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/*
 * This handles recursive filename detection with exclude
 * files, index knowledge etc..
 *
 * Copyright (C) Linus Torvalds, 2005-2006
 *		 Junio Hamano, 2005-2006
 */
#include "cache.h"
#include "dir.h"
#include "refs.h"

struct path_simplify {
	int len;
	const char *path;
};

static int read_directory_recursive(struct dir_struct *dir, const char *path, int len,
	int check_only, const struct path_simplify *simplify);
static int get_dtype(struct dirent *de, const char *path, int len);

static int common_prefix(const char **pathspec)
{
	const char *path, *slash, *next;
	int prefix;

	if (!pathspec)
		return 0;

	path = *pathspec;
	slash = strrchr(path, '/');
	if (!slash)
		return 0;

	/*
	 * The first 'prefix' characters of 'path' are common leading
	 * path components among the pathspecs we have seen so far,
	 * including the trailing slash.
	 */
	prefix = slash - path + 1;
	while ((next = *++pathspec) != NULL) {
		int len, last_matching_slash = -1;
		for (len = 0; len < prefix && next[len] == path[len]; len++)
			if (next[len] == '/')
				last_matching_slash = len;
		if (len == prefix)
			continue;
		if (last_matching_slash < 0)
			return 0;
		prefix = last_matching_slash + 1;
	}
	return prefix;
}

int fill_directory(struct dir_struct *dir, const char **pathspec)
{
	const char *path;
	int len;

	/*
	 * Calculate common prefix for the pathspec, and
	 * use that to optimize the directory walk
	 */
	len = common_prefix(pathspec);
	path = "";

	if (len)
		path = xmemdupz(*pathspec, len);

	/* Read the directory and prune it */
	read_directory(dir, path, len, pathspec);
	return len;
}

/*
 * Does 'match' match the given name?
 * A match is found if
 *
 * (1) the 'match' string is leading directory of 'name', or
 * (2) the 'match' string is a wildcard and matches 'name', or
 * (3) the 'match' string is exactly the same as 'name'.
 *
 * and the return value tells which case it was.
 *
 * It returns 0 when there is no match.
 */
static int match_one(const char *match, const char *name, int namelen)
{
	int matchlen;

	/* If the match was just the prefix, we matched */
	if (!*match)
		return MATCHED_RECURSIVELY;

	for (;;) {
		unsigned char c1 = *match;
		unsigned char c2 = *name;
		if (c1 == '\0' || is_glob_special(c1))
			break;
		if (c1 != c2)
			return 0;
		match++;
		name++;
		namelen--;
	}


	/*
	 * If we don't match the matchstring exactly,
	 * we need to match by fnmatch
	 */
	matchlen = strlen(match);
	if (strncmp(match, name, matchlen))
		return !fnmatch(match, name, 0) ? MATCHED_FNMATCH : 0;

	if (namelen == matchlen)
		return MATCHED_EXACTLY;
	if (match[matchlen-1] == '/' || name[matchlen] == '/')
		return MATCHED_RECURSIVELY;
	return 0;
}

/*
 * Given a name and a list of pathspecs, see if the name matches
 * any of the pathspecs.  The caller is also interested in seeing
 * all pathspec matches some names it calls this function with
 * (otherwise the user could have mistyped the unmatched pathspec),
 * and a mark is left in seen[] array for pathspec element that
 * actually matched anything.
 */
int match_pathspec(const char **pathspec, const char *name, int namelen,
		int prefix, char *seen)
{
	int i, retval = 0;

	if (!pathspec)
		return 1;

	name += prefix;
	namelen -= prefix;

	for (i = 0; pathspec[i] != NULL; i++) {
		int how;
		const char *match = pathspec[i] + prefix;
		if (seen && seen[i] == MATCHED_EXACTLY)
			continue;
		how = match_one(match, name, namelen);
		if (how) {
			if (retval < how)
				retval = how;
			if (seen && seen[i] < how)
				seen[i] = how;
		}
	}
	return retval;
}

static int no_wildcard(const char *string)
{
	return string[strcspn(string, "*?[{\\")] == '\0';
}

void add_exclude(const char *string, const char *base,
		 int baselen, struct exclude_list *which)
{
	struct exclude *x;
	size_t len;
	int to_exclude = 1;
	int flags = 0;

