetaData(schema='sch1', quote_schema=True)
        m3 = MetaData(schema='sch1', quote_schema=False)
        m4 = MetaData()

        for i, (name, metadata, schema, quote_schema, exp_schema, exp_quote_schema) in enumerate([
            ('t1', m1, None, None, 'sch1', None),
            ('t2', m1, 'sch2', None, 'sch2', None),
            ('t3', m1, 'sch2', True, 'sch2', True),
            ('t4', m1, 'sch1', None, 'sch1', None),
            ('t1', m2, None, None, 'sch1', True),
            ('t2', m2, 'sch2', None, 'sch2', None),
            ('t3', m2, 'sch2', True, 'sch2', True),
            ('t4', m2, 'sch1', None, 'sch1', None),
            ('t1', m3, None, None, 'sch1', False),
            ('t2', m3, 'sch2', None, 'sch2', None),
            ('t3', m3, 'sch2', True, 'sch2', True),
            ('t4', m3, 'sch1', None, 'sch1', None),
            ('t1', m4, None, None, None, None),
            ('t2', m4, 'sch2', None, 'sch2', None),
            ('t3', m4, 'sch2', True, 'sch2', True),
            ('t4', m4, 'sch1', None, 'sch1', None),
        ]):
            kw = {}
            if schema is not None:
                kw['schema'] = schema
            if quote_schema is not None:
                kw['quote_schema'] = quote_schema
            t = Table(name, metadata, **kw)
            eq_(t.schema, exp_schema, "test %d, table schema" % i)
            eq_(t.quote_schema, exp_quote_schema, "test %d, table quote_schema" % i)
            seq = Sequence(name, metadata=metadata, **kw)
            eq_(seq.schema, exp_schema, "test %d, seq schema" % i)
            eq_(seq.quote_schema, exp_quote_schema, "test %d, seq quote_schema" % i)

    def test_manual_dependencies(self):
        meta = MetaData()
        a = Table('a', meta, Column('foo', Integer))
        b = Table('b', meta, Column('foo', Integer))
        c = Table('c', meta, Column('foo', Integer))
        d = Table('d', meta, Column('foo', Integer))
        e = Table('e', meta, Column('foo', Integer))

        e.add_is_dependent_on(c)
        a.add_is_dependent_on(b)
        b.add_is_dependent_on(d)
        e.add_is_dependent_on(b)
        c.add_is_dependent_on(a)
        eq_(
            meta.sorted_tables,
            [d, b, a, c, e]
        )

    def test_tometadata_default_schema_metadata(self):
        meta = MetaData(schema='myschema')

        table = Table('mytable', meta,
            Column('myid', Integer, primary_key=True),
            Column('name', String(40), nullable=True),
            Column('description', String(30), CheckConstraint("description='hi'")),
            UniqueConstraint('name'),
            test_needs_fk=True
        )

        table2 = Table('othertable', meta,
            Column('id', Integer, primary_key=True),
            Column('myid', Integer, ForeignKey('myschema.mytable.myid')),
            test_needs_fk=True
            )

        meta2 = MetaData(schema='someschema')
        table_c = table.tometadata(meta2, schema=None)
        table2_c = table2.tometadata(meta2, schema=None)

        eq_(str(table_c.join(table2_c).onclause),
                str(table_c.c.myid == table2_c.c.myid))
        eq_(str(table_c.join(table2_c).onclause),
                "someschema.mytable.myid = someschema.othertable.myid")

    def test_tometadata_strip_schema(self):
        meta = MetaData()

        table = Table('mytable', meta,
            Column('myid', Integer, primary_key=True),
            Column('name', String(40), nullable=True),
            Column('description', String(30),
                        CheckConstraint("description='hi'")),
            UniqueConstraint('name'),
            test_needs_fk=True,
        )

        table2 = Table('othertable', meta,
            Column('id', Integer, primary_key=True),
            Column('myid', Integer, ForeignKey('mytable.myid')),
            test_needs_fk=True,
            )

        meta2 = MetaData()
        table_c = table.tometadata(meta2, schema=None)
        table2_c = table2.tometadata(meta2, schema=None)

        eq_(str(table_c.join(table2_c).onclause), str(table_c.c.myid
            == table2_c.c.myid))
        eq_(str(table_c.join(table2_c).onclause),
            'mytable.myid = othertable.myid')

