git / strbuf.h

#ifndef STRBUF_H
#define STRBUF_H

/*
 * Strbuf's can be use in many ways: as a byte array, or to store arbitrary
 * long, overflow safe strings.
 *
 * Strbufs has some invariants that are very important to keep in mind:
 *
 * 1. the ->buf member is always malloc-ed, hence strbuf's can be used to
 *    build complex strings/buffers whose final size isn't easily known.
 *
 *    It is NOT legal to copy the ->buf pointer away.
 *    `strbuf_detach' is the operation that detaches a buffer from its shell
 *    while keeping the shell valid wrt its invariants.
 *
 * 2. the ->buf member is a byte array that has at least ->len + 1 bytes
 *    allocated. The extra byte is used to store a '\0', allowing the ->buf
 *    member to be a valid C-string. Every strbuf function ensure this
 *    invariant is preserved.
 *
 *    Note that it is OK to "play" with the buffer directly if you work it
 *    that way:
 *
 *    strbuf_grow(sb, SOME_SIZE);
 *       ... Here, the memory array starting at sb->buf, and of length
 *       ... strbuf_avail(sb) is all yours, and you are sure that
 *       ... strbuf_avail(sb) is at least SOME_SIZE.
 *    strbuf_setlen(sb, sb->len + SOME_OTHER_SIZE);
 *
 *    Of course, SOME_OTHER_SIZE must be smaller or equal to strbuf_avail(sb).
 *
 *    Doing so is safe, though if it has to be done in many places, adding the
 *    missing API to the strbuf module is the way to go.
 *
 *    XXX: do _not_ assume that the area that is yours is of size ->alloc - 1
 *         even if it's true in the current implementation. Alloc is somehow a
 *         "private" member that should not be messed with.
 */

#include <assert.h>

extern char strbuf_slopbuf[];
struct strbuf {
	size_t alloc;
	size_t len;
	char *buf;
};

#define STRBUF_INIT  { 0, 0, strbuf_slopbuf }

/*----- strbuf life cycle -----*/
extern void strbuf_init(struct strbuf *, size_t);
extern void strbuf_release(struct strbuf *);
extern char *strbuf_detach(struct strbuf *, size_t *);
extern void strbuf_attach(struct strbuf *, void *, size_t, size_t);
static inline void strbuf_swap(struct strbuf *a, struct strbuf *b) {
	struct strbuf tmp = *a;
	*a = *b;
	*b = tmp;
}

/*----- strbuf size related -----*/
static inline size_t strbuf_avail(const struct strbuf *sb) {
	return sb->alloc ? sb->alloc - sb->len - 1 : 0;
}

extern void strbuf_grow(struct strbuf *, size_t);

static inline void strbuf_setlen(struct strbuf *sb, size_t len) {
	if (!sb->alloc)
		strbuf_grow(sb, 0);
	assert(len < sb->alloc);
	sb->len = len;
	sb->buf[len] = '\0';
}
#define strbuf_reset(sb)  strbuf_setlen(sb, 0)

/*----- content related -----*/
extern void strbuf_trim(struct strbuf *);
extern void strbuf_rtrim(struct strbuf *);
extern void strbuf_ltrim(struct strbuf *);
extern int strbuf_cmp(const struct strbuf *, const struct strbuf *);
extern void strbuf_tolower(struct strbuf *);

extern struct strbuf **strbuf_split(const struct strbuf *, int delim);
extern void strbuf_list_free(struct strbuf **);

/*----- add data in your buffer -----*/
static inline void strbuf_addch(struct strbuf *sb, int c) {
	strbuf_grow(sb, 1);
	sb->buf[sb->len++] = c;
	sb->buf[sb->len] = '\0';
}

extern void strbuf_insert(struct strbuf *, size_t pos, const void *, size_t);
extern void strbuf_remove(struct strbuf *, size_t pos, size_t len);

/* splice pos..pos+len with given data */
extern void strbuf_splice(struct strbuf *, size_t pos, size_t len,
                          const void *, size_t);

extern void strbuf_add(struct strbuf *, const void *, size_t);
static inline void strbuf_addstr(struct strbuf *sb, const char *s) {
	strbuf_add(sb, s, strlen(s));
}
static inline void strbuf_addbuf(struct strbuf *sb, const struct strbuf *sb2) {
	strbuf_add(sb, sb2->buf, sb2->len);
}
extern void strbuf_adddup(struct strbuf *sb, size_t pos, size_t len);

typedef size_t (*expand_fn_t) (struct strbuf *sb, const char *placeholder, void *context);
extern void strbuf_expand(struct strbuf *sb, const char *format, expand_fn_t fn, void *context);
struct strbuf_expand_dict_entry {
	const char *placeholder;
	const char *value;
};
extern size_t strbuf_expand_dict_cb(struct strbuf *sb, const char *placeholder, void *context);

__attribute__((format(printf,2,3)))
extern void strbuf_addf(struct strbuf *sb, const char *fmt, ...);

extern size_t strbuf_fread(struct strbuf *, size_t, FILE *);
/* XXX: if read fails, any partial read is undone */
extern ssize_t strbuf_read(struct strbuf *, int fd, size_t hint);
extern int strbuf_read_file(struct strbuf *sb, const char *path, size_t hint);
extern int strbuf_readlink(struct strbuf *sb, const char *path, size_t hint);

extern int strbuf_getline(struct strbuf *, FILE *, int);

extern void stripspace(struct strbuf *buf, int skip_comments);
extern int launch_editor(const char *path, struct strbuf *buffer, const char *const *env);

extern int strbuf_branchname(struct strbuf *sb, const char *name);
extern int strbuf_check_branch_ref(struct strbuf *sb, const char *name);

#endif /* STRBUF_H */
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