git / builtin-ls-files.c

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/*
 * This merges the file listing in the directory cache index
 * with the actual working directory list, and shows different
 * combinations of the two.
 *
 * Copyright (C) Linus Torvalds, 2005
 */
#include "cache.h"
#include "quote.h"
#include "dir.h"
#include "builtin.h"
#include "tree.h"

static int abbrev;
static int show_deleted;
static int show_cached;
static int show_others;
static int show_stage;
static int show_unmerged;
static int show_modified;
static int show_killed;
static int show_valid_bit;
static int line_terminator = '\n';

static int prefix_len;
static int prefix_offset;
static const char **pathspec;
static int error_unmatch;
static char *ps_matched;
static const char *with_tree;

static const char *tag_cached = "";
static const char *tag_unmerged = "";
static const char *tag_removed = "";
static const char *tag_other = "";
static const char *tag_killed = "";
static const char *tag_modified = "";

static void show_dir_entry(const char *tag, struct dir_entry *ent)
{
	int len = prefix_len;
	int offset = prefix_offset;

	if (len >= ent->len)
		die("git ls-files: internal error - directory entry not superset of prefix");

	if (!match_pathspec(pathspec, ent->name, ent->len, len, ps_matched))
		return;

	fputs(tag, stdout);
	write_name_quoted(ent->name + offset, stdout, line_terminator);
}

static void show_other_files(struct dir_struct *dir)
{
	int i;

	for (i = 0; i < dir->nr; i++) {
		struct dir_entry *ent = dir->entries[i];
		if (!cache_name_is_other(ent->name, ent->len))
			continue;
		show_dir_entry(tag_other, ent);
	}
}

static void show_killed_files(struct dir_struct *dir)
{
	int i;
	for (i = 0; i < dir->nr; i++) {
		struct dir_entry *ent = dir->entries[i];
		char *cp, *sp;
		int pos, len, killed = 0;

		for (cp = ent->name; cp - ent->name < ent->len; cp = sp + 1) {
			sp = strchr(cp, '/');
			if (!sp) {
				/* If ent->name is prefix of an entry in the
				 * cache, it will be killed.
				 */
				pos = cache_name_pos(ent->name, ent->len);
				if (0 <= pos)
					die("bug in show-killed-files");
				pos = -pos - 1;
				while (pos < active_nr &&
				       ce_stage(active_cache[pos]))
					pos++; /* skip unmerged */
				if (active_nr <= pos)
					break;
				/* pos points at a name immediately after
				 * ent->name in the cache.  Does it expect
				 * ent->name to be a directory?
				 */
				len = ce_namelen(active_cache[pos]);
				if ((ent->len < len) &&
				    !strncmp(active_cache[pos]->name,
					     ent->name, ent->len) &&
				    active_cache[pos]->name[ent->len] == '/')
					killed = 1;
				break;
			}
			if (0 <= cache_name_pos(ent->name, sp - ent->name)) {
				/* If any of the leading directories in
				 * ent->name is registered in the cache,
				 * ent->name will be killed.
				 */
				killed = 1;
				break;
			}
		}
		if (killed)
			show_dir_entry(tag_killed, dir->entries[i]);
	}
}

static void show_ce_entry(const char *tag, struct cache_entry *ce)
{
	int len = prefix_len;
	int offset = prefix_offset;

	if (len >= ce_namelen(ce))
		die("git ls-files: internal error - cache entry not superset of prefix");

	if (!match_pathspec(pathspec, ce->name, ce_namelen(ce), len, ps_matched))
		return;

	if (tag && *tag && show_valid_bit &&
	    (ce->ce_flags & CE_VALID)) {
		static char alttag[4];
		memcpy(alttag, tag, 3);
		if (isalpha(tag[0]))
			alttag[0] = tolower(tag[0]);
		else if (tag[0] == '?')
			alttag[0] = '!';
		else {
			alttag[0] = 'v';
			alttag[1] = tag[0];
			alttag[2] = ' ';
			alttag[3] = 0;
		}
		tag = alttag;
	}

	if (!show_stage) {
		fputs(tag, stdout);
	} else {
		printf("%s%06o %s %d\t",
		       tag,
		       ce->ce_mode,
		       abbrev ? find_unique_abbrev(ce->sha1,abbrev)
				: sha1_to_hex(ce->sha1),
		       ce_stage(ce));
	}
	write_name_quoted(ce->name + offset, stdout, line_terminator);
}

static void show_files(struct dir_struct *dir, const char *prefix)
{
	int i;