    def test_nonexistent(self):
        assert_raises(tsa.exc.NoSuchTableError, Table,
                          'fake_table',
                          MetaData(testing.db), autoload=True)

    def test_assorted_repr(self):
        t1 = Table("foo", MetaData(), Column("x", Integer))
        i1 = Index("bar", t1.c.x)
        ck = schema.CheckConstraint("x > y", name="someconstraint")

        for const, exp in (
            (Sequence("my_seq"),
                "Sequence('my_seq')"),
            (Sequence("my_seq", start=5),
                "Sequence('my_seq', start=5)"),
            (Column("foo", Integer),
                "Column('foo', Integer(), table=None)"),
            (Table("bar", MetaData(), Column("x", String)),
                "Table('bar', MetaData(bind=None), "
                "Column('x', String(), table=<bar>), schema=None)"),
            (schema.DefaultGenerator(for_update=True),
                "DefaultGenerator(for_update=True)"),
            (schema.Index("bar", "c"), "Index('bar')"),
            (i1, "Index('bar', Column('x', Integer(), table=<foo>))"),
            (schema.FetchedValue(), "FetchedValue()"),
            (ck,
                    "CheckConstraint("
                    "%s"
                    ", name='someconstraint')" % repr(ck.sqltext)),
        ):
            eq_(
                repr(const),
                exp
            )

class TableTest(fixtures.TestBase, AssertsCompiledSQL):
    def test_prefixes(self):
        table1 = Table("temporary_table_1", MetaData(),
                      Column("col1", Integer),
                      prefixes = ["TEMPORARY"])

        self.assert_compile(
            schema.CreateTable(table1),
            "CREATE TEMPORARY TABLE temporary_table_1 (col1 INTEGER)"
        )

        table2 = Table("temporary_table_2", MetaData(),
                      Column("col1", Integer),
                      prefixes = ["VIRTUAL"])
        self.assert_compile(
          schema.CreateTable(table2),
          "CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE temporary_table_2 (col1 INTEGER)"
        )

    def test_table_info(self):
        metadata = MetaData()
        t1 = Table('foo', metadata, info={'x':'y'})
        t2 = Table('bar', metadata, info={})
        t3 = Table('bat', metadata)
        assert t1.info == {'x':'y'}
        assert t2.info == {}
        assert t3.info == {}
        for t in (t1, t2, t3):
            t.info['bar'] = 'zip'
            assert t.info['bar'] == 'zip'

    def test_c_immutable(self):
        m = MetaData()
        t1 = Table('t', m, Column('x', Integer), Column('y', Integer))
        assert_raises(
            TypeError,
            t1.c.extend, [Column('z', Integer)]
        )

        def assign():
            t1.c['z'] = Column('z', Integer)
        assert_raises(
            TypeError,
            assign
        )

        def assign():
            t1.c.z = Column('z', Integer)
        assert_raises(
            TypeError,
            assign
        )

class SchemaTest(fixtures.TestBase, AssertsCompiledSQL):

    def test_default_schema_metadata_fk(self):
        m = MetaData(schema="foo")
        t1 = Table('t1', m, Column('x', Integer))
        t2 = Table('t2', m, Column('x', Integer, ForeignKey('t1.x')))
        assert t2.c.x.references(t1.c.x)

    def test_ad_hoc_schema_equiv_fk(self):
        m = MetaData()
        t1 = Table('t1', m, Column('x', Integer), schema="foo")
        t2 = Table('t2', m, Column('x', Integer, ForeignKey('t1.x')), schema="foo")
        assert_raises(
            exc.NoReferencedTableError,
            lambda: t2.c.x.references(t1.c.x)
        )

    def test_default_schema_metadata_fk_alt_remote(self):
        m = MetaData(schema="foo")
        t1 = Table('t1', m, Column('x', Integer))
        t2 = Table('t2', m, Column('x', Integer, ForeignKey('t1.x')),
                                schema="bar")
        assert t2.c.x.references(t1.c.x)

    def test_default_schema_metadata_fk_alt_local_raises(self):
        m = MetaData(schema="foo")
        t1 = Table('t1', m, Column('x', Integer), schema="bar")
        t2 = Table('t2', m, Column('x', Integer, ForeignKey('t1.x')))
        assert_raises(
            exc.NoReferencedTableError,
            lambda: t2.c.x.references(t1.c.x)
        )