	if (*string == '!') {
		to_exclude = 0;
		string++;
	}
	len = strlen(string);
	if (len && string[len - 1] == '/') {
		char *s;
		x = xmalloc(sizeof(*x) + len);
		s = (char *)(x+1);
		memcpy(s, string, len - 1);
		s[len - 1] = '\0';
		string = s;
		x->pattern = s;
		flags = EXC_FLAG_MUSTBEDIR;
	} else {
		x = xmalloc(sizeof(*x));
		x->pattern = string;
	}
	x->to_exclude = to_exclude;
	x->patternlen = strlen(string);
	x->base = base;
	x->baselen = baselen;
	x->flags = flags;
	if (!strchr(string, '/'))
		x->flags |= EXC_FLAG_NODIR;
	if (no_wildcard(string))
		x->flags |= EXC_FLAG_NOWILDCARD;
	if (*string == '*' && no_wildcard(string+1))
		x->flags |= EXC_FLAG_ENDSWITH;
	ALLOC_GROW(which->excludes, which->nr + 1, which->alloc);
	which->excludes[which->nr++] = x;
}

static void *read_skip_worktree_file_from_index(const char *path, size_t *size)
{
	int pos, len;
	unsigned long sz;
	enum object_type type;
	void *data;
	struct index_state *istate = &the_index;

	len = strlen(path);
	pos = index_name_pos(istate, path, len);
	if (pos < 0)
		return NULL;
	if (!ce_skip_worktree(istate->cache[pos]))
		return NULL;
	data = read_sha1_file(istate->cache[pos]->sha1, &type, &sz);
	if (!data || type != OBJ_BLOB) {
		free(data);
		return NULL;
	}
	*size = xsize_t(sz);
	return data;
}

int add_excludes_from_file_to_list(const char *fname,
				   const char *base,
				   int baselen,
				   char **buf_p,
				   struct exclude_list *which,
				   int check_index)
{
	struct stat st;
	int fd, i;
	size_t size;
	char *buf, *entry;

	fd = open(fname, O_RDONLY);
	if (fd < 0 || fstat(fd, &st) < 0) {
		if (0 <= fd)
			close(fd);
		if (!check_index ||
		    (buf = read_skip_worktree_file_from_index(fname, &size)) == NULL)
			return -1;
		if (size == 0) {
			free(buf);
			return 0;
		}
		if (buf[size-1] != '\n') {
			buf = xrealloc(buf, size+1);
			buf[size++] = '\n';
		}
	}
	else {
		size = xsize_t(st.st_size);
		if (size == 0) {
			close(fd);
			return 0;
		}
		buf = xmalloc(size+1);
		if (read_in_full(fd, buf, size) != size) {
			free(buf);
			close(fd);
			return -1;
		}
		buf[size++] = '\n';
		close(fd);
	}

	if (buf_p)
		*buf_p = buf;
	entry = buf;
	for (i = 0; i < size; i++) {
		if (buf[i] == '\n') {
			if (entry != buf + i && entry[0] != '#') {
				buf[i - (i && buf[i-1] == '\r')] = 0;
				add_exclude(entry, base, baselen, which);
			}
			entry = buf + i + 1;
		}
	}
	return 0;
}

void add_excludes_from_file(struct dir_struct *dir, const char *fname)
{
	if (add_excludes_from_file_to_list(fname, "", 0, NULL,
					   &dir->exclude_list[EXC_FILE], 0) < 0)
		die("cannot use %s as an exclude file", fname);
}

static void prep_exclude(struct dir_struct *dir, const char *base, int baselen)
{
	struct exclude_list *el;
	struct exclude_stack *stk = NULL;
	int current;

	if ((!dir->exclude_per_dir) ||
	    (baselen + strlen(dir->exclude_per_dir) >= PATH_MAX))
		return; /* too long a path -- ignore */

	/* Pop the ones that are not the prefix of the path being checked. */
	el = &dir->exclude_list[EXC_DIRS];
	while ((stk = dir->exclude_stack) != NULL) {
		if (stk->baselen <= baselen &&
		    !strncmp(dir->basebuf, base, stk->baselen))
			break;
		dir->exclude_stack = stk->prev;
		while (stk->exclude_ix < el->nr)
			free(el->excludes[--el->nr]);
		free(stk->filebuf);
		free(stk);
	}

