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git / path.c

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/*
 * I'm tired of doing "vsnprintf()" etc just to open a
 * file, so here's a "return static buffer with printf"
 * interface for paths.
 *
 * It's obviously not thread-safe. Sue me. But it's quite
 * useful for doing things like
 *
 *   f = open(mkpath("%s/%s.git", base, name), O_RDONLY);
 *
 * which is what it's designed for.
 */
#include "cache.h"
#include <pwd.h>

static char pathname[PATH_MAX];
static char bad_path[] = "/bad-path/";

static char *cleanup_path(char *path)
{
	/* Clean it up */
	if (!memcmp(path, "./", 2)) {
		path += 2;
		while (*path == '/')
			path++;
	}
	return path;
}

char *mkpath(const char *fmt, ...)
{
	va_list args;
	unsigned len;

	va_start(args, fmt);
	len = vsnprintf(pathname, PATH_MAX, fmt, args);
	va_end(args);
	if (len >= PATH_MAX)
		return bad_path;
	return cleanup_path(pathname);
}

char *git_path(const char *fmt, ...)
{
	const char *git_dir = get_git_dir();
	va_list args;
	unsigned len;

	len = strlen(git_dir);
	if (len > PATH_MAX-100)
		return bad_path;
	memcpy(pathname, git_dir, len);
	if (len && git_dir[len-1] != '/')
		pathname[len++] = '/';
	va_start(args, fmt);
	len += vsnprintf(pathname + len, PATH_MAX - len, fmt, args);
	va_end(args);
	if (len >= PATH_MAX)
		return bad_path;
	return cleanup_path(pathname);
}


/* git_mkstemp() - create tmp file honoring TMPDIR variable */
int git_mkstemp(char *path, size_t len, const char *template)
{
	char *env, *pch = path;

	if ((env = getenv("TMPDIR")) == NULL) {
		strcpy(pch, "/tmp/");
		len -= 5;
		pch += 5;
	} else {
		size_t n = snprintf(pch, len, "%s/", env);

		len -= n;
		pch += n;
	}

	strlcpy(pch, template, len);

	return mkstemp(path);
}


int validate_symref(const char *path)
{
	struct stat st;
	char *buf, buffer[256];
	int len, fd;

	if (lstat(path, &st) < 0)
		return -1;

	/* Make sure it is a "refs/.." symlink */
	if (S_ISLNK(st.st_mode)) {
		len = readlink(path, buffer, sizeof(buffer)-1);
		if (len >= 5 && !memcmp("refs/", buffer, 5))
			return 0;
		return -1;
	}

	/*
	 * Anything else, just open it and try to see if it is a symbolic ref.
	 */
	fd = open(path, O_RDONLY);
	if (fd < 0)
		return -1;
	len = read(fd, buffer, sizeof(buffer)-1);
	close(fd);

	/*
	 * Is it a symbolic ref?
	 */
	if (len < 4 || memcmp("ref:", buffer, 4))
		return -1;
	buf = buffer + 4;
	len -= 4;
	while (len && isspace(*buf))
		buf++, len--;
	if (len >= 5 && !memcmp("refs/", buf, 5))
		return 0;
	return -1;
}

static char *user_path(char *buf, char *path, int sz)
{
	struct passwd *pw;
	char *slash;
	int len, baselen;

	if (!path || path[0] != '~')
		return NULL;
	path++;
	slash = strchr(path, '/');
	if (path[0] == '/' || !path[0]) {
		pw = getpwuid(getuid());
	}
	else {
		if (slash) {
			*slash = 0;
			pw = getpwnam(path);
			*slash = '/';
		}
		else
			pw = getpwnam(path);
	}
	if (!pw || !pw->pw_dir || sz <= strlen(pw->pw_dir))
		return NULL;
	baselen = strlen(pw->pw_dir);
	memcpy(buf, pw->pw_dir, baselen);
	while ((1 < baselen) && (buf[baselen-1] == '/')) {
		buf[baselen-1] = 0;
		baselen--;
	}
	if (slash && slash[1]) {
		len = strlen(slash);
		if (sz <= baselen + len)
			return NULL;
		memcpy(buf + baselen, slash, len + 1);
	}
	return buf;
}

/*
 * First, one directory to try is determined by the following algorithm.
 *
 * (0) If "strict" is given, the path is used as given and no DWIM is
 *     done. Otherwise:
 * (1) "~/path" to mean path under the running user's home directory;
 * (2) "~user/path" to mean path under named user's home directory;
 * (3) "relative/path" to mean cwd relative directory; or
 * (4) "/absolute/path" to mean absolute directory.
 *
 * Unless "strict" is given, we try access() for existence of "%s.git/.git",
 * "%s/.git", "%s.git", "%s" in this order.  The first one that exists is
 * what we try.
 *
 * Second, we try chdir() to that.  Upon failure, we return NULL.
 *
 * Then, we try if the current directory is a valid git repository.
 * Upon failure, we return NULL.
 *
 * If all goes well, we return the directory we used to chdir() (but
 * before ~user is expanded), avoiding getcwd() resolving symbolic
 * links.  User relative paths are also returned as they are given,
 * except DWIM suffixing.
 */
char *enter_repo(char *path, int strict)
{
	static char used_path[PATH_MAX];
	static char validated_path[PATH_MAX];

	if (!path)
		return NULL;

	if (!strict) {
		static const char *suffix[] = {
			".git/.git", "/.git", ".git", "", NULL,
		};
		int len = strlen(path);
		int i;
		while ((1 < len) && (path[len-1] == '/')) {
			path[len-1] = 0;
			len--;
		}
		if (PATH_MAX <= len)
			return NULL;
		if (path[0] == '~') {
			if (!user_path(used_path, path, PATH_MAX))
				return NULL;
			strcpy(validated_path, path);
			path = used_path;
		}
		else if (PATH_MAX - 10 < len)
			return NULL;
		else {
			path = strcpy(used_path, path);
			strcpy(validated_path, path);
		}
		len = strlen(path);
		for (i = 0; suffix[i]; i++) {
			strcpy(path + len, suffix[i]);
			if (!access(path, F_OK)) {
				strcat(validated_path, suffix[i]);
				break;
			}
		}
		if (!suffix[i] || chdir(path))
			return NULL;
		path = validated_path;
	}
	else if (chdir(path))
		return NULL;

	if (access("objects", X_OK) == 0 && access("refs", X_OK) == 0 &&
	    validate_symref("HEAD") == 0) {
		putenv("GIT_DIR=.");
		check_repository_format();
		return path;
	}

	return NULL;
}

int adjust_shared_perm(const char *path)
{
	struct stat st;
	int mode;

	if (!shared_repository)
		return 0;
	if (lstat(path, &st) < 0)
		return -1;
	mode = st.st_mode;
	if (mode & S_IRUSR)
		mode |= (shared_repository == PERM_GROUP
			 ? S_IRGRP
			 : (shared_repository == PERM_EVERYBODY
			    ? (S_IRGRP|S_IROTH)
			    : 0));

	if (mode & S_IWUSR)
		mode |= S_IWGRP;

	if (mode & S_IXUSR)
		mode |= (shared_repository == PERM_GROUP
			 ? S_IXGRP
			 : (shared_repository == PERM_EVERYBODY
			    ? (S_IXGRP|S_IXOTH)
			    : 0));
	if (S_ISDIR(mode))
		mode |= S_ISGID;
	if (chmod(path, mode) < 0)
		return -2;
	return 0;
}