    def test_default_schema_metadata_fk_alt_local(self):
        m = MetaData(schema="foo")
        t1 = Table('t1', m, Column('x', Integer), schema="bar")
        t2 = Table('t2', m, Column('x', Integer, ForeignKey('bar.t1.x')))
        assert t2.c.x.references(t1.c.x)

    def test_create_drop_schema(self):

        self.assert_compile(
            schema.CreateSchema("sa_schema"),
            "CREATE SCHEMA sa_schema"
        )
        self.assert_compile(
            schema.DropSchema("sa_schema"),
            "DROP SCHEMA sa_schema"
        )
        self.assert_compile(
            schema.DropSchema("sa_schema", cascade=True),
            "DROP SCHEMA sa_schema CASCADE"
        )

    def test_iteration(self):
        metadata = MetaData()
        table1 = Table('table1', metadata, Column('col1', Integer,
                       primary_key=True), schema='someschema')
        table2 = Table('table2', metadata, Column('col1', Integer,
                       primary_key=True), Column('col2', Integer,
                       ForeignKey('someschema.table1.col1')),
                       schema='someschema')

        t1 = str(schema.CreateTable(table1).compile(bind=testing.db))
        t2 = str(schema.CreateTable(table2).compile(bind=testing.db))
        if testing.db.dialect.preparer(testing.db.dialect).omit_schema:
            assert t1.index("CREATE TABLE table1") > -1
            assert t2.index("CREATE TABLE table2") > -1
        else:
            assert t1.index("CREATE TABLE someschema.table1") > -1
            assert t2.index("CREATE TABLE someschema.table2") > -1


class UseExistingTest(fixtures.TablesTest):
    @classmethod
    def define_tables(cls, metadata):
        Table('users', metadata,
                    Column('id', Integer, primary_key=True),
                    Column('name', String(30)))

    def _useexisting_fixture(self):
        meta2 = MetaData(testing.db)
        Table('users', meta2, autoload=True)
        return meta2

    def _notexisting_fixture(self):
        return MetaData(testing.db)

    def test_exception_no_flags(self):
        meta2 = self._useexisting_fixture()
        def go():
            users = Table('users', meta2, Column('name',
                          Unicode), autoload=True)
        assert_raises_message(
            exc.InvalidRequestError,
            "Table 'users' is already defined for this "\
                "MetaData instance.",
            go
        )

    @testing.uses_deprecated
    def test_deprecated_useexisting(self):
        meta2 = self._useexisting_fixture()
        users = Table('users', meta2, Column('name', Unicode),
                      autoload=True, useexisting=True)
        assert isinstance(users.c.name.type, Unicode)
        assert not users.quote
        users = Table('users', meta2, quote=True, autoload=True,
                      useexisting=True)
        assert users.quote

    def test_keep_plus_existing_raises(self):
        meta2 = self._useexisting_fixture()
        assert_raises(
            exc.ArgumentError,
            Table, 'users', meta2, keep_existing=True,
                extend_existing=True
        )

    @testing.uses_deprecated
    def test_existing_plus_useexisting_raises(self):
        meta2 = self._useexisting_fixture()
        assert_raises(
            exc.ArgumentError,
            Table, 'users', meta2, useexisting=True,
                extend_existing=True
        )

    def test_keep_existing_no_dupe_constraints(self):
        meta2 = self._notexisting_fixture()
        users = Table('users', meta2,
            Column('id', Integer),
            Column('name', Unicode),
            UniqueConstraint('name'),
            keep_existing=True
        )
        assert 'name' in users.c
        assert 'id' in users.c
        eq_(len(users.constraints), 2)

        u2 = Table('users', meta2,
            Column('id', Integer),
            Column('name', Unicode),
            UniqueConstraint('name'),
            keep_existing=True
        )
        eq_(len(u2.constraints), 2)

    def test_extend_existing_dupes_constraints(self):
        meta2 = self._notexisting_fixture()
        users = Table('users', meta2,
            Column('id', Integer),
            Column('name', Unicode),
            UniqueConstraint('name'),
            extend_existing=True
        )
        assert 'name' in users.c
        assert 'id' in users.c
        eq_(len(users.constraints), 2)