	/* For cached/deleted files we don't need to even do the readdir */
	if (show_others || show_killed) {
		const char *path = ".", *base = "";
		int baselen = prefix_len;

		if (baselen)
			path = base = prefix;
		read_directory(dir, path, base, baselen, pathspec);
		if (show_others)
			show_other_files(dir);
		if (show_killed)
			show_killed_files(dir);
	}
	if (show_cached | show_stage) {
		for (i = 0; i < active_nr; i++) {
			struct cache_entry *ce = active_cache[i];
			int dtype = ce_to_dtype(ce);
			if (excluded(dir, ce->name, &dtype) != dir->show_ignored)
				continue;
			if (show_unmerged && !ce_stage(ce))
				continue;
			if (ce->ce_flags & CE_UPDATE)
				continue;
			show_ce_entry(ce_stage(ce) ? tag_unmerged : tag_cached, ce);
		}
	}
	if (show_deleted | show_modified) {
		for (i = 0; i < active_nr; i++) {
			struct cache_entry *ce = active_cache[i];
			struct stat st;
			int err;
			int dtype = ce_to_dtype(ce);
			if (excluded(dir, ce->name, &dtype) != dir->show_ignored)
				continue;
			if (ce->ce_flags & CE_UPDATE)
				continue;
			err = lstat(ce->name, &st);
			if (show_deleted && err)
				show_ce_entry(tag_removed, ce);
			if (show_modified && ce_modified(ce, &st, 0))
				show_ce_entry(tag_modified, ce);
		}
	}
}

/*
 * Prune the index to only contain stuff starting with "prefix"
 */
static void prune_cache(const char *prefix)
{
	int pos = cache_name_pos(prefix, prefix_len);
	unsigned int first, last;

	if (pos < 0)
		pos = -pos-1;
	memmove(active_cache, active_cache + pos,
		(active_nr - pos) * sizeof(struct cache_entry *));
	active_nr -= pos;
	first = 0;
	last = active_nr;
	while (last > first) {
		int next = (last + first) >> 1;
		struct cache_entry *ce = active_cache[next];
		if (!strncmp(ce->name, prefix, prefix_len)) {
			first = next+1;
			continue;
		}
		last = next;
	}
	active_nr = last;
}

static const char *verify_pathspec(const char *prefix)
{
	const char **p, *n, *prev;
	unsigned long max;

	prev = NULL;
	max = PATH_MAX;
	for (p = pathspec; (n = *p) != NULL; p++) {
		int i, len = 0;
		for (i = 0; i < max; i++) {
			char c = n[i];
			if (prev && prev[i] != c)
				break;
			if (!c || c == '*' || c == '?')
				break;
			if (c == '/')
				len = i+1;
		}
		prev = n;
		if (len < max) {
			max = len;
			if (!max)
				break;
		}
	}

	if (prefix_offset > max || memcmp(prev, prefix, prefix_offset))
		die("git ls-files: cannot generate relative filenames containing '..'");

	prefix_len = max;
	return max ? xmemdupz(prev, max) : NULL;
}

static void strip_trailing_slash_from_submodules(void)
{
	const char **p;

	for (p = pathspec; *p != NULL; p++) {
		int len = strlen(*p), pos;

		if (len < 1 || (*p)[len - 1] != '/')
			continue;
		pos = cache_name_pos(*p, len - 1);
		if (pos >= 0 && S_ISGITLINK(active_cache[pos]->ce_mode))
			*p = xstrndup(*p, len - 1);
	}
}

/*
 * Read the tree specified with --with-tree option
 * (typically, HEAD) into stage #1 and then
 * squash them down to stage #0.  This is used for
 * --error-unmatch to list and check the path patterns
 * that were given from the command line.  We are not
 * going to write this index out.
 */
void overlay_tree_on_cache(const char *tree_name, const char *prefix)
{
	struct tree *tree;
	unsigned char sha1[20];
	const char **match;
	struct cache_entry *last_stage0 = NULL;
	int i;

	if (get_sha1(tree_name, sha1))
		die("tree-ish %s not found.", tree_name);
	tree = parse_tree_indirect(sha1);
	if (!tree)
		die("bad tree-ish %s", tree_name);

