1. mirror
  2. redis

Source

redis / src / aof.c

   1
   2
   3
   4
   5
   6
   7
   8
   9
  10
  11
  12
  13
  14
  15
  16
  17
  18
  19
  20
  21
  22
  23
  24
  25
  26
  27
  28
  29
  30
  31
  32
  33
  34
  35
  36
  37
  38
  39
  40
  41
  42
  43
  44
  45
  46
  47
  48
  49
  50
  51
  52
  53
  54
  55
  56
  57
  58
  59
  60
  61
  62
  63
  64
  65
  66
  67
  68
  69
  70
  71
  72
  73
  74
  75
  76
  77
  78
  79
  80
  81
  82
  83
  84
  85
  86
  87
  88
  89
  90
  91
  92
  93
  94
  95
  96
  97
  98
  99
 100
 101
 102
 103
 104
 105
 106
 107
 108
 109
 110
 111
 112
 113
 114
 115
 116
 117
 118
 119
 120
 121
 122
 123
 124
 125
 126
 127
 128
 129
 130
 131
 132
 133
 134
 135
 136
 137
 138
 139
 140
 141
 142
 143
 144
 145
 146
 147
 148
 149
 150
 151
 152
 153
 154
 155
 156
 157
 158
 159
 160
 161
 162
 163
 164
 165
 166
 167
 168
 169
 170
 171
 172
 173
 174
 175
 176
 177
 178
 179
 180
 181
 182
 183
 184
 185
 186
 187
 188
 189
 190
 191
 192
 193
 194
 195
 196
 197
 198
 199
 200
 201
 202
 203
 204
 205
 206
 207
 208
 209
 210
 211
 212
 213
 214
 215
 216
 217
 218
 219
 220
 221
 222
 223
 224
 225
 226
 227
 228
 229
 230
 231
 232
 233
 234
 235
 236
 237
 238
 239
 240
 241
 242
 243
 244
 245
 246
 247
 248
 249
 250
 251
 252
 253
 254
 255
 256
 257
 258
 259
 260
 261
 262
 263
 264
 265
 266
 267
 268
 269
 270
 271
 272
 273
 274
 275
 276
 277
 278
 279
 280
 281
 282
 283
 284
 285
 286
 287
 288
 289
 290
 291
 292
 293
 294
 295
 296
 297
 298
 299
 300
 301
 302
 303
 304
 305
 306
 307
 308
 309
 310
 311
 312
 313
 314
 315
 316
 317
 318
 319
 320
 321
 322
 323
 324
 325
 326
 327
 328
 329
 330
 331
 332
 333
 334
 335
 336
 337
 338
 339
 340
 341
 342
 343
 344
 345
 346
 347
 348
 349
 350
 351
 352
 353
 354
 355
 356
 357
 358
 359
 360
 361
 362
 363
 364
 365
 366
 367
 368
 369
 370
 371
 372
 373
 374
 375
 376
 377
 378
 379
 380
 381
 382
 383
 384
 385
 386
 387
 388
 389
 390
 391
 392
 393
 394
 395
 396
 397
 398
 399
 400
 401
 402
 403
 404
 405
 406
 407
 408
 409
 410
 411
 412
 413
 414
 415
 416
 417
 418
 419
 420
 421
 422
 423
 424
 425
 426
 427
 428
 429
 430
 431
 432
 433
 434
 435
 436
 437
 438
 439
 440
 441
 442
 443
 444
 445
 446
 447
 448
 449
 450
 451
 452
 453
 454
 455
 456
 457
 458
 459
 460
 461
 462
 463
 464
 465
 466
 467
 468
 469
 470
 471
 472
 473
 474
 475
 476
 477
 478
 479
 480
 481
 482
 483
 484
 485
 486
 487
 488
 489
 490
 491
 492
 493
 494
 495
 496
 497
 498
 499
 500
 501
 502
 503
 504
 505
 506
 507
 508
 509
 510
 511
 512
 513
 514
 515
 516
 517
 518
 519
 520
 521
 522
 523
 524
 525
 526
 527
 528
 529
 530
 531
 532
 533
 534
 535
 536
 537
 538
 539
 540
 541
 542
 543
 544
 545
 546
 547
 548
 549
 550
 551
 552
 553
 554
 555
 556
 557
 558
 559
 560
 561
 562
 563
 564
 565
 566
 567
 568
 569
 570
 571
 572
 573
 574
 575
 576
 577
 578
 579
 580
 581
 582
 583
 584
 585
 586
 587
 588
 589
 590
 591
 592
 593
 594
 595
 596
 597
 598
 599
 600
 601
 602
 603
 604
 605
 606
 607
 608
 609
 610
 611
 612
 613
 614
 615
 616
 617
 618
 619
 620
 621
 622
 623
 624
 625
 626
 627
 628
 629
 630
 631
 632
 633
 634
 635
 636
 637
 638
 639
 640
 641
 642
 643
 644
 645
 646
 647
 648
 649
 650
 651
 652
 653
 654
 655
 656
 657
 658
 659
 660
 661
 662
 663
 664
 665
 666
 667
 668
 669
 670
 671
 672
 673
 674
 675
 676
 677
 678
 679
 680
 681
 682
 683
 684
 685
 686
 687
 688
 689
 690
 691
 692
 693
 694
 695
 696
 697
 698
 699
 700
 701
 702
 703
 704
 705
 706
 707
 708
 709
 710
 711
 712
 713
 714
 715
 716
 717
 718
 719
 720
 721
 722
 723
 724
 725
 726
 727
 728
 729
 730
 731
 732
 733
 734
 735
 736
 737
 738
 739
 740
 741
 742
 743
 744
 745
 746
 747
 748
 749
 750
 751
 752
 753
 754
 755
 756
 757
 758
 759
 760
 761
 762
 763
 764
 765
 766
 767
 768
 769
 770
 771
 772
 773
 774
 775
 776
 777
 778
 779
 780
 781
 782
 783
 784
 785
 786
 787
 788
 789
 790
 791
 792
 793
 794
 795
 796
 797
 798
 799
 800
 801
 802
 803
 804
 805
 806
 807
 808
 809
 810
 811
 812
 813
 814
 815
 816
 817
 818
 819
 820
 821
 822
 823
 824
 825
 826
 827
 828
 829
 830
 831
 832
 833
 834
 835
 836
 837
 838
 839
 840
 841
 842
 843
 844
 845
 846
 847
 848
 849
 850
 851
 852
 853
 854
 855
 856
 857
 858
 859
 860
 861
 862
 863
 864
 865
 866
 867
 868
 869
 870
 871
 872
 873
 874
 875
 876
 877
 878
 879
 880
 881
 882
 883
 884
 885
 886
 887
 888
 889
 890
 891
 892
 893
 894
 895
 896
 897
 898
 899
 900
 901
 902
 903
 904
 905
 906
 907
 908
 909
 910
 911
 912
 913
 914
 915
 916
 917
 918
 919
 920
 921
 922
 923
 924
 925
 926
 927
 928
 929
 930
 931
 932
 933
 934
 935
 936
 937
 938
 939
 940
 941
 942
 943
 944
 945
 946
 947
 948
 949
 950
 951
 952
 953
 954
 955
 956
 957
 958
 959
 960
 961
 962
 963
 964
 965
 966
 967
 968
 969
 970
 971
 972
 973
 974
 975
 976
 977
 978
 979
 980
 981
 982
 983
 984
 985
 986
 987
 988
 989
 990
 991
 992
 993
 994
 995
 996
 997
 998
 999
1000
1001
1002
1003
1004
1005
1006
1007
1008
1009
1010
1011
1012
1013
1014
1015
1016
1017
1018
1019
1020
1021
1022
1023
1024
1025
1026
1027
1028
1029
1030
1031
1032
1033
1034
1035
1036
1037
1038
1039
1040
1041
1042
1043
1044
1045
1046
1047
1048
1049
1050
1051
1052
1053
1054
1055
1056
1057
1058
1059
1060
1061
1062
1063
1064
1065
1066
1067
1068
1069
1070
1071
1072
1073
1074
1075
1076
1077
1078
1079
1080
1081
1082
1083
1084
1085
1086
1087
1088
1089
1090
1091
1092
1093
1094
1095
1096
1097
1098
1099
1100
1101
1102
1103
1104
1105
1106
1107
1108
1109
1110
1111
1112
1113
1114
1115
1116
1117
1118
1119
1120
1121
1122
1123
1124
1125
1126
1127
1128
1129
1130
1131
1132
1133
1134
1135
1136
1137
1138
1139
1140
1141
1142
1143
1144
1145
1146
1147
1148
1149
1150
1151
1152
1153
1154
1155
1156
1157
1158
1159
1160
1161
1162
1163
1164
1165
/*
 * Copyright (c) 2009-2012, Salvatore Sanfilippo <antirez at gmail dot com>
 * All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
 *
 *   * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice,
 *     this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 *   * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *     notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *     documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 *   * Neither the name of Redis nor the names of its contributors may be used
 *     to endorse or promote products derived from this software without
 *     specific prior written permission.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS"
 * AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
 * ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE
 * LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR
 * CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF
 * SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS
 * INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN
 * CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE)
 * ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE
 * POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 */