        u2 = Table('users', meta2,
            Column('id', Integer),
            Column('name', Unicode),
            UniqueConstraint('name'),
            extend_existing=True
        )
        # constraint got duped
        eq_(len(u2.constraints), 3)

    def test_keep_existing_coltype(self):
        meta2 = self._useexisting_fixture()
        users = Table('users', meta2, Column('name', Unicode),
                      autoload=True, keep_existing=True)
        assert not isinstance(users.c.name.type, Unicode)

    def test_keep_existing_quote(self):
        meta2 = self._useexisting_fixture()
        users = Table('users', meta2, quote=True, autoload=True,
                      keep_existing=True)
        assert not users.quote

    def test_keep_existing_add_column(self):
        meta2 = self._useexisting_fixture()
        users = Table('users', meta2,
                        Column('foo', Integer),
                        autoload=True,
                      keep_existing=True)
        assert "foo" not in users.c

    def test_keep_existing_coltype_no_orig(self):
        meta2 = self._notexisting_fixture()
        users = Table('users', meta2, Column('name', Unicode),
                      autoload=True, keep_existing=True)
        assert isinstance(users.c.name.type, Unicode)

    def test_keep_existing_quote_no_orig(self):
        meta2 = self._notexisting_fixture()
        users = Table('users', meta2, quote=True,
                        autoload=True,
                      keep_existing=True)
        assert users.quote

    def test_keep_existing_add_column_no_orig(self):
        meta2 = self._notexisting_fixture()
        users = Table('users', meta2,
                        Column('foo', Integer),
                        autoload=True,
                      keep_existing=True)
        assert "foo" in users.c

    def test_keep_existing_coltype_no_reflection(self):
        meta2 = self._useexisting_fixture()
        users = Table('users', meta2, Column('name', Unicode),
                      keep_existing=True)
        assert not isinstance(users.c.name.type, Unicode)

    def test_keep_existing_quote_no_reflection(self):
        meta2 = self._useexisting_fixture()
        users = Table('users', meta2, quote=True,
                      keep_existing=True)
        assert not users.quote

    def test_keep_existing_add_column_no_reflection(self):
        meta2 = self._useexisting_fixture()
        users = Table('users', meta2,
                        Column('foo', Integer),
                      keep_existing=True)
        assert "foo" not in users.c

    def test_extend_existing_coltype(self):
        meta2 = self._useexisting_fixture()
        users = Table('users', meta2, Column('name', Unicode),
                      autoload=True, extend_existing=True)
        assert isinstance(users.c.name.type, Unicode)

    def test_extend_existing_quote(self):
        meta2 = self._useexisting_fixture()
        users = Table('users', meta2, quote=True, autoload=True,
                      extend_existing=True)
        assert users.quote

    def test_extend_existing_add_column(self):
        meta2 = self._useexisting_fixture()
        users = Table('users', meta2,
                        Column('foo', Integer),
                        autoload=True,
                      extend_existing=True)
        assert "foo" in users.c

    def test_extend_existing_coltype_no_orig(self):
        meta2 = self._notexisting_fixture()
        users = Table('users', meta2, Column('name', Unicode),
                      autoload=True, extend_existing=True)
        assert isinstance(users.c.name.type, Unicode)

    def test_extend_existing_quote_no_orig(self):
        meta2 = self._notexisting_fixture()
        users = Table('users', meta2, quote=True,
                        autoload=True,
                      extend_existing=True)
        assert users.quote

    def test_extend_existing_add_column_no_orig(self):
        meta2 = self._notexisting_fixture()
        users = Table('users', meta2,
                        Column('foo', Integer),
                        autoload=True,
                      extend_existing=True)
        assert "foo" in users.c

    def test_extend_existing_coltype_no_reflection(self):
        meta2 = self._useexisting_fixture()
        users = Table('users', meta2, Column('name', Unicode),
                      extend_existing=True)
        assert isinstance(users.c.name.type, Unicode)

    def test_extend_existing_quote_no_reflection(self):
        meta2 = self._useexisting_fixture()
        users = Table('users', meta2, quote=True,
                      extend_existing=True)
        assert users.quote

    def test_extend_existing_add_column_no_reflection(self):
        meta2 = self._useexisting_fixture()
        users = Table('users', meta2,
                        Column('foo', Integer),
                      extend_existing=True)
        assert "foo" in users.c

