Source

git / builtin-unpack-objects.c

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#include "builtin.h"
#include "cache.h"
#include "object.h"
#include "delta.h"
#include "pack.h"
#include "blob.h"
#include "commit.h"
#include "tag.h"
#include "tree.h"
#include "tree-walk.h"
#include "progress.h"
#include "decorate.h"
#include "fsck.h"

static int dry_run, quiet, recover, has_errors, strict;
static const char unpack_usage[] = "git unpack-objects [-n] [-q] [-r] [--strict] < pack-file";

/* We always read in 4kB chunks. */
static unsigned char buffer[4096];
static unsigned int offset, len;
static off_t consumed_bytes;
static SHA_CTX ctx;

/*
 * When running under --strict mode, objects whose reachability are
 * suspect are kept in core without getting written in the object
 * store.
 */
struct obj_buffer {
	char *buffer;
	unsigned long size;
};

static struct decoration obj_decorate;

static struct obj_buffer *lookup_object_buffer(struct object *base)
{
	return lookup_decoration(&obj_decorate, base);
}

static void add_object_buffer(struct object *object, char *buffer, unsigned long size)
{
	struct obj_buffer *obj;
	obj = xcalloc(1, sizeof(struct obj_buffer));
	obj->buffer = buffer;
	obj->size = size;
	if (add_decoration(&obj_decorate, object, obj))
		die("object %s tried to add buffer twice!", sha1_to_hex(object->sha1));
}

/*
 * Make sure at least "min" bytes are available in the buffer, and
 * return the pointer to the buffer.
 */
static void *fill(int min)
{
	if (min <= len)
		return buffer + offset;
	if (min > sizeof(buffer))
		die("cannot fill %d bytes", min);
	if (offset) {
		SHA1_Update(&ctx, buffer, offset);
		memmove(buffer, buffer + offset, len);
		offset = 0;
	}
	do {
		ssize_t ret = xread(0, buffer + len, sizeof(buffer) - len);
		if (ret <= 0) {
			if (!ret)
				die("early EOF");
			die("read error on input: %s", strerror(errno));
		}
		len += ret;
	} while (len < min);
	return buffer;
}

static void use(int bytes)
{
	if (bytes > len)
		die("used more bytes than were available");
	len -= bytes;
	offset += bytes;

	/* make sure off_t is sufficiently large not to wrap */
	if (consumed_bytes > consumed_bytes + bytes)
		die("pack too large for current definition of off_t");
	consumed_bytes += bytes;
}

static void *get_data(unsigned long size)
{
	z_stream stream;
	void *buf = xmalloc(size);

	memset(&stream, 0, sizeof(stream));

	stream.next_out = buf;
	stream.avail_out = size;
	stream.next_in = fill(1);
	stream.avail_in = len;
	inflateInit(&stream);

	for (;;) {
		int ret = inflate(&stream, 0);
		use(len - stream.avail_in);
		if (stream.total_out == size && ret == Z_STREAM_END)
			break;
		if (ret != Z_OK) {
			error("inflate returned %d\n", ret);
			free(buf);
			buf = NULL;
			if (!recover)
				exit(1);
			has_errors = 1;
			break;
		}
		stream.next_in = fill(1);
		stream.avail_in = len;
	}
	inflateEnd(&stream);
	return buf;
}

struct delta_info {
	unsigned char base_sha1[20];
	unsigned nr;
	off_t base_offset;
	unsigned long size;
	void *delta;
	struct delta_info *next;
};

static struct delta_info *delta_list;

static void add_delta_to_list(unsigned nr, unsigned const char *base_sha1,
			      off_t base_offset,
			      void *delta, unsigned long size)
{
	struct delta_info *info = xmalloc(sizeof(*info));

	hashcpy(info->base_sha1, base_sha1);
	info->base_offset = base_offset;
	info->size = size;
	info->delta = delta;
	info->nr = nr;
	info->next = delta_list;
	delta_list = info;
}

struct obj_info {
	off_t offset;
	unsigned char sha1[20];
	struct object *obj;
};

