redis / src / rdb.c

   1
   2
   3
   4
   5
   6
   7
   8
   9
  10
  11
  12
  13
  14
  15
  16
  17
  18
  19
  20
  21
  22
  23
  24
  25
  26
  27
  28
  29
  30
  31
  32
  33
  34
  35
  36
  37
  38
  39
  40
  41
  42
  43
  44
  45
  46
  47
  48
  49
  50
  51
  52
  53
  54
  55
  56
  57
  58
  59
  60
  61
  62
  63
  64
  65
  66
  67
  68
  69
  70
  71
  72
  73
  74
  75
  76
  77
  78
  79
  80
  81
  82
  83
  84
  85
  86
  87
  88
  89
  90
  91
  92
  93
  94
  95
  96
  97
  98
  99
 100
 101
 102
 103
 104
 105
 106
 107
 108
 109
 110
 111
 112
 113
 114
 115
 116
 117
 118
 119
 120
 121
 122
 123
 124
 125
 126
 127
 128
 129
 130
 131
 132
 133
 134
 135
 136
 137
 138
 139
 140
 141
 142
 143
 144
 145
 146
 147
 148
 149
 150
 151
 152
 153
 154
 155
 156
 157
 158
 159
 160
 161
 162
 163
 164
 165
 166
 167
 168
 169
 170
 171
 172
 173
 174
 175
 176
 177
 178
 179
 180
 181
 182
 183
 184
 185
 186
 187
 188
 189
 190
 191
 192
 193
 194
 195
 196
 197
 198
 199
 200
 201
 202
 203
 204
 205
 206
 207
 208
 209
 210
 211
 212
 213
 214
 215
 216
 217
 218
 219
 220
 221
 222
 223
 224
 225
 226
 227
 228
 229
 230
 231
 232
 233
 234
 235
 236
 237
 238
 239
 240
 241
 242
 243
 244
 245
 246
 247
 248
 249
 250
 251
 252
 253
 254
 255
 256
 257
 258
 259
 260
 261
 262
 263
 264
 265
 266
 267
 268
 269
 270
 271
 272
 273
 274
 275
 276
 277
 278
 279
 280
 281
 282
 283
 284
 285
 286
 287
 288
 289
 290
 291
 292
 293
 294
 295
 296
 297
 298
 299
 300
 301
 302
 303
 304
 305
 306
 307
 308
 309
 310
 311
 312
 313
 314
 315
 316
 317
 318
 319
 320
 321
 322
 323
 324
 325
 326
 327
 328
 329
 330
 331
 332
 333
 334
 335
 336
 337
 338
 339
 340
 341
 342
 343
 344
 345
 346
 347
 348
 349
 350
 351
 352
 353
 354
 355
 356
 357
 358
 359
 360
 361
 362
 363
 364
 365
 366
 367
 368
 369
 370
 371
 372
 373
 374
 375
 376
 377
 378
 379
 380
 381
 382
 383
 384
 385
 386
 387
 388
 389
 390
 391
 392
 393
 394
 395
 396
 397
 398
 399
 400
 401
 402
 403
 404
 405
 406
 407
 408
 409
 410
 411
 412
 413
 414
 415
 416
 417
 418
 419
 420
 421
 422
 423
 424
 425
 426
 427
 428
 429
 430
 431
 432
 433
 434
 435
 436
 437
 438
 439
 440
 441
 442
 443
 444
 445
 446
 447
 448
 449
 450
 451
 452
 453
 454
 455
 456
 457
 458
 459
 460
 461
 462
 463
 464
 465
 466
 467
 468
 469
 470
 471
 472
 473
 474
 475
 476
 477
 478
 479
 480
 481
 482
 483
 484
 485
 486
 487
 488
 489
 490
 491
 492
 493
 494
 495
 496
 497
 498
 499
 500
 501
 502
 503
 504
 505
 506
 507
 508
 509
 510
 511
 512
 513
 514
 515
 516
 517
 518
 519
 520
 521
 522
 523
 524
 525
 526
 527
 528
 529
 530
 531
 532
 533
 534
 535
 536
 537
 538
 539
 540
 541
 542
 543
 544
 545
 546
 547
 548
 549
 550
 551
 552
 553
 554
 555
 556
 557
 558
 559
 560
 561
 562
 563
 564
 565
 566
 567
 568
 569
 570
 571
 572
 573
 574
 575
 576
 577
 578
 579
 580
 581
 582
 583
 584
 585
 586
 587
 588
 589
 590
 591
 592
 593
 594
 595
 596
 597
 598
 599
 600
 601
 602
 603
 604
 605
 606
 607
 608
 609
 610
 611
 612
 613
 614
 615
 616
 617
 618
 619
 620
 621
 622
 623
 624
 625
 626
 627
 628
 629
 630
 631
 632
 633
 634
 635
 636
 637
 638
 639
 640
 641
 642
 643
 644
 645
 646
 647
 648
 649
 650
 651
 652
 653
 654
 655
 656
 657
 658
 659
 660
 661
 662
 663
 664
 665
 666
 667
 668
 669
 670
 671
 672
 673
 674
 675
 676
 677
 678
 679
 680
 681
 682
 683
 684
 685
 686
 687
 688
 689
 690
 691
 692
 693
 694
 695
 696
 697
 698
 699
 700
 701
 702
 703
 704
 705
 706
 707
 708
 709
 710
 711
 712
 713
 714
 715
 716
 717
 718
 719
 720
 721
 722
 723
 724
 725
 726
 727
 728
 729
 730
 731
 732
 733
 734
 735
 736
 737
 738
 739
 740
 741
 742
 743
 744
 745
 746
 747
 748
 749
 750
 751
 752
 753
 754
 755
 756
 757
 758
 759
 760
 761
 762
 763
 764
 765
 766
 767
 768
 769
 770
 771
 772
 773
 774
 775
 776
 777
 778
 779
 780
 781
 782
 783
 784
 785
 786
 787
 788
 789
 790
 791
 792
 793
 794
 795
 796
 797
 798
 799
 800
 801
 802
 803
 804
 805
 806
 807
 808
 809
 810
 811
 812
 813
 814
 815
 816
 817
 818
 819
 820
 821
 822
 823
 824
 825
 826
 827
 828
 829
 830
 831
 832
 833
 834
 835
 836
 837
 838
 839
 840
 841
 842
 843
 844
 845
 846
 847
 848
 849
 850
 851
 852
 853
 854
 855
 856
 857
 858
 859
 860
 861
 862
 863
 864
 865
 866
 867
 868
 869
 870
 871
 872
 873
 874
 875
 876
 877
 878
 879
 880
 881
 882
 883
 884
 885
 886
 887
 888
 889
 890
 891
 892
 893
 894
 895
 896
 897
 898
 899
 900
 901
 902
 903
 904
 905
 906
 907
 908
 909
 910
 911
 912
 913
 914
 915
 916
 917
 918
 919
 920
 921
 922
 923
 924
 925
 926
 927
 928
 929
 930
 931
 932
 933
 934
 935
 936
 937
 938
 939
 940
 941
 942
 943
 944
 945
 946
 947
 948
 949
 950
 951
 952
 953
 954
 955
 956
 957
 958
 959
 960
 961
 962
 963
 964
 965
 966
 967
 968
 969
 970
 971
 972
 973
 974
 975
 976
 977
 978
 979
 980
 981
 982
 983
 984
 985
 986
 987
 988
 989
 990
 991
 992
 993
 994
 995
 996
 997
 998
 999
1000
1001
1002
1003
1004
1005
1006
1007
1008
1009
1010
1011
1012
1013
1014
1015
1016
1017
1018
1019
1020
1021
1022
1023
1024
1025
1026
1027
1028
1029
1030
1031
1032
1033
1034
1035
1036
1037
1038
1039
1040
1041
1042
1043
1044
1045
1046
1047
1048
1049
1050
1051
1052
1053
1054
1055
1056
1057
1058
1059
1060
1061
1062
1063
1064
1065
1066
1067
1068
1069
1070
1071
1072
1073
1074
1075
1076
1077
1078
1079
1080
1081
1082
1083
1084
1085
1086
1087
1088
1089
1090
1091
1092
1093
1094
1095
1096
1097
1098
1099
1100
1101
1102
1103
1104
1105
1106
1107
1108
1109
1110
1111
1112
1113
1114
1115
1116
1117
1118
1119
1120
1121
1122
1123
1124
1125
1126
1127
1128
1129
1130
1131
1132
1133
1134
1135
1136
1137
1138
1139
1140
1141
1142
1143
1144
1145
1146
1147
1148
1149
1150
1151
1152
1153
1154
1155
1156
1157
1158
1159
1160
1161
1162
1163
1164
1165
1166
1167
1168
1169
1170
1171
1172
1173
1174
1175
1176
1177
1178
1179
1180
1181
1182
1183
1184
1185
1186
1187
1188
1189
1190
1191
1192
1193
1194
1195
1196
1197
1198
1199
1200
1201
1202
1203
1204
1205
1206
1207
1208
1209
1210
1211
1212
1213
1214
1215
1216
1217
1218
1219
1220
/*
 * Copyright (c) 2009-2012, Salvatore Sanfilippo <antirez at gmail dot com>
 * All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
 *
 *   * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice,
 *     this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 *   * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *     notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *     documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 *   * Neither the name of Redis nor the names of its contributors may be used
 *     to endorse or promote products derived from this software without
 *     specific prior written permission.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS"
 * AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
 * ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE
 * LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR
 * CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF
 * SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS
 * INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN
 * CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE)
 * ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE
 * POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 */