class ConstraintTest(fixtures.TestBase):
    def _single_fixture(self):
        m = MetaData()

        t1 = Table('t1', m,
            Column('a', Integer),
            Column('b', Integer)
        )

        t2 = Table('t2', m,
            Column('a', Integer, ForeignKey('t1.a'))
        )

        t3 = Table('t3', m,
            Column('a', Integer)
        )
        return t1, t2, t3

    def test_table_references(self):
        t1, t2, t3 = self._single_fixture()
        assert list(t2.c.a.foreign_keys)[0].references(t1)
        assert not list(t2.c.a.foreign_keys)[0].references(t3)

    def test_column_references(self):
        t1, t2, t3 = self._single_fixture()
        assert t2.c.a.references(t1.c.a)
        assert not t2.c.a.references(t3.c.a)
        assert not t2.c.a.references(t1.c.b)

    def test_column_references_derived(self):
        t1, t2, t3 = self._single_fixture()
        s1 = tsa.select([tsa.select([t1]).alias()])
        assert t2.c.a.references(s1.c.a)
        assert not t2.c.a.references(s1.c.b)

    def test_copy_doesnt_reference(self):
        t1, t2, t3 = self._single_fixture()
        a2 = t2.c.a.copy()
        assert not a2.references(t1.c.a)
        assert not a2.references(t1.c.b)

    def test_derived_column_references(self):
        t1, t2, t3 = self._single_fixture()
        s1 = tsa.select([tsa.select([t2]).alias()])
        assert s1.c.a.references(t1.c.a)
        assert not s1.c.a.references(t1.c.b)

class ColumnDefinitionTest(AssertsCompiledSQL, fixtures.TestBase):
    """Test Column() construction."""

    __dialect__ = 'default'

    def columns(self):
        return [ Column(Integer),
                 Column('b', Integer),
                 Column(Integer),
                 Column('d', Integer),
                 Column(Integer, name='e'),
                 Column(type_=Integer),
                 Column(Integer()),
                 Column('h', Integer()),
                 Column(type_=Integer()) ]

    def test_basic(self):
        c = self.columns()

        for i, v in ((0, 'a'), (2, 'c'), (5, 'f'), (6, 'g'), (8, 'i')):
            c[i].name = v
            c[i].key = v
        del i, v

        tbl = Table('table', MetaData(), *c)

        for i, col in enumerate(tbl.c):
            assert col.name == c[i].name

    def test_name_none(self):

        c = Column(Integer)
        assert_raises_message(
            exc.ArgumentError,
            "Column must be constructed with a non-blank name or assign a "
            "non-blank .name ",
            Table, 't', MetaData(), c)

    def test_name_blank(self):

        c = Column('', Integer)
        assert_raises_message(
            exc.ArgumentError,
            "Column must be constructed with a non-blank name or assign a "
            "non-blank .name ",
            Table, 't', MetaData(), c)

    def test_dupe_column(self):
        c = Column('x', Integer)
        t = Table('t', MetaData(), c)

        assert_raises_message(
            exc.ArgumentError,
            "Column object already assigned to Table 't'",
            Table, 'q', MetaData(), c)

    def test_incomplete_key(self):
        c = Column(Integer)
        assert c.name is None
        assert c.key is None

        c.name = 'named'
        t = Table('t', MetaData(), c)

        assert c.name == 'named'
        assert c.name == c.key


    def test_bogus(self):
        assert_raises(exc.ArgumentError, Column, 'foo', name='bar')
        assert_raises(exc.ArgumentError, Column, 'foo', Integer,
                          type_=Integer())

    def test_custom_subclass_proxy(self):
        """test proxy generation of a Column subclass, can be compiled."""

        from sqlalchemy.schema import Column
        from sqlalchemy.ext.compiler import compiles
        from sqlalchemy.sql import select

        class MyColumn(Column):
            def _constructor(self, name, type, **kw):
                kw['name'] = name
                return MyColumn(type, **kw)

            def __init__(self, type, **kw):
                Column.__init__(self, type, **kw)

            def my_goofy_thing(self):
                return "hi"

