git / lockfile.c

/*
 * Copyright (c) 2005, Junio C Hamano
 */
#include "cache.h"
#include "sigchain.h"

static struct lock_file *lock_file_list;
static const char *alternate_index_output;

static void remove_lock_file(void)
{
	pid_t me = getpid();

	while (lock_file_list) {
		if (lock_file_list->owner == me &&
		    lock_file_list->filename[0]) {
			if (lock_file_list->fd >= 0)
				close(lock_file_list->fd);
			unlink_or_warn(lock_file_list->filename);
		}
		lock_file_list = lock_file_list->next;
	}
}

static void remove_lock_file_on_signal(int signo)
{
	remove_lock_file();
	sigchain_pop(signo);
	raise(signo);
}

/*
 * p = absolute or relative path name
 *
 * Return a pointer into p showing the beginning of the last path name
 * element.  If p is empty or the root directory ("/"), just return p.
 */
static char *last_path_elm(char *p)
{
	/* r starts pointing to null at the end of the string */
	char *r = strchr(p, '\0');

	if (r == p)
		return p; /* just return empty string */

	r--; /* back up to last non-null character */

	/* back up past trailing slashes, if any */
	while (r > p && *r == '/')
		r--;

	/*
	 * then go backwards until I hit a slash, or the beginning of
	 * the string
	 */
	while (r > p && *(r-1) != '/')
		r--;
	return r;
}


/* We allow "recursive" symbolic links. Only within reason, though */
#define MAXDEPTH 5

/*
 * p = path that may be a symlink
 * s = full size of p
 *
 * If p is a symlink, attempt to overwrite p with a path to the real
 * file or directory (which may or may not exist), following a chain of
 * symlinks if necessary.  Otherwise, leave p unmodified.
 *
 * This is a best-effort routine.  If an error occurs, p will either be
 * left unmodified or will name a different symlink in a symlink chain
 * that started with p's initial contents.
 *
 * Always returns p.
 */

static char *resolve_symlink(char *p, size_t s)
{
	int depth = MAXDEPTH;

	while (depth--) {
		char link[PATH_MAX];
		int link_len = readlink(p, link, sizeof(link));
		if (link_len < 0) {
			/* not a symlink anymore */
			return p;
		}
		else if (link_len < sizeof(link))
			/* readlink() never null-terminates */
			link[link_len] = '\0';
		else {
			warning("%s: symlink too long", p);
			return p;
		}

		if (is_absolute_path(link)) {
			/* absolute path simply replaces p */
			if (link_len < s)
				strcpy(p, link);
			else {
				warning("%s: symlink too long", p);
				return p;
			}
		} else {
			/*
			 * link is a relative path, so I must replace the
			 * last element of p with it.
			 */
			char *r = (char *)last_path_elm(p);
			if (r - p + link_len < s)
				strcpy(r, link);
			else {
				warning("%s: symlink too long", p);
				return p;
			}
		}
	}
	return p;
}


static int lock_file(struct lock_file *lk, const char *path, int flags)
{
	if (strlen(path) >= sizeof(lk->filename))
		return -1;
	strcpy(lk->filename, path);
	/*
	 * subtract 5 from size to make sure there's room for adding
	 * ".lock" for the lock file name
	 */
	if (!(flags & LOCK_NODEREF))
		resolve_symlink(lk->filename, sizeof(lk->filename)-5);
	strcat(lk->filename, ".lock");
	lk->fd = open(lk->filename, O_RDWR | O_CREAT | O_EXCL, 0666);
	if (0 <= lk->fd) {
		if (!lock_file_list) {
			sigchain_push_common(remove_lock_file_on_signal);
			atexit(remove_lock_file);
		}
		lk->owner = getpid();
		if (!lk->on_list) {
			lk->next = lock_file_list;
			lock_file_list = lk;
			lk->on_list = 1;
		}
		if (adjust_shared_perm(lk->filename))
			return error("cannot fix permission bits on %s",
				     lk->filename);
	}
	else
		lk->filename[0] = 0;
	return lk->fd;
}

static char *unable_to_lock_message(const char *path, int err)
{
	struct strbuf buf = STRBUF_INIT;

	if (err == EEXIST) {
		strbuf_addf(&buf, "Unable to create '%s.lock': %s.\n\n"
		    "If no other git process is currently running, this probably means a\n"
		    "git process crashed in this repository earlier. Make sure no other git\n"
		    "process is running and remove the file manually to continue.",
			    absolute_path(path), strerror(err));
	} else
		strbuf_addf(&buf, "Unable to create '%s.lock': %s",
			    absolute_path(path), strerror(err));
	return strbuf_detach(&buf, NULL);
}

int unable_to_lock_error(const char *path, int err)
{
	char *msg = unable_to_lock_message(path, err);
	error("%s", msg);
	free(msg);
	return -1;
}

NORETURN void unable_to_lock_index_die(const char *path, int err)
{
	die("%s", unable_to_lock_message(path, err));
}

int hold_lock_file_for_update(struct lock_file *lk, const char *path, int flags)
{
	int fd = lock_file(lk, path, flags);
	if (fd < 0 && (flags & LOCK_DIE_ON_ERROR))
		unable_to_lock_index_die(path, errno);
	return fd;
}

int hold_lock_file_for_append(struct lock_file *lk, const char *path, int flags)
{
	int fd, orig_fd;

	fd = lock_file(lk, path, flags);
	if (fd < 0) {
		if (flags & LOCK_DIE_ON_ERROR)
			unable_to_lock_index_die(path, errno);
		return fd;
	}

	orig_fd = open(path, O_RDONLY);
	if (orig_fd < 0) {
		if (errno != ENOENT) {
			if (flags & LOCK_DIE_ON_ERROR)
				die("cannot open '%s' for copying", path);
			close(fd);
			return error("cannot open '%s' for copying", path);
		}
	} else if (copy_fd(orig_fd, fd)) {
		if (flags & LOCK_DIE_ON_ERROR)
			exit(128);
		close(fd);
		return -1;
	}
	return fd;
}

int close_lock_file(struct lock_file *lk)
{
	int fd = lk->fd;
	lk->fd = -1;
	return close(fd);
}

int commit_lock_file(struct lock_file *lk)
{
	char result_file[PATH_MAX];
	size_t i;
	if (lk->fd >= 0 && close_lock_file(lk))
		return -1;
	strcpy(result_file, lk->filename);
	i = strlen(result_file) - 5; /* .lock */
	result_file[i] = 0;
	if (rename(lk->filename, result_file))
		return -1;
	lk->filename[0] = 0;
	return 0;
}

int hold_locked_index(struct lock_file *lk, int die_on_error)
{
	return hold_lock_file_for_update(lk, get_index_file(),
					 die_on_error
					 ? LOCK_DIE_ON_ERROR
					 : 0);
}

void set_alternate_index_output(const char *name)
{
	alternate_index_output = name;
}

int commit_locked_index(struct lock_file *lk)
{
	if (alternate_index_output) {
		if (lk->fd >= 0 && close_lock_file(lk))
			return -1;
		if (rename(lk->filename, alternate_index_output))
			return -1;
		lk->filename[0] = 0;
		return 0;
	}
	else
		return commit_lock_file(lk);
}

void rollback_lock_file(struct lock_file *lk)
{
	if (lk->filename[0]) {
		if (lk->fd >= 0)
			close(lk->fd);
		unlink_or_warn(lk->filename);
	}
	lk->filename[0] = 0;
}
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