#include "redis.h"
#include "lzf.h"    /* LZF compression library */
#include "zipmap.h"
#include "endianconv.h"

#include <math.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/time.h>
#include <sys/resource.h>
#include <sys/wait.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>

static int rdbWriteRaw(rio *rdb, void *p, size_t len) {
    if (rdb && rioWrite(rdb,p,len) == 0)
        return -1;
    return len;
}

int rdbSaveType(rio *rdb, unsigned char type) {
    return rdbWriteRaw(rdb,&type,1);
}

/* Load a "type" in RDB format, that is a one byte unsigned integer.
 * This function is not only used to load object types, but also special
 * "types" like the end-of-file type, the EXPIRE type, and so forth. */
int rdbLoadType(rio *rdb) {
    unsigned char type;
    if (rioRead(rdb,&type,1) == 0) return -1;
    return type;
}

time_t rdbLoadTime(rio *rdb) {
    int32_t t32;
    if (rioRead(rdb,&t32,4) == 0) return -1;
    return (time_t)t32;
}

int rdbSaveMillisecondTime(rio *rdb, long long t) {
    int64_t t64 = (int64_t) t;
    return rdbWriteRaw(rdb,&t64,8);
}

long long rdbLoadMillisecondTime(rio *rdb) {
    int64_t t64;
    if (rioRead(rdb,&t64,8) == 0) return -1;
    return (long long)t64;
}

/* Saves an encoded length. The first two bits in the first byte are used to
 * hold the encoding type. See the REDIS_RDB_* definitions for more information
 * on the types of encoding. */
int rdbSaveLen(rio *rdb, uint32_t len) {
    unsigned char buf[2];
    size_t nwritten;

    if (len < (1<<6)) {
        /* Save a 6 bit len */
        buf[0] = (len&0xFF)|(REDIS_RDB_6BITLEN<<6);
        if (rdbWriteRaw(rdb,buf,1) == -1) return -1;
        nwritten = 1;
    } else if (len < (1<<14)) {
        /* Save a 14 bit len */
        buf[0] = ((len>>8)&0xFF)|(REDIS_RDB_14BITLEN<<6);
        buf[1] = len&0xFF;
        if (rdbWriteRaw(rdb,buf,2) == -1) return -1;
        nwritten = 2;
    } else {
        /* Save a 32 bit len */
        buf[0] = (REDIS_RDB_32BITLEN<<6);
        if (rdbWriteRaw(rdb,buf,1) == -1) return -1;
        len = htonl(len);
        if (rdbWriteRaw(rdb,&len,4) == -4) return -1;
        nwritten = 1+4;
    }
    return nwritten;
}

/* Load an encoded length. The "isencoded" argument is set to 1 if the length
 * is not actually a length but an "encoding type". See the REDIS_RDB_ENC_*
 * definitions in rdb.h for more information. */
uint32_t rdbLoadLen(rio *rdb, int *isencoded) {
    unsigned char buf[2];
    uint32_t len;
    int type;

    if (isencoded) *isencoded = 0;
    if (rioRead(rdb,buf,1) == 0) return REDIS_RDB_LENERR;
    type = (buf[0]&0xC0)>>6;
    if (type == REDIS_RDB_ENCVAL) {
        /* Read a 6 bit encoding type. */
        if (isencoded) *isencoded = 1;
        return buf[0]&0x3F;
    } else if (type == REDIS_RDB_6BITLEN) {
        /* Read a 6 bit len. */
        return buf[0]&0x3F;
    } else if (type == REDIS_RDB_14BITLEN) {
        /* Read a 14 bit len. */
        if (rioRead(rdb,buf+1,1) == 0) return REDIS_RDB_LENERR;
        return ((buf[0]&0x3F)<<8)|buf[1];
    } else {
        /* Read a 32 bit len. */
        if (rioRead(rdb,&len,4) == 0) return REDIS_RDB_LENERR;
        return ntohl(len);
    }
}