	/* Read from the parent directories and push them down. */
	current = stk ? stk->baselen : -1;
	while (current < baselen) {
		struct exclude_stack *stk = xcalloc(1, sizeof(*stk));
		const char *cp;

		if (current < 0) {
			cp = base;
			current = 0;
		}
		else {
			cp = strchr(base + current + 1, '/');
			if (!cp)
				die("oops in prep_exclude");
			cp++;
		}
		stk->prev = dir->exclude_stack;
		stk->baselen = cp - base;
		stk->exclude_ix = el->nr;
		memcpy(dir->basebuf + current, base + current,
		       stk->baselen - current);
		strcpy(dir->basebuf + stk->baselen, dir->exclude_per_dir);
		add_excludes_from_file_to_list(dir->basebuf,
					       dir->basebuf, stk->baselen,
					       &stk->filebuf, el, 1);
		dir->exclude_stack = stk;
		current = stk->baselen;
	}
	dir->basebuf[baselen] = '\0';
}

/* Scan the list and let the last match determine the fate.
 * Return 1 for exclude, 0 for include and -1 for undecided.
 */
int excluded_from_list(const char *pathname,
		       int pathlen, const char *basename, int *dtype,
		       struct exclude_list *el)
{
	int i;

	if (el->nr) {
		for (i = el->nr - 1; 0 <= i; i--) {
			struct exclude *x = el->excludes[i];
			const char *exclude = x->pattern;
			int to_exclude = x->to_exclude;

			if (x->flags & EXC_FLAG_MUSTBEDIR) {
				if (!dtype) {
					if (!prefixcmp(pathname, exclude))
						return to_exclude;
					else
						continue;
				}
				if (*dtype == DT_UNKNOWN)
					*dtype = get_dtype(NULL, pathname, pathlen);
				if (*dtype != DT_DIR)
					continue;
			}

			if (x->flags & EXC_FLAG_NODIR) {
				/* match basename */
				if (x->flags & EXC_FLAG_NOWILDCARD) {
					if (!strcmp(exclude, basename))
						return to_exclude;
				} else if (x->flags & EXC_FLAG_ENDSWITH) {
					if (x->patternlen - 1 <= pathlen &&
					    !strcmp(exclude + 1, pathname + pathlen - x->patternlen + 1))
						return to_exclude;
				} else {
					if (fnmatch(exclude, basename, 0) == 0)
						return to_exclude;
				}
			}
			else {
				/* match with FNM_PATHNAME:
				 * exclude has base (baselen long) implicitly
				 * in front of it.
				 */
				int baselen = x->baselen;
				if (*exclude == '/')
					exclude++;

				if (pathlen < baselen ||
				    (baselen && pathname[baselen-1] != '/') ||
				    strncmp(pathname, x->base, baselen))
				    continue;

				if (x->flags & EXC_FLAG_NOWILDCARD) {
					if (!strcmp(exclude, pathname + baselen))
						return to_exclude;
				} else {
					if (fnmatch(exclude, pathname+baselen,
						    FNM_PATHNAME) == 0)
					    return to_exclude;
				}
			}
		}
	}
	return -1; /* undecided */
}

int excluded(struct dir_struct *dir, const char *pathname, int *dtype_p)
{
	int pathlen = strlen(pathname);
	int st;
	const char *basename = strrchr(pathname, '/');
	basename = (basename) ? basename+1 : pathname;

	prep_exclude(dir, pathname, basename-pathname);
	for (st = EXC_CMDL; st <= EXC_FILE; st++) {
		switch (excluded_from_list(pathname, pathlen, basename,
					   dtype_p, &dir->exclude_list[st])) {
		case 0:
			return 0;
		case 1:
			return 1;
		}
	}
	return 0;
}

static struct dir_entry *dir_entry_new(const char *pathname, int len)
{
	struct dir_entry *ent;

	ent = xmalloc(sizeof(*ent) + len + 1);
	ent->len = len;
	memcpy(ent->name, pathname, len);
	ent->name[len] = 0;
	return ent;
}

static struct dir_entry *dir_add_name(struct dir_struct *dir, const char *pathname, int len)
{
	if (cache_name_exists(pathname, len, ignore_case))
		return NULL;