        @compiles(MyColumn)
        def goofy(element, compiler, **kw):
            s = compiler.visit_column(element, **kw)
            return s + "-"

        id = MyColumn(Integer, primary_key=True)
        id.name = 'id'
        name = MyColumn(String)
        name.name = 'name'
        t1 = Table('foo', MetaData(),
            id,
            name
        )

        # goofy thing
        eq_(t1.c.name.my_goofy_thing(), "hi")

        # create proxy
        s = select([t1.select().alias()])

        # proxy has goofy thing
        eq_(s.c.name.my_goofy_thing(), "hi")

        # compile works
        self.assert_compile(
            select([t1.select().alias()]),
            "SELECT anon_1.id-, anon_1.name- FROM "
            "(SELECT foo.id- AS id, foo.name- AS name "
            "FROM foo) AS anon_1",
        )

    def test_custom_subclass_proxy_typeerror(self):
        from sqlalchemy.schema import Column
        from sqlalchemy.sql import select

        class MyColumn(Column):
            def __init__(self, type, **kw):
                Column.__init__(self, type, **kw)

        id = MyColumn(Integer, primary_key=True)
        id.name = 'id'
        name = MyColumn(String)
        name.name = 'name'
        t1 = Table('foo', MetaData(),
            id,
            name
        )
        assert_raises_message(
            TypeError,
            "Could not create a copy of this <class "
            "'test.sql.test_metadata..*MyColumn'> "
            "object.  Ensure the class includes a _constructor()",
            getattr, select([t1.select().alias()]), 'c'
        )

class ColumnDefaultsTest(fixtures.TestBase):
    """test assignment of default fixures to columns"""

    def _fixture(self, *arg, **kw):
        return Column('x', Integer, *arg, **kw)

    def test_server_default_positional(self):
        target = schema.DefaultClause('y')
        c = self._fixture(target)
        assert c.server_default is target
        assert target.column is c

    def test_server_default_keyword_as_schemaitem(self):
        target = schema.DefaultClause('y')
        c = self._fixture(server_default=target)
        assert c.server_default is target
        assert target.column is c

    def test_server_default_keyword_as_clause(self):
        target = 'y'
        c = self._fixture(server_default=target)
        assert c.server_default.arg == target
        assert c.server_default.column is c

    def test_server_default_onupdate_positional(self):
        target = schema.DefaultClause('y', for_update=True)
        c = self._fixture(target)
        assert c.server_onupdate is target
        assert target.column is c

    def test_server_default_onupdate_keyword_as_schemaitem(self):
        target = schema.DefaultClause('y', for_update=True)
        c = self._fixture(server_onupdate=target)
        assert c.server_onupdate is target
        assert target.column is c

    def test_server_default_onupdate_keyword_as_clause(self):
        target = 'y'
        c = self._fixture(server_onupdate=target)
        assert c.server_onupdate.arg == target
        assert c.server_onupdate.column is c

    def test_column_default_positional(self):
        target = schema.ColumnDefault('y')
        c = self._fixture(target)
        assert c.default is target
        assert target.column is c

    def test_column_default_keyword_as_schemaitem(self):
        target = schema.ColumnDefault('y')
        c = self._fixture(default=target)
        assert c.default is target
        assert target.column is c

    def test_column_default_keyword_as_clause(self):
        target = 'y'
        c = self._fixture(default=target)
        assert c.default.arg == target
        assert c.default.column is c

    def test_column_default_onupdate_positional(self):
        target = schema.ColumnDefault('y', for_update=True)
        c = self._fixture(target)
        assert c.onupdate is target
        assert target.column is c

    def test_column_default_onupdate_keyword_as_schemaitem(self):
        target = schema.ColumnDefault('y', for_update=True)
        c = self._fixture(onupdate=target)
        assert c.onupdate is target
        assert target.column is c

    def test_column_default_onupdate_keyword_as_clause(self):
        target = 'y'
        c = self._fixture(onupdate=target)
        assert c.onupdate.arg == target
        assert c.onupdate.column is c

class ColumnOptionsTest(fixtures.TestBase):

    def test_default_generators(self):
        g1, g2 = Sequence('foo_id_seq'), ColumnDefault('f5')
        assert Column(String, default=g1).default is g1
        assert Column(String, onupdate=g1).onupdate is g1
        assert Column(String, default=g2).default is g2
        assert Column(String, onupdate=g2).onupdate is g2