#define FLAG_OPEN (1u<<20)
#define FLAG_WRITTEN (1u<<21)

static struct obj_info *obj_list;
unsigned nr_objects;

/*
 * Called only from check_object() after it verified this object
 * is Ok.
 */
static void write_cached_object(struct object *obj)
{
	unsigned char sha1[20];
	struct obj_buffer *obj_buf = lookup_object_buffer(obj);
	if (write_sha1_file(obj_buf->buffer, obj_buf->size, typename(obj->type), sha1) < 0)
		die("failed to write object %s", sha1_to_hex(obj->sha1));
	obj->flags |= FLAG_WRITTEN;
}

/*
 * At the very end of the processing, write_rest() scans the objects
 * that have reachability requirements and calls this function.
 * Verify its reachability and validity recursively and write it out.
 */
static int check_object(struct object *obj, int type, void *data)
{
	if (!obj)
		return 0;

	if (obj->flags & FLAG_WRITTEN)
		return 1;

	if (type != OBJ_ANY && obj->type != type)
		die("object type mismatch");

	if (!(obj->flags & FLAG_OPEN)) {
		unsigned long size;
		int type = sha1_object_info(obj->sha1, &size);
		if (type != obj->type || type <= 0)
			die("object of unexpected type");
		obj->flags |= FLAG_WRITTEN;
		return 1;
	}

	if (fsck_object(obj, 1, fsck_error_function))
		die("Error in object");
	if (!fsck_walk(obj, check_object, 0))
		die("Error on reachable objects of %s", sha1_to_hex(obj->sha1));
	write_cached_object(obj);
	return 1;
}

static void write_rest(void)
{
	unsigned i;
	for (i = 0; i < nr_objects; i++)
		check_object(obj_list[i].obj, OBJ_ANY, 0);
}

static void added_object(unsigned nr, enum object_type type,
			 void *data, unsigned long size);

/*
 * Write out nr-th object from the list, now we know the contents
 * of it.  Under --strict, this buffers structured objects in-core,
 * to be checked at the end.
 */
static void write_object(unsigned nr, enum object_type type,
			 void *buf, unsigned long size)
{
	if (!strict) {
		if (write_sha1_file(buf, size, typename(type), obj_list[nr].sha1) < 0)
			die("failed to write object");
		added_object(nr, type, buf, size);
		free(buf);
		obj_list[nr].obj = NULL;
	} else if (type == OBJ_BLOB) {
		struct blob *blob;
		if (write_sha1_file(buf, size, typename(type), obj_list[nr].sha1) < 0)
			die("failed to write object");
		added_object(nr, type, buf, size);
		free(buf);

		blob = lookup_blob(obj_list[nr].sha1);
		if (blob)
			blob->object.flags |= FLAG_WRITTEN;
		else
			die("invalid blob object");
		obj_list[nr].obj = NULL;
	} else {
		struct object *obj;
		int eaten;
		hash_sha1_file(buf, size, typename(type), obj_list[nr].sha1);
		added_object(nr, type, buf, size);
		obj = parse_object_buffer(obj_list[nr].sha1, type, size, buf, &eaten);
		if (!obj)
			die("invalid %s", typename(type));
		add_object_buffer(obj, buf, size);
		obj->flags |= FLAG_OPEN;
		obj_list[nr].obj = obj;
	}
}

static void resolve_delta(unsigned nr, enum object_type type,
			  void *base, unsigned long base_size,
			  void *delta, unsigned long delta_size)
{
	void *result;
	unsigned long result_size;

	result = patch_delta(base, base_size,
			     delta, delta_size,
			     &result_size);
	if (!result)
		die("failed to apply delta");
	free(delta);
	write_object(nr, type, result, result_size);
}