/* Encodes the "value" argument as integer when it fits in the supported ranges
 * for encoded types. If the function successfully encodes the integer, the
 * representation is stored in the buffer pointer to by "enc" and the string
 * length is returned. Otherwise 0 is returned. */
int rdbEncodeInteger(long long value, unsigned char *enc) {
    if (value >= -(1<<7) && value <= (1<<7)-1) {
        enc[0] = (REDIS_RDB_ENCVAL<<6)|REDIS_RDB_ENC_INT8;
        enc[1] = value&0xFF;
        return 2;
    } else if (value >= -(1<<15) && value <= (1<<15)-1) {
        enc[0] = (REDIS_RDB_ENCVAL<<6)|REDIS_RDB_ENC_INT16;
        enc[1] = value&0xFF;
        enc[2] = (value>>8)&0xFF;
        return 3;
    } else if (value >= -((long long)1<<31) && value <= ((long long)1<<31)-1) {
        enc[0] = (REDIS_RDB_ENCVAL<<6)|REDIS_RDB_ENC_INT32;
        enc[1] = value&0xFF;
        enc[2] = (value>>8)&0xFF;
        enc[3] = (value>>16)&0xFF;
        enc[4] = (value>>24)&0xFF;
        return 5;
    } else {
        return 0;
    }
}

/* Loads an integer-encoded object with the specified encoding type "enctype".
 * If the "encode" argument is set the function may return an integer-encoded
 * string object, otherwise it always returns a raw string object. */
robj *rdbLoadIntegerObject(rio *rdb, int enctype, int encode) {
    unsigned char enc[4];
    long long val;

    if (enctype == REDIS_RDB_ENC_INT8) {
        if (rioRead(rdb,enc,1) == 0) return NULL;
        val = (signed char)enc[0];
    } else if (enctype == REDIS_RDB_ENC_INT16) {
        uint16_t v;
        if (rioRead(rdb,enc,2) == 0) return NULL;
        v = enc[0]|(enc[1]<<8);
        val = (int16_t)v;
    } else if (enctype == REDIS_RDB_ENC_INT32) {
        uint32_t v;
        if (rioRead(rdb,enc,4) == 0) return NULL;
        v = enc[0]|(enc[1]<<8)|(enc[2]<<16)|(enc[3]<<24);
        val = (int32_t)v;
    } else {
        val = 0; /* anti-warning */
        redisPanic("Unknown RDB integer encoding type");
    }
    if (encode)
        return createStringObjectFromLongLong(val);
    else
        return createObject(REDIS_STRING,sdsfromlonglong(val));
}

/* String objects in the form "2391" "-100" without any space and with a
 * range of values that can fit in an 8, 16 or 32 bit signed value can be
 * encoded as integers to save space */
int rdbTryIntegerEncoding(char *s, size_t len, unsigned char *enc) {
    long long value;
    char *endptr, buf[32];

    /* Check if it's possible to encode this value as a number */
    value = strtoll(s, &endptr, 10);
    if (endptr[0] != '\0') return 0;
    ll2string(buf,32,value);

    /* If the number converted back into a string is not identical
     * then it's not possible to encode the string as integer */
    if (strlen(buf) != len || memcmp(buf,s,len)) return 0;

    return rdbEncodeInteger(value,enc);
}

int rdbSaveLzfStringObject(rio *rdb, unsigned char *s, size_t len) {
    size_t comprlen, outlen;
    unsigned char byte;
    int n, nwritten = 0;
    void *out;

    /* We require at least four bytes compression for this to be worth it */
    if (len <= 4) return 0;
    outlen = len-4;
    if ((out = zmalloc(outlen+1)) == NULL) return 0;
    comprlen = lzf_compress(s, len, out, outlen);
    if (comprlen == 0) {
        zfree(out);
        return 0;
    }
    /* Data compressed! Let's save it on disk */
    byte = (REDIS_RDB_ENCVAL<<6)|REDIS_RDB_ENC_LZF;
    if ((n = rdbWriteRaw(rdb,&byte,1)) == -1) goto writeerr;
    nwritten += n;

    if ((n = rdbSaveLen(rdb,comprlen)) == -1) goto writeerr;
    nwritten += n;

    if ((n = rdbSaveLen(rdb,len)) == -1) goto writeerr;
    nwritten += n;

    if ((n = rdbWriteRaw(rdb,out,comprlen)) == -1) goto writeerr;
    nwritten += n;

    zfree(out);
    return nwritten;

writeerr:
    zfree(out);
    return -1;
}

robj *rdbLoadLzfStringObject(rio *rdb) {
    unsigned int len, clen;
    unsigned char *c = NULL;
    sds val = NULL;

    if ((clen = rdbLoadLen(rdb,NULL)) == REDIS_RDB_LENERR) return NULL;
    if ((len = rdbLoadLen(rdb,NULL)) == REDIS_RDB_LENERR) return NULL;
    if ((c = zmalloc(clen)) == NULL) goto err;
    if ((val = sdsnewlen(NULL,len)) == NULL) goto err;
    if (rioRead(rdb,c,clen) == 0) goto err;
    if (lzf_decompress(c,clen,val,len) == 0) goto err;
    zfree(c);
    return createObject(REDIS_STRING,val);
err:
    zfree(c);
    sdsfree(val);
    return NULL;
}

/* Save a string objet as [len][data] on disk. If the object is a string
 * representation of an integer value we try to save it in a special form */
int rdbSaveRawString(rio *rdb, unsigned char *s, size_t len) {
    int enclen;
    int n, nwritten = 0;

    /* Try integer encoding */
    if (len <= 11) {
        unsigned char buf[5];
        if ((enclen = rdbTryIntegerEncoding((char*)s,len,buf)) > 0) {
            if (rdbWriteRaw(rdb,buf,enclen) == -1) return -1;
            return enclen;
        }
    }

    /* Try LZF compression - under 20 bytes it's unable to compress even
     * aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa so skip it */
    if (server.rdb_compression && len > 20) {
        n = rdbSaveLzfStringObject(rdb,s,len);
        if (n == -1) return -1;
        if (n > 0) return n;
        /* Return value of 0 means data can't be compressed, save the old way */
    }

    /* Store verbatim */
    if ((n = rdbSaveLen(rdb,len)) == -1) return -1;
    nwritten += n;
    if (len > 0) {
        if (rdbWriteRaw(rdb,s,len) == -1) return -1;
        nwritten += len;
    }
    return nwritten;
}

/* Save a long long value as either an encoded string or a string. */
int rdbSaveLongLongAsStringObject(rio *rdb, long long value) {
    unsigned char buf[32];
    int n, nwritten = 0;
    int enclen = rdbEncodeInteger(value,buf);
    if (enclen > 0) {
        return rdbWriteRaw(rdb,buf,enclen);
    } else {
        /* Encode as string */
        enclen = ll2string((char*)buf,32,value);
        redisAssert(enclen < 32);
        if ((n = rdbSaveLen(rdb,enclen)) == -1) return -1;
        nwritten += n;
        if ((n = rdbWriteRaw(rdb,buf,enclen)) == -1) return -1;
        nwritten += n;
    }
    return nwritten;
}