#include "redis.h"
#include "bio.h"
#include "rio.h"

#include <signal.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/time.h>
#include <sys/resource.h>
#include <sys/wait.h>

void aofUpdateCurrentSize(void);

/* ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * AOF rewrite buffer implementation.
 *
 * The following code implement a simple buffer used in order to accumulate
 * changes while the background process is rewriting the AOF file.
 *
 * We only need to append, but can't just use realloc with a large block
 * because 'huge' reallocs are not always handled as one could expect
 * (via remapping of pages at OS level) but may involve copying data.
 *
 * For this reason we use a list of blocks, every block is
 * AOF_RW_BUF_BLOCK_SIZE bytes.
 * ------------------------------------------------------------------------- */

#define AOF_RW_BUF_BLOCK_SIZE (1024*1024*10)    /* 10 MB per block */

typedef struct aofrwblock {
    unsigned long used, free;
    char buf[AOF_RW_BUF_BLOCK_SIZE];
} aofrwblock;

/* This function free the old AOF rewrite buffer if needed, and initialize
 * a fresh new one. It tests for server.aof_rewrite_buf_blocks equal to NULL
 * so can be used for the first initialization as well. */
void aofRewriteBufferReset(void) {
    if (server.aof_rewrite_buf_blocks)
        listRelease(server.aof_rewrite_buf_blocks);

    server.aof_rewrite_buf_blocks = listCreate();
    listSetFreeMethod(server.aof_rewrite_buf_blocks,zfree);
}

/* Return the current size of the AOF rerwite buffer. */
unsigned long aofRewriteBufferSize(void) {
    listNode *ln = listLast(server.aof_rewrite_buf_blocks);
    aofrwblock *block = ln ? ln->value : NULL;

    if (block == NULL) return 0;
    unsigned long size =
        (listLength(server.aof_rewrite_buf_blocks)-1) * AOF_RW_BUF_BLOCK_SIZE;
    size += block->used;
    return size;
}

/* Append data to the AOF rewrite buffer, allocating new blocks if needed. */
void aofRewriteBufferAppend(unsigned char *s, unsigned long len) {
    listNode *ln = listLast(server.aof_rewrite_buf_blocks);
    aofrwblock *block = ln ? ln->value : NULL;

    while(len) {
        /* If we already got at least an allocated block, try appending
         * at least some piece into it. */
        if (block) {
            unsigned long thislen = (block->free < len) ? block->free : len;
            if (thislen) {  /* The current block is not already full. */
                memcpy(block->buf+block->used, s, thislen);
                block->used += thislen;
                block->free -= thislen;
                s += thislen;
                len -= thislen;
            }
        }

        if (len) { /* First block to allocate, or need another block. */
            int numblocks;

            block = zmalloc(sizeof(*block));
            block->free = AOF_RW_BUF_BLOCK_SIZE;
            block->used = 0;
            listAddNodeTail(server.aof_rewrite_buf_blocks,block);

            /* Log every time we cross more 10 or 100 blocks, respectively
             * as a notice or warning. */
            numblocks = listLength(server.aof_rewrite_buf_blocks);
            if (((numblocks+1) % 10) == 0) {
                int level = ((numblocks+1) % 100) == 0 ? REDIS_WARNING :
                                                         REDIS_NOTICE;
                redisLog(level,"Background AOF buffer size: %lu MB",
                    aofRewriteBufferSize()/(1024*1024));
            }
        }
    }
}

/* Write the buffer (possibly composed of multiple blocks) into the specified
 * fd. If no short write or any other error happens -1 is returned,
 * otherwise the number of bytes written is returned. */
ssize_t aofRewriteBufferWrite(int fd) {
    listNode *ln;
    listIter li;
    ssize_t count = 0;

    listRewind(server.aof_rewrite_buf_blocks,&li);
    while((ln = listNext(&li))) {
        aofrwblock *block = listNodeValue(ln);
        ssize_t nwritten;

        if (block->used) {
            nwritten = write(fd,block->buf,block->used);
            if (nwritten != block->used) {
                if (nwritten == 0) errno = EIO;
                return -1;
            }
            count += nwritten;
        }
    }
    return count;
}

/* ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * AOF file implementation
 * ------------------------------------------------------------------------- */