	ALLOC_GROW(dir->entries, dir->nr+1, dir->alloc);
	return dir->entries[dir->nr++] = dir_entry_new(pathname, len);
}

struct dir_entry *dir_add_ignored(struct dir_struct *dir, const char *pathname, int len)
{
	if (!cache_name_is_other(pathname, len))
		return NULL;

	ALLOC_GROW(dir->ignored, dir->ignored_nr+1, dir->ignored_alloc);
	return dir->ignored[dir->ignored_nr++] = dir_entry_new(pathname, len);
}

enum exist_status {
	index_nonexistent = 0,
	index_directory,
	index_gitdir
};

/*
 * The index sorts alphabetically by entry name, which
 * means that a gitlink sorts as '\0' at the end, while
 * a directory (which is defined not as an entry, but as
 * the files it contains) will sort with the '/' at the
 * end.
 */
static enum exist_status directory_exists_in_index(const char *dirname, int len)
{
	int pos = cache_name_pos(dirname, len);
	if (pos < 0)
		pos = -pos-1;
	while (pos < active_nr) {
		struct cache_entry *ce = active_cache[pos++];
		unsigned char endchar;

		if (strncmp(ce->name, dirname, len))
			break;
		endchar = ce->name[len];
		if (endchar > '/')
			break;
		if (endchar == '/')
			return index_directory;
		if (!endchar && S_ISGITLINK(ce->ce_mode))
			return index_gitdir;
	}
	return index_nonexistent;
}

/*
 * When we find a directory when traversing the filesystem, we
 * have three distinct cases:
 *
 *  - ignore it
 *  - see it as a directory
 *  - recurse into it
 *
 * and which one we choose depends on a combination of existing
 * git index contents and the flags passed into the directory
 * traversal routine.
 *
 * Case 1: If we *already* have entries in the index under that
 * directory name, we always recurse into the directory to see
 * all the files.
 *
 * Case 2: If we *already* have that directory name as a gitlink,
 * we always continue to see it as a gitlink, regardless of whether
 * there is an actual git directory there or not (it might not
 * be checked out as a subproject!)
 *
 * Case 3: if we didn't have it in the index previously, we
 * have a few sub-cases:
 *
 *  (a) if "show_other_directories" is true, we show it as
 *      just a directory, unless "hide_empty_directories" is
 *      also true and the directory is empty, in which case
 *      we just ignore it entirely.
 *  (b) if it looks like a git directory, and we don't have
 *      'no_gitlinks' set we treat it as a gitlink, and show it
 *      as a directory.
 *  (c) otherwise, we recurse into it.
 */
enum directory_treatment {
	show_directory,
	ignore_directory,
	recurse_into_directory
};

static enum directory_treatment treat_directory(struct dir_struct *dir,
	const char *dirname, int len,
	const struct path_simplify *simplify)
{
	/* The "len-1" is to strip the final '/' */
	switch (directory_exists_in_index(dirname, len-1)) {
	case index_directory:
		return recurse_into_directory;

	case index_gitdir:
		if (dir->flags & DIR_SHOW_OTHER_DIRECTORIES)
			return ignore_directory;
		return show_directory;

	case index_nonexistent:
		if (dir->flags & DIR_SHOW_OTHER_DIRECTORIES)
			break;
		if (!(dir->flags & DIR_NO_GITLINKS)) {
			unsigned char sha1[20];
			if (resolve_gitlink_ref(dirname, "HEAD", sha1) == 0)
				return show_directory;
		}
		return recurse_into_directory;
	}

	/* This is the "show_other_directories" case */
	if (!(dir->flags & DIR_HIDE_EMPTY_DIRECTORIES))
		return show_directory;
	if (!read_directory_recursive(dir, dirname, len, 1, simplify))
		return ignore_directory;
	return show_directory;
}

/*
 * This is an inexact early pruning of any recursive directory
 * reading - if the path cannot possibly be in the pathspec,
 * return true, and we'll skip it early.
 */
static int simplify_away(const char *path, int pathlen, const struct path_simplify *simplify)
{
	if (simplify) {
		for (;;) {
			const char *match = simplify->path;
			int len = simplify->len;

			if (!match)
				break;
			if (len > pathlen)
				len = pathlen;
			if (!memcmp(path, match, len))
				return 0;
			simplify++;
		}
		return 1;
	}
	return 0;
}