/* Like rdbSaveStringObjectRaw() but handle encoded objects */
int rdbSaveStringObject(rio *rdb, robj *obj) {
    /* Avoid to decode the object, then encode it again, if the
     * object is alrady integer encoded. */
    if (obj->encoding == REDIS_ENCODING_INT) {
        return rdbSaveLongLongAsStringObject(rdb,(long)obj->ptr);
    } else {
        redisAssertWithInfo(NULL,obj,obj->encoding == REDIS_ENCODING_RAW);
        return rdbSaveRawString(rdb,obj->ptr,sdslen(obj->ptr));
    }
}

robj *rdbGenericLoadStringObject(rio *rdb, int encode) {
    int isencoded;
    uint32_t len;
    sds val;

    len = rdbLoadLen(rdb,&isencoded);
    if (isencoded) {
        switch(len) {
        case REDIS_RDB_ENC_INT8:
        case REDIS_RDB_ENC_INT16:
        case REDIS_RDB_ENC_INT32:
            return rdbLoadIntegerObject(rdb,len,encode);
        case REDIS_RDB_ENC_LZF:
            return rdbLoadLzfStringObject(rdb);
        default:
            redisPanic("Unknown RDB encoding type");
        }
    }

    if (len == REDIS_RDB_LENERR) return NULL;
    val = sdsnewlen(NULL,len);
    if (len && rioRead(rdb,val,len) == 0) {
        sdsfree(val);
        return NULL;
    }
    return createObject(REDIS_STRING,val);
}

robj *rdbLoadStringObject(rio *rdb) {
    return rdbGenericLoadStringObject(rdb,0);
}

robj *rdbLoadEncodedStringObject(rio *rdb) {
    return rdbGenericLoadStringObject(rdb,1);
}

/* Save a double value. Doubles are saved as strings prefixed by an unsigned
 * 8 bit integer specifing the length of the representation.
 * This 8 bit integer has special values in order to specify the following
 * conditions:
 * 253: not a number
 * 254: + inf
 * 255: - inf
 */
int rdbSaveDoubleValue(rio *rdb, double val) {
    unsigned char buf[128];
    int len;

    if (isnan(val)) {
        buf[0] = 253;
        len = 1;
    } else if (!isfinite(val)) {
        len = 1;
        buf[0] = (val < 0) ? 255 : 254;
    } else {
#if (DBL_MANT_DIG >= 52) && (LLONG_MAX == 0x7fffffffffffffffLL)
        /* Check if the float is in a safe range to be casted into a
         * long long. We are assuming that long long is 64 bit here.
         * Also we are assuming that there are no implementations around where
         * double has precision < 52 bit.
         *
         * Under this assumptions we test if a double is inside an interval
         * where casting to long long is safe. Then using two castings we
         * make sure the decimal part is zero. If all this is true we use
         * integer printing function that is much faster. */
        double min = -4503599627370495; /* (2^52)-1 */
        double max = 4503599627370496; /* -(2^52) */
        if (val > min && val < max && val == ((double)((long long)val)))
            ll2string((char*)buf+1,sizeof(buf),(long long)val);
        else
#endif
            snprintf((char*)buf+1,sizeof(buf)-1,"%.17g",val);
        buf[0] = strlen((char*)buf+1);
        len = buf[0]+1;
    }
    return rdbWriteRaw(rdb,buf,len);
}

/* For information about double serialization check rdbSaveDoubleValue() */
int rdbLoadDoubleValue(rio *rdb, double *val) {
    char buf[128];
    unsigned char len;

    if (rioRead(rdb,&len,1) == 0) return -1;
    switch(len) {
    case 255: *val = R_NegInf; return 0;
    case 254: *val = R_PosInf; return 0;
    case 253: *val = R_Nan; return 0;
    default:
        if (rioRead(rdb,buf,len) == 0) return -1;
        buf[len] = '\0';
        sscanf(buf, "%lg", val);
        return 0;
    }
}

/* Save the object type of object "o". */
int rdbSaveObjectType(rio *rdb, robj *o) {
    switch (o->type) {
    case REDIS_STRING:
        return rdbSaveType(rdb,REDIS_RDB_TYPE_STRING);
    case REDIS_LIST:
        if (o->encoding == REDIS_ENCODING_ZIPLIST)
            return rdbSaveType(rdb,REDIS_RDB_TYPE_LIST_ZIPLIST);
        else if (o->encoding == REDIS_ENCODING_LINKEDLIST)
            return rdbSaveType(rdb,REDIS_RDB_TYPE_LIST);
        else
            redisPanic("Unknown list encoding");
    case REDIS_SET:
        if (o->encoding == REDIS_ENCODING_INTSET)
            return rdbSaveType(rdb,REDIS_RDB_TYPE_SET_INTSET);
        else if (o->encoding == REDIS_ENCODING_HT)
            return rdbSaveType(rdb,REDIS_RDB_TYPE_SET);
        else
            redisPanic("Unknown set encoding");
    case REDIS_ZSET:
        if (o->encoding == REDIS_ENCODING_ZIPLIST)
            return rdbSaveType(rdb,REDIS_RDB_TYPE_ZSET_ZIPLIST);
        else if (o->encoding == REDIS_ENCODING_SKIPLIST)
            return rdbSaveType(rdb,REDIS_RDB_TYPE_ZSET);
        else
            redisPanic("Unknown sorted set encoding");
    case REDIS_HASH:
        if (o->encoding == REDIS_ENCODING_ZIPLIST)
            return rdbSaveType(rdb,REDIS_RDB_TYPE_HASH_ZIPLIST);
        else if (o->encoding == REDIS_ENCODING_HT)
            return rdbSaveType(rdb,REDIS_RDB_TYPE_HASH);
        else
            redisPanic("Unknown hash encoding");
    default:
        redisPanic("Unknown object type");
    }
    return -1; /* avoid warning */
}

/* Use rdbLoadType() to load a TYPE in RDB format, but returns -1 if the
 * type is not specifically a valid Object Type. */
int rdbLoadObjectType(rio *rdb) {
    int type;
    if ((type = rdbLoadType(rdb)) == -1) return -1;
    if (!rdbIsObjectType(type)) return -1;
    return type;
}

/* Save a Redis object. Returns -1 on error, 0 on success. */
int rdbSaveObject(rio *rdb, robj *o) {
    int n, nwritten = 0;

    if (o->type == REDIS_STRING) {
        /* Save a string value */
        if ((n = rdbSaveStringObject(rdb,o)) == -1) return -1;
        nwritten += n;
    } else if (o->type == REDIS_LIST) {
        /* Save a list value */
        if (o->encoding == REDIS_ENCODING_ZIPLIST) {
            size_t l = ziplistBlobLen((unsigned char*)o->ptr);

            if ((n = rdbSaveRawString(rdb,o->ptr,l)) == -1) return -1;
            nwritten += n;
        } else if (o->encoding == REDIS_ENCODING_LINKEDLIST) {
            list *list = o->ptr;
            listIter li;
            listNode *ln;

            if ((n = rdbSaveLen(rdb,listLength(list))) == -1) return -1;
            nwritten += n;

