Source

redis / src / bitops.c

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/* Bit operations.
 *
 * Copyright (c) 2009-2012, Salvatore Sanfilippo <antirez at gmail dot com>
 * All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
 *
 *   * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice,
 *     this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 *   * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *     notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *     documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 *   * Neither the name of Redis nor the names of its contributors may be used
 *     to endorse or promote products derived from this software without
 *     specific prior written permission.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS"
 * AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
 * ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE
 * LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR
 * CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF
 * SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS
 * INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN
 * CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE)
 * ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE
 * POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 */

#include "redis.h"

/* -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Helpers and low level bit functions.
 * -------------------------------------------------------------------------- */

/* This helper function used by GETBIT / SETBIT parses the bit offset arguemnt
 * making sure an error is returned if it is negative or if it overflows
 * Redis 512 MB limit for the string value. */
static int getBitOffsetFromArgument(redisClient *c, robj *o, size_t *offset) {
    long long loffset;
    char *err = "bit offset is not an integer or out of range";

    if (getLongLongFromObjectOrReply(c,o,&loffset,err) != REDIS_OK)
        return REDIS_ERR;

    /* Limit offset to 512MB in bytes */
    if ((loffset < 0) || ((unsigned long long)loffset >> 3) >= (512*1024*1024))
    {
        addReplyError(c,err);
        return REDIS_ERR;
    }

    *offset = (size_t)loffset;
    return REDIS_OK;
}

/* Count number of bits set in the binary array pointed by 's' and long
 * 'count' bytes. The implementation of this function is required to
 * work with a input string length up to 512 MB. */
long popcount(void *s, long count) {
    long bits = 0;
    unsigned char *p;
    uint32_t *p4 = s;
    static const unsigned char bitsinbyte[256] = {0,1,1,2,1,2,2,3,1,2,2,3,2,3,3,4,1,2,2,3,2,3,3,4,2,3,3,4,3,4,4,5,1,2,2,3,2,3,3,4,2,3,3,4,3,4,4,5,2,3,3,4,3,4,4,5,3,4,4,5,4,5,5,6,1,2,2,3,2,3,3,4,2,3,3,4,3,4,4,5,2,3,3,4,3,4,4,5,3,4,4,5,4,5,5,6,2,3,3,4,3,4,4,5,3,4,4,5,4,5,5,6,3,4,4,5,4,5,5,6,4,5,5,6,5,6,6,7,1,2,2,3,2,3,3,4,2,3,3,4,3,4,4,5,2,3,3,4,3,4,4,5,3,4,4,5,4,5,5,6,2,3,3,4,3,4,4,5,3,4,4,5,4,5,5,6,3,4,4,5,4,5,5,6,4,5,5,6,5,6,6,7,2,3,3,4,3,4,4,5,3,4,4,5,4,5,5,6,3,4,4,5,4,5,5,6,4,5,5,6,5,6,6,7,3,4,4,5,4,5,5,6,4,5,5,6,5,6,6,7,4,5,5,6,5,6,6,7,5,6,6,7,6,7,7,8};

    /* Count bits 16 bytes at a time */
    while(count>=16) {
        uint32_t aux1, aux2, aux3, aux4;

        aux1 = *p4++;
        aux2 = *p4++;
        aux3 = *p4++;
        aux4 = *p4++;
        count -= 16;

        aux1 = aux1 - ((aux1 >> 1) & 0x55555555);
        aux1 = (aux1 & 0x33333333) + ((aux1 >> 2) & 0x33333333);
        aux2 = aux2 - ((aux2 >> 1) & 0x55555555);
        aux2 = (aux2 & 0x33333333) + ((aux2 >> 2) & 0x33333333);
        aux3 = aux3 - ((aux3 >> 1) & 0x55555555);
        aux3 = (aux3 & 0x33333333) + ((aux3 >> 2) & 0x33333333);
        aux4 = aux4 - ((aux4 >> 1) & 0x55555555);
        aux4 = (aux4 & 0x33333333) + ((aux4 >> 2) & 0x33333333);
        bits += ((((aux1 + (aux1 >> 4)) & 0x0F0F0F0F) * 0x01010101) >> 24) +
                ((((aux2 + (aux2 >> 4)) & 0x0F0F0F0F) * 0x01010101) >> 24) +
                ((((aux3 + (aux3 >> 4)) & 0x0F0F0F0F) * 0x01010101) >> 24) +
                ((((aux4 + (aux4 >> 4)) & 0x0F0F0F0F) * 0x01010101) >> 24);
    }
    /* Count the remaining bytes */
    p = (unsigned char*)p4;
    while(count--) bits += bitsinbyte[*p++];
    return bits;
}