    def test_type_required(self):
        assert_raises(exc.ArgumentError, Column)
        assert_raises(exc.ArgumentError, Column, "foo")
        assert_raises(exc.ArgumentError, Column, default="foo")
        assert_raises(exc.ArgumentError, Column, Sequence("a"))
        assert_raises(exc.ArgumentError, Column, "foo", default="foo")
        assert_raises(exc.ArgumentError, Column, "foo", Sequence("a"))
        Column(ForeignKey('bar.id'))
        Column("foo", ForeignKey('bar.id'))
        Column(ForeignKey('bar.id'), default="foo")
        Column(ForeignKey('bar.id'), Sequence("a"))
        Column("foo", ForeignKey('bar.id'), default="foo")
        Column("foo", ForeignKey('bar.id'), Sequence("a"))

    def test_column_info(self):

        c1 = Column('foo', String, info={'x':'y'})
        c2 = Column('bar', String, info={})
        c3 = Column('bat', String)
        assert c1.info == {'x':'y'}
        assert c2.info == {}
        assert c3.info == {}

        for c in (c1, c2, c3):
            c.info['bar'] = 'zip'
            assert c.info['bar'] == 'zip'


class CatchAllEventsTest(fixtures.TestBase):

    def teardown(self):
        events.SchemaEventTarget.dispatch._clear()

    def test_all_events(self):
        canary = []
        def before_attach(obj, parent):
            canary.append("%s->%s" % (obj.__class__.__name__, parent.__class__.__name__))

        def after_attach(obj, parent):
            canary.append("%s->%s" % (obj.__class__.__name__, parent))

        event.listen(schema.SchemaItem, "before_parent_attach", before_attach)
        event.listen(schema.SchemaItem, "after_parent_attach", after_attach)

        m = MetaData()
        t1 = Table('t1', m,
            Column('id', Integer, Sequence('foo_id'), primary_key=True),
            Column('bar', String, ForeignKey('t2.id'))
        )
        t2 = Table('t2', m,
            Column('id', Integer, primary_key=True),
        )

        eq_(
            canary,
            ['Sequence->Column', 'Sequence->id', 'ForeignKey->Column',
             'ForeignKey->bar', 'Table->MetaData',
             'PrimaryKeyConstraint->Table', 'PrimaryKeyConstraint->t1',
             'Column->Table', 'Column->t1', 'Column->Table',
             'Column->t1', 'ForeignKeyConstraint->Table',
             'ForeignKeyConstraint->t1', 'Table->MetaData(bind=None)',
             'Table->MetaData', 'PrimaryKeyConstraint->Table',
             'PrimaryKeyConstraint->t2', 'Column->Table', 'Column->t2',
             'Table->MetaData(bind=None)']
        )

    def test_events_per_constraint(self):
        canary = []

        def evt(target):
            def before_attach(obj, parent):
                canary.append("%s->%s" % (target.__name__, parent.__class__.__name__))

            def after_attach(obj, parent):
                canary.append("%s->%s" % (target.__name__, parent))
            event.listen(target, "before_parent_attach", before_attach)
            event.listen(target, "after_parent_attach", after_attach)

        for target in [
            schema.ForeignKeyConstraint, schema.PrimaryKeyConstraint, schema.UniqueConstraint,
            schema.CheckConstraint
        ]:
            evt(target)

        m = MetaData()
        t1 = Table('t1', m,
            Column('id', Integer, Sequence('foo_id'), primary_key=True),
            Column('bar', String, ForeignKey('t2.id')),
            Column('bat', Integer, unique=True),
        )
        t2 = Table('t2', m,
            Column('id', Integer, primary_key=True),
            Column('bar', Integer),
            Column('bat', Integer),
            CheckConstraint("bar>5"),
            UniqueConstraint('bar', 'bat')
        )
        eq_(
            canary,
            [
            'PrimaryKeyConstraint->Table', 'PrimaryKeyConstraint->t1',
            'ForeignKeyConstraint->Table', 'ForeignKeyConstraint->t1',
            'UniqueConstraint->Table', 'UniqueConstraint->t1',
            'PrimaryKeyConstraint->Table', 'PrimaryKeyConstraint->t2',
            'CheckConstraint->Table', 'CheckConstraint->t2',
            'UniqueConstraint->Table', 'UniqueConstraint->t2'
            ]
        )
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