/* Starts a background task that performs fsync() against the specified
 * file descriptor (the one of the AOF file) in another thread. */
void aof_background_fsync(int fd) {
    bioCreateBackgroundJob(REDIS_BIO_AOF_FSYNC,(void*)(long)fd,NULL,NULL);
}

/* Called when the user switches from "appendonly yes" to "appendonly no"
 * at runtime using the CONFIG command. */
void stopAppendOnly(void) {
    redisAssert(server.aof_state != REDIS_AOF_OFF);
    flushAppendOnlyFile(1);
    aof_fsync(server.aof_fd);
    close(server.aof_fd);

    server.aof_fd = -1;
    server.aof_selected_db = -1;
    server.aof_state = REDIS_AOF_OFF;
    /* rewrite operation in progress? kill it, wait child exit */
    if (server.aof_child_pid != -1) {
        int statloc;

        redisLog(REDIS_NOTICE,"Killing running AOF rewrite child: %ld",
            (long) server.aof_child_pid);
        if (kill(server.aof_child_pid,SIGKILL) != -1)
            wait3(&statloc,0,NULL);
        /* reset the buffer accumulating changes while the child saves */
        aofRewriteBufferReset();
        aofRemoveTempFile(server.aof_child_pid);
        server.aof_child_pid = -1;
        server.aof_rewrite_time_start = -1;
    }
}

/* Called when the user switches from "appendonly no" to "appendonly yes"
 * at runtime using the CONFIG command. */
int startAppendOnly(void) {
    server.aof_last_fsync = server.unixtime;
    server.aof_fd = open(server.aof_filename,O_WRONLY|O_APPEND|O_CREAT,0644);
    redisAssert(server.aof_state == REDIS_AOF_OFF);
    if (server.aof_fd == -1) {
        redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,"Redis needs to enable the AOF but can't open the append only file: %s",strerror(errno));
        return REDIS_ERR;
    }
    if (rewriteAppendOnlyFileBackground() == REDIS_ERR) {
        close(server.aof_fd);
        redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,"Redis needs to enable the AOF but can't trigger a background AOF rewrite operation. Check the above logs for more info about the error.");
        return REDIS_ERR;
    }
    /* We correctly switched on AOF, now wait for the rerwite to be complete
     * in order to append data on disk. */
    server.aof_state = REDIS_AOF_WAIT_REWRITE;
    return REDIS_OK;
}

/* Write the append only file buffer on disk.
 *
 * Since we are required to write the AOF before replying to the client,
 * and the only way the client socket can get a write is entering when the
 * the event loop, we accumulate all the AOF writes in a memory
 * buffer and write it on disk using this function just before entering
 * the event loop again.
 *
 * About the 'force' argument:
 *
 * When the fsync policy is set to 'everysec' we may delay the flush if there
 * is still an fsync() going on in the background thread, since for instance
 * on Linux write(2) will be blocked by the background fsync anyway.
 * When this happens we remember that there is some aof buffer to be
 * flushed ASAP, and will try to do that in the serverCron() function.
 *
 * However if force is set to 1 we'll write regardless of the background
 * fsync. */
void flushAppendOnlyFile(int force) {
    ssize_t nwritten;
    int sync_in_progress = 0;

    if (sdslen(server.aof_buf) == 0) return;

    if (server.aof_fsync == AOF_FSYNC_EVERYSEC)
        sync_in_progress = bioPendingJobsOfType(REDIS_BIO_AOF_FSYNC) != 0;

    if (server.aof_fsync == AOF_FSYNC_EVERYSEC && !force) {
        /* With this append fsync policy we do background fsyncing.
         * If the fsync is still in progress we can try to delay
         * the write for a couple of seconds. */
        if (sync_in_progress) {
            if (server.aof_flush_postponed_start == 0) {
                /* No previous write postponinig, remember that we are
                 * postponing the flush and return. */
                server.aof_flush_postponed_start = server.unixtime;
                return;
            } else if (server.unixtime - server.aof_flush_postponed_start < 2) {
                /* We were already waiting for fsync to finish, but for less
                 * than two seconds this is still ok. Postpone again. */
                return;
            }
            /* Otherwise fall trough, and go write since we can't wait
             * over two seconds. */
            server.aof_delayed_fsync++;
            redisLog(REDIS_NOTICE,"Asynchronous AOF fsync is taking too long (disk is busy?). Writing the AOF buffer without waiting for fsync to complete, this may slow down Redis.");
        }
    }
    /* If you are following this code path, then we are going to write so
     * set reset the postponed flush sentinel to zero. */
    server.aof_flush_postponed_start = 0;

    /* We want to perform a single write. This should be guaranteed atomic
     * at least if the filesystem we are writing is a real physical one.
     * While this will save us against the server being killed I don't think
     * there is much to do about the whole server stopping for power problems
     * or alike */
    nwritten = write(server.aof_fd,server.aof_buf,sdslen(server.aof_buf));
    if (nwritten != (signed)sdslen(server.aof_buf)) {
        /* Ooops, we are in troubles. The best thing to do for now is
         * aborting instead of giving the illusion that everything is
         * working as expected. */
        if (nwritten == -1) {
            redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,"Exiting on error writing to the append-only file: %s",strerror(errno));
        } else {
            redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,"Exiting on short write while writing to "
                                   "the append-only file: %s (nwritten=%ld, "
                                   "expected=%ld)",
                                   strerror(errno),
                                   (long)nwritten,
                                   (long)sdslen(server.aof_buf));

            if (ftruncate(server.aof_fd, server.aof_current_size) == -1) {
                redisLog(REDIS_WARNING, "Could not remove short write "
                         "from the append-only file.  Redis may refuse "
                         "to load the AOF the next time it starts.  "
                         "ftruncate: %s", strerror(errno));
            }
        }
        exit(1);
    }
    server.aof_current_size += nwritten;

    /* Re-use AOF buffer when it is small enough. The maximum comes from the
     * arena size of 4k minus some overhead (but is otherwise arbitrary). */
    if ((sdslen(server.aof_buf)+sdsavail(server.aof_buf)) < 4000) {
        sdsclear(server.aof_buf);
    } else {
        sdsfree(server.aof_buf);
        server.aof_buf = sdsempty();
    }

    /* Don't fsync if no-appendfsync-on-rewrite is set to yes and there are
     * children doing I/O in the background. */
    if (server.aof_no_fsync_on_rewrite &&
        (server.aof_child_pid != -1 || server.rdb_child_pid != -1))
            return;