/*
 * We now know the contents of an object (which is nr-th in the pack);
 * resolve all the deltified objects that are based on it.
 */
static void added_object(unsigned nr, enum object_type type,
			 void *data, unsigned long size)
{
	struct delta_info **p = &delta_list;
	struct delta_info *info;

	while ((info = *p) != NULL) {
		if (!hashcmp(info->base_sha1, obj_list[nr].sha1) ||
		    info->base_offset == obj_list[nr].offset) {
			*p = info->next;
			p = &delta_list;
			resolve_delta(info->nr, type, data, size,
				      info->delta, info->size);
			free(info);
			continue;
		}
		p = &info->next;
	}
}

static void unpack_non_delta_entry(enum object_type type, unsigned long size,
				   unsigned nr)
{
	void *buf = get_data(size);

	if (!dry_run && buf)
		write_object(nr, type, buf, size);
	else
		free(buf);
}

static int resolve_against_held(unsigned nr, const unsigned char *base,
				void *delta_data, unsigned long delta_size)
{
	struct object *obj;
	struct obj_buffer *obj_buffer;
	obj = lookup_object(base);
	if (!obj)
		return 0;
	obj_buffer = lookup_object_buffer(obj);
	if (!obj_buffer)
		return 0;
	resolve_delta(nr, obj->type, obj_buffer->buffer,
		      obj_buffer->size, delta_data, delta_size);
	return 1;
}

static void unpack_delta_entry(enum object_type type, unsigned long delta_size,
			       unsigned nr)
{
	void *delta_data, *base;
	unsigned long base_size;
	unsigned char base_sha1[20];

	if (type == OBJ_REF_DELTA) {
		hashcpy(base_sha1, fill(20));
		use(20);
		delta_data = get_data(delta_size);
		if (dry_run || !delta_data) {
			free(delta_data);
			return;
		}
		if (has_sha1_file(base_sha1))
			; /* Ok we have this one */
		else if (resolve_against_held(nr, base_sha1,
					      delta_data, delta_size))
			return; /* we are done */
		else {
			/* cannot resolve yet --- queue it */
			hashcpy(obj_list[nr].sha1, null_sha1);
			add_delta_to_list(nr, base_sha1, 0, delta_data, delta_size);
			return;
		}
	} else {
		unsigned base_found = 0;
		unsigned char *pack, c;
		off_t base_offset;
		unsigned lo, mid, hi;

		pack = fill(1);
		c = *pack;
		use(1);
		base_offset = c & 127;
		while (c & 128) {
			base_offset += 1;
			if (!base_offset || MSB(base_offset, 7))
				die("offset value overflow for delta base object");
			pack = fill(1);
			c = *pack;
			use(1);
			base_offset = (base_offset << 7) + (c & 127);
		}
		base_offset = obj_list[nr].offset - base_offset;

		delta_data = get_data(delta_size);
		if (dry_run || !delta_data) {
			free(delta_data);
			return;
		}
		lo = 0;
		hi = nr;
		while (lo < hi) {
			mid = (lo + hi)/2;
			if (base_offset < obj_list[mid].offset) {
				hi = mid;
			} else if (base_offset > obj_list[mid].offset) {
				lo = mid + 1;
			} else {
				hashcpy(base_sha1, obj_list[mid].sha1);
				base_found = !is_null_sha1(base_sha1);
				break;
			}
		}
		if (!base_found) {
			/*
			 * The delta base object is itself a delta that
			 * has not been resolved yet.
			 */
			hashcpy(obj_list[nr].sha1, null_sha1);
			add_delta_to_list(nr, null_sha1, base_offset, delta_data, delta_size);
			return;
		}
	}

	if (resolve_against_held(nr, base_sha1, delta_data, delta_size))
		return;

	base = read_sha1_file(base_sha1, &type, &base_size);
	if (!base) {
		error("failed to read delta-pack base object %s",
		      sha1_to_hex(base_sha1));
		if (!recover)
			exit(1);
		has_errors = 1;
		return;
	}
	resolve_delta(nr, type, base, base_size, delta_data, delta_size);
	free(base);
}