	/* Hoist the unmerged entries up to stage #3 to make room */
	for (i = 0; i < active_nr; i++) {
		struct cache_entry *ce = active_cache[i];
		if (!ce_stage(ce))
			continue;
		ce->ce_flags |= CE_STAGEMASK;
	}

	if (prefix) {
		static const char *(matchbuf[2]);
		matchbuf[0] = prefix;
		matchbuf[1] = NULL;
		match = matchbuf;
	} else
		match = NULL;
	if (read_tree(tree, 1, match))
		die("unable to read tree entries %s", tree_name);

	for (i = 0; i < active_nr; i++) {
		struct cache_entry *ce = active_cache[i];
		switch (ce_stage(ce)) {
		case 0:
			last_stage0 = ce;
			/* fallthru */
		default:
			continue;
		case 1:
			/*
			 * If there is stage #0 entry for this, we do not
			 * need to show it.  We use CE_UPDATE bit to mark
			 * such an entry.
			 */
			if (last_stage0 &&
			    !strcmp(last_stage0->name, ce->name))
				ce->ce_flags |= CE_UPDATE;
		}
	}
}

int report_path_error(const char *ps_matched, const char **pathspec, int prefix_offset)
{
	/*
	 * Make sure all pathspec matched; otherwise it is an error.
	 */
	int num, errors = 0;
	for (num = 0; pathspec[num]; num++) {
		int other, found_dup;

		if (ps_matched[num])
			continue;
		/*
		 * The caller might have fed identical pathspec
		 * twice.  Do not barf on such a mistake.
		 */
		for (found_dup = other = 0;
		     !found_dup && pathspec[other];
		     other++) {
			if (other == num || !ps_matched[other])
				continue;
			if (!strcmp(pathspec[other], pathspec[num]))
				/*
				 * Ok, we have a match already.
				 */
				found_dup = 1;
		}
		if (found_dup)
			continue;

		error("pathspec '%s' did not match any file(s) known to git.",
		      pathspec[num] + prefix_offset);
		errors++;
	}
	return errors;
}

static const char ls_files_usage[] =
	"git ls-files [-z] [-t] [-v] (--[cached|deleted|others|stage|unmerged|killed|modified])* "
	"[ --ignored ] [--exclude=<pattern>] [--exclude-from=<file>] "
	"[ --exclude-per-directory=<filename> ] [--exclude-standard] "
	"[--full-name] [--abbrev] [--] [<file>]*";

int cmd_ls_files(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
{
	int i;
	int exc_given = 0, require_work_tree = 0;
	struct dir_struct dir;

	memset(&dir, 0, sizeof(dir));
	if (prefix)
		prefix_offset = strlen(prefix);
	git_config(git_default_config, NULL);

	for (i = 1; i < argc; i++) {
		const char *arg = argv[i];