/*
 * This function tells us whether an excluded path matches a
 * list of "interesting" pathspecs. That is, whether a path matched
 * by any of the pathspecs could possibly be ignored by excluding
 * the specified path. This can happen if:
 *
 *   1. the path is mentioned explicitly in the pathspec
 *
 *   2. the path is a directory prefix of some element in the
 *      pathspec
 */
static int exclude_matches_pathspec(const char *path, int len,
		const struct path_simplify *simplify)
{
	if (simplify) {
		for (; simplify->path; simplify++) {
			if (len == simplify->len
			    && !memcmp(path, simplify->path, len))
				return 1;
			if (len < simplify->len
			    && simplify->path[len] == '/'
			    && !memcmp(path, simplify->path, len))
				return 1;
		}
	}
	return 0;
}

static int get_index_dtype(const char *path, int len)
{
	int pos;
	struct cache_entry *ce;

	ce = cache_name_exists(path, len, 0);
	if (ce) {
		if (!ce_uptodate(ce))
			return DT_UNKNOWN;
		if (S_ISGITLINK(ce->ce_mode))
			return DT_DIR;
		/*
		 * Nobody actually cares about the
		 * difference between DT_LNK and DT_REG
		 */
		return DT_REG;
	}

	/* Try to look it up as a directory */
	pos = cache_name_pos(path, len);
	if (pos >= 0)
		return DT_UNKNOWN;
	pos = -pos-1;
	while (pos < active_nr) {
		ce = active_cache[pos++];
		if (strncmp(ce->name, path, len))
			break;
		if (ce->name[len] > '/')
			break;
		if (ce->name[len] < '/')
			continue;
		if (!ce_uptodate(ce))
			break;	/* continue? */
		return DT_DIR;
	}
	return DT_UNKNOWN;
}

static int get_dtype(struct dirent *de, const char *path, int len)
{
	int dtype = de ? DTYPE(de) : DT_UNKNOWN;
	struct stat st;

	if (dtype != DT_UNKNOWN)
		return dtype;
	dtype = get_index_dtype(path, len);
	if (dtype != DT_UNKNOWN)
		return dtype;
	if (lstat(path, &st))
		return dtype;
	if (S_ISREG(st.st_mode))
		return DT_REG;
	if (S_ISDIR(st.st_mode))
		return DT_DIR;
	if (S_ISLNK(st.st_mode))
		return DT_LNK;
	return dtype;
}

enum path_treatment {
	path_ignored,
	path_handled,
	path_recurse
};

static enum path_treatment treat_one_path(struct dir_struct *dir,
					  char *path, int *len,
					  const struct path_simplify *simplify,
					  int dtype, struct dirent *de)
{
	int exclude = excluded(dir, path, &dtype);
	if (exclude && (dir->flags & DIR_COLLECT_IGNORED)
	    && exclude_matches_pathspec(path, *len, simplify))
		dir_add_ignored(dir, path, *len);

	/*
	 * Excluded? If we don't explicitly want to show
	 * ignored files, ignore it
	 */
	if (exclude && !(dir->flags & DIR_SHOW_IGNORED))
		return path_ignored;

	if (dtype == DT_UNKNOWN)
		dtype = get_dtype(de, path, *len);

	/*
	 * Do we want to see just the ignored files?
	 * We still need to recurse into directories,
	 * even if we don't ignore them, since the
	 * directory may contain files that we do..
	 */
	if (!exclude && (dir->flags & DIR_SHOW_IGNORED)) {
		if (dtype != DT_DIR)
			return path_ignored;
	}

	switch (dtype) {
	default:
		return path_ignored;
	case DT_DIR:
		memcpy(path + *len, "/", 2);
		(*len)++;
		switch (treat_directory(dir, path, *len, simplify)) {
		case show_directory:
			if (exclude != !!(dir->flags
					  & DIR_SHOW_IGNORED))
				return path_ignored;
			break;
		case recurse_into_directory:
			return path_recurse;
		case ignore_directory:
			return path_ignored;
		}
		break;
	case DT_REG:
	case DT_LNK:
		break;
	}
	return path_handled;
}

static enum path_treatment treat_path(struct dir_struct *dir,
				      struct dirent *de,
				      char *path, int path_max,
				      int baselen,
				      const struct path_simplify *simplify,
				      int *len)
{
	int dtype;

	if (is_dot_or_dotdot(de->d_name) || !strcmp(de->d_name, ".git"))
		return path_ignored;
	*len = strlen(de->d_name);
	/* Ignore overly long pathnames! */
	if (*len + baselen + 8 > path_max)
		return path_ignored;
	memcpy(path + baselen, de->d_name, *len + 1);
	*len += baselen;
	if (simplify_away(path, *len, simplify))
		return path_ignored;

	dtype = DTYPE(de);
	return treat_one_path(dir, path, len, simplify, dtype, de);
}