static void unpack_one(unsigned nr)
{
	unsigned shift;
	unsigned char *pack, c;
	unsigned long size;
	enum object_type type;

	obj_list[nr].offset = consumed_bytes;

	pack = fill(1);
	c = *pack;
	use(1);
	type = (c >> 4) & 7;
	size = (c & 15);
	shift = 4;
	while (c & 0x80) {
		pack = fill(1);
		c = *pack;
		use(1);
		size += (c & 0x7f) << shift;
		shift += 7;
	}

	switch (type) {
	case OBJ_COMMIT:
	case OBJ_TREE:
	case OBJ_BLOB:
	case OBJ_TAG:
		unpack_non_delta_entry(type, size, nr);
		return;
	case OBJ_REF_DELTA:
	case OBJ_OFS_DELTA:
		unpack_delta_entry(type, size, nr);
		return;
	default:
		error("bad object type %d", type);
		has_errors = 1;
		if (recover)
			return;
		exit(1);
	}
}

static void unpack_all(void)
{
	int i;
	struct progress *progress = NULL;
	struct pack_header *hdr = fill(sizeof(struct pack_header));

	nr_objects = ntohl(hdr->hdr_entries);

	if (ntohl(hdr->hdr_signature) != PACK_SIGNATURE)
		die("bad pack file");
	if (!pack_version_ok(hdr->hdr_version))
		die("unknown pack file version %"PRIu32,
			ntohl(hdr->hdr_version));
	use(sizeof(struct pack_header));

	if (!quiet)
		progress = start_progress("Unpacking objects", nr_objects);
	obj_list = xmalloc(nr_objects * sizeof(*obj_list));
	memset(obj_list, 0, nr_objects * sizeof(*obj_list));
	for (i = 0; i < nr_objects; i++) {
		unpack_one(i);
		display_progress(progress, i + 1);
	}
	stop_progress(&progress);

	if (delta_list)
		die("unresolved deltas left after unpacking");
}

int cmd_unpack_objects(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
{
	int i;
	unsigned char sha1[20];

	git_config(git_default_config, NULL);

	quiet = !isatty(2);

	for (i = 1 ; i < argc; i++) {
		const char *arg = argv[i];

		if (*arg == '-') {
			if (!strcmp(arg, "-n")) {
				dry_run = 1;
				continue;
			}
			if (!strcmp(arg, "-q")) {
				quiet = 1;
				continue;
			}
			if (!strcmp(arg, "-r")) {
				recover = 1;
				continue;
			}
			if (!strcmp(arg, "--strict")) {
				strict = 1;
				continue;
			}
			if (!prefixcmp(arg, "--pack_header=")) {
				struct pack_header *hdr;
				char *c;

				hdr = (struct pack_header *)buffer;
				hdr->hdr_signature = htonl(PACK_SIGNATURE);
				hdr->hdr_version = htonl(strtoul(arg + 14, &c, 10));
				if (*c != ',')
					die("bad %s", arg);
				hdr->hdr_entries = htonl(strtoul(c + 1, &c, 10));
				if (*c)
					die("bad %s", arg);
				len = sizeof(*hdr);
				continue;
			}
			usage(unpack_usage);
		}

		/* We don't take any non-flag arguments now.. Maybe some day */
		usage(unpack_usage);
	}
	SHA1_Init(&ctx);
	unpack_all();
	SHA1_Update(&ctx, buffer, offset);
	SHA1_Final(sha1, &ctx);
	if (strict)
		write_rest();
	if (hashcmp(fill(20), sha1))
		die("final sha1 did not match");
	use(20);

	/* Write the last part of the buffer to stdout */
	while (len) {
		int ret = xwrite(1, buffer + offset, len);
		if (ret <= 0)
			break;
		len -= ret;
		offset += ret;
	}

	/* All done */
	return has_errors;
}
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