		if (!strcmp(arg, "--")) {
			i++;
			break;
		}
		if (!strcmp(arg, "-z")) {
			line_terminator = 0;
			continue;
		}
		if (!strcmp(arg, "-t") || !strcmp(arg, "-v")) {
			tag_cached = "H ";
			tag_unmerged = "M ";
			tag_removed = "R ";
			tag_modified = "C ";
			tag_other = "? ";
			tag_killed = "K ";
			if (arg[1] == 'v')
				show_valid_bit = 1;
			continue;
		}
		if (!strcmp(arg, "-c") || !strcmp(arg, "--cached")) {
			show_cached = 1;
			continue;
		}
		if (!strcmp(arg, "-d") || !strcmp(arg, "--deleted")) {
			show_deleted = 1;
			require_work_tree = 1;
			continue;
		}
		if (!strcmp(arg, "-m") || !strcmp(arg, "--modified")) {
			show_modified = 1;
			require_work_tree = 1;
			continue;
		}
		if (!strcmp(arg, "-o") || !strcmp(arg, "--others")) {
			show_others = 1;
			require_work_tree = 1;
			continue;
		}
		if (!strcmp(arg, "-i") || !strcmp(arg, "--ignored")) {
			dir.show_ignored = 1;
			require_work_tree = 1;
			continue;
		}
		if (!strcmp(arg, "-s") || !strcmp(arg, "--stage")) {
			show_stage = 1;
			continue;
		}
		if (!strcmp(arg, "-k") || !strcmp(arg, "--killed")) {
			show_killed = 1;
			require_work_tree = 1;
			continue;
		}
		if (!strcmp(arg, "--directory")) {
			dir.show_other_directories = 1;
			continue;
		}
		if (!strcmp(arg, "--no-empty-directory")) {
			dir.hide_empty_directories = 1;
			continue;
		}
		if (!strcmp(arg, "-u") || !strcmp(arg, "--unmerged")) {
			/* There's no point in showing unmerged unless
			 * you also show the stage information.
			 */
			show_stage = 1;
			show_unmerged = 1;
			continue;
		}
		if (!strcmp(arg, "-x") && i+1 < argc) {
			exc_given = 1;
			add_exclude(argv[++i], "", 0, &dir.exclude_list[EXC_CMDL]);
			continue;
		}
		if (!prefixcmp(arg, "--exclude=")) {
			exc_given = 1;
			add_exclude(arg+10, "", 0, &dir.exclude_list[EXC_CMDL]);
			continue;
		}
		if (!strcmp(arg, "-X") && i+1 < argc) {
			exc_given = 1;
			add_excludes_from_file(&dir, argv[++i]);
			continue;
		}
		if (!prefixcmp(arg, "--exclude-from=")) {
			exc_given = 1;
			add_excludes_from_file(&dir, arg+15);
			continue;
		}
		if (!prefixcmp(arg, "--exclude-per-directory=")) {
			exc_given = 1;
			dir.exclude_per_dir = arg + 24;
			continue;
		}
		if (!strcmp(arg, "--exclude-standard")) {
			exc_given = 1;
			setup_standard_excludes(&dir);
			continue;
		}
		if (!strcmp(arg, "--full-name")) {
			prefix_offset = 0;
			continue;
		}
		if (!strcmp(arg, "--error-unmatch")) {
			error_unmatch = 1;
			continue;
		}
		if (!prefixcmp(arg, "--with-tree=")) {
			with_tree = arg + 12;
			continue;
		}
		if (!prefixcmp(arg, "--abbrev=")) {
			abbrev = strtoul(arg+9, NULL, 10);
			if (abbrev && abbrev < MINIMUM_ABBREV)
				abbrev = MINIMUM_ABBREV;
			else if (abbrev > 40)
				abbrev = 40;
			continue;
		}
		if (!strcmp(arg, "--abbrev")) {
			abbrev = DEFAULT_ABBREV;
			continue;
		}
		if (*arg == '-')
			usage(ls_files_usage);
		break;
	}

	if (require_work_tree && !is_inside_work_tree())
		setup_work_tree();

	pathspec = get_pathspec(prefix, argv + i);

	/* be nice with submodule patsh ending in a slash */
	read_cache();
	if (pathspec)
		strip_trailing_slash_from_submodules();

	/* Verify that the pathspec matches the prefix */
	if (pathspec)
		prefix = verify_pathspec(prefix);

	/* Treat unmatching pathspec elements as errors */
	if (pathspec && error_unmatch) {
		int num;
		for (num = 0; pathspec[num]; num++)
			;
		ps_matched = xcalloc(1, num);
	}

	if (dir.show_ignored && !exc_given) {
		fprintf(stderr, "%s: --ignored needs some exclude pattern\n",
			argv[0]);
		exit(1);
	}

	/* With no flags, we default to showing the cached files */
	if (!(show_stage | show_deleted | show_others | show_unmerged |
	      show_killed | show_modified))
		show_cached = 1;

	if (prefix)
		prune_cache(prefix);
	if (with_tree) {
		/*
		 * Basic sanity check; show-stages and show-unmerged
		 * would not make any sense with this option.
		 */
		if (show_stage || show_unmerged)
			die("ls-files --with-tree is incompatible with -s or -u");
		overlay_tree_on_cache(with_tree, prefix);
	}
	show_files(&dir, prefix);

	if (ps_matched) {
		int bad;
		bad = report_path_error(ps_matched, pathspec, prefix_offset);
		if (bad)
			fprintf(stderr, "Did you forget to 'git add'?\n");

		return bad ? 1 : 0;
	}

	return 0;
}
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