/*
 * Read a directory tree. We currently ignore anything but
 * directories, regular files and symlinks. That's because git
 * doesn't handle them at all yet. Maybe that will change some
 * day.
 *
 * Also, we ignore the name ".git" (even if it is not a directory).
 * That likely will not change.
 */
static int read_directory_recursive(struct dir_struct *dir,
				    const char *base, int baselen,
				    int check_only,
				    const struct path_simplify *simplify)
{
	DIR *fdir = opendir(*base ? base : ".");
	int contents = 0;

	if (fdir) {
		struct dirent *de;
		char path[PATH_MAX + 1];
		memcpy(path, base, baselen);

		while ((de = readdir(fdir)) != NULL) {
			int len;
			switch (treat_path(dir, de, path, sizeof(path),
					   baselen, simplify, &len)) {
			case path_recurse:
				contents += read_directory_recursive
					(dir, path, len, 0, simplify);
				continue;
			case path_ignored:
				continue;
			case path_handled:
				break;
			}
			contents++;
			if (check_only)
				goto exit_early;
			else
				dir_add_name(dir, path, len);
		}
exit_early:
		closedir(fdir);
	}

	return contents;
}

static int cmp_name(const void *p1, const void *p2)
{
	const struct dir_entry *e1 = *(const struct dir_entry **)p1;
	const struct dir_entry *e2 = *(const struct dir_entry **)p2;

	return cache_name_compare(e1->name, e1->len,
				  e2->name, e2->len);
}

/*
 * Return the length of the "simple" part of a path match limiter.
 */
static int simple_length(const char *match)
{
	int len = -1;

	for (;;) {
		unsigned char c = *match++;
		len++;
		if (c == '\0' || is_glob_special(c))
			return len;
	}
}

static struct path_simplify *create_simplify(const char **pathspec)
{
	int nr, alloc = 0;
	struct path_simplify *simplify = NULL;

	if (!pathspec)
		return NULL;

	for (nr = 0 ; ; nr++) {
		const char *match;
		if (nr >= alloc) {
			alloc = alloc_nr(alloc);
			simplify = xrealloc(simplify, alloc * sizeof(*simplify));
		}
		match = *pathspec++;
		if (!match)
			break;
		simplify[nr].path = match;
		simplify[nr].len = simple_length(match);
	}
	simplify[nr].path = NULL;
	simplify[nr].len = 0;
	return simplify;
}

static void free_simplify(struct path_simplify *simplify)
{
	free(simplify);
}

static int treat_leading_path(struct dir_struct *dir,
			      const char *path, int len,
			      const struct path_simplify *simplify)
{
	char pathbuf[PATH_MAX];
	int baselen, blen;
	const char *cp;

	while (len && path[len - 1] == '/')
		len--;
	if (!len)
		return 1;
	baselen = 0;
	while (1) {
		cp = path + baselen + !!baselen;
		cp = memchr(cp, '/', path + len - cp);
		if (!cp)
			baselen = len;
		else
			baselen = cp - path;
		memcpy(pathbuf, path, baselen);
		pathbuf[baselen] = '\0';
		if (!is_directory(pathbuf))
			return 0;
		if (simplify_away(pathbuf, baselen, simplify))
			return 0;
		blen = baselen;
		if (treat_one_path(dir, pathbuf, &blen, simplify,
				   DT_DIR, NULL) == path_ignored)
			return 0; /* do not recurse into it */
		if (len <= baselen)
			return 1; /* finished checking */
	}
}

int read_directory(struct dir_struct *dir, const char *path, int len, const char **pathspec)
{
	struct path_simplify *simplify;

	if (has_symlink_leading_path(path, len))
		return dir->nr;

	simplify = create_simplify(pathspec);
	if (!len || treat_leading_path(dir, path, len, simplify))
		read_directory_recursive(dir, path, len, 0, simplify);
	free_simplify(simplify);
	qsort(dir->entries, dir->nr, sizeof(struct dir_entry *), cmp_name);
	qsort(dir->ignored, dir->ignored_nr, sizeof(struct dir_entry *), cmp_name);
	return dir->nr;
}