    /* Perform the fsync if needed. */
    if (server.aof_fsync == AOF_FSYNC_ALWAYS) {
        /* aof_fsync is defined as fdatasync() for Linux in order to avoid
         * flushing metadata. */
        aof_fsync(server.aof_fd); /* Let's try to get this data on the disk */
        server.aof_last_fsync = server.unixtime;
    } else if ((server.aof_fsync == AOF_FSYNC_EVERYSEC &&
                server.unixtime > server.aof_last_fsync)) {
        if (!sync_in_progress) aof_background_fsync(server.aof_fd);
        server.aof_last_fsync = server.unixtime;
    }
}

sds catAppendOnlyGenericCommand(sds dst, int argc, robj **argv) {
    char buf[32];
    int len, j;
    robj *o;

    buf[0] = '*';
    len = 1+ll2string(buf+1,sizeof(buf)-1,argc);
    buf[len++] = '\r';
    buf[len++] = '\n';
    dst = sdscatlen(dst,buf,len);

    for (j = 0; j < argc; j++) {
        o = getDecodedObject(argv[j]);
        buf[0] = '$';
        len = 1+ll2string(buf+1,sizeof(buf)-1,sdslen(o->ptr));
        buf[len++] = '\r';
        buf[len++] = '\n';
        dst = sdscatlen(dst,buf,len);
        dst = sdscatlen(dst,o->ptr,sdslen(o->ptr));
        dst = sdscatlen(dst,"\r\n",2);
        decrRefCount(o);
    }
    return dst;
}

/* Create the sds representation of an PEXPIREAT command, using
 * 'seconds' as time to live and 'cmd' to understand what command
 * we are translating into a PEXPIREAT.
 *
 * This command is used in order to translate EXPIRE and PEXPIRE commands
 * into PEXPIREAT command so that we retain precision in the append only
 * file, and the time is always absolute and not relative. */
sds catAppendOnlyExpireAtCommand(sds buf, struct redisCommand *cmd, robj *key, robj *seconds) {
    long long when;
    robj *argv[3];

    /* Make sure we can use strtol */
    seconds = getDecodedObject(seconds);
    when = strtoll(seconds->ptr,NULL,10);
    /* Convert argument into milliseconds for EXPIRE, SETEX, EXPIREAT */
    if (cmd->proc == expireCommand || cmd->proc == setexCommand ||
        cmd->proc == expireatCommand)
    {
        when *= 1000;
    }
    /* Convert into absolute time for EXPIRE, PEXPIRE, SETEX, PSETEX */
    if (cmd->proc == expireCommand || cmd->proc == pexpireCommand ||
        cmd->proc == setexCommand || cmd->proc == psetexCommand)
    {
        when += mstime();
    }
    decrRefCount(seconds);

    argv[0] = createStringObject("PEXPIREAT",9);
    argv[1] = key;
    argv[2] = createStringObjectFromLongLong(when);
    buf = catAppendOnlyGenericCommand(buf, 3, argv);
    decrRefCount(argv[0]);
    decrRefCount(argv[2]);
    return buf;
}

void feedAppendOnlyFile(struct redisCommand *cmd, int dictid, robj **argv, int argc) {
    sds buf = sdsempty();
    robj *tmpargv[3];

    /* The DB this command was targetting is not the same as the last command
     * we appendend. To issue a SELECT command is needed. */
    if (dictid != server.aof_selected_db) {
        char seldb[64];

        snprintf(seldb,sizeof(seldb),"%d",dictid);
        buf = sdscatprintf(buf,"*2\r\n$6\r\nSELECT\r\n$%lu\r\n%s\r\n",
            (unsigned long)strlen(seldb),seldb);
        server.aof_selected_db = dictid;
    }

    if (cmd->proc == expireCommand || cmd->proc == pexpireCommand ||
        cmd->proc == expireatCommand) {
        /* Translate EXPIRE/PEXPIRE/EXPIREAT into PEXPIREAT */
        buf = catAppendOnlyExpireAtCommand(buf,cmd,argv[1],argv[2]);
    } else if (cmd->proc == setexCommand || cmd->proc == psetexCommand) {
        /* Translate SETEX/PSETEX to SET and PEXPIREAT */
        tmpargv[0] = createStringObject("SET",3);
        tmpargv[1] = argv[1];
        tmpargv[2] = argv[3];
        buf = catAppendOnlyGenericCommand(buf,3,tmpargv);
        decrRefCount(tmpargv[0]);
        buf = catAppendOnlyExpireAtCommand(buf,cmd,argv[1],argv[2]);
    } else {
        /* All the other commands don't need translation or need the
         * same translation already operated in the command vector
         * for the replication itself. */
        buf = catAppendOnlyGenericCommand(buf,argc,argv);
    }

    /* Append to the AOF buffer. This will be flushed on disk just before
     * of re-entering the event loop, so before the client will get a
     * positive reply about the operation performed. */
    if (server.aof_state == REDIS_AOF_ON)
        server.aof_buf = sdscatlen(server.aof_buf,buf,sdslen(buf));

    /* If a background append only file rewriting is in progress we want to
     * accumulate the differences between the child DB and the current one
     * in a buffer, so that when the child process will do its work we
     * can append the differences to the new append only file. */
    if (server.aof_child_pid != -1)
        aofRewriteBufferAppend((unsigned char*)buf,sdslen(buf));

    sdsfree(buf);
}

/* ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * AOF loading
 * ------------------------------------------------------------------------- */

/* In Redis commands are always executed in the context of a client, so in
 * order to load the append only file we need to create a fake client. */
struct redisClient *createFakeClient(void) {
    struct redisClient *c = zmalloc(sizeof(*c));

    selectDb(c,0);
    c->fd = -1;
    c->querybuf = sdsempty();
    c->querybuf_peak = 0;
    c->argc = 0;
    c->argv = NULL;
    c->bufpos = 0;
    c->flags = 0;
    /* We set the fake client as a slave waiting for the synchronization
     * so that Redis will not try to send replies to this client. */
    c->replstate = REDIS_REPL_WAIT_BGSAVE_START;
    c->reply = listCreate();
    c->reply_bytes = 0;
    c->obuf_soft_limit_reached_time = 0;
    c->watched_keys = listCreate();
    listSetFreeMethod(c->reply,decrRefCount);
    listSetDupMethod(c->reply,dupClientReplyValue);
    initClientMultiState(c);
    return c;
}

void freeFakeClient(struct redisClient *c) {
    sdsfree(c->querybuf);
    listRelease(c->reply);
    listRelease(c->watched_keys);
    freeClientMultiState(c);
    zfree(c);
}

/* Replay the append log file. On error REDIS_OK is returned. On non fatal
 * error (the append only file is zero-length) REDIS_ERR is returned. On
 * fatal error an error message is logged and the program exists. */
int loadAppendOnlyFile(char *filename) {
    struct redisClient *fakeClient;
    FILE *fp = fopen(filename,"r");
    struct redis_stat sb;
    int old_aof_state = server.aof_state;
    long loops = 0;

    if (fp && redis_fstat(fileno(fp),&sb) != -1 && sb.st_size == 0) {
        server.aof_current_size = 0;
        fclose(fp);
        return REDIS_ERR;
    }

    if (fp == NULL) {
        redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,"Fatal error: can't open the append log file for reading: %s",strerror(errno));
        exit(1);
    }

