git / exec_cmd.c

#include "cache.h"
#include "exec_cmd.h"
#include "quote.h"
#define MAX_ARGS	32

extern char **environ;
static const char *argv_exec_path;
static const char *argv0_path;

const char *system_path(const char *path)
	static const char *prefix;
	static const char *prefix = PREFIX;
	struct strbuf d = STRBUF_INIT;

	if (is_absolute_path(path))
		return path;


	if (!prefix &&
	    !(prefix = strip_path_suffix(argv0_path, GIT_EXEC_PATH)) &&
	    !(prefix = strip_path_suffix(argv0_path, BINDIR)) &&
	    !(prefix = strip_path_suffix(argv0_path, "git"))) {
		prefix = PREFIX;
		fprintf(stderr, "RUNTIME_PREFIX requested, "
				"but prefix computation failed.  "
				"Using static fallback '%s'.\n", prefix);

	strbuf_addf(&d, "%s/%s", prefix, path);
	path = strbuf_detach(&d, NULL);
	return path;

const char *git_extract_argv0_path(const char *argv0)
	const char *slash;

	if (!argv0 || !*argv0)
		return NULL;
	slash = argv0 + strlen(argv0);

	while (argv0 <= slash && !is_dir_sep(*slash))

	if (slash >= argv0) {
		argv0_path = xstrndup(argv0, slash - argv0);
		return slash + 1;

	return argv0;

void git_set_argv_exec_path(const char *exec_path)
	argv_exec_path = exec_path;

/* Returns the highest-priority, location to look for git programs. */
const char *git_exec_path(void)
	const char *env;

	if (argv_exec_path)
		return argv_exec_path;

	if (env && *env) {
		return env;

	return system_path(GIT_EXEC_PATH);

static void add_path(struct strbuf *out, const char *path)
	if (path && *path) {
		if (is_absolute_path(path))
			strbuf_addstr(out, path);
			strbuf_addstr(out, make_nonrelative_path(path));

		strbuf_addch(out, PATH_SEP);

void setup_path(void)
	const char *old_path = getenv("PATH");
	struct strbuf new_path = STRBUF_INIT;

	add_path(&new_path, git_exec_path());
	add_path(&new_path, argv0_path);

	if (old_path)
		strbuf_addstr(&new_path, old_path);
		strbuf_addstr(&new_path, "/usr/local/bin:/usr/bin:/bin");

	setenv("PATH", new_path.buf, 1);


const char **prepare_git_cmd(const char **argv)
	int argc;
	const char **nargv;

	for (argc = 0; argv[argc]; argc++)
		; /* just counting */
	nargv = xmalloc(sizeof(*nargv) * (argc + 2));

	nargv[0] = "git";
	for (argc = 0; argv[argc]; argc++)
		nargv[argc + 1] = argv[argc];
	nargv[argc + 1] = NULL;
	return nargv;

int execv_git_cmd(const char **argv) {
	const char **nargv = prepare_git_cmd(argv);
	trace_argv_printf(nargv, "trace: exec:");

	/* execvp() can only ever return if it fails */
	execvp("git", (char **)nargv);

	trace_printf("trace: exec failed: %s\n", strerror(errno));

	return -1;

int execl_git_cmd(const char *cmd,...)
	int argc;
	const char *argv[MAX_ARGS + 1];
	const char *arg;
	va_list param;

	va_start(param, cmd);
	argv[0] = cmd;
	argc = 1;
	while (argc < MAX_ARGS) {
		arg = argv[argc++] = va_arg(param, char *);
		if (!arg)
	if (MAX_ARGS <= argc)
		return error("too many args to run %s", cmd);

	argv[argc] = NULL;
	return execv_git_cmd(argv);
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