            listRewind(list,&li);
            while((ln = listNext(&li))) {
                robj *eleobj = listNodeValue(ln);
                if ((n = rdbSaveStringObject(rdb,eleobj)) == -1) return -1;
                nwritten += n;
            }
        } else {
            redisPanic("Unknown list encoding");
        }
    } else if (o->type == REDIS_SET) {
        /* Save a set value */
        if (o->encoding == REDIS_ENCODING_HT) {
            dict *set = o->ptr;
            dictIterator *di = dictGetIterator(set);
            dictEntry *de;

            if ((n = rdbSaveLen(rdb,dictSize(set))) == -1) return -1;
            nwritten += n;

            while((de = dictNext(di)) != NULL) {
                robj *eleobj = dictGetKey(de);
                if ((n = rdbSaveStringObject(rdb,eleobj)) == -1) return -1;
                nwritten += n;
            }
            dictReleaseIterator(di);
        } else if (o->encoding == REDIS_ENCODING_INTSET) {
            size_t l = intsetBlobLen((intset*)o->ptr);

            if ((n = rdbSaveRawString(rdb,o->ptr,l)) == -1) return -1;
            nwritten += n;
        } else {
            redisPanic("Unknown set encoding");
        }
    } else if (o->type == REDIS_ZSET) {
        /* Save a sorted set value */
        if (o->encoding == REDIS_ENCODING_ZIPLIST) {
            size_t l = ziplistBlobLen((unsigned char*)o->ptr);

            if ((n = rdbSaveRawString(rdb,o->ptr,l)) == -1) return -1;
            nwritten += n;
        } else if (o->encoding == REDIS_ENCODING_SKIPLIST) {
            zset *zs = o->ptr;
            dictIterator *di = dictGetIterator(zs->dict);
            dictEntry *de;

            if ((n = rdbSaveLen(rdb,dictSize(zs->dict))) == -1) return -1;
            nwritten += n;

            while((de = dictNext(di)) != NULL) {
                robj *eleobj = dictGetKey(de);
                double *score = dictGetVal(de);

                if ((n = rdbSaveStringObject(rdb,eleobj)) == -1) return -1;
                nwritten += n;
                if ((n = rdbSaveDoubleValue(rdb,*score)) == -1) return -1;
                nwritten += n;
            }
            dictReleaseIterator(di);
        } else {
            redisPanic("Unknown sorted set encoding");
        }
    } else if (o->type == REDIS_HASH) {
        /* Save a hash value */
        if (o->encoding == REDIS_ENCODING_ZIPLIST) {
            size_t l = ziplistBlobLen((unsigned char*)o->ptr);

            if ((n = rdbSaveRawString(rdb,o->ptr,l)) == -1) return -1;
            nwritten += n;

        } else if (o->encoding == REDIS_ENCODING_HT) {
            dictIterator *di = dictGetIterator(o->ptr);
            dictEntry *de;

            if ((n = rdbSaveLen(rdb,dictSize((dict*)o->ptr))) == -1) return -1;
            nwritten += n;

            while((de = dictNext(di)) != NULL) {
                robj *key = dictGetKey(de);
                robj *val = dictGetVal(de);

                if ((n = rdbSaveStringObject(rdb,key)) == -1) return -1;
                nwritten += n;
                if ((n = rdbSaveStringObject(rdb,val)) == -1) return -1;
                nwritten += n;
            }
            dictReleaseIterator(di);

        } else {
            redisPanic("Unknown hash encoding");
        }

    } else {
        redisPanic("Unknown object type");
    }
    return nwritten;
}

/* Return the length the object will have on disk if saved with
 * the rdbSaveObject() function. Currently we use a trick to get
 * this length with very little changes to the code. In the future
 * we could switch to a faster solution. */
off_t rdbSavedObjectLen(robj *o) {
    int len = rdbSaveObject(NULL,o);
    redisAssertWithInfo(NULL,o,len != -1);
    return len;
}

/* Save a key-value pair, with expire time, type, key, value.
 * On error -1 is returned.
 * On success if the key was actaully saved 1 is returned, otherwise 0
 * is returned (the key was already expired). */
int rdbSaveKeyValuePair(rio *rdb, robj *key, robj *val,
                        long long expiretime, long long now)
{
    /* Save the expire time */
    if (expiretime != -1) {
        /* If this key is already expired skip it */
        if (expiretime < now) return 0;
        if (rdbSaveType(rdb,REDIS_RDB_OPCODE_EXPIRETIME_MS) == -1) return -1;
        if (rdbSaveMillisecondTime(rdb,expiretime) == -1) return -1;
    }

    /* Save type, key, value */
    if (rdbSaveObjectType(rdb,val) == -1) return -1;
    if (rdbSaveStringObject(rdb,key) == -1) return -1;
    if (rdbSaveObject(rdb,val) == -1) return -1;
    return 1;
}

/* Save the DB on disk. Return REDIS_ERR on error, REDIS_OK on success */
int rdbSave(char *filename) {
    dictIterator *di = NULL;
    dictEntry *de;
    char tmpfile[256];
    char magic[10];
    int j;
    long long now = mstime();
    FILE *fp;
    rio rdb;
    uint64_t cksum;

    snprintf(tmpfile,256,"temp-%d.rdb", (int) getpid());
    fp = fopen(tmpfile,"w");
    if (!fp) {
        redisLog(REDIS_WARNING, "Failed opening .rdb for saving: %s",
            strerror(errno));
        return REDIS_ERR;
    }

    rioInitWithFile(&rdb,fp);
    if (server.rdb_checksum)
        rdb.update_cksum = rioGenericUpdateChecksum;
    snprintf(magic,sizeof(magic),"REDIS%04d",REDIS_RDB_VERSION);
    if (rdbWriteRaw(&rdb,magic,9) == -1) goto werr;

    for (j = 0; j < server.dbnum; j++) {
        redisDb *db = server.db+j;
        dict *d = db->dict;
        if (dictSize(d) == 0) continue;
        di = dictGetSafeIterator(d);
        if (!di) {
            fclose(fp);
            return REDIS_ERR;
        }

        /* Write the SELECT DB opcode */
        if (rdbSaveType(&rdb,REDIS_RDB_OPCODE_SELECTDB) == -1) goto werr;
        if (rdbSaveLen(&rdb,j) == -1) goto werr;

        /* Iterate this DB writing every entry */
        while((de = dictNext(di)) != NULL) {
            sds keystr = dictGetKey(de);
            robj key, *o = dictGetVal(de);
            long long expire;
            
            initStaticStringObject(key,keystr);
            expire = getExpire(db,&key);
            if (rdbSaveKeyValuePair(&rdb,&key,o,expire,now) == -1) goto werr;
        }
        dictReleaseIterator(di);
    }
    di = NULL; /* So that we don't release it again on error. */

    /* EOF opcode */
    if (rdbSaveType(&rdb,REDIS_RDB_OPCODE_EOF) == -1) goto werr;

    /* CRC64 checksum. It will be zero if checksum computation is disabled, the
     * loading code skips the check in this case. */
    cksum = rdb.cksum;
    memrev64ifbe(&cksum);
    rioWrite(&rdb,&cksum,8);