    /* Temporarily disable AOF, to prevent EXEC from feeding a MULTI
     * to the same file we're about to read. */
    server.aof_state = REDIS_AOF_OFF;

    fakeClient = createFakeClient();
    startLoading(fp);

    while(1) {
        int argc, j;
        unsigned long len;
        robj **argv;
        char buf[128];
        sds argsds;
        struct redisCommand *cmd;

        /* Serve the clients from time to time */
        if (!(loops++ % 1000)) {
            loadingProgress(ftello(fp));
            aeProcessEvents(server.el, AE_FILE_EVENTS|AE_DONT_WAIT);
        }

        if (fgets(buf,sizeof(buf),fp) == NULL) {
            if (feof(fp))
                break;
            else
                goto readerr;
        }
        if (buf[0] != '*') goto fmterr;
        argc = atoi(buf+1);
        if (argc < 1) goto fmterr;

        argv = zmalloc(sizeof(robj*)*argc);
        for (j = 0; j < argc; j++) {
            if (fgets(buf,sizeof(buf),fp) == NULL) goto readerr;
            if (buf[0] != '$') goto fmterr;
            len = strtol(buf+1,NULL,10);
            argsds = sdsnewlen(NULL,len);
            if (len && fread(argsds,len,1,fp) == 0) goto fmterr;
            argv[j] = createObject(REDIS_STRING,argsds);
            if (fread(buf,2,1,fp) == 0) goto fmterr; /* discard CRLF */
        }

        /* Command lookup */
        cmd = lookupCommand(argv[0]->ptr);
        if (!cmd) {
            redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,"Unknown command '%s' reading the append only file", argv[0]->ptr);
            exit(1);
        }
        /* Run the command in the context of a fake client */
        fakeClient->argc = argc;
        fakeClient->argv = argv;
        cmd->proc(fakeClient);

        /* The fake client should not have a reply */
        redisAssert(fakeClient->bufpos == 0 && listLength(fakeClient->reply) == 0);
        /* The fake client should never get blocked */
        redisAssert((fakeClient->flags & REDIS_BLOCKED) == 0);

        /* Clean up. Command code may have changed argv/argc so we use the
         * argv/argc of the client instead of the local variables. */
        for (j = 0; j < fakeClient->argc; j++)
            decrRefCount(fakeClient->argv[j]);
        zfree(fakeClient->argv);
    }

    /* This point can only be reached when EOF is reached without errors.
     * If the client is in the middle of a MULTI/EXEC, log error and quit. */
    if (fakeClient->flags & REDIS_MULTI) goto readerr;

    fclose(fp);
    freeFakeClient(fakeClient);
    server.aof_state = old_aof_state;
    stopLoading();
    aofUpdateCurrentSize();
    server.aof_rewrite_base_size = server.aof_current_size;
    return REDIS_OK;

readerr:
    if (feof(fp)) {
        redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,"Unexpected end of file reading the append only file");
    } else {
        redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,"Unrecoverable error reading the append only file: %s", strerror(errno));
    }
    exit(1);
fmterr:
    redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,"Bad file format reading the append only file: make a backup of your AOF file, then use ./redis-check-aof --fix <filename>");
    exit(1);
}

/* ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * AOF rewrite
 * ------------------------------------------------------------------------- */

/* Delegate writing an object to writing a bulk string or bulk long long.
 * This is not placed in rio.c since that adds the redis.h dependency. */
int rioWriteBulkObject(rio *r, robj *obj) {
    /* Avoid using getDecodedObject to help copy-on-write (we are often
     * in a child process when this function is called). */
    if (obj->encoding == REDIS_ENCODING_INT) {
        return rioWriteBulkLongLong(r,(long)obj->ptr);
    } else if (obj->encoding == REDIS_ENCODING_RAW) {
        return rioWriteBulkString(r,obj->ptr,sdslen(obj->ptr));
    } else {
        redisPanic("Unknown string encoding");
    }
}

/* Emit the commands needed to rebuild a list object.
 * The function returns 0 on error, 1 on success. */
int rewriteListObject(rio *r, robj *key, robj *o) {
    long long count = 0, items = listTypeLength(o);

    if (o->encoding == REDIS_ENCODING_ZIPLIST) {
        unsigned char *zl = o->ptr;
        unsigned char *p = ziplistIndex(zl,0);
        unsigned char *vstr;
        unsigned int vlen;
        long long vlong;

        while(ziplistGet(p,&vstr,&vlen,&vlong)) {
            if (count == 0) {
                int cmd_items = (items > REDIS_AOF_REWRITE_ITEMS_PER_CMD) ?
                    REDIS_AOF_REWRITE_ITEMS_PER_CMD : items;

                if (rioWriteBulkCount(r,'*',2+cmd_items) == 0) return 0;
                if (rioWriteBulkString(r,"RPUSH",5) == 0) return 0;
                if (rioWriteBulkObject(r,key) == 0) return 0;
            }
            if (vstr) {
                if (rioWriteBulkString(r,(char*)vstr,vlen) == 0) return 0;
            } else {
                if (rioWriteBulkLongLong(r,vlong) == 0) return 0;
            }
            p = ziplistNext(zl,p);
            if (++count == REDIS_AOF_REWRITE_ITEMS_PER_CMD) count = 0;
            items--;
        }
    } else if (o->encoding == REDIS_ENCODING_LINKEDLIST) {
        list *list = o->ptr;
        listNode *ln;
        listIter li;

        listRewind(list,&li);
        while((ln = listNext(&li))) {
            robj *eleobj = listNodeValue(ln);

            if (count == 0) {
                int cmd_items = (items > REDIS_AOF_REWRITE_ITEMS_PER_CMD) ?
                    REDIS_AOF_REWRITE_ITEMS_PER_CMD : items;

                if (rioWriteBulkCount(r,'*',2+cmd_items) == 0) return 0;
                if (rioWriteBulkString(r,"RPUSH",5) == 0) return 0;
                if (rioWriteBulkObject(r,key) == 0) return 0;
            }
            if (rioWriteBulkObject(r,eleobj) == 0) return 0;
            if (++count == REDIS_AOF_REWRITE_ITEMS_PER_CMD) count = 0;
            items--;
        }
    } else {
        redisPanic("Unknown list encoding");
    }
    return 1;
}