/* -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Bits related string commands: GETBIT, SETBIT, BITCOUNT, BITOP.
 * -------------------------------------------------------------------------- */

#define BITOP_AND   0
#define BITOP_OR    1
#define BITOP_XOR   2
#define BITOP_NOT   3

/* SETBIT key offset bitvalue */
void setbitCommand(redisClient *c) {
    robj *o;
    char *err = "bit is not an integer or out of range";
    size_t bitoffset;
    int byte, bit;
    int byteval, bitval;
    long on;

    if (getBitOffsetFromArgument(c,c->argv[2],&bitoffset) != REDIS_OK)
        return;

    if (getLongFromObjectOrReply(c,c->argv[3],&on,err) != REDIS_OK)
        return;

    /* Bits can only be set or cleared... */
    if (on & ~1) {
        addReplyError(c,err);
        return;
    }

    o = lookupKeyWrite(c->db,c->argv[1]);
    if (o == NULL) {
        o = createObject(REDIS_STRING,sdsempty());
        dbAdd(c->db,c->argv[1],o);
    } else {
        if (checkType(c,o,REDIS_STRING)) return;

        /* Create a copy when the object is shared or encoded. */
        if (o->refcount != 1 || o->encoding != REDIS_ENCODING_RAW) {
            robj *decoded = getDecodedObject(o);
            o = createStringObject(decoded->ptr, sdslen(decoded->ptr));
            decrRefCount(decoded);
            dbOverwrite(c->db,c->argv[1],o);
        }
    }

    /* Grow sds value to the right length if necessary */
    byte = bitoffset >> 3;
    o->ptr = sdsgrowzero(o->ptr,byte+1);

    /* Get current values */
    byteval = ((uint8_t*)o->ptr)[byte];
    bit = 7 - (bitoffset & 0x7);
    bitval = byteval & (1 << bit);

    /* Update byte with new bit value and return original value */
    byteval &= ~(1 << bit);
    byteval |= ((on & 0x1) << bit);
    ((uint8_t*)o->ptr)[byte] = byteval;
    signalModifiedKey(c->db,c->argv[1]);
    server.dirty++;
    addReply(c, bitval ? shared.cone : shared.czero);
}

/* GETBIT key offset */
void getbitCommand(redisClient *c) {
    robj *o;
    char llbuf[32];
    size_t bitoffset;
    size_t byte, bit;
    size_t bitval = 0;

    if (getBitOffsetFromArgument(c,c->argv[2],&bitoffset) != REDIS_OK)
        return;

    if ((o = lookupKeyReadOrReply(c,c->argv[1],shared.czero)) == NULL ||
        checkType(c,o,REDIS_STRING)) return;

    byte = bitoffset >> 3;
    bit = 7 - (bitoffset & 0x7);
    if (o->encoding != REDIS_ENCODING_RAW) {
        if (byte < (size_t)ll2string(llbuf,sizeof(llbuf),(long)o->ptr))
            bitval = llbuf[byte] & (1 << bit);
    } else {
        if (byte < sdslen(o->ptr))
            bitval = ((uint8_t*)o->ptr)[byte] & (1 << bit);
    }

    addReply(c, bitval ? shared.cone : shared.czero);
}

/* BITOP op_name target_key src_key1 src_key2 src_key3 ... src_keyN */
void bitopCommand(redisClient *c) {
    char *opname = c->argv[1]->ptr;
    robj *o, *targetkey = c->argv[2];
    long op, j, numkeys;
    robj **objects;      /* Array of soruce objects. */
    unsigned char **src; /* Array of source strings pointers. */
    long *len, maxlen = 0; /* Array of length of src strings, and max len. */
    long minlen = 0;    /* Min len among the input keys. */
    unsigned char *res = NULL; /* Resulting string. */