    /* Make sure data will not remain on the OS's output buffers */
    fflush(fp);
    fsync(fileno(fp));
    fclose(fp);

    /* Use RENAME to make sure the DB file is changed atomically only
     * if the generate DB file is ok. */
    if (rename(tmpfile,filename) == -1) {
        redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,"Error moving temp DB file on the final destination: %s", strerror(errno));
        unlink(tmpfile);
        return REDIS_ERR;
    }
    redisLog(REDIS_NOTICE,"DB saved on disk");
    server.dirty = 0;
    server.lastsave = time(NULL);
    server.lastbgsave_status = REDIS_OK;
    return REDIS_OK;

werr:
    fclose(fp);
    unlink(tmpfile);
    redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,"Write error saving DB on disk: %s", strerror(errno));
    if (di) dictReleaseIterator(di);
    return REDIS_ERR;
}

int rdbSaveBackground(char *filename) {
    pid_t childpid;
    long long start;

    if (server.rdb_child_pid != -1) return REDIS_ERR;

    server.dirty_before_bgsave = server.dirty;

    start = ustime();
    if ((childpid = fork()) == 0) {
        int retval;

        /* Child */
        if (server.ipfd > 0) close(server.ipfd);
        if (server.sofd > 0) close(server.sofd);
        retval = rdbSave(filename);
        exitFromChild((retval == REDIS_OK) ? 0 : 1);
    } else {
        /* Parent */
        server.stat_fork_time = ustime()-start;
        if (childpid == -1) {
            redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,"Can't save in background: fork: %s",
                strerror(errno));
            return REDIS_ERR;
        }
        redisLog(REDIS_NOTICE,"Background saving started by pid %d",childpid);
        server.rdb_save_time_start = time(NULL);
        server.rdb_child_pid = childpid;
        updateDictResizePolicy();
        return REDIS_OK;
    }
    return REDIS_OK; /* unreached */
}

void rdbRemoveTempFile(pid_t childpid) {
    char tmpfile[256];

    snprintf(tmpfile,256,"temp-%d.rdb", (int) childpid);
    unlink(tmpfile);
}

/* Load a Redis object of the specified type from the specified file.
 * On success a newly allocated object is returned, otherwise NULL. */
robj *rdbLoadObject(int rdbtype, rio *rdb) {
    robj *o, *ele, *dec;
    size_t len;
    unsigned int i;

    redisLog(REDIS_DEBUG,"LOADING OBJECT %d (at %d)\n",rdbtype,rioTell(rdb));
    if (rdbtype == REDIS_RDB_TYPE_STRING) {
        /* Read string value */
        if ((o = rdbLoadEncodedStringObject(rdb)) == NULL) return NULL;
        o = tryObjectEncoding(o);
    } else if (rdbtype == REDIS_RDB_TYPE_LIST) {
        /* Read list value */
        if ((len = rdbLoadLen(rdb,NULL)) == REDIS_RDB_LENERR) return NULL;

        /* Use a real list when there are too many entries */
        if (len > server.list_max_ziplist_entries) {
            o = createListObject();
        } else {
            o = createZiplistObject();
        }

        /* Load every single element of the list */
        while(len--) {
            if ((ele = rdbLoadEncodedStringObject(rdb)) == NULL) return NULL;

            /* If we are using a ziplist and the value is too big, convert
             * the object to a real list. */
            if (o->encoding == REDIS_ENCODING_ZIPLIST &&
                ele->encoding == REDIS_ENCODING_RAW &&
                sdslen(ele->ptr) > server.list_max_ziplist_value)
                    listTypeConvert(o,REDIS_ENCODING_LINKEDLIST);

            if (o->encoding == REDIS_ENCODING_ZIPLIST) {
                dec = getDecodedObject(ele);
                o->ptr = ziplistPush(o->ptr,dec->ptr,sdslen(dec->ptr),REDIS_TAIL);
                decrRefCount(dec);
                decrRefCount(ele);
            } else {
                ele = tryObjectEncoding(ele);
                listAddNodeTail(o->ptr,ele);
            }
        }
    } else if (rdbtype == REDIS_RDB_TYPE_SET) {
        /* Read list/set value */
        if ((len = rdbLoadLen(rdb,NULL)) == REDIS_RDB_LENERR) return NULL;

        /* Use a regular set when there are too many entries. */
        if (len > server.set_max_intset_entries) {
            o = createSetObject();
            /* It's faster to expand the dict to the right size asap in order
             * to avoid rehashing */
            if (len > DICT_HT_INITIAL_SIZE)
                dictExpand(o->ptr,len);
        } else {
            o = createIntsetObject();
        }

        /* Load every single element of the list/set */
        for (i = 0; i < len; i++) {
            long long llval;
            if ((ele = rdbLoadEncodedStringObject(rdb)) == NULL) return NULL;
            ele = tryObjectEncoding(ele);

            if (o->encoding == REDIS_ENCODING_INTSET) {
                /* Fetch integer value from element */
                if (isObjectRepresentableAsLongLong(ele,&llval) == REDIS_OK) {
                    o->ptr = intsetAdd(o->ptr,llval,NULL);
                } else {
                    setTypeConvert(o,REDIS_ENCODING_HT);
                    dictExpand(o->ptr,len);
                }
            }

            /* This will also be called when the set was just converted
             * to regular hash table encoded set */
            if (o->encoding == REDIS_ENCODING_HT) {
                dictAdd((dict*)o->ptr,ele,NULL);
            } else {
                decrRefCount(ele);
            }
        }
    } else if (rdbtype == REDIS_RDB_TYPE_ZSET) {
        /* Read list/set value */
        size_t zsetlen;
        size_t maxelelen = 0;
        zset *zs;

        if ((zsetlen = rdbLoadLen(rdb,NULL)) == REDIS_RDB_LENERR) return NULL;
        o = createZsetObject();
        zs = o->ptr;

        /* Load every single element of the list/set */
        while(zsetlen--) {
            robj *ele;
            double score;
            zskiplistNode *znode;

            if ((ele = rdbLoadEncodedStringObject(rdb)) == NULL) return NULL;
            ele = tryObjectEncoding(ele);
            if (rdbLoadDoubleValue(rdb,&score) == -1) return NULL;

            /* Don't care about integer-encoded strings. */
            if (ele->encoding == REDIS_ENCODING_RAW &&
                sdslen(ele->ptr) > maxelelen)
                    maxelelen = sdslen(ele->ptr);

            znode = zslInsert(zs->zsl,score,ele);
            dictAdd(zs->dict,ele,&znode->score);
            incrRefCount(ele); /* added to skiplist */
        }

        /* Convert *after* loading, since sorted sets are not stored ordered. */
        if (zsetLength(o) <= server.zset_max_ziplist_entries &&
            maxelelen <= server.zset_max_ziplist_value)
                zsetConvert(o,REDIS_ENCODING_ZIPLIST);
    } else if (rdbtype == REDIS_RDB_TYPE_HASH) {
        size_t len;
        int ret;

        len = rdbLoadLen(rdb, NULL);
        if (len == REDIS_RDB_LENERR) return NULL;

        o = createHashObject();