/* Emit the commands needed to rebuild a set object.
 * The function returns 0 on error, 1 on success. */
int rewriteSetObject(rio *r, robj *key, robj *o) {
    long long count = 0, items = setTypeSize(o);

    if (o->encoding == REDIS_ENCODING_INTSET) {
        int ii = 0;
        int64_t llval;

        while(intsetGet(o->ptr,ii++,&llval)) {
            if (count == 0) {
                int cmd_items = (items > REDIS_AOF_REWRITE_ITEMS_PER_CMD) ?
                    REDIS_AOF_REWRITE_ITEMS_PER_CMD : items;

                if (rioWriteBulkCount(r,'*',2+cmd_items) == 0) return 0;
                if (rioWriteBulkString(r,"SADD",4) == 0) return 0;
                if (rioWriteBulkObject(r,key) == 0) return 0;
            }
            if (rioWriteBulkLongLong(r,llval) == 0) return 0;
            if (++count == REDIS_AOF_REWRITE_ITEMS_PER_CMD) count = 0;
            items--;
        }
    } else if (o->encoding == REDIS_ENCODING_HT) {
        dictIterator *di = dictGetIterator(o->ptr);
        dictEntry *de;

        while((de = dictNext(di)) != NULL) {
            robj *eleobj = dictGetKey(de);
            if (count == 0) {
                int cmd_items = (items > REDIS_AOF_REWRITE_ITEMS_PER_CMD) ?
                    REDIS_AOF_REWRITE_ITEMS_PER_CMD : items;

                if (rioWriteBulkCount(r,'*',2+cmd_items) == 0) return 0;
                if (rioWriteBulkString(r,"SADD",4) == 0) return 0;
                if (rioWriteBulkObject(r,key) == 0) return 0;
            }
            if (rioWriteBulkObject(r,eleobj) == 0) return 0;
            if (++count == REDIS_AOF_REWRITE_ITEMS_PER_CMD) count = 0;
            items--;
        }
        dictReleaseIterator(di);
    } else {
        redisPanic("Unknown set encoding");
    }
    return 1;
}

/* Emit the commands needed to rebuild a sorted set object.
 * The function returns 0 on error, 1 on success. */
int rewriteSortedSetObject(rio *r, robj *key, robj *o) {
    long long count = 0, items = zsetLength(o);

    if (o->encoding == REDIS_ENCODING_ZIPLIST) {
        unsigned char *zl = o->ptr;
        unsigned char *eptr, *sptr;
        unsigned char *vstr;
        unsigned int vlen;
        long long vll;
        double score;

        eptr = ziplistIndex(zl,0);
        redisAssert(eptr != NULL);
        sptr = ziplistNext(zl,eptr);
        redisAssert(sptr != NULL);

        while (eptr != NULL) {
            redisAssert(ziplistGet(eptr,&vstr,&vlen,&vll));
            score = zzlGetScore(sptr);

            if (count == 0) {
                int cmd_items = (items > REDIS_AOF_REWRITE_ITEMS_PER_CMD) ?
                    REDIS_AOF_REWRITE_ITEMS_PER_CMD : items;

                if (rioWriteBulkCount(r,'*',2+cmd_items*2) == 0) return 0;
                if (rioWriteBulkString(r,"ZADD",4) == 0) return 0;
                if (rioWriteBulkObject(r,key) == 0) return 0;
            }
            if (rioWriteBulkDouble(r,score) == 0) return 0;
            if (vstr != NULL) {
                if (rioWriteBulkString(r,(char*)vstr,vlen) == 0) return 0;
            } else {
                if (rioWriteBulkLongLong(r,vll) == 0) return 0;
            }
            zzlNext(zl,&eptr,&sptr);
            if (++count == REDIS_AOF_REWRITE_ITEMS_PER_CMD) count = 0;
            items--;
        }
    } else if (o->encoding == REDIS_ENCODING_SKIPLIST) {
        zset *zs = o->ptr;
        dictIterator *di = dictGetIterator(zs->dict);
        dictEntry *de;

        while((de = dictNext(di)) != NULL) {
            robj *eleobj = dictGetKey(de);
            double *score = dictGetVal(de);

            if (count == 0) {
                int cmd_items = (items > REDIS_AOF_REWRITE_ITEMS_PER_CMD) ?
                    REDIS_AOF_REWRITE_ITEMS_PER_CMD : items;

                if (rioWriteBulkCount(r,'*',2+cmd_items*2) == 0) return 0;
                if (rioWriteBulkString(r,"ZADD",4) == 0) return 0;
                if (rioWriteBulkObject(r,key) == 0) return 0;
            }
            if (rioWriteBulkDouble(r,*score) == 0) return 0;
            if (rioWriteBulkObject(r,eleobj) == 0) return 0;
            if (++count == REDIS_AOF_REWRITE_ITEMS_PER_CMD) count = 0;
            items--;
        }
        dictReleaseIterator(di);
    } else {
        redisPanic("Unknown sorted zset encoding");
    }
    return 1;
}

/* Write either the key or the value of the currently selected item of an hash.
 * The 'hi' argument passes a valid Redis hash iterator.
 * The 'what' filed specifies if to write a key or a value and can be
 * either REDIS_HASH_KEY or REDIS_HASH_VALUE.
 *
 * The function returns 0 on error, non-zero on success. */
static int rioWriteHashIteratorCursor(rio *r, hashTypeIterator *hi, int what) {
    if (hi->encoding == REDIS_ENCODING_ZIPLIST) {
        unsigned char *vstr = NULL;
        unsigned int vlen = UINT_MAX;
        long long vll = LLONG_MAX;

        hashTypeCurrentFromZiplist(hi, what, &vstr, &vlen, &vll);
        if (vstr) {
            return rioWriteBulkString(r, (char*)vstr, vlen);
        } else {
            return rioWriteBulkLongLong(r, vll);
        }

    } else if (hi->encoding == REDIS_ENCODING_HT) {
        robj *value;

        hashTypeCurrentFromHashTable(hi, what, &value);
        return rioWriteBulkObject(r, value);
    }

    redisPanic("Unknown hash encoding");
    return 0;
}

/* Emit the commands needed to rebuild a hash object.
 * The function returns 0 on error, 1 on success. */
int rewriteHashObject(rio *r, robj *key, robj *o) {
    hashTypeIterator *hi;
    long long count = 0, items = hashTypeLength(o);

    hi = hashTypeInitIterator(o);
    while (hashTypeNext(hi) != REDIS_ERR) {
        if (count == 0) {
            int cmd_items = (items > REDIS_AOF_REWRITE_ITEMS_PER_CMD) ?
                REDIS_AOF_REWRITE_ITEMS_PER_CMD : items;

            if (rioWriteBulkCount(r,'*',2+cmd_items*2) == 0) return 0;
            if (rioWriteBulkString(r,"HMSET",5) == 0) return 0;
            if (rioWriteBulkObject(r,key) == 0) return 0;
        }

        if (rioWriteHashIteratorCursor(r, hi, REDIS_HASH_KEY) == 0) return 0;
        if (rioWriteHashIteratorCursor(r, hi, REDIS_HASH_VALUE) == 0) return 0;
        if (++count == REDIS_AOF_REWRITE_ITEMS_PER_CMD) count = 0;
        items--;
    }

    hashTypeReleaseIterator(hi);

    return 1;
}

/* Write a sequence of commands able to fully rebuild the dataset into
 * "filename". Used both by REWRITEAOF and BGREWRITEAOF.
 *
 * In order to minimize the number of commands needed in the rewritten
 * log Redis uses variadic commands when possible, such as RPUSH, SADD
 * and ZADD. However at max REDIS_AOF_REWRITE_ITEMS_PER_CMD items per time
 * are inserted using a single command. */
int rewriteAppendOnlyFile(char *filename) {
    dictIterator *di = NULL;
    dictEntry *de;
    rio aof;
    FILE *fp;
    char tmpfile[256];
    int j;
    long long now = mstime();