    /* Parse the operation name. */
    if ((opname[0] == 'a' || opname[0] == 'A') && !strcasecmp(opname,"and"))
        op = BITOP_AND;
    else if((opname[0] == 'o' || opname[0] == 'O') && !strcasecmp(opname,"or"))
        op = BITOP_OR;
    else if((opname[0] == 'x' || opname[0] == 'X') && !strcasecmp(opname,"xor"))
        op = BITOP_XOR;
    else if((opname[0] == 'n' || opname[0] == 'N') && !strcasecmp(opname,"not"))
        op = BITOP_NOT;
    else {
        addReply(c,shared.syntaxerr);
        return;
    }

    /* Sanity check: NOT accepts only a single key argument. */
    if (op == BITOP_NOT && c->argc != 4) {
        addReplyError(c,"BITOP NOT must be called with a single source key.");
        return;
    }

    /* Lookup keys, and store pointers to the string objects into an array. */
    numkeys = c->argc - 3;
    src = zmalloc(sizeof(unsigned char*) * numkeys);
    len = zmalloc(sizeof(long) * numkeys);
    objects = zmalloc(sizeof(robj*) * numkeys);
    for (j = 0; j < numkeys; j++) {
        o = lookupKeyRead(c->db,c->argv[j+3]);
        /* Handle non-existing keys as empty strings. */
        if (o == NULL) {
            objects[j] = NULL;
            src[j] = NULL;
            len[j] = 0;
            minlen = 0;
            continue;
        }
        /* Return an error if one of the keys is not a string. */
        if (checkType(c,o,REDIS_STRING)) {
            for (j = j-1; j >= 0; j--) {
                if (objects[j])
                    decrRefCount(objects[j]);
            }
            zfree(src);
            zfree(len);
            zfree(objects);
            return;
        }
        objects[j] = getDecodedObject(o);
        src[j] = objects[j]->ptr;
        len[j] = sdslen(objects[j]->ptr);
        if (len[j] > maxlen) maxlen = len[j];
        if (j == 0 || len[j] < minlen) minlen = len[j];
    }

    /* Compute the bit operation, if at least one string is not empty. */
    if (maxlen) {
        res = (unsigned char*) sdsnewlen(NULL,maxlen);
        unsigned char output, byte;
        long i;

        /* Fast path: as far as we have data for all the input bitmaps we
         * can take a fast path that performs much better than the
         * vanilla algorithm. */
        j = 0;
        if (minlen && numkeys <= 16) {
            unsigned long *lp[16];
            unsigned long *lres = (unsigned long*) res;

            /* Note: sds pointer is always aligned to 8 byte boundary. */
            memcpy(lp,src,sizeof(unsigned long*)*numkeys);
            memcpy(res,src[0],minlen);