        /* Too many entries? Use an hash table. */
        if (len > server.hash_max_ziplist_entries)
            hashTypeConvert(o, REDIS_ENCODING_HT);

        /* Load every field and value into the ziplist */
        while (o->encoding == REDIS_ENCODING_ZIPLIST && len > 0) {
            robj *field, *value;

            len--;
            /* Load raw strings */
            field = rdbLoadStringObject(rdb);
            if (field == NULL) return NULL;
            redisAssert(field->encoding == REDIS_ENCODING_RAW);
            value = rdbLoadStringObject(rdb);
            if (value == NULL) return NULL;
            redisAssert(field->encoding == REDIS_ENCODING_RAW);

            /* Add pair to ziplist */
            o->ptr = ziplistPush(o->ptr, field->ptr, sdslen(field->ptr), ZIPLIST_TAIL);
            o->ptr = ziplistPush(o->ptr, value->ptr, sdslen(value->ptr), ZIPLIST_TAIL);
            /* Convert to hash table if size threshold is exceeded */
            if (sdslen(field->ptr) > server.hash_max_ziplist_value ||
                sdslen(value->ptr) > server.hash_max_ziplist_value)
            {
                decrRefCount(field);
                decrRefCount(value);
                hashTypeConvert(o, REDIS_ENCODING_HT);
                break;
            }
            decrRefCount(field);
            decrRefCount(value);
        }

        /* Load remaining fields and values into the hash table */
        while (o->encoding == REDIS_ENCODING_HT && len > 0) {
            robj *field, *value;

            len--;
            /* Load encoded strings */
            field = rdbLoadEncodedStringObject(rdb);
            if (field == NULL) return NULL;
            value = rdbLoadEncodedStringObject(rdb);
            if (value == NULL) return NULL;

            field = tryObjectEncoding(field);
            value = tryObjectEncoding(value);

            /* Add pair to hash table */
            ret = dictAdd((dict*)o->ptr, field, value);
            redisAssert(ret == REDIS_OK);
        }

        /* All pairs should be read by now */
        redisAssert(len == 0);

    } else if (rdbtype == REDIS_RDB_TYPE_HASH_ZIPMAP  ||
               rdbtype == REDIS_RDB_TYPE_LIST_ZIPLIST ||
               rdbtype == REDIS_RDB_TYPE_SET_INTSET   ||
               rdbtype == REDIS_RDB_TYPE_ZSET_ZIPLIST ||
               rdbtype == REDIS_RDB_TYPE_HASH_ZIPLIST)
    {
        robj *aux = rdbLoadStringObject(rdb);

        if (aux == NULL) return NULL;
        o = createObject(REDIS_STRING,NULL); /* string is just placeholder */
        o->ptr = zmalloc(sdslen(aux->ptr));
        memcpy(o->ptr,aux->ptr,sdslen(aux->ptr));
        decrRefCount(aux);

        /* Fix the object encoding, and make sure to convert the encoded
         * data type into the base type if accordingly to the current
         * configuration there are too many elements in the encoded data
         * type. Note that we only check the length and not max element
         * size as this is an O(N) scan. Eventually everything will get
         * converted. */
        switch(rdbtype) {
            case REDIS_RDB_TYPE_HASH_ZIPMAP:
                /* Convert to ziplist encoded hash. This must be deprecated
                 * when loading dumps created by Redis 2.4 gets deprecated. */
                {
                    unsigned char *zl = ziplistNew();
                    unsigned char *zi = zipmapRewind(o->ptr);
                    unsigned char *fstr, *vstr;
                    unsigned int flen, vlen;
                    unsigned int maxlen = 0;

                    while ((zi = zipmapNext(zi, &fstr, &flen, &vstr, &vlen)) != NULL) {
                        if (flen > maxlen) maxlen = flen;
                        if (vlen > maxlen) maxlen = vlen;
                        zl = ziplistPush(zl, fstr, flen, ZIPLIST_TAIL);
                        zl = ziplistPush(zl, vstr, vlen, ZIPLIST_TAIL);
                    }

                    zfree(o->ptr);
                    o->ptr = zl;
                    o->type = REDIS_HASH;
                    o->encoding = REDIS_ENCODING_ZIPLIST;

                    if (hashTypeLength(o) > server.hash_max_ziplist_entries ||
                        maxlen > server.hash_max_ziplist_value)
                    {
                        hashTypeConvert(o, REDIS_ENCODING_HT);
                    }
                }
                break;
            case REDIS_RDB_TYPE_LIST_ZIPLIST:
                o->type = REDIS_LIST;
                o->encoding = REDIS_ENCODING_ZIPLIST;
                if (ziplistLen(o->ptr) > server.list_max_ziplist_entries)
                    listTypeConvert(o,REDIS_ENCODING_LINKEDLIST);
                break;
            case REDIS_RDB_TYPE_SET_INTSET:
                o->type = REDIS_SET;
                o->encoding = REDIS_ENCODING_INTSET;
                if (intsetLen(o->ptr) > server.set_max_intset_entries)
                    setTypeConvert(o,REDIS_ENCODING_HT);
                break;
            case REDIS_RDB_TYPE_ZSET_ZIPLIST:
                o->type = REDIS_ZSET;
                o->encoding = REDIS_ENCODING_ZIPLIST;
                if (zsetLength(o) > server.zset_max_ziplist_entries)
                    zsetConvert(o,REDIS_ENCODING_SKIPLIST);
                break;
            case REDIS_RDB_TYPE_HASH_ZIPLIST:
                o->type = REDIS_HASH;
                o->encoding = REDIS_ENCODING_ZIPLIST;
                if (hashTypeLength(o) > server.hash_max_ziplist_entries)
                    hashTypeConvert(o, REDIS_ENCODING_HT);
                break;
            default:
                redisPanic("Unknown encoding");
                break;
        }
    } else {
        redisPanic("Unknown object type");
    }
    return o;
}

/* Mark that we are loading in the global state and setup the fields
 * needed to provide loading stats. */
void startLoading(FILE *fp) {
    struct stat sb;

    /* Load the DB */
    server.loading = 1;
    server.loading_start_time = time(NULL);
    if (fstat(fileno(fp), &sb) == -1) {
        server.loading_total_bytes = 1; /* just to avoid division by zero */
    } else {
        server.loading_total_bytes = sb.st_size;
    }
}

/* Refresh the loading progress info */
void loadingProgress(off_t pos) {
    server.loading_loaded_bytes = pos;
    if (server.stat_peak_memory < zmalloc_used_memory())
        server.stat_peak_memory = zmalloc_used_memory();
}