    /* Note that we have to use a different temp name here compared to the
     * one used by rewriteAppendOnlyFileBackground() function. */
    snprintf(tmpfile,256,"temp-rewriteaof-%d.aof", (int) getpid());
    fp = fopen(tmpfile,"w");
    if (!fp) {
        redisLog(REDIS_WARNING, "Opening the temp file for AOF rewrite in rewriteAppendOnlyFile(): %s", strerror(errno));
        return REDIS_ERR;
    }

    rioInitWithFile(&aof,fp);
    for (j = 0; j < server.dbnum; j++) {
        char selectcmd[] = "*2\r\n$6\r\nSELECT\r\n";
        redisDb *db = server.db+j;
        dict *d = db->dict;
        if (dictSize(d) == 0) continue;
        di = dictGetSafeIterator(d);
        if (!di) {
            fclose(fp);
            return REDIS_ERR;
        }

        /* SELECT the new DB */
        if (rioWrite(&aof,selectcmd,sizeof(selectcmd)-1) == 0) goto werr;
        if (rioWriteBulkLongLong(&aof,j) == 0) goto werr;

        /* Iterate this DB writing every entry */
        while((de = dictNext(di)) != NULL) {
            sds keystr;
            robj key, *o;
            long long expiretime;

            keystr = dictGetKey(de);
            o = dictGetVal(de);
            initStaticStringObject(key,keystr);

            expiretime = getExpire(db,&key);

            /* Save the key and associated value */
            if (o->type == REDIS_STRING) {
                /* Emit a SET command */
                char cmd[]="*3\r\n$3\r\nSET\r\n";
                if (rioWrite(&aof,cmd,sizeof(cmd)-1) == 0) goto werr;
                /* Key and value */
                if (rioWriteBulkObject(&aof,&key) == 0) goto werr;
                if (rioWriteBulkObject(&aof,o) == 0) goto werr;
            } else if (o->type == REDIS_LIST) {
                if (rewriteListObject(&aof,&key,o) == 0) goto werr;
            } else if (o->type == REDIS_SET) {
                if (rewriteSetObject(&aof,&key,o) == 0) goto werr;
            } else if (o->type == REDIS_ZSET) {
                if (rewriteSortedSetObject(&aof,&key,o) == 0) goto werr;
            } else if (o->type == REDIS_HASH) {
                if (rewriteHashObject(&aof,&key,o) == 0) goto werr;
            } else {
                redisPanic("Unknown object type");
            }
            /* Save the expire time */
            if (expiretime != -1) {
                char cmd[]="*3\r\n$9\r\nPEXPIREAT\r\n";
                /* If this key is already expired skip it */
                if (expiretime < now) continue;
                if (rioWrite(&aof,cmd,sizeof(cmd)-1) == 0) goto werr;
                if (rioWriteBulkObject(&aof,&key) == 0) goto werr;
                if (rioWriteBulkLongLong(&aof,expiretime) == 0) goto werr;
            }
        }
        dictReleaseIterator(di);
    }

    /* Make sure data will not remain on the OS's output buffers */
    fflush(fp);
    aof_fsync(fileno(fp));
    fclose(fp);

    /* Use RENAME to make sure the DB file is changed atomically only
     * if the generate DB file is ok. */
    if (rename(tmpfile,filename) == -1) {
        redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,"Error moving temp append only file on the final destination: %s", strerror(errno));
        unlink(tmpfile);
        return REDIS_ERR;
    }
    redisLog(REDIS_NOTICE,"SYNC append only file rewrite performed");
    return REDIS_OK;

werr:
    fclose(fp);
    unlink(tmpfile);
    redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,"Write error writing append only file on disk: %s", strerror(errno));
    if (di) dictReleaseIterator(di);
    return REDIS_ERR;
}

/* This is how rewriting of the append only file in background works:
 *
 * 1) The user calls BGREWRITEAOF
 * 2) Redis calls this function, that forks():
 *    2a) the child rewrite the append only file in a temp file.
 *    2b) the parent accumulates differences in server.aof_rewrite_buf.
 * 3) When the child finished '2a' exists.
 * 4) The parent will trap the exit code, if it's OK, will append the
 *    data accumulated into server.aof_rewrite_buf into the temp file, and
 *    finally will rename(2) the temp file in the actual file name.
 *    The the new file is reopened as the new append only file. Profit!
 */
int rewriteAppendOnlyFileBackground(void) {
    pid_t childpid;
    long long start;

    if (server.aof_child_pid != -1) return REDIS_ERR;
    start = ustime();
    if ((childpid = fork()) == 0) {
        char tmpfile[256];

        /* Child */
        if (server.ipfd > 0) close(server.ipfd);
        if (server.sofd > 0) close(server.sofd);
        snprintf(tmpfile,256,"temp-rewriteaof-bg-%d.aof", (int) getpid());
        if (rewriteAppendOnlyFile(tmpfile) == REDIS_OK) {
            exitFromChild(0);
        } else {
            exitFromChild(1);
        }
    } else {
        /* Parent */
        server.stat_fork_time = ustime()-start;
        if (childpid == -1) {
            redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,
                "Can't rewrite append only file in background: fork: %s",
                strerror(errno));
            return REDIS_ERR;
        }
        redisLog(REDIS_NOTICE,
            "Background append only file rewriting started by pid %d",childpid);
        server.aof_rewrite_scheduled = 0;
        server.aof_rewrite_time_start = time(NULL);
        server.aof_child_pid = childpid;
        updateDictResizePolicy();
        /* We set appendseldb to -1 in order to force the next call to the
         * feedAppendOnlyFile() to issue a SELECT command, so the differences
         * accumulated by the parent into server.aof_rewrite_buf will start
         * with a SELECT statement and it will be safe to merge. */
        server.aof_selected_db = -1;
        return REDIS_OK;
    }
    return REDIS_OK; /* unreached */
}

void bgrewriteaofCommand(redisClient *c) {
    if (server.aof_child_pid != -1) {
        addReplyError(c,"Background append only file rewriting already in progress");
    } else if (server.rdb_child_pid != -1) {
        server.aof_rewrite_scheduled = 1;
        addReplyStatus(c,"Background append only file rewriting scheduled");
    } else if (rewriteAppendOnlyFileBackground() == REDIS_OK) {
        addReplyStatus(c,"Background append only file rewriting started");
    } else {
        addReply(c,shared.err);
    }
}

void aofRemoveTempFile(pid_t childpid) {
    char tmpfile[256];

    snprintf(tmpfile,256,"temp-rewriteaof-bg-%d.aof", (int) childpid);
    unlink(tmpfile);
}

/* Update the server.aof_current_size filed explicitly using stat(2)
 * to check the size of the file. This is useful after a rewrite or after
 * a restart, normally the size is updated just adding the write length
 * to the current length, that is much faster. */
void aofUpdateCurrentSize(void) {
    struct redis_stat sb;

    if (redis_fstat(server.aof_fd,&sb) == -1) {
        redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,"Unable to obtain the AOF file length. stat: %s",
            strerror(errno));
    } else {
        server.aof_current_size = sb.st_size;
    }
}

/* A background append only file rewriting (BGREWRITEAOF) terminated its work.
 * Handle this. */
void backgroundRewriteDoneHandler(int exitcode, int bysignal) {
    if (!bysignal && exitcode == 0) {
        int newfd, oldfd;
        char tmpfile[256];
        long long now = ustime();

        redisLog(REDIS_NOTICE,
            "Background AOF rewrite terminated with success");

        /* Flush the differences accumulated by the parent to the
         * rewritten AOF. */
        snprintf(tmpfile,256,"temp-rewriteaof-bg-%d.aof",
            (int)server.aof_child_pid);
        newfd = open(tmpfile,O_WRONLY|O_APPEND);
        if (newfd == -1) {
            redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,
                "Unable to open the temporary AOF produced by the child: %s", strerror(errno));
            goto cleanup;
        }

        if (aofRewriteBufferWrite(newfd) == -1) {
            redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,
                "Error trying to flush the parent diff to the rewritten AOF: %s", strerror(errno));
            close(newfd);
            goto cleanup;
        }

        redisLog(REDIS_NOTICE,
            "Parent diff successfully flushed to the rewritten AOF (%lu bytes)", aofRewriteBufferSize());

        /* The only remaining thing to do is to rename the temporary file to
         * the configured file and switch the file descriptor used to do AOF
         * writes. We don't want close(2) or rename(2) calls to block the
         * server on old file deletion.
         *
         * There are two possible scenarios:
         *
         * 1) AOF is DISABLED and this was a one time rewrite. The temporary
         * file will be renamed to the configured file. When this file already
         * exists, it will be unlinked, which may block the server.
         *
         * 2) AOF is ENABLED and the rewritten AOF will immediately start
         * receiving writes. After the temporary file is renamed to the
         * configured file, the original AOF file descriptor will be closed.
         * Since this will be the last reference to that file, closing it
         * causes the underlying file to be unlinked, which may block the
         * server.
         *
         * To mitigate the blocking effect of the unlink operation (either
         * caused by rename(2) in scenario 1, or by close(2) in scenario 2), we
         * use a background thread to take care of this. First, we
         * make scenario 1 identical to scenario 2 by opening the target file
         * when it exists. The unlink operation after the rename(2) will then
         * be executed upon calling close(2) for its descriptor. Everything to
         * guarantee atomicity for this switch has already happened by then, so
         * we don't care what the outcome or duration of that close operation
         * is, as long as the file descriptor is released again. */
        if (server.aof_fd == -1) {
            /* AOF disabled */

             /* Don't care if this fails: oldfd will be -1 and we handle that.
              * One notable case of -1 return is if the old file does
              * not exist. */
             oldfd = open(server.aof_filename,O_RDONLY|O_NONBLOCK);
        } else {
            /* AOF enabled */
            oldfd = -1; /* We'll set this to the current AOF filedes later. */
        }

        /* Rename the temporary file. This will not unlink the target file if
         * it exists, because we reference it with "oldfd". */
        if (rename(tmpfile,server.aof_filename) == -1) {
            redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,
                "Error trying to rename the temporary AOF file: %s", strerror(errno));
            close(newfd);
            if (oldfd != -1) close(oldfd);
            goto cleanup;
        }

        if (server.aof_fd == -1) {
            /* AOF disabled, we don't need to set the AOF file descriptor
             * to this new file, so we can close it. */
            close(newfd);
        } else {
            /* AOF enabled, replace the old fd with the new one. */
            oldfd = server.aof_fd;
            server.aof_fd = newfd;
            if (server.aof_fsync == AOF_FSYNC_ALWAYS)
                aof_fsync(newfd);
            else if (server.aof_fsync == AOF_FSYNC_EVERYSEC)
                aof_background_fsync(newfd);
            server.aof_selected_db = -1; /* Make sure SELECT is re-issued */
            aofUpdateCurrentSize();
            server.aof_rewrite_base_size = server.aof_current_size;

            /* Clear regular AOF buffer since its contents was just written to
             * the new AOF from the background rewrite buffer. */
            sdsfree(server.aof_buf);
            server.aof_buf = sdsempty();
        }

        server.aof_lastbgrewrite_status = REDIS_OK;

        redisLog(REDIS_NOTICE, "Background AOF rewrite finished successfully");
        /* Change state from WAIT_REWRITE to ON if needed */
        if (server.aof_state == REDIS_AOF_WAIT_REWRITE)
            server.aof_state = REDIS_AOF_ON;

        /* Asynchronously close the overwritten AOF. */
        if (oldfd != -1) bioCreateBackgroundJob(REDIS_BIO_CLOSE_FILE,(void*)(long)oldfd,NULL,NULL);

        redisLog(REDIS_VERBOSE,
            "Background AOF rewrite signal handler took %lldus", ustime()-now);
    } else if (!bysignal && exitcode != 0) {
        server.aof_lastbgrewrite_status = REDIS_ERR;

        redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,
            "Background AOF rewrite terminated with error");
    } else {
        server.aof_lastbgrewrite_status = REDIS_ERR;

        redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,
            "Background AOF rewrite terminated by signal %d", bysignal);
    }

cleanup:
    aofRewriteBufferReset();
    aofRemoveTempFile(server.aof_child_pid);
    server.aof_child_pid = -1;
    server.aof_rewrite_time_last = time(NULL)-server.aof_rewrite_time_start;
    server.aof_rewrite_time_start = -1;
    /* Schedule a new rewrite if we are waiting for it to switch the AOF ON. */
    if (server.aof_state == REDIS_AOF_WAIT_REWRITE)
        server.aof_rewrite_scheduled = 1;
}