int file_exists(const char *f)
{
	struct stat sb;
	return lstat(f, &sb) == 0;
}

/*
 * get_relative_cwd() gets the prefix of the current working directory
 * relative to 'dir'.  If we are not inside 'dir', it returns NULL.
 *
 * As a convenience, it also returns NULL if 'dir' is already NULL.  The
 * reason for this behaviour is that it is natural for functions returning
 * directory names to return NULL to say "this directory does not exist"
 * or "this directory is invalid".  These cases are usually handled the
 * same as if the cwd is not inside 'dir' at all, so get_relative_cwd()
 * returns NULL for both of them.
 *
 * Most notably, get_relative_cwd(buffer, size, get_git_work_tree())
 * unifies the handling of "outside work tree" with "no work tree at all".
 */
char *get_relative_cwd(char *buffer, int size, const char *dir)
{
	char *cwd = buffer;

	if (!dir)
		return NULL;
	if (!getcwd(buffer, size))
		die_errno("can't find the current directory");

	if (!is_absolute_path(dir))
		dir = make_absolute_path(dir);

	while (*dir && *dir == *cwd) {
		dir++;
		cwd++;
	}
	if (*dir)
		return NULL;
	switch (*cwd) {
	case '\0':
		return cwd;
	case '/':
		return cwd + 1;
	default:
		return NULL;
	}
}

int is_inside_dir(const char *dir)
{
	char buffer[PATH_MAX];
	return get_relative_cwd(buffer, sizeof(buffer), dir) != NULL;
}

int is_empty_dir(const char *path)
{
	DIR *dir = opendir(path);
	struct dirent *e;
	int ret = 1;

	if (!dir)
		return 0;

	while ((e = readdir(dir)) != NULL)
		if (!is_dot_or_dotdot(e->d_name)) {
			ret = 0;
			break;
		}

	closedir(dir);
	return ret;
}

int remove_dir_recursively(struct strbuf *path, int flag)
{
	DIR *dir;
	struct dirent *e;
	int ret = 0, original_len = path->len, len;
	int only_empty = (flag & REMOVE_DIR_EMPTY_ONLY);
	unsigned char submodule_head[20];

	if ((flag & REMOVE_DIR_KEEP_NESTED_GIT) &&
	    !resolve_gitlink_ref(path->buf, "HEAD", submodule_head))
		/* Do not descend and nuke a nested git work tree. */
		return 0;

	dir = opendir(path->buf);
	if (!dir)
		return -1;
	if (path->buf[original_len - 1] != '/')
		strbuf_addch(path, '/');

	len = path->len;
	while ((e = readdir(dir)) != NULL) {
		struct stat st;
		if (is_dot_or_dotdot(e->d_name))
			continue;

		strbuf_setlen(path, len);
		strbuf_addstr(path, e->d_name);
		if (lstat(path->buf, &st))
			; /* fall thru */
		else if (S_ISDIR(st.st_mode)) {
			if (!remove_dir_recursively(path, only_empty))
				continue; /* happy */
		} else if (!only_empty && !unlink(path->buf))
			continue; /* happy, too */

		/* path too long, stat fails, or non-directory still exists */
		ret = -1;
		break;
	}
	closedir(dir);

	strbuf_setlen(path, original_len);
	if (!ret)
		ret = rmdir(path->buf);
	return ret;
}

void setup_standard_excludes(struct dir_struct *dir)
{
	const char *path;

	dir->exclude_per_dir = ".gitignore";
	path = git_path("info/exclude");
	if (!access(path, R_OK))
		add_excludes_from_file(dir, path);
	if (excludes_file && !access(excludes_file, R_OK))
		add_excludes_from_file(dir, excludes_file);
}

int remove_path(const char *name)
{
	char *slash;

	if (unlink(name) && errno != ENOENT)
		return -1;

	slash = strrchr(name, '/');
	if (slash) {
		char *dirs = xstrdup(name);
		slash = dirs + (slash - name);
		do {
			*slash = '\0';
		} while (rmdir(dirs) == 0 && (slash = strrchr(dirs, '/')));
		free(dirs);
	}
	return 0;
}