/* Loading finished */
void stopLoading(void) {
    server.loading = 0;
}

int rdbLoad(char *filename) {
    uint32_t dbid;
    int type, rdbver;
    redisDb *db = server.db+0;
    char buf[1024];
    long long expiretime, now = mstime();
    long loops = 0;
    FILE *fp;
    rio rdb;

    fp = fopen(filename,"r");
    if (!fp) {
        errno = ENOENT;
        return REDIS_ERR;
    }
    rioInitWithFile(&rdb,fp);
    if (server.rdb_checksum)
        rdb.update_cksum = rioGenericUpdateChecksum;
    if (rioRead(&rdb,buf,9) == 0) goto eoferr;
    buf[9] = '\0';
    if (memcmp(buf,"REDIS",5) != 0) {
        fclose(fp);
        redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,"Wrong signature trying to load DB from file");
        errno = EINVAL;
        return REDIS_ERR;
    }
    rdbver = atoi(buf+5);
    if (rdbver < 1 || rdbver > REDIS_RDB_VERSION) {
        fclose(fp);
        redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,"Can't handle RDB format version %d",rdbver);
        errno = EINVAL;
        return REDIS_ERR;
    }

    startLoading(fp);
    while(1) {
        robj *key, *val;
        expiretime = -1;

        /* Serve the clients from time to time */
        if (!(loops++ % 1000)) {
            loadingProgress(rioTell(&rdb));
            aeProcessEvents(server.el, AE_FILE_EVENTS|AE_DONT_WAIT);
        }

        /* Read type. */
        if ((type = rdbLoadType(&rdb)) == -1) goto eoferr;
        if (type == REDIS_RDB_OPCODE_EXPIRETIME) {
            if ((expiretime = rdbLoadTime(&rdb)) == -1) goto eoferr;
            /* We read the time so we need to read the object type again. */
            if ((type = rdbLoadType(&rdb)) == -1) goto eoferr;
            /* the EXPIRETIME opcode specifies time in seconds, so convert
             * into milliesconds. */
            expiretime *= 1000;
        } else if (type == REDIS_RDB_OPCODE_EXPIRETIME_MS) {
            /* Milliseconds precision expire times introduced with RDB
             * version 3. */
            if ((expiretime = rdbLoadMillisecondTime(&rdb)) == -1) goto eoferr;
            /* We read the time so we need to read the object type again. */
            if ((type = rdbLoadType(&rdb)) == -1) goto eoferr;
        }

        if (type == REDIS_RDB_OPCODE_EOF)
            break;

        /* Handle SELECT DB opcode as a special case */
        if (type == REDIS_RDB_OPCODE_SELECTDB) {
            if ((dbid = rdbLoadLen(&rdb,NULL)) == REDIS_RDB_LENERR)
                goto eoferr;
            if (dbid >= (unsigned)server.dbnum) {
                redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,"FATAL: Data file was created with a Redis server configured to handle more than %d databases. Exiting\n", server.dbnum);
                exit(1);
            }
            db = server.db+dbid;
            continue;
        }
        /* Read key */
        if ((key = rdbLoadStringObject(&rdb)) == NULL) goto eoferr;
        /* Read value */
        if ((val = rdbLoadObject(type,&rdb)) == NULL) goto eoferr;
        /* Check if the key already expired. This function is used when loading
         * an RDB file from disk, either at startup, or when an RDB was
         * received from the master. In the latter case, the master is
         * responsible for key expiry. If we would expire keys here, the
         * snapshot taken by the master may not be reflected on the slave. */
        if (server.masterhost == NULL && expiretime != -1 && expiretime < now) {
            decrRefCount(key);
            decrRefCount(val);
            continue;
        }
        /* Add the new object in the hash table */
        dbAdd(db,key,val);

        /* Set the expire time if needed */
        if (expiretime != -1) setExpire(db,key,expiretime);

        decrRefCount(key);
    }
    /* Verify the checksum if RDB version is >= 5 */
    if (rdbver >= 5 && server.rdb_checksum) {
        uint64_t cksum, expected = rdb.cksum;

        if (rioRead(&rdb,&cksum,8) == 0) goto eoferr;
        memrev64ifbe(&cksum);
        if (cksum == 0) {
            redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,"RDB file was saved with checksum disabled: no check performed.");
        } else if (cksum != expected) {
            redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,"Wrong RDB checksum. Aborting now.");
            exit(1);
        }
    }

    fclose(fp);
    stopLoading();
    return REDIS_OK;

eoferr: /* unexpected end of file is handled here with a fatal exit */
    redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,"Short read or OOM loading DB. Unrecoverable error, aborting now.");
    exit(1);
    return REDIS_ERR; /* Just to avoid warning */
}

/* A background saving child (BGSAVE) terminated its work. Handle this. */
void backgroundSaveDoneHandler(int exitcode, int bysignal) {
    if (!bysignal && exitcode == 0) {
        redisLog(REDIS_NOTICE,
            "Background saving terminated with success");
        server.dirty = server.dirty - server.dirty_before_bgsave;
        server.lastsave = time(NULL);
        server.lastbgsave_status = REDIS_OK;
    } else if (!bysignal && exitcode != 0) {
        redisLog(REDIS_WARNING, "Background saving error");
        server.lastbgsave_status = REDIS_ERR;
    } else {
        redisLog(REDIS_WARNING,
            "Background saving terminated by signal %d", bysignal);
        rdbRemoveTempFile(server.rdb_child_pid);
        server.lastbgsave_status = REDIS_ERR;
    }
    server.rdb_child_pid = -1;
    server.rdb_save_time_last = time(NULL)-server.rdb_save_time_start;
    server.rdb_save_time_start = -1;
    /* Possibly there are slaves waiting for a BGSAVE in order to be served
     * (the first stage of SYNC is a bulk transfer of dump.rdb) */
    updateSlavesWaitingBgsave(exitcode == 0 ? REDIS_OK : REDIS_ERR);
}

void saveCommand(redisClient *c) {
    if (server.rdb_child_pid != -1) {
        addReplyError(c,"Background save already in progress");
        return;
    }
    if (rdbSave(server.rdb_filename) == REDIS_OK) {
        addReply(c,shared.ok);
    } else {
        addReply(c,shared.err);
    }
}

void bgsaveCommand(redisClient *c) {
    if (server.rdb_child_pid != -1) {
        addReplyError(c,"Background save already in progress");
    } else if (server.aof_child_pid != -1) {
        addReplyError(c,"Can't BGSAVE while AOF log rewriting is in progress");
    } else if (rdbSaveBackground(server.rdb_filename) == REDIS_OK) {
        addReplyStatus(c,"Background saving started");
    } else {
        addReply(c,shared.err);
    }
}
Tip: Filter by directory path e.g. /media app.js to search for public/media/app.js.
Tip: Use camelCasing e.g. ProjME to search for ProjectModifiedEvent.java.
Tip: Filter by extension type e.g. /repo .js to search for all .js files in the /repo directory.
Tip: Separate your search with spaces e.g. /ssh pom.xml to search for src/ssh/pom.xml.
Tip: Use ↑ and ↓ arrow keys to navigate and return to view the file.
Tip: You can also navigate files with Ctrl+j (next) and Ctrl+k (previous) and view the file with Ctrl+o.
Tip: You can also navigate files with Alt+j (next) and Alt+k (previous) and view the file with Alt+o.