            /* Different branches per different operations for speed (sorry). */
            if (op == BITOP_AND) {
                while(minlen >= sizeof(unsigned long)*4) {
                    for (i = 1; i < numkeys; i++) {
                        lres[0] &= lp[i][0];
                        lres[1] &= lp[i][1];
                        lres[2] &= lp[i][2];
                        lres[3] &= lp[i][3];
                        lp[i]+=4;
                    }
                    lres+=4;
                    j += sizeof(unsigned long)*4;
                    minlen -= sizeof(unsigned long)*4;
                }
            } else if (op == BITOP_OR) {
                while(minlen >= sizeof(unsigned long)*4) {
                    for (i = 1; i < numkeys; i++) {
                        lres[0] |= lp[i][0];
                        lres[1] |= lp[i][1];
                        lres[2] |= lp[i][2];
                        lres[3] |= lp[i][3];
                        lp[i]+=4;
                    }
                    lres+=4;
                    j += sizeof(unsigned long)*4;
                    minlen -= sizeof(unsigned long)*4;
                }
            } else if (op == BITOP_XOR) {
                while(minlen >= sizeof(unsigned long)*4) {
                    for (i = 1; i < numkeys; i++) {
                        lres[0] ^= lp[i][0];
                        lres[1] ^= lp[i][1];
                        lres[2] ^= lp[i][2];
                        lres[3] ^= lp[i][3];
                        lp[i]+=4;
                    }
                    lres+=4;
                    j += sizeof(unsigned long)*4;
                    minlen -= sizeof(unsigned long)*4;
                }
            } else if (op == BITOP_NOT) {
                while(minlen >= sizeof(unsigned long)*4) {
                    lres[0] = ~lres[0];
                    lres[1] = ~lres[1];
                    lres[2] = ~lres[2];
                    lres[3] = ~lres[3];
                    lres+=4;
                    j += sizeof(unsigned long)*4;
                    minlen -= sizeof(unsigned long)*4;
                }
            }
        }

        /* j is set to the next byte to process by the previous loop. */
        for (; j < maxlen; j++) {
            output = (len[0] <= j) ? 0 : src[0][j];
            if (op == BITOP_NOT) output = ~output;
            for (i = 1; i < numkeys; i++) {
                byte = (len[i] <= j) ? 0 : src[i][j];
                switch(op) {
                case BITOP_AND: output &= byte; break;
                case BITOP_OR:  output |= byte; break;
                case BITOP_XOR: output ^= byte; break;
                }
            }
            res[j] = output;
        }
    }
    for (j = 0; j < numkeys; j++) {
        if (objects[j])
            decrRefCount(objects[j]);
    }
    zfree(src);
    zfree(len);
    zfree(objects);

    /* Store the computed value into the target key */
    if (maxlen) {
        o = createObject(REDIS_STRING,res);
        setKey(c->db,targetkey,o);
        decrRefCount(o);
    } else if (dbDelete(c->db,targetkey)) {
        signalModifiedKey(c->db,targetkey);
    }
    server.dirty++;
    addReplyLongLong(c,maxlen); /* Return the output string length in bytes. */
}

/* BITCOUNT key [start end] */
void bitcountCommand(redisClient *c) {
    robj *o;
    long start, end, strlen;
    unsigned char *p;
    char llbuf[32];

    /* Lookup, check for type, and return 0 for non existing keys. */
    if ((o = lookupKeyReadOrReply(c,c->argv[1],shared.czero)) == NULL ||
        checkType(c,o,REDIS_STRING)) return;

    /* Set the 'p' pointer to the string, that can be just a stack allocated
     * array if our string was integer encoded. */
    if (o->encoding == REDIS_ENCODING_INT) {
        p = (unsigned char*) llbuf;
        strlen = ll2string(llbuf,sizeof(llbuf),(long)o->ptr);
    } else {
        p = (unsigned char*) o->ptr;
        strlen = sdslen(o->ptr);
    }

    /* Parse start/end range if any. */
    if (c->argc == 4) {
        if (getLongFromObjectOrReply(c,c->argv[2],&start,NULL) != REDIS_OK)
            return;
        if (getLongFromObjectOrReply(c,c->argv[3],&end,NULL) != REDIS_OK)
            return;
        /* Convert negative indexes */
        if (start < 0) start = strlen+start;
        if (end < 0) end = strlen+end;
        if (start < 0) start = 0;
        if (end < 0) end = 0;
        if (end >= strlen) end = strlen-1;
    } else if (c->argc == 2) {
        /* The whole string. */
        start = 0;
        end = strlen-1;
    } else {
        /* Syntax error. */
        addReply(c,shared.syntaxerr);
        return;
    }

    /* Precondition: end >= 0 && end < strlen, so the only condition where
     * zero can be returned is: start > end. */
    if (start > end) {
        addReply(c,shared.czero);
    } else {
        long bytes = end-start+1;

        addReplyLongLong(c,popcount(p+start,